Principles of Management Practice Questions C483 WGU

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
A value chain is the sequence of activities that begins with raw materials. What result does a value chain end with?
delivery of products and services
what happens when an effective value chain is created
profit margins are increased
industry and market, competitor analysis, and social analysis are examples of which step in strategic planning process
analysis of exteral opportunities and threats
skilled management, positive cash flow, and well known brands are examples of which component of the SWOT analysis
strengths
what denotes skill or expertise in an activity that constitutes the roots of competitiveness in an organization
core competencies
according to michael porters competitive environment model, how can suppliers influence strategic planning
uppliers can reduce manufacturing time and increase product quality
a company offers unique products in its industry to create a competitive advantage. which type of strategy is the company using
customization
happy inc., is a leading provider of family entertainment and BCD is a broadcasting company with news, cable and entertainment networks. happy inc., recently acquired BCD in hopes of boosting its primary business of family entertainment. which type of corporate strategy is represented by happy inc.’s purchase of their distribution network
vertical integration
what is the first step of organizational strategic planning?
developing internal strengths
a local business has provided services to its customers for 40 years. the business’s mission is “to give our customers the best service in town” the owner of the business has had a long-standing dream to franchise the business and become the best provider of its services in the united states. what describes the owners dream?
strategic planning
the introduction of statistical tools to analyze the causes of product defects is associated with which quality improvement approach?
six sigma
what is the principal idea of reengineering
to revolutionize key organizational systems and processes
what designates those who take hands-on responsibility for creating innovation such as new ideas, products or methods within an organization
intrapreneuer
how many defects per million are there at six sigma, assuming a product or process is defect free 99.9999966% of the time?
3.4 defects per million
why is innovation an important element of entrepreneurship
creates unique and different prioducts and services…
a company is trying to systematically improve processes by eliminating noncomformity of their products to product specifications. the company believes their continuous effort to reduce variation in their process outputs is key to their business success
six sigma
why would an entrepreneurial business choose to use its own resources versus seeking outside resources in financing a business venture
to maintain control…
what can managers do to encourage useful conflict during a meeting to lessen inhibition about disagreeing and make the conflict less personal
promote affective conflict…
which activity should management use to encourage intrapreneurship within an organization
provide employees extra training opportunities
which type of control system is being implemented when management uses prices, profit centers, and exchange relationaships as a control
market control…
a store that has had a high rate of employee theft wants to use an employee selection technique to hire new employees who are less likely to steal from them. which type of employee selection instrument is most appropriate in this situation
integrity testing…
a corporation recently disbanded its flex time schedule for employees and now requires that all employees work 9am to 6pm monday through friday. the employees banded together in opposition of the change. what were the employees experienceing
abilene paradox
the manager of the HR department at a corporation agreed to authorize one-hour breaks for all employees fo the organization as long as the production manager agreed to shorten the morning and afternoon breaks of all emlpoyees to 15 minutes. which approach were the managers using to enlist cooperation for the change
facilitation and support
the management function of monitoring performance and making needed changes
controlling
during a final job interview, the hiring manager asks candidates about age and national origin. some of the rejected candidates suspect they did not get the job because of their age. which law covers this type of discrimination
equal employment opportunity…
a cooperation offers concrete incentives such as higher wages for cooperation with change. which strategy is the corporation suing to overcome resistance to change
negotiation and reward…
after a major budget increase, a company finds itself in a position to hire 50 new employees. how can strategic HR planning benefit the company in this situation
by organizing staffing needs and looking for people with the right skills…
the functions of management
organizing, planning, controlling, stimulating
what is the last step to deming’s 14 points of quality management
take action to accomplish the transformation…
dr. ohmae indicates that customer, corporation, and competitors should be integrated in a strategic triangle. what does dr ohmae indicate that an organization can obtain by doing this?
sustained competitive advantage
what is the main objective of an internal quality audit
to assess the quality of control process failures
in the five dimensions of hackman and oldham’s model of job design, what does autonomy describe
independence and discretion in making decisions
what is a commom component of effective diversity training programs
building awareness
in which situation does religious preference innapproapritely affect decision making
a publicly traded xompany has a policy limiting financial donations to one religious group
a younger employee becomes irritated by the sound of an older employee’s voice and finds it difficult to work on projects with the older employee. this has caused conflict in the department. what is the source of conflict between the older and younger employees?
personal variables
a visually-impaired person has been hired to work in the HR department of a small company. which workplace accomodations would be reasonable in this situation
the company will purchase a large computer and a braille keyboard
a supervisor assigned office space to three new employees, the employees were upset by the offices they were given. the first had a large office but wanted a window, the second had a new computer but wanted room for some plants, and the 3rd had a window but needed high speed computing to perform the job well
problem solving
problem solving
restructuring the organization
what is the reason to create a boundaryless organizational structure
to make information available as needed
Process checklists and project audits are components of which management process?
Quality Assurance
What is the main objective of an internal quality audit?
To measure effectiveness of an organization’s quality management system
A company is trying to systematically improve processes by eliminating nonconformity of their products to product specifications. The company believes their continuous effort to reduce variation in their process outputs is key to their business success.
Which quality process is the company utilizing?
Six Sigma
Which concept entails all aspects of interaction a company has with its customers in both sales and service-related environments?
Customer relationship management
Dr. Ohmae indicates that customer, corporation, and competitors should be integrated in a strategic triangle.
What does Dr. Ohmae indicate that an organization can obtain by doing this?
Sustained competitive advantage
Why is innovation an important element of entrepreneurship?
Creates unique and different products or services
Most successful entrepreneurs exhibit certain characteristics. Some entrepreneurs are open-minded, able to learn quickly, and skilled at conceptualizing.
Which entrepreneurial personality trait is this?
Creativity, self-reliance, and ability to adapt
Which personality characteristics are believed to contribute to an entrepreneur’s success?
Determination
Which activity should management use to encourage entrepreneurship within an organization?
Encourage employees to work on informal job assignments
What can managers do to encourage useful conflict during a meeting to lessen inhibition about disagreeing and make the conflict less personal?
Involve others in collaboration
Why is consideration of intentions important in conflict situations?
What describes dimensions of conflict-handling intentions?
Cooperativeness and assertiveness
A supervisor assigned office space to three new employees. The employees were upset by the offices they were given. The first had a large office but wanted a window, the second had a new computer but wanted room for some plants, and the third had a window but needed high-speed computing to perform the job well.
Which conflict resolution technique can the supervisor use to create a win-win solution for these employees?
Expansion of resources
A corporation is experiencing dysfunction in their work teams. The team leader plans to realign work groups based on employees’ work locations, and also to alter rules and regulations in the groups and make additional changes to “shake things up a bit.”

