Prepared Public Speaking

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_____ is a figure of speech that attributes human characteristics to animals, objects, or concepts.
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personification
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The arrangement of words into patterns so that the sound of the words together enhances the meaning of a phrase is called:
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rhythm
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_____ is a figure of speech that makes an explicit comparison of two things using the word like or as.
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simile
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A request that an audience engage in some clearly stated behavior is known as a _____, and is often located at the conclusion of the speech.
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call to action
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Arguments against the speakers own point of view are:
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counterarguments
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A speech whose message attempts to change or reinforce an audience’s thoughts, feelings, or actions is:
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a persuasive speech.
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A speech that attempts to explain how things work must convince the audience of the usefulness and accuracy of the information. This kind of speech is:
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an informative speech
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The following is the best example of a persuasive speech:
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all of these are persuasive speeches
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The following is the best example of an informative speech:
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a teacher giving a classroom lecture.
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A question that addresses whether something is true or not is a:
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question of fact
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A question that addresses the best course of action or the best solution to a problem is a:
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question of policy
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A question that addresses the merit or morality of an object, action, or belief is a:
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question of value
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A two-sided message is a strategy that:
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all of these
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A _____ is an argument that seems valid, but it flawed because of unsound evidence or reasoning.
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fallacy
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A(n) _____ is an argument in which a speaker attacks a person rather than that person’s arguments.
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ad hominem fallacy
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A(n) _____ is an argument I which a speaker claims that our options are \”A or B,\” when actually more than two options exist.
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either-or fallacy
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A(n) _____ is an argument in which a speaker claims that taking a first step in one direction will lead to inevitable and undesirable further steps.
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slippery slope fallacy
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A(n) _____ introduces irrelevant information into an argument to distract an audience from the real issue.
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red herring fallacy
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A(n) _____ is an argument that something is correct or good simply because everyone else agrees with it or is doing it.
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bandwagon fallacy
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Similarities, shared interests, and mutual perspectives a speaker has with an audience are known as:
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common ground
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An audience’s view of a speaker’s intelligence, expertise, or knowledge of a subject:
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competence
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An audience’s perception of a speaker’s competence and character is known as the speaker’s _____.
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credibility
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\”Which pattern of reasoning is demonstrated in the following? A = B, B = C, therefore A = C. \”
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deductive reasoning
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\”Which pattern of reasoning is demonstrated in the following? Every FFA member in this room is wearing an FFA jacket. Therefore, all FFA members must have FFA jackets. \”
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inductive reasoning
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A listener who needs to hear verbal explanations and descriptions in order to learn well.
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auditory listener
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Local or regional expressions or dialect are known as _____, and can sometimes cause confusion when the audience does not come from the same home as the listener.
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colloquialisms
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A speech that makes it as simple as possible for the audience to process information is known as a(n):
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considerate speech
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A critical listener:
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pays close attention to the speech’s accuracy and the implication of the speaker’s message.
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Language that respectfully recognizes the differences among the many members of our society is known as:
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culturally-inclusive language
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A(n) _____ substitutes an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant.
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euphemism
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A listener who needs to touch, explore, and participate in what is being described is a(n):
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experiential listener
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Language that recognize that both men and women are active participants in the world is:
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gender-inclusive language
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Technical language used by a special group or for a special activity:
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is all of these.
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A(n) _____ is considerate and delivered in an oral style.
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listenable speech
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Informal, nonstandard vocabulary is called _____ and should be avoided in formal speeches.
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slang
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A listener who needs to see something in order to understand it is a(n):
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visual listener
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Extra words that pad sentences and claims, but do not add meaning to the speech are called:
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verbal clutter
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A set of statements that allows you to develop your evidence to establish the validity of your claim is a(n):
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argument
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The logical outcome of an argument results from the major and minor premises and is called the:
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conclusion
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An error in reasoning in which a speaker reaches a conclusion without enough evidence to support it is called:
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hasty generalization
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An error in reasoning in which a speaker assumes that one event caused another simply because the first event happened before the second.
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false cause
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Claim in an argument that states a familiar, commonly accepted belief (also called the general principle).
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major premise
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Claim in an argument that states a specific instance linked to the major premise.
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minor premise
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The repetition of a particular sound in a sentence or phrase is referred to as a(n):
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alliteration
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A figure of speech that uses exaggeration in order to emphasize is called:
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hyperbole
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A(n) _____ is a figure of speech that makes a comparison between two things by describing one thing as being something else.
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metaphor
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Arrangement of related words so that they are balanced, or of related sentences so that they have identical structures, are examples of this writing structure.
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parallelism
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The predisposition to act for or against a person or position is referred to as which of the following?
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attitude
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Most speeches should be prepared for which of the following audiences?
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Specific
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Which of the following patterns of organization would be most suitable for speeches such as \”The Events Leading to World War II,\” \”The Development of Language in the Child,\” and \”The Major Steps in Learning to Use a Computer?\”
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Chronological
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In both classical and contemporary views of public speaking, primary attention is given to which of the following?
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substance or content of the speech
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A speaker’s credibility relates most directly to which of the following?
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believability
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In a speech, a thesis statement should be clear, concise, and easy to remember.
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TRUE
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Thesis statements should be as vague as possible in order to include each and every kind of audience.
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FALSE
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It is important to consider your specific audience when developing the thesis statement for a speech.
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TRUE
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The purpose of the informative speech is to provide interesting, useful, and unique information to your audience.
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TRUE
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The use of humor is always appropriate in public speaking presentations.
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FALSE
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\”Read the following excerpt from a speech by Martin Luther King, Jr.: \”\”When you are right you cannot be too radical; when you are wrong, you cannot be too conservative.\”\” Which of the following verbal structure is used?\”
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parallelism
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\”Read the following slogan from the Pan-American Coffee Bureau: \”\”Good coffee is like friendship: rich and warm and strong.\”\” Which of the following figures of speech is used?\”
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simile
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\”Read the following quote from Shakespeare’s As You Like It: \”\”All the world’s a stage, And all the men and women merely players; They have their exits and their entrances;\”\” Which of the following figures of speech is used in this quote?\”
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metaphor
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\”Read the following slogan of the Wall Street Journal: \”\”The daily diary of the American dream.\”\” Which of the following figures of speech is used?\”
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alliteration
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Claiming the words or ideas of another as your own is:
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all of these
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What is the BEST way to establish credibility with your audience?
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establish common ground
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In a speech, a political figure refers to his rival candidate as a \”jerk.\” This is an example of what kind of fallacy?
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ad hominem
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A student is asking a teacher for an extension on a paper’s due date. The teacher refuses to allow the extension, saying that \”If I make an exception for you then I’ll have to make an exception for everyone.\” What kind of argument is the teacher using?
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slippery slope fallacy
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\”Read the following statement: ‘If we don’t provide farmers with low-interest loans, they will go bankrupt.’ What kind of fallacious argument is being used?\”
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either-or fallacy, because the speaker is leaving out other possible alternatives
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Speaking from a manuscript:
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all of these
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An extemporaneous speech:
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is likely to be more dynamic than manuscript speeches.
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The speech format that is most likely to sound canned, robotic, and lack spontaneous emotion is:
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a memorized speech
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Excellent speakers do not feel nervousness before presentations.
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FALSE
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It is in your audience’s best interest for your speech to succeed.
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FALSE
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A statement that summarizes the main point or points which you want to communicate to your audience is a(n):
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thesis statement
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A thesis statement should be specific to the audience it addresses.
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TRUE
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Which of the following is an appropriate way to gain the audience’s attention during a speech’s introduction?
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All of these are effective and appropriate.
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When selecting a topic for a speech or presentation, a speaker should:
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choose a topic with which they have personal experience or expertise.
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In both classical and contemporary views of public speaking, primary attention is given to which of the following?
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Substance of content of the speech
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A speech divided into the three main divisions of animal, vegetable, and mineral would be best organized according to which of the following patterns?
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Topical
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Speaker credibility refers most closely to which of the following?
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Believability
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In his famous \”Liberty or Death\” speech, Patrick Henry said: For my own part, I consider it as nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery; and in proportion to the magnitude of the subject ought to be the freedom of the debate. It is only in this way that we can hope to arrive at truth, and fulfill the great responsibility, which we hold to God and our country. Should I keep back my opinions at such a time, through fear of giving offense, I should consider myself as guilty of treason towards my country, and of an act of disloyalty toward the Majesty of Heaven, which I revere above all earthly kings. This excerpt provides an example of Henry’s attempt to do which of the following?
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Establish his credibility
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The assumption that a person who is competent in one field is also competent in another field is referred to as which of the following?
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Halo effect
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The predisposition to act for or against a person or position is referred to as which of the following?
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Attitude
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Most speeches should be prepared for which of the following audiences?
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Specific
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Which of the following terms is used for the argument that what a person hears last is remembered best and has the greatest effect?
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Recency
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Which of the following patterns of organization would be most suitable for speeches such as \”The events leading to World War II,\” \”the development of language in the child,\” and \”the major steps in learning to use a computer\”?
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Chronological
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The degree to which the audience members have counterarguments ready to answer an attack on their beliefs, attitudes, and values is referred to as which of the following?
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Inoculation
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Which of the following is NOT an example of effective individual brainstorming
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Robin decides to write fancy titles or sentence descriptions of speech possibilities for the next five minutes.
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Concerning topic selection, your authors suggest that you select topics that you are knowledgeable about. When selecting a topic:
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Your knowledge of the topic can come from your own experience and involvement, from turning to other people for information and by turning to other resources.
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When you narrow your topic, you should consider
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All of the answers
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Which generalization is most often true concerning audiences?
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Voluntary audiences tend to be homogeneous while captive audiences tend to be heterogeneous
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Which student is considering only the demographic traits of their audience:
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Philip is analyzing his audience’s distinctions such as names, year in school, and age.
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Which of the following students have effectively combined audience analysis with ethics:
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Mia finds the audience knows very little about her topic, so she changes her approach to be much more basic, covering the key terms but not the complex ones
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As a speaker, you should use audience analysis to:
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All of the answers
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If you were giving a persuasive speech to an audience who does not support your view, the one thing you would MOST want to learn from your audience analysis would probably be:
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Their specific objections to your proposal
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A good speech topic:
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Is adapted, involves your listeners and also interests you.
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A(n) __________ audience is characterized by many differences among individuals.
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Heterogeneous
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A(n) __________ audience is an audience that has not chosen to hear a particular speaker or speech
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Captive
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A(n) _____ is a predisposition to respond favorably or unfavorably to a person, an object, and idea or an event. Examples from your text include \”pro-life\” or \”pro-animal rights.\”
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Attitude
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You must cite the source of a supporting material when you obtain it from a print medium, however when it is an interview you need not do this because an oral footnote would distract from your audience adaptation.
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FALSE
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When researching materials for your speech, you should:
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Use a variety of resource materials to give a more balanced approach to your speech.
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When giving a speech, speakers must cite sources by:
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Using an oral footnote and citing the materials in the written representation of the speech
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The most correct way to cite an Internet source is:
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\”According to the June 22, 1999 on-line version of the Chicago Sun Times, Dr. Herald, a doctor at ABC Hospital, says…\”
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When you want to illustrate your point by giving a specific instance of what you are discussing, you should use which of the following types of supporting materials:
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Examples
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To determine if you are using ethical tactics in your speech, your authors suggest you:
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All of the answers
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________ is the \”use of someone else’s ideas or words, without credit.\”
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Plagiarism
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Which of the following is NOT an example of a goal for informative speaking:
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Patrick will advocate a position on the Reformed Political Party.
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In an effective speech introduction, all of the following should be included EXCEPT:
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A development of your main points with supporting materials.
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Which of the following is NOT an effective way to gain your audience’s attention:
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Insult them with a racist joke to prove your point.
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Which of the following is an example of an effective preview statement:
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\”Today I will explain first how to reduce your waste, second how to recycle items and third, how to reuse materials
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The body of the speech:
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Expands upon the main points previewed in the preview statement.
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Arranged in random order below are a main point, two sub-points and two sub-sub-points from a speech outline. Which choice listed is the only \”main point.\”
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When writing WebPages you can use a basic HTML writing program or a more advanced software program
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\”Arranged in random order below are a main point, two sub-points and two sub-sub-points from a speech outline. Which are the sub-points? a. One example of a prepackaged software program is Microsoft’s FrontPage. b. Advanced software programs are helpful in writing WebPages. c. When writing WebPages you can use a basic HTML writing program or a more advanced software program. d. Another way you might write WebPages would be through learning the actual HTML language codes. e. A second software program which helps you develop a website is Netscape Composer. \”
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Selections b and d
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\”Arranged in random order below are a main point, two sub-points and two sub-sub-points from a speech outline. Which are the sub-sub- points a. One example of a prepackaged software program is Microsoft’s FrontPage. b. Advanced software programs are helpful in writing WebPages. c. When writing WebPages you can use a basic HTML writing program or a more advanced software program. d. Another way you might write WebPages would be through learning the actual HTML language codes. e. A second software program which helps you develop a website is Netscape Composer. \”
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Selections a and e
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When used in a speech introduction all of the following except one illustrate methods of getting the audience’s attention. Which is NOT an attention-getting statement?
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I have 12 years of teaching experience and I am a parent.
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Keisha has reduced her final outline down to a smaller version to practice with. This practice outline consists of important words and phrases to help jog her memory when she is giving the speech. The practice outline described here is called a(n):
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Key-Word Outline
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Tawanna is giving a speech on how weather fronts move from the west coast, to the mid-west, and then to the east cost. Her speech follows which of the following organizational patterns:
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Spatial/relations
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Identify the organization pattern that would be best to describe the four major bike paths in Duluth, Minnesota
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Spatial/relations
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A speech describing the path of migration directional path of an animal moving from north to south is best structured using a _______ design.
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Spatial/relations
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You plan to give a speech on the three most popular approaches to quitting smoking. Your most likely choice for a speech design would be
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Problem/Solution
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Effective speech transitions:
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All of the answers
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Which of the following is a function of a conclusion?
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To summarize the speaker’s message
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The ____ of a speech is its largest portion, in which the speaker places his or her arguments and ideas, substantiation and examples, and proofs and illustrations
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Body
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An ______ is a \”written plan that uses symbols, margins, and content to reveal the order, importance, and substance of your speech.\”
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Outline
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Phrases which indicate where you are in the speech such as, \”First, I will illustrate…, \” \”A second idea is…,\” \”Finally, we will…,\” \”Furthermore, you should consider…\”, and \”In conclusion…\” are called ___________.
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Signposts
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A ________ is a formal list of the sources used in your speech
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All the answers
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A preliminary organization of the outline of your speech which you use as your starting point to write your sentence outline from is called a __________ __________ outline.
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Rough Draft
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The best way to arouse audience interest in the subject matter of your speech is to show clearly how the topic relates to them personally.
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TRUE
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One function of an introduction of a persuasive speech is to call the audience to action
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FALSE
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The main idea behind a bibliography is to state a plan of action for the audience to take after the speech.
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FALSE
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Which of the below is a good place to look for information on the internet?
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\”libraryofcongress.gov\”
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Chose the answer that is most correct: When brainstorming, it’s all about:
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Quantity not Quality
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When picking a topic, you should
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Analyze then select
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Which of these is NOT a good resource for an informative speech:
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They are all good sources
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In the introduction of your speech you gain what from your audience?
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Attention
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Testimony, statistics, examples and what are all part of supporting material?
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Narratives
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What are three types of organizational patterns?
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Chronological, Topical, and Spatial
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What is the most common organizational pattern for public speeches?
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Topical
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What is a statement connecting one thought to another?
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Transition
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What are the four major types of supports?
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Testimony, statistics, narratives, and examples
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What are examples of connectives?
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Brakelight, sign posts, and transitions
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What should NOT be in the introduction of a speech?
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Subpoints
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What SHOULD NOT be said in the conclusion?
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That’s it…
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What are the three main components of a speech?
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Introduction, body, and conclusion
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Which of the following is used as support material?
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Narratives
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What is the mode of delivery for a spontaneous, informative speech?
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Extemporaneous
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What would be a good number of main points in a speech?
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3
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Which of these would you not find in the introduction?
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Brakelight before going to the next section
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Which of these is a correct definition for signposts?
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Ways in which a speaker signals to an audience where the speech is going.
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Which one is not a vocal aspect of delivering a speech?
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Range
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When do you cite your sources?
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All of the answers
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In the introduction of a speech you need?
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Credibility Statement
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Which one of the following is not an organizational pattern?
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Comparison/Abstract Organization
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A type of visual aid is:
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All of the answers
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Examples, surveys, and statistics are types of what?
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Supporting Materials
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What one of the following is not a function of an introduction?
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Establish your qualifications for speaking on the topic
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What is the written plan that uses symbols, margins, and content to reveal the order, importance, and substance of your speech?
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Body
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Which of the following is NOT a type of support material?
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Inferences
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Which is the best for topic selection?
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Brainstorming
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What is a good way to gain your audience’s attention?
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All of the answers
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Which visual aid would be a good exhibit in a speech about dogs?
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Having the dog in the room during the entire speech so they can monitor its actions
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The type of organizational pattern associated with categories is?
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Topical
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The key ideas to visual aid being effective are?
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All of the answers
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When using visual aids you should always:
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Keep it simple
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What is important to have between each main point in a speech?
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Transitions
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What three things may be used to support a main point in an outline?
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Story, hard fact, testimony
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What are the three steps to the writing process?
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Prewriting, writing, post writing
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All of these are vocal aspects of delivery except?
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Facial Expressions
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If your speech is well written, body language is not important.
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FALSE
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If you pass off another person’s ideas as your own when writing your speech, you are plagiarizing.
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TRUE
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A phrase or sentence that cannot be understood literally is
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an idiom
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An effective listener uses empathy, which means the listener
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understands what the speaker has experienced
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Listening for facts involves the same techniques as listening for feelings.
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FALSE
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Empathy in listening is the same thing as sympathy.
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FALSE
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Words alone determine the meanings an audience receives from a speaker.
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FALSE
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In public communication, a speaker presents a message to several listeners and receives primarily nonverbal feedback.
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TRUE
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What is the tone of your voice?
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the way your message sounds
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Speaking is the most important communication skill.
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FALSE
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A good listener shows outward signs of interest when another person is speaking.
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TRUE
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A good listener never takes his or her eyes away from the person who is speaking.
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FALSE
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Good listening skills can improve speaking skills
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TRUE
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Authorities generally agree that speaking is the weakest link in oral communication.
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TRUE
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Emphasizing positive aspects in any speaking situation
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is good business practice
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In speaking and writing, the term diction refers to
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choice of words
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When you give an oral presentation without warning, what kind of a presentation are you giving?
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impromptu
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The _____ protects free speech and freedom of the press in the United States.
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First Amendment
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To be effective, a speech must be developed with the listener in mind.
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TRUE
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To make a successful speech, you must do background preparation, develop a draft of your speech, and practice your speech.
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TRUE
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Overlistening allows the listener to retain the major points of a speech.
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FALSE
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Speeches, lectures and presentations, are examples of informal business communications.
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FALSE
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Adding an interesting fact, anecdote, or joke to get the audience’s attention are good strategies to use when giving a speech.
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TRUE
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Memorizing a presentation is usually an effective way to prepare for the delivery of an oral presentation.
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FALSE
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In the closing of an oral presentation, you should summarize main points.
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TRUE
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Talking too fast during an oral presentation says nonverbally, \”I’m nervous.\”
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TRUE
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Which of the following would be considered a short oral presentation?
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an introduction of a presenter at a social club
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Which of the following is NOT a common attention-getting technique?
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summaries
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The three main parts of an oral presentation are
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an introduction, the body, and the closing
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The three main parts of the delivery of an oral presentation are
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vocal qualities, nonverbal symbols, and visual aids
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Which of the following should always be part of an introduction of an oral presentation?
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a preview
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During a presentation, a speaker’s poise influences his or her credibility with an audience.
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TRUE
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Varying the pitch and speed of your voice makes a presentation more effective.
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TRUE
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An extemporaneous presentation is memorized.
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FALSE
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It is difficult for most people to read a presentation in a natural and interesting way.
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TRUE
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Understanding the demographics of an audience is important when giving a presentation.
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TRUE
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In delivering an oral presentation, the most important consideration is that the
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content is accurate
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Visuals and handouts for an oral presentation should be
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appropriately designed and distributed, if used
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You will make an initial oral presentation to a board of directors of an international company. All members of the board are competent speakers of English as a second language. You should
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enunciate precisely and speak more slowly than normal
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Which is NOT a question you would ask to determine whether your oral presentation requires visual aids?
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will visual aids entertain my audience?
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Analyzing your audience is an important part of planning for an oral presentation.
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TRUE
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The disadvantage of using visuals in an oral presentation is that the audience will spend time looking at the material and less at the speaker.
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FALSE
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Too much rehearsal will rob an oral presentation of spontaneity, which is important for maintaining audience interest.
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FALSE
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A critical listener accepts or rejects the presentation based on the evidence offered.
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TRUE
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Which type of connective is the following phrase \”now that we have talked about the dangers of smoking, I will talk about the other four contributors to poor health\”?
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internal preview
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When an audience believes the speaker has credibility before he begins speaking it is called
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initial credibility
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When the audience believes that the speaker has their interests in mind it is called
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goodwill
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Which pattern of organization would be most suitable for the following speech \”The History of Coin Collecting\”?
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chronological order
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Which pattern of organization would be most suitable for the following speech \”Constructing the Statue of Liberty\”?
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spatial order
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Which pattern of organization would be most suitable for the following speech \”The Effects of Cigarettes on the Lungs\”?
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causal order
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When you restate someone’s words it is called
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paraphrase
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Changes in the speaker’s tone is known as
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inflection
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Which pattern of organization would be most suitable for the following speech \”In Order for Teenagers to Listen, their Parents Must Become Involved\”?
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problem/solution order
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Which pattern of organization would be most suitable for the following speech \”How to Bake a Cake\”?
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chronological order
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Which pattern of organization would be most suitable for the following speech \”How to Keep Off Unwanted Pounds\”?
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causal order
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What is NOT an example of plagiarism?
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telling a foul joke
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Which pattern of organization would be most suitable for the following speech \”Constructing a Suspension Bridge\”?
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spatial order
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Which pattern of organization would be most suitable for the following speech \”The Major Steps in Learning the Piano\”?
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chronological order
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Which of the following is the second phase of the listening process?
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attending
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Which of the following is not a demographic?
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attractiveness
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When is the best time to begin research for a speech?
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as soon as possible
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An anecdote is a
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story
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Which type of connective is the following phrase \”let’s now discuss\”?
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transition
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Which of the following is not a type of persuasive speech?
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question of morals
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Which of the following is NOT a type of reasoning?
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either/or
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Which reasoning fallacy is also known as circular reasoning?
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begging the question
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When giving a speech without a bias it is known as
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non-partisan
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Which type of connective is the following phrase \”How can we now better ourselves?\”
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signpost
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A book of synonyms is known as a
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thesaurus
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The meaning suggested by associates or emotions triggered by a word is known as
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connotative
question

