Project Management Questions And Answers

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Analysis Phase
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the fourth and final phase of project management, following the completion of the project, in which success and failures of and during the project are reviewed This analysis is invaluable in improving the planning for future projects.
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Brainstorming
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a technique in which all members of a group contribute to a list of ideas or tasks related to a project. All ideas should not be criticized, because important ideas can be developed from seemingly unrelated ideas
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Commitment
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an agreement to provide a delivered at a schedule date
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Consensus
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a group decision; an agreement among all team members
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Critical Path
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the shortest possible length of a project, determined by a series of dependent tasks. the critical path may change as tasks are completed sooner or later than expected
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Definition Phase
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the first phase of project management, in which the project proposal is established, including the roles scope. the work breakdown structure and project schedule are created. the project team and the roles of each team member are denied
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Deliverable
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the tangible result of completing a task; usually needed before another activity can begin. for example, a product or document
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Documentation
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the records of a project, including back-up explanation, user information and references
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Duration
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the time needed for the completion of a task or project
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Execution Phase
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the third phase of the project management in which the goal of the project is assured and the progress toward the completion of the project is maintained
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GANTT or Bar Chart
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a graphic representation or chart used in project management which graphically represents all activities using a series of timescaled bars
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Milestone
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an event marking the completion of a set of tasks in the project
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Planning Phase
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the second phase of project management in which the project’s tasks and resources are organized, time frames are established and necessary actions are identified to ensure the success of the project
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Primary Responsibility
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the responsibility to provide leadership for each tasks, assigned to a designated individual or group
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Project
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any type of interrelated activities that are undertaken to accomplish a species goal or end result. Project have a defined start and finish date or point
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Project Manager
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the appointed person who has the responsibility for managing or overseeing the entire project. this individual has the authority and responsibility to ensure that the project is effectively managed
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project management
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the overall actions that are taken to define the project’s requirements, plan the activities to complete the requirements and ensure the implementation of the project is successful
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project objective
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the scope of the project expressed in terms of outputs, resources and timing also identifies the constraints in which the project must be manage
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Project objective statement
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a concise statement of the purpose of the project
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project proposal
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a document that describes the project team the purpose of a project and its requirements
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project Schedule
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a list of the project’s task, with predicted durations, along with a graphical representation of the time each task will take the graphical schedule helps show how some tasks cannot begin until others finish
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resource
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any factors such as people, time and money , that are required or used to accomplish and activity. also, any essential requirement of an activity that can be quantified and defined
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risk
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the potential for changes to occur in the project or in the project management process that will affect the project’s outcome and outline
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Roles
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a specific function or part that is performed by individuals or groups, especially in a particular operation or process
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Scope
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a description of the necessary deliverables, such as activities, resources and general object(s) that will meet the project’s needs and requirements
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Status
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the current condition of the project at any certain point in time
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Task
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an acitivty or action required to reach a milestone of the project
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Task List
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a list of tasks with owners assigned and descriptions of how the tasks will be completed

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