Psy ch 15 – Flashcard

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An insight therapy that emphasizes the recovery of unconscious conicts, motives, and defenses through techniques such as free association and transference.
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Psychoanalysis
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A psychoanalytic technique in which clients spontaneously express their thoughts and feelings exactly as they occur, with as little censorship as possible.
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Free association
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In therapy, the phenomenon that occurs when clients start relating to their therapists in ways that mimic critical relationships in their lives.
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Transference
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Application of the principles of learning to direct efforts to change clients’ maladaptive behaviors. (learning theory, observational, classical & operant conditions)
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Behavior therapy
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A behavior therapy used to reduce clients’ anxiety responses through counterconditioning. (a dog ex)
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Systematic desensitization
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A behavior therapy in which an aversive stimulus is paired with a stimulus that elicits an undesirable response.
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Aversion therapy
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An insight therapy that emphasizes recognizing and changing negative thoughts and maladaptive beliefs.
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Cognitive therapy
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An insight therapy that emphasizes providing a supportive emotional climate for clients, who play a major role in determining the pace and direction of their therapy. Therapist doesn’t ask questions, just letting a client to express a situation)
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(Carl Rogers) Client-centered therapy
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Medications that relieve tension, apprehension, and nervousness.
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Antianxiety drugs
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Medications used to gradually reduce psychotic symptoms, including hyperactivity, mental confusion, hallucinations, and delusions.
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Antipsychotic drugs
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Medications that gradually elevate mood and help bring people out of a depression.
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Antidepressant drugs
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Lithium drugs are for threat a
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bipolar disorder
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What is the ECT stands for?
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Electroconvulsive therapy
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A biomedical treatment in which electric shock is used to produce a cortical seizure accompanied by convulsions.
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ECT
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A shock therapy used by doctors when nothing else works. Only in extreme cases with major disorder.
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ECT
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A common side effect of ECT is:
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temporary or permanent memory loss for the events leading up to the ECT session.
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Most therapists today identify their approach or orientation as:
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electic
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The ultimate goal of rational-emotive therapy is for clients to:
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learn to recognize and dispute their irrational beliefs in a wide variety of situations.
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Typically, a psychiatrist holds a(n):
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medical degree and may prescribe medications, electroconvulsive therapy, and other medical procedures in treating mental and emotional disorders.
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Vivian’s psychologist is using systematic desensitization to help Vivian overcome her phobia of driving over bridges. As one of the steps in the process of systematic desensitization, Vivian’s psychologist has her:
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create an anxiety hierarchy.
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Psychologists are using virtual reality technology:
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to create computer-generated images that can be used in systematic desensitization therapy.
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Prozac, Zoloft, and Paxil are all examples of:
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a category of antidepressants called selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, abbreviated SSRIs.
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The first antipsychotic medications:
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effectively reduced hallucinations, delusions, and other positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
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Valium, Librium, Xanax, and other similar antianxiety medications:
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act quickly and reduce the physical and emotional feelings of anxiety in about an hour.
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One potential problem with the first (or typical) antipsychotic medications was that they:
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could produce muscle tremors, rigid movements, and other disruptions in normal motor movements.
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Typically, a clinical psychologist holds a(n):
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academic doctorate and has had extensive training in psychological testing and evaluation, psychotherapy, and the prevention of mental and emotional disorders.
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The process of learning a new conditioned response that is incompatible with a previously learned response is called _____ and is based on the principles of _____.
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counterconditioning; classical conditioning
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The use of psychological techniques to treat psychological problems is to _____ as the use of medical techniques to treat psychological problems is to _____.
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psychotherapy; biomedical therapy
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The basic assumption of behavior therapy is that:
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adaptive and maladaptive behaviors are learned.
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In the 1920s, the famous case of Little Albert demonstrated that:
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unhealthy emotional responses, such as irrational fears, can be the result of classical conditioning.
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In client-centered therapy, the therapist usually strives to be:
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nondirective, genuine, and accepting.
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Freud’s theory of personality stressed the idea that:
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early childhood experiences provide the foundation for later personality development.
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For the last several weeks, Cheryl has been responding to her therapist with hostility during her sessions of psychoanalysis. Cheryl often responds similarly to her parents, especially her mother. Cheryl is probably unconsciously experiencing:
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transference
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Electroconvulsive therapy, abbreviated ECT, involves:
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a brief burst of electricity to the brain that induces a seizure.
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Dr. Whittaker is a psychotherapist who tells each of his patients the following: “You think that you’re unhappy because of all the dreadful things that have happened to you. I’m here to show you that your unhappiness is really due to your thinking that all the things that have happened to you are dreadful!” Based on this statement, which type of psychotherapy does Dr. Whittaker practice?
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cognitive therapy
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Client-centered therapy was developed by:
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Carl Rogers
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Bipolar disorder, which is also often referred to as manic depression, is most commonly treated with a medication called:
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lithium
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According to Freud, dream images, memory lapses, inadvertent slips of the tongue, and accidents:
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provide glimpses of unconscious conflicts.
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According to Aaron Beck’s cognitive therapy, people who suffer from depression:
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have developed a negative cognitive bias that distorts their perceptions of events and situations.
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A psychotropic medication is a drug that:
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alters mental functions, alleviates psychological symptoms, and is used to treat psychological disorders.
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A key difference between a self-help group and group therapy is that:
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self-help groups are typically organized and led by nonprofessionals.
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Psychologists who specialize in the treatment of everyday adjustment problems.
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Counseling psychologists

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