PLSC205: Ornamental and Turfgrass Pest Control Chapter 1

Any substance or mixture of substances or chemicals intended for defoliating or desiccating plants or for preventing, destroying, repelling or mitigating any insects, rodents, fungi, bacteria, weeds, or other forms of plant or animal life.
Examples: insecticides, fungicides, bactericides, herbicides, