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Practice Exam – Flashcards with Answers

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Example of an instance of persuasive speaking
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lawyer arguing for acquittal of client
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5 steps of Monroe’s Motivated Sequence (explain each)
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1. Attention 2. Need 3. Satisfy 4. Visualize 5. Call to Action
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4 methods of organization used most often in persuasive speeches (explain each)
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1. Problem-Soln 2. Problem-Cause-Soln 3. Comparative Advantage 4. Monroe’s Motivated Sequence
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3 Basic issues a speaker must deal with when discussing a question of policy (explain each)
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1. Need 2. Plan 3. Practicality
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“To persuade my audience that discrimination on the basis of marital status is unfair” is a specific purpose state of a question of ___?
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Value
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“To persuade my audience that congress should revise laws governing medical malpractice” is a specific purpose statement of a question of ___?
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policy
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Whenever you give a persuasive speech on a question of value you need to: 1. inspire the aid to follow call for action 2. justify your value of judgement against a set of standards 3. provide evidence 4. all of the above
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2. justify your value of judgement against a set of standards
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Example of SPS that seeks immediate action
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Write to legislature
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Give an example of a SPS for a question of fact
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“To persuade my audience that the use of cellphones in cars by drivers has increased the number of automobile accidents.”
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Give an example of a SPS for a question of value
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“To persuade my audience that downloading music from the Internet for personal use is ethically wrong.” “To persuade my audience that doctor-assisted suicide is morally acceptable.”
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Give an example of a SPS for a question of policy
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“To persuade my audience that all primary and secondary schools should be required to have a pageant in their school system.”
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What are the 2 most important factors that affect the credibility of a persuasive speaker?
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character and competence
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T/F A speech praising the bravery of firefighters on Sept. 11, 2001 is an example of a commemorative speech?
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True
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Compare and contrast persuasive and informative speeches
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Both seek to inform that aud on a subject Informative: non bias, discusses both sides equally Persuasive: speaker acts as a partisan, takes a side
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Name and describe 3 types of policies
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1. Ad Hominem: attacks on a person rather than the argument under discussion. 2. False Cause: Assuming that event A caused event B just because event B occurred after event A. 3. Appeal to Tradition: assume that because something is old it is automatically better than something new. 4. Appel to Novelty: assume that because something is new it is automatically better than anything old. 5. Invalid Analogy: Analogy comparing 2 things(cases) that are essentially not alike. 6. Bandwagon: Assume that because something is popular is it therefore good, desirable, correct. 7. Red Hering:introduces an irrelevant issue to divert attention from the subject under discussion. 8. Either Or: forces listeners to choose b/w 2 alternatives when more that 2 alternatives exist. 9. Hasty Generalization: speaker jumps to general conclusions on the basis of insufficient evidence. 10. Slippery Slope: Assumes that taking a first step will lead to subsequent steps that cannot be prevented.
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Briefly discuss the difference b/w questions of fact, policy, and value:
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Question of Fact: state that something is, exists, doesn’t exist Question of Policy: state that something should be Question of Value: state that something is good, beautiful, worthwhile, bad, etc.
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T/F It is almost always in poor taste to mention the losers of an award in a speech of presentation.
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False