Psyc Chp 15 Essay

question

1. The role of repressed childhood conflicts in personality disorders is most clearly emphasized by the ________ perspective.
answer

c. psychoanalytic
question

2. Jaydon doesn’t realize that his alcohol abuse and neglect of his family is leading to the destruction of both family and career. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Jaydon shows signs of a:
answer

d. weak ego.
question

3. Freud suggested that adults with a passive and submissive personality marked by a childlike dependency demonstrate signs of:
answer

a. an oral fixation.
question

4. Bryce often acts so daring and overly confident that few people realize he is actually riddled with unconscious insecurity and self-doubt. Bryce best illustrates the use of a defense mechanism known as:
answer

d. reaction formation.
question

5. In 1921, Hermann Rorschach introduced what has become the most widely used ________ test.
answer

d. projective
question

6. Abraham Maslow suggested that individuals who are open, spontaneous, and not paralyzed by others’ opinions illustrate:
answer

c. self-actualization.
question

7. Humanistic psychology has been most closely associated with an emphasis on the importance of:
answer

c. a positive self-concept.
question

8. Which personality test classifies people in terms of the personality dimensions highlighted by Carl Jung?
answer

b. Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
question

9. Which technique would psychologists use to assess whether a cluster of characteristics that includes ambition, determination, persistence, and self-reliance reflects a single personality trait?
answer

b. factor analysis
question

10. During a phone call to the Psychic Network, Mark was told that “you often worry about things much more than you admit, even to your best friends.” Mark’s amazement at the psychic’s apparent understanding of his personality best illustrates:
answer

c. the Barnum effect.
question

11. One of the Big Five personality factors is:
answer

c. agreeableness.
question

12. Sarah’s optimism is both a contributor to and a product of her successful career accomplishments. This best illustrates:
answer

b. reciprocal determinism.
question

13. Marcy believes that the outcome of athletic contests depends so much on luck that it hardly pays to put any effort into her own athletic training. Her belief most clearly illustrates:
answer

d. an external locus of control.
question

14. Although she is intelligent and a good athlete, Abigail believes that her low grades in school and losing the quarter-mile race are reflections of her own intellectual and athletic incompetence. Her conclusions best illustrate:
answer

d. a pessimistic attributional style.
question

15. When Vanessa noticed that she was wearing mismatched socks, she overestimated the extent to which others would also notice. Her reaction best illustrates:
answer

a. the spotlight effect.
question

Sigmund Freud emphasized the importance of:
answer

a. unconscious processes.
question

Although Alex has frequently been caught stealing money and other valuables from friends as well as strangers, he does not feel guilty or remorseful about robbing these people. Alex most clearly demonstrates a(n):
answer

c. weak superego.
question

According to Freud, fixation refers to a difficulty in the process of:
answer

b. psychosexual development.
question

Bonnie is afraid to express anger at her overbearing and irritating supervisor at work, so she is critical of her children instead. A psychoanalyst would suggest that Bonnie’s reaction to her children illustrates:
answer

c. displacement.
question

Children who have witnessed a parent’s murder report memories that most clearly challenge Freud’s concept of:
answer

d. repression.
question

According to terror-management theory, people enhance their self-esteem in order to defend themselves from fear of their own:
answer

a. death.
question

Who emphasized the importance of unconditional positive regard in healthy personality development?
answer

c. Rogers
question

The humanistic perspective has been criticized for promoting an excessive degree of:
answer

c. individualism.
question

A “lie scale” that assesses the extent to which a person is faking to make a good impression is included in the:
answer

b. MMPI.
question

The stability of personality during adulthood best illustrates the value of:
answer

d. the trait perspective.
question

Albert Bandura’s social-cognitive perspective highlights the importance of:
answer

c. reciprocal determinism.
question

Researchers attempt to understand personality using biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis. The psychological level of analysis is especially likely to emphasize the importance of:
answer

b. attributional style.
question

After experiencing prolonged and seemingly inescapable physical abuse from her husband, Kayla became increasingly depressed and hopelessly resigned to her suffering. Her reaction best illustrates:
answer

c. learned helplessness.
question

Students perceive themselves as less likely than the average classmate to develop drinking problems or drop out of school. This best illustrates:
answer

d. unrealistic optimism.
question

Card players who attribute their wins to their own skill and their losses to bad luck best illustrate:
answer

d. self-serving bias.

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member