The literal meaning of a phrase is called
answer

denotative meaning
question

Which of the following refers to the highness or lowness of a speaker’s voice?
answer

pitch
question

The constant tone of a speaker’s voice is known as
answer

monotone
question

Which type of connective is the following phrase \”we’ve discussed the main key point behind getting children to stay in school\”?
answer

internal summary
question

The loudness of a speaker’s voice is known as
answer

volume
question

Which pattern of organization would be most suitable for the following speech \”Renewing a Marriage License After Five Years Will Reduce Divorce\”?
answer

causal order
question

Which of the following is NOT a goal of public speaking?
answer

to plagiarize
question

Which pattern of organization would be most suitable for the following speech \”Famous Women Speakers\”?
answer

chronological order
question

Which of the following is NOT an example of nonverbal communication?
answer

whispering
question

What is it called when someone expresses themselves clearly?
answer

articulate
question

The literal meaning of a word is called
answer

denotative
question

What is the suggested meaning of a word based on context?
answer

connotative
question

When your speech uses too many words to say a simple thought it is
answer

cluttered
question

When you use the words \”like\” or \”as\” in a comparison it is called
answer

a simile
question

The statement \”it’s raining cats and dogs\” is
answer

a cliché
question

When you DO NOT use the words \”like\” or \”as\” in a comparison it is called
answer

a metaphor
question

When you arrange statements that are similar or specific opposites you are using
answer

parallelism
question

Contrasting ideas is called
answer

antithesis
question

\”All blondes are dumb\” is an example of
answer

stereotype
question

Alliteration of the repetition of a sound. Which of the following is an example of alliteration?
answer

fathers-forth
question

The way a word is spoken
answer

pronunciation
question

Language that is unique based on accent, pronunciation or vocabulary
answer

dialect
question

Which of the following should you do during your speech?
answer

None answers listed are correct
question

Which of the following should be avoided while giving a speech?
answer

All answers listed are correct
question

In both classical and contemporary views of public speaking, primary attention is given to which of the following?
answer

Substance or content of the speech
question

A speech divided into the three main divisions of animal, vegetable, and mineral would be best organized according to which of the following patterns?
answer

Topical
question

Speaker credibility refers most closely to which of the following?
answer

Believability
question

\”In his famous \”\”Liberty or Death\”\” speech, Patrick Henry said: For my own part, I consider it as nothing less than a question of freedom or slavery; and in proportion to the magnitude of the subject ought to be the freedom of the debate. It is only in this way that we can hope to arrive at truth, and fulfill the great responsibility, which we hold to God and our country. Should I keep back my opinions at such a time, through fear of giving offense, I should consider myself as guilty of treason towards my country, and of an act of disloyalty toward the Majesty of Heaven, which I revere above all earthly kings. This excerpt provides an example of Henry’s attempt to do which of the following?\”
answer

Establish his credibility
question

The assumption that a person who is competent in one field is also competent in another field is referred to as which of the following?
answer

Halo effect
question

The predisposition to act for or against a person or position is referred to as which of the following?
answer

Attitude
question

Most speeches should be prepared for which of the following audiences?
answer

Specific
question

Which of the following terms is used for the argument that what a person hears last is remembered best and has the greatest effect?
answer

Recency
question

Which of the following patterns of organization would be most suitable for speeches such as \”The events leading to World War II,\” \”the development of language in the child,\” and \”the major steps in learning to use a computer\”?
answer

Chronological
question

\”The degree to which the audience members have counterarguments ready to answer an attack on their beliefs, attitudes, and values is referred to as which of the following?\”
answer

Inoculation
question

Feedback refers to:
answer

Messages your listeners send to you before, during, and after your speech
question

Ethos is sometimes referred to as:
answer

Credibility
question

According to your authors, while public speaking is a personal act, it’s also a/an:
answer

social act
question

Direct, in-person, spoken connections between people refer to the concept of:
answer

Orality
question

Edward Hall argued that the biological roots of all culture could be found in:
answer

Speech
question

Which of the following is NOT considered the context of a speech?
answer

Topic
question

When Aristotle stated that a person with ethos demonstrated good will while speaking, he was referring to:
answer

Communicating a sense of caring
question

Speaking is a transaction involving:
answer

All of the answer listed
question

Finding a moral frame that you share with your listeners is referred to as:
answer

The skyhook principle
question

Which of the following is NOT one of the three main parts of speech?
answer

Topic statement
question

Having good speaking skills so that you can control social and confrontational events is a consumer imperative.
answer

FALSE
question

You should use the public speaking classroom to experiment with speaking techniques.
answer

TRUE
question

Moral bases for public speaking are merely ethical or religious tenets.
answer

FALSE
question

Public speaking is a process that takes place primarily in interpersonal settings.
answer