Which conflict-stimulation technique is the team leader applying?

Restructuring the organization
The manager of the human resources department at a corporation agreed to authorize one-hour lunch breaks for all employees of the organization as long as the production manager agreed to shorten the morning and afternoon breaks of all employees to 15 minutes.
Which approach were the managers using to enlist cooperation for the change?
Negotiation and reward
In the five dimensions of Hackman and Oldham’s model of job design, what does autonomy describe?
Independence and discretion in making decisions
When selecting an organizational structure, which key elements should be considered?
Differentiation and integration
What is the best way to succeed in a matrix organizational structure?
Collaboration
Four small, independent organizations, each with its own type of expertise, plan to work together for six months for the sole purpose of developing a new product that will help each of them improve their ability to compete with larger organizations.
Which type of organization does their relationship characterize?
Virtual organization
Which formal structure allows job holders to have broad responsibilities, accommodates decentralized and informal decision making, and values expertise?
Organic
One manager is responsible for all functional areas allowing the company to sell Product A, and another manager is responsible for all functional areas that allow the company to sell Product B.
Which type of design does this corporation use?
Divisional
Which entities protect the rights of employees and potential employees from discrimination in the workplace?
Equal Employment Opportunity and Affirmative Action
During an international executive meeting, an executive used a word that did not translate into English.
What type of cross-cultural communication barrier is this?
Barrier caused by word association
In which situation does religious preference inappropriately affect decision making?
A publicly-held company has a policy limiting financial donations to one religious group
What is a common component of effective diversity training programs?
Building awareness
What is the fourth step of the control process which ensures that operations are adjusted to achieve planned results?
Taking corrective action

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