PSY 103 Analysis

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Functionalism
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Mental processes and purposes of the mind.
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Manipulated
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One variable has to be; Other is observed
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Correlation Research
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Two sets of variables are examined to see if they are associated
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Theories
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Broad explanations and predictions concerning phenomena and intrest
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Scientific Method
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The approach used by psychologists to acquire knowledge and increase understanding of studied topics.
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Leta Stetter Hollingworth
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First woman psychologists
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Mary Calkins
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Studied Memory
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Significant
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If a result would have occurred by chance less that 5 times out of 100, the result is said to be
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Experimental bias
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Dr. Langley unintentionally transmits his expectations to his participants in an experiment.
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Archival research
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A research has decided to conduct research study habit of 19th century students.
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Case Studies
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Often focus on the personality of an individual person or group
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Protection from mental, physical harm, Privacy
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Research must protect the rights of participants
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Replicate
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You are surprised at the outcome of an experiment which comes out very different than you had anticipated.
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Dependent
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In an experiment, which variable is measured by the experimenter
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Placebo
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Unlike the treatment group, the control group might recieve
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Human ambition
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Humanistic psychology differs from other approaches in that it emphasizes _____ over biological processes
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Both a double-blind procedure and a placebo
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Bias is least likely when conducting a study that involves
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Humanistic; behavioral
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Each theoretical perspective has a position somewhere on the \”nature vs nurture\” debate. which of the following perspectives would likely emphasize nurture more than nature?
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Treatment
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The manipulation implemented by the experimenter is called the _____
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John Locke
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Some psychologists believe that the mind is a blank slate, written upon experience. The idea can be traced to
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Max Wertheimer
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Gestalt movement ; Psychology is an approach that focuses on the idea that the whole is different from the sum of its parts
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A behaviorist might study
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Learning through conditioning
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Variable dependent
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Outcome
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Variable independent
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Manipulated
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Interpersonal dynamics
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Social neuroscience involves using information about brain function to understand
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Neuroscience Perspective
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The approach that views behavior from the perspective of the brain, nervous system and other biological function (Non human function)
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Cognitive
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Examine how people understand and think about the world
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Behavioral
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Focuses on observable behavior
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Humanistic
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Contends that people can control their behavior and that they naturally try to reach their full potential (internal mental processes)
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Psycho-dynamic
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Believes behavior is motivated by inner unconscious forces over which a personal has little control
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Scientific Method
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D
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Control Group
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Receives NO treatment
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Determinism
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Is the idea that behavior is a reflection of factors beyond the control of the individual
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Operational Definition
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A hypothesis that is restated in a way that allows it to be testable is called _____
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Experimental Group
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The participants in an laboratory research that receive a treatment
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Behavioral Perspective
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Suggests that observable, measurable behavior should be the focus of study
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Introspection
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A technique that involved describing in their own words and in as much detail as possible, what they were experiencing

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