FALSE
question

The listener is the source of the message.
answer

FALSE
question

The primary reason you are speaking in public is your
answer

general purpose
question

The goals you wish to achieve in a particular speech are your
answer

specific purpose
question

When your professor lectures in class, she is speaking to
answer

inform
question

A lawyer giving his closing argument is speaking to
answer

persuade
question

\”Communication is a two-way street,\” means that you should consider
answer

your listeners
question

When you deliver a speech, you will use ________ statements, or transitions to guide your listeners.
answer

linking
question

When you have completed your outline, you’re ready to:
answer

practice out loud
question

When you are learning to become a public speaker, you should
answer

speak in public as often as you can
question

Your specific purpose combines your general purpose for speaking with
answer

your topic
question

A persuasive speech in which you ask your listeners to take actions is called a speech to
answer

actuate
question

A speech to entertain can be used to present information
answer

TRUE
question

When giving a speech, you should do everything you can to not be nervous
answer

FALSE
question

General purpose and central idea are essentially the same thing
answer

FALSE
question

Audience orientation refers to your ability to put yourself in your listener’s shoes
answer

TRUE
question

You should keep your eyes on your notes when giving a speech so you don’t lose your place
answer

FALSE
question

Listening accounts for over what percent of your communication time?
answer

40
question

Which of the following is NOT considered a barrier to effective listening?
answer

Evaluating the message which is being delivered
question

Empathetic listening is also known as
answer

Therapeutic listening
question

Critical listening can be accomplished by asking critical questions. Which of the following questions would NOT be appropriate in critical listening?
answer

How can I help the speaker be more effective?
question

RRA Technique refers to the three steps of
answer

Review, relate, and anticipate
question

Which of the following is an example of a distracting or misdirective statement?
answer

Four out of five dentists agree that Impana is best for your teeth
question

A communication transaction must include the speaker and
answer

the listener
question

While the average speaker can produce 125 to 175 words per minute, the average listener can process how many words per minute?
answer

400
question

The first step in the listening process is
answer

hearing
question

When you draw a conclusion about how much a member of the opposite sex likes you based on how he or she talks to you, you are engaging in
answer

Discriminative listening
question

Hearing is the same thing as listening
answer

FALSE
question

Listening is a psychological process, hearing is a biological process
answer

TRUE
question

Getting lost in your own thoughts is known as the internal perceptual field
answer

TRUE
question

Trigger words can be the cause of self-fulfilling prophecies
answer

FALSE
question

Discriminative listening causes us to draw conclusions
answer

TRUE
question

Culture is
answer

a social group’s system of meanings
question

When speaking to a cultural group different than your own, the best approach is to
answer

focus on the common ground between you and the group
question

According to Walter Ong, the phrase \”better safe than sorry\” demonstrates the principle that speech tends to be
answer

traditionalist
question

According to Walter Ong, it is necessary to give specific information in a speech that allows the audience to visualize ideas. This demonstrates how speech tends to be
answer

concrete
question

Your gender is considered to be your
answer

co-culture
question

A person’s way of thinking about positive and negative grounds for human thought and action is his/her
answer

value orientation
question

Which of the following would be considered indicative of a liberal ideology?
answer

It is better to help all forms of families with their children than to deal with juveniles in prison later
question

Which of the following would be considered indicative of a middle-of-the-road ideology?
answer

Raising children should be primarily a matter of parental responsibility but with governmental safety nets in place
question

Your own life experiences and your culture are your
answer

self-identity
question

When you look at issues ethically, economically, socially, or aesthetically, you are applying
answer

valuative frames
question

Learning about the cultural practices and expectations of one’s listeners is a simple matter
answer

FALSE
question

Relationships between people are built primarily via face-to-face talk
answer

TRUE
question

Family values can mean many things to many people
answer

TRUE
question

A person with a conservative ideology would believe that America is in moral decline
answer

TRUE
question

\”I didn’t bring a pen to class today\” is a direct conversational style
answer

FALSE
question

The study of observable characteristics in groups of people is called
answer

demographics
question

Which of the following is NOT a factor in audience analysis?
answer

ideology
question

Identifying what your listeners think and feel is called
answer

psychological profiling
question

Our tendencies to respond in a certain way to people, objects or ideas is called our
answer

attitudes
question

The basic concepts that organize our orientation to life are our
answer

values
question

Convictions about what is true or false are our
answer

beliefs
question

Which of the following is NOT true about beliefs?
answer

Beliefs are tendencies to respond positively or negatively to people
question

Which of the following is a good way to deal with a hostile audience?
answer

Start with areas of agreement
question

The primary goal of audience analysis is
answer

To discover the demographic and psychological characteristics of your listeners and shape your message accordingly
question

If you don’t have direct access to your audience, one thing you should NOT do is
answer

Assume you know enough about them and prepare to speak for \”any audience\”
question

Demographic analysis is the study of geographic data on a population
answer

FALSE
question

It is not necessary to adapt to your audience
answer

FALSE
question

Currently, over 25% of American identify themselves as multiracial
answer

TRUE
question

Demographic analysis can assist you in understanding your listeners by pinpointing the factors that are common among them
answer

TRUE
question

Understanding an audience’s beliefs is the first task in psychological profiling
answer

TRUE
question

Eyewitness accounts are known as
answer

primary sources
question

When considering your topic, which of the following is NOT a benefit of initial topic analysis?
answer

It helps you find a prepared speech to use on the topic you were considering
question

The purpose of a Boolean search is to
answer

control the subject matter of an Internet search
question

ERIC is a database that helps you locate
answer

scholarly papers in the humanities
question

The best way to find information online is to use
answer

search engines
question

The goal of an informational interview is to
answer

obtain answers to specific questions
question

Indicators that tell us about the past, present or future are
answer

trends
question

Using someone else’s words without permission is
answer

plagiarism
question

When you cite the opinions or conclusions of others, you are using
answer

testimony
question

When using statistics, you should NOT
answer

use only the statistic and no additional information
question

Plagiarism is using the opinions and conclusions of others
answer

FALSE
question

Plagiarism refers simply to undocumented verbatim quotation
answer

FALSE
question

When conducting an interview, you should structure it in advance
answer

TRUE
question

Speakers with low credibility need more supporting materials than speakers with high credibility
answer

TRUE
question

The two types of examples are hypothetical and factual
answer

TRUE
question

A speech on the layout or arrangement of your campus would best be organized by using the
answer

spatial pattern
question

Which of the following is NOT considered a general pattern of organization for speeches?
answer

random
question

Causal patterns show a relationship or link between
answer

cause and effect
question

Topical patterns of organization are best used for familiar subjects that are easily organized in terms of
answer

subject matter
question

Patterns of organization that are determined by the subject matter include
answer

chronological pattern
question

An audience-oriented pattern of organization is based on
answer

the listener’s needs or desires
question

Which of the following questions is better asked when using a subject-oriented pattern of organization than when using an audience-oriented pattern of organization?
answer

Can I arrange my speech by familiar topics?
question

Familiarity-acceptance order is very well-suited to persuasive speeches if your audience is
answer

hostile or skeptical
question

The inquiry method provides
answer

a step-by-step explanation of how you acquired information to reach a conclusion
question

If you choose to address a parking problem on campus and then suggest some options, you are using the
answer

problem-solution method
question

Your final outline will be the most complex one
answer

FALSE
question

The rough outline establishes your topic, clarifies your topic, and identifies a reasonable number of solutions
answer

TRUE
question

After a speaker has listed all possible topics, clustering is the next step toward choosing a pattern of organization
answer

TRUE
question

A rough outline is very detailed and provides an adequate basis from which to speak
answer

FALSE
question

Backtracking is a good device to keep the speech moving and make sure the audience remembers key points
answer

FALSE
question

How successful you are in getting your audience’s attention depends on how well you frame your speech with
answer

powerful introductions and conclusions
question

The recency effect refers to
answer

the fact that people believe what they heard most recently
question

Introductions allow you to form a first impression, which is known as
answer

primacy effect
question

Proximity refers to
answer

nearness
question

Humor is effective in speeches if it is
answer

relevant and in good taste
question

Although your intention is to persuade, which of the following comments would have a more positive effect on the audience when revealing your intention?
answer

Let us investigate our options together.
question

According to a classic study, the average speaker spends what portion of the speech on the introduction?
answer

10-15 percent
question

Questions for which you do not expect an answer are called
answer

rhetorical
question

Our concern with things that immediately benefit us is called
answer

the vital
question

Baseball is often used as a reference because most Americans know and understand it. This is using the force of attention known as
answer

familiarity
question

General references have more force than concrete words
answer

FALSE
question

Stating your purpose early in your speech will allow the audience the engage in the subject matter openly and clearly
answer

TRUE
question

It is important to ignore or overlook controversy in order to lessen it
answer

FALSE
question

Asking a rhetorical question can be an effective technique of introduction
answer

TRUE
question

You should avoid uncertainty in your speech
answer

FALSE
question

Choice of language, visual aids, and bodily and vocal behaviors is known as
answer

encoding
question

Which of the following does NOT aid in the achievement of coherence?
answer

intensity
question

\”Turning now to another point\” is an example of
answer

a signpost
question

Which of the following is considered a gender-linked word?
answer

policeman
question

Which of the following words is gender-neutral?
answer

chair
question

Telling the Latin or Greek origin of a word is an example of its
answer

etymological definition
question

A sense of taste is known as
answer

gustatory sensation
question

Organic imagery are ones which capture
answer

internal feelings and sensations
question

The comparison of two dissimilar things is a
answer

metaphor
question

\”I will work hard, I will accomplish my goals, and I will win this election,\” is an example of
answer

restatement
question

Language functions on many levels
answer

TRUE
question

Oral style is the conversational quality of everyday language
answer

TRUE
question

When speaking, it is better to use shorter, more familiar words than longer, less familiar and abstract words
answer

TRUE
question

It makes the speech boring if you preview the major points you will be making in your speech
answer

FALSE
question

It is best to write out the whole speech before you give it so you know what you are going to say
answer

FALSE
question

The use of space by human beings that includes physical arrangement and distance is known as
answer

proxemics
question

According to Edward T. Hall, twelve or more feet from your audience is ________ distance
answer

public
question

The degree of relaxation or rigidity and vertical position of your body is known as
answer

posture
question

Facial signals of emotion that an audience perceives when scanning your face are called
answer

affect displays
question

A speech that is prepared in advance and presented from abbreviated notes is called
answer

an extemporaneous speech
question

The way you accent or attack words is
answer

emphasis
question

When you make a judgment about a speaker based on the speaker’s dialect, you are guilty of
answer

vocal stereotyping
question

Which of the following is NOT a commonly used type of gesture used by public speakers?
answer

effective gestures
question

Using helpful pauses is a means of achieving
answer

vocal stress
question

When a speaker throws up his hands in disgust, he is using a/an
answer

indicator
question

Intelligibility refers to the intelligence of the speaker
answer

FALSE
question

Our voice usually sounds louder to ourselves than it does to others
answer

TRUE
question

The usual rate of conversation is between 300-350 words per minute
answer

FALSE
question

If sound becomes greater than 140 decibels, we may experience pain
answer

TRUE
question

Crispness and precision with which we form words is known as enunciation
answer

TRUE
question

Visual aids enhance your presentation because they
answer

aid listener comprehension and memory
question

Visuals that show relationships between two or more variables, usually over time are
answer

line graphs
question

Which of the following would NOT be considered appropriate as a visual aid in a business presentation?
answer

Handwritten poster board notes
question

When using visual aids such as charts, the experts suggest that the best font size for regular lines is 18 or 24 point type, and for headings is ________ point type
answer

36
question

The best way to show the difference between male and female incomes in a particular job category is to use a
answer

bar graph
question

If you are an architect presenting a plan for a new building to a client, which visual aid would be most effective?
answer

a model
question

Which of the following would be a good candidate for a flowchart?
answer

the structure of the federal bureaucracy
question

Which of the following is NOT a good way to get maximum benefit from your visuals?
answer

keep visual, verbal, and electronic messages separate and distinct
question

You decide to use your artistic talents to enhance your bar graph by using pictures to represent size instead of bars. What visual aid are you using?
answer

pictograph
question

When demonstrating an exercise technique such as pre-exercise stretching, perhaps the vest visual aid you could use would be
answer

your own body
question

Statistics are more accessible and easier for the audience to understand when a bar graph illustrates the numbers
answer

TRUE
question

It is a good idea to ask a volunteer from the audience to help during a presentation
answer

FALSE
question

Good visual aids can increase the persuasiveness of the message
answer

TRUE
question

Most people understand things better when they hear them than when they see them
answer

FALSE
question

Black and white visuals command more attention than those in color
answer

FALSE
question

Which of the following is NOT a suggested way to keep your speech moving?
answer

walk around the room while talking
question

Facts and figures by themselves are
answer

information
question

Your speech will be clearer if you
answer

all of the answer listed
question

Constructing relevant visualizations refers to
answer

recreating events
question

________ define concepts or processes to make them relevant to listeners
answer

Explanations
question

A committee report is an example of this type of informative speech
answer

oral report
question

Clarity is the result of which two factors?
answer

organization and word selection
question

Clustering ideas has the benefit of
answer

making the speech more memorable
question

Which of the following is NOT a method of avoiding information overload?
answer

extend the website to other related topics
question

The theme \”speeches to inform\” is
answer

an informative speech needs to be packaged in ways that the audience can understand and remember
question

Information is meaningful without interpretation or clarification
answer

FALSE
question

Public speakers often serve as interpreters of information
answer

TRUE
question

One of the goals of informative speaking is to make it easier for audience members to retain new information
answer

TRUE
question

One way to simplify is to use key ideas or key words
answer

TRUE
question

You should limit your informative speech to 3-4 principle ideas
answer

TRUE
question

The achievement motive cluster does NOT include
answer

authority
question

Power motives concern primarily
answer

the desire to exert influence over others
question

\”Friends don’t let friends drive drunk\” is an example of the power motive
answer

fear
question

PRIZM is a
answer

lifestyle segmentation system
question

An impulse to satisfy a psychological-social want or biological urge is
answer

a motive need
question

Motivational appeals work best when they are associated with
answer

something the audience wants or needs
question

People with which kind of motives use authority and dominance to persuade?
answer

power motives
question

The first step in structuring actuating speeches is
answer

getting attention
question

The process of keeping others from influencing your audience away from your position is called
answer

counterpersuasion
question

Which of the following is NOT a step in Monroe’s motivated sequence?
answer

resistance
question

The persuasive speaker and the informative speaker make essentially the same demands on the audience
answer

FALSE
question

A persuasive speaker seeks to change the audience’s beliefs and actions
answer

TRUE
question

When constructing a persuasive speech, the last step is to assess the needs and desires of the audience
answer

TRUE
question

Motivational appeals use language to activate desires in people
answer

TRUE
question

Power can be used in a positive manner to benefit the group
answer

TRUE
question

The difference between arguing and persuading is
answer

persuasion uses emotion, argumentation uses reasoning
question

A proposition that asserts that something is or is not the case it a
answer

claim of fact
question

When advancing a claim of value, you might ask the following question
answer

How well does the item in question measure up to the standards specified?
question

At what point in your speech should you generally announce your claim?
answer

in the beginning
question

According to the authors, if you are arguing that the speed limit should be reduced to save lives and you present statistics to prove your point, what kind of evidence are you using?
answer

rationally relevant evidence
question

When a doctor makes a diagnosis based on your respiration and heart rhythms, she is reasoning from
answer

sign
question

When reasoning from example, one question you should ask is
answer

Are the instances fairly chosen?
question

A claim that appeals to what we don’t know is
answer

an appeal to ignorance
question

When should you present your strongest argument?
answer

either first or last
question

Many celebrities have made public their opposition to war. What kind of fallacy are they using to sway public opinion?
answer

appeal to authority
question

A sequential fallacy is rephrasing an idea and then offering it as its own reason
answer

FALSE
question

\”But Mom, I need to wear low-rise jeans to school because everyone else does,\” is an example of the bandwagon fallacy.
answer

TRUE
question

\”Claire is Irish, she must like corned beef,\” is an example of reasoning from sign
answer

FALSE
question

Reasoning from generalization is also called deduction
answer

TRUE
question

Criticism is a process of assessing and judging ideas
answer

TRUE
question

A group of individuals selected to discuss a topic for the benefit of others in the audience is called a
answer

panel
question

A communication transaction in which three to five speakers speaking on different facets of a topic, presenting different solutions to a problem, and, usually, calling on the expertise of the speakers is called a
answer

symposium
question

When responding to an objection made, which of the following is NOT advisable?
answer

use emotion
question

A short speech of tribute designed to bring a group together or congratulate is a/an
answer

toast
question

What kinds of speeches acknowledge the presence or qualities of the audience or a member of the audience?
answer

courtesy
question

Which of the following is NOT a speech of courtesy?
answer

special occasion speech
question

The key to determining if a group is a community is
answer

whether they believe they are bonded together in some way
question

Which of the following is NOT one of the primary virtues of a speech of introduction?
answer

knowledge of the speaker
question

Which of the following represents Dewey’s problem-solution strategy in correct sequence?
answer

define the problem, analyze the problem, suggest solutions, evaluate proposed solutions, decide how to implement the solution
question

The key to successful group communication is interdependence. What does this mean?
answer

you share with others, they share with you
question

The main purpose of a speech of introduction is to create a desire in the audience to hear the speaker you are introducing
answer

TRUE
question

A speech to entertain is one form of a courtesy speech
answer

FALSE
question

Toasts are actually speeches of tribute
answer

TRUE
question

Speeches to entertain are mainly slapstick or stand-up comedy routines
answer

FALSE
question

Using humor is usually not effective in developing group cohesiveness
answer

FALSE
question

The largest part of a speech is the ________.
answer

body
question

Which of the following is NOT a way to improve listening?
answer

Research the topic being discussed
question

Used to signal the ending of a thought, and controls impact.
answer

Pause
question

A dyadic communication is
answer

A communication between two people
question

Specialized language that should be avoided during a public speech is called
answer

Jargon
question

A brief summary of an article NOT written by the author is a/an
answer

Abstract
question

What is the definition of the mean of a group of numbers?
answer

The average of the numbers
question

Words that identify where the speaker is in the speech are called
answer

Signposts
question

An appeal to moral character is called
answer

Ethos
question

Part of speech that enables identification of ethnicity.
answer

Dialect
question

An appeal to logic is called
answer

Logos
question

If you are running short on time what should you do?
answer

Highlight the main points only
question

Controlling anxiety in order to help make the speech a success is
answer

positive nervousness
question

Which of the following is NOT a way to improve listening?
answer

all of the answer listed
question

Which of the following does NOT need to be considered before using evidence?
answer

all of the answer listed
question

What is wrong with the following interview questions: Who is the principal of the school?
answer

The question could have been answered without the interview
question

What is NOT one of the obstacles to listening?
answer

all of the answer listed
question

A speech to give thanks for public recognition is a/an ________ speech
answer

acceptance
question

What kind of arrangement is a speech that outlines the issues of Earth’s limited natural resources; then discusses how we can alleviate some of the problem by recycling?
answer

Problem-solution pattern of arrangement
question

What kind of arrangement? A public speaker who tells a story to the audience is using
answer

Narrative pattern of arrangement
question

\”What kind of arrangement? ∙Overpopulation of animal shelters. ∙Pets are adopted or purchased at Christmas. ∙Family’s tire of pets and animals are sent back to the pound by spring. ∙Overpopulation of animal shelters.\”
answer

Circle pattern of arrangement
question

What kind of arrangement? The presentation of topics where one topic is relational/dependent on the next:
answer

Chronological pattern of arrangement
question

What kind of arrangement? A speech where all topics are equally important and are not dependent on another point (they can be presented in any order):
answer

Topical pattern of arrangement
question

Which Amendment grants the right to free speech?
answer

First Amendment
question

The crispness of distinct speech sounds.
answer

Articulation
question

She laughs like a hyena is an example of a/an:
answer

Simile
question

Mr. Brown is speaking about the Just Say No to drug ad campaign. He wants to influence the children’s attitudes about drugs. The final outcome is that he wants children to stay away from drugs. He is going to discuss the dangers of drugs for health and social activities. He believes that if he can scare the children enough, they surely will not try drugs. Which of the following is an example of an emotional appeal?
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Scare the children
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Mr. Brown is speaking about the Just Say No to drug ad campaign. He wants to influence the children’s attitudes about drugs. The final outcome is that he wants children to stay away from drugs. He is going to discuss the dangers of drugs for health and social activities. He believes that if he can scare the children enough, they surely will not try drugs. Which of the following is the topic?
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Just Say No to drug ad campaign
question

Mr. Brown is speaking about the Just Say No to drug ad campaign. He wants to influence the children’s attitudes about drugs. The final outcome is that he wants children to stay away from drugs. He is going to discuss the dangers of drugs for health and social activities. He believes that if he can scare the children enough, they surely will not try drugs. What is the central idea of the speech?
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He is going to discuss the dangers of drugs on health and social activities
question

Mr. Brown is speaking about the Just Say No to drug ad campaign. He wants to influence the children’s attitudes about drugs. The final outcome is that he wants children to stay away from drugs. He is going to discuss the dangers of drugs for health and social activities. He believes that if he can scare the children enough, they surely will not try drugs. What is the specific purpose of the speech?
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Children to stay away from drugs
question

Mr. Brown is speaking about the Just Say No to drug ad campaign. He wants to influence the children’s attitudes about drugs. The final outcome is that he wants children to stay away from drugs. He is going to discuss the dangers of drugs for health and social activities. He believes that if he can scare the children enough, they surely will not try drugs. What is the general purpose of the speech?
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Influence the children’s attitudes
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\”What type of listening? Jane put her headphones on to listen to music.\”
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Appreciative listening
question

\”What type of listening? Frank was listening to his teenager discuss why she wasn’t home by curfew. He was trying to determine if she was telling the truth.\”
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Critical listening
question

\”What type of listening? The toddler was talking to his mother while she was reading the paper. She responded automatically with \”\”oh, my, is that so?\”\”\”
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Not listening
question

\”What type of listening? Jack received a call from Mary. Mary was upset; she talked to him about her grandmother falling ill.\”
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Empathetic listening
question

\”What type of listening? The teacher held a lecture on the Civil War. The students were listening and taking notes.\”
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Comprehensive listening
question

Delivering a speech with almost no preparation time is called a/an ________ speech.
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Impromptu
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\”Ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country,\” John F. Kennedy.
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Antithesis
question

\”Reading maketh a full man, conference a ready man, and writing an exact man,\” Francis Bacon.
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Parallelism
question

\”We will not tire, we will not falter and we will not fail,\” George W. Bush.
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Repetition
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\”Let us go forth to lead the land we love,\” John F. Kennedy.
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Alliteration
question

\”My love is like a red, red rose,\” Robert Burns.
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Simile
question

Ideas taken from multiple sources:
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Patchwork plagiarism
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Rewording someone else’s ideas into your words:
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Paraphrasing
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Telling someone word for word what someone else said:
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Quotations
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Passing someone else’s idea off in its entirety as your own:
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Global plagiarism
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Failure to give credit to someone else in part of a speech:
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Incremental plagiarism
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George is listening to a candidate running for senate. He is trying to determine if he wants to vote for the candidate. What type of listening is George doing?
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Critical
question

Elise is speaking with Sarah on the telephone. The telephone is an example of the ________.
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Channel
question

Which of the following is a way to boost credibility?
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All of the answers listed
question

\”Mary was introduced to an auditorium of children by the principal, Mrs. Winter. Mary’s purpose was to discuss Earth Day. During the course of her speech the microphone cut in and out making her difficult to understand. The children began to get fidgety and put their hands behind their ears to hear Mary. However, one little boy, Jason decided he wouldn’t try to hear and began singing \”\”Happy Birthday\”\” in the middle of her speech! What is an example of feedback?\”
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Children putting their hands behind their ears
question

\”Mary was introduced to an auditorium of children by the principal, Mrs. Winter. Mary’s purpose was to discuss Earth Day. During the course of her speech the microphone cut in and out making her difficult to understand. The children began to get fidgety and put their hands behind their ears to hear Mary. However, one little boy, Jason decided he wouldn’t try to hear and began singing \”\”Happy Birthday\”\” in the middle of her speech! What is the channel?\”
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Microphone
question

\”Mary was introduced to an auditorium of children by the principal, Mrs. Winter. Mary’s purpose was to discuss Earth Day. During the course of her speech the microphone cut in and out making her difficult to understand. The children began to get fidgety and put their hands behind their ears to hear Mary. However, one little boy, Jason decided he wouldn’t try to hear and began singing \”\”Happy Birthday\”\” in the middle of her speech! What was interference?\”
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Microphone cutting in and out AND Jason’s song
question

All women like to cook is an example of
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Stereotyping
question

When the speaker began, a hush fell over the audience. Is an example of
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Metaphor
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\”What is wrong with this sentence? When a soldier fights overseas, he understands his sacrifice.\”
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Globe use of the word \”he\”
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Writing the first things that come to mind in nine areas. (For the purpose of finding a speech topic).
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Clustering
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Law that makes it legal for teachers and students to use copyrighted material for the sake of education.
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Fair use
question

Person that is in charge based on seniority.
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Implied leader
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Writing down all hobbies and interest to try to find a speech topic.
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Personal inventory
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A person’s values and beliefs
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Frame of reference
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\”What goes around, comes around,\” \”live and learn,\” \”look before you leap\” are all examples of
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cliché
question

Ms. O’Hare provided a brief introduction for Mr. White. She did not speak of his expertise. This largely affected his
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initial credibility
question

During Mr. White’s introduction in his speech he demonstrated his ________ by discussing his extensive experience in the subject.
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competence
question

As Mr. White went through his speech the audience believed that he was an expert on his topic. This is an example of
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derived credibility
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The audience believed that Mr. White was trustworthy with good intentions. This is a reflection of his
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character
question

The audience left the speech believing that Mr. White was an expert on his subject.
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terminal credibility
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Which type of example is one that hasn’t happened, but MAY happen?
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Hypothetical example
question

Sally was listening to her friend complain about a bad day at work. She is performing what type of listening?
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empathetic
question

Which of the following is NOT an example of a reference work?
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Newspaper
question

The fallacy that the first step in a process will subsequently lead to future steps.
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Slippery slope
question

The following is an example of ________ fallacy: The president, who was never a member of the military, will advocate mandatory military service.
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Red herring
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The following is an example of ________ fallacy: The highly liberal, spend-happy candidate wants to spend all of our hard-earned tax dollars for her inconsequential plan.
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Ad hominem
question

The following is an example of ________ fallacy: Since everyone is doing it, adoption from a foreign country is the best method.
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Bandwagon
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The following is an example of ________ fallacy: High school graduates can either go to college, or join the military.
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Either/or
question

\”What kind of reasoning is the following: All people need food. I am a person. I need food.\”
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Principle
question

\”Which type of reasoning is the following: If you like gymnastics you’ll be a great cheerleader.\”
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Analogical
question

So far we have determined that the cause for many family’s economic circumstances have been caused by involuntary job loss. The previous statement is an example of
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Internal preview
question

As a teacher the general purpose of public speaking is
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inform
question

If there is no author identified on a document/website try to determine the
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sponsoring organization
question

The anxiety before giving a speech is called
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stage fright
question

The belief that one culture is superior to another:
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Ethnocentrism
question

The typical nonverbal message that listeners deliver to the speaker is
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feedback
question

The three main parts of a speech are called
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Introduction, body, conclusion
question

People’s natural inclination to be concerned with themselves before others is
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Egocentrism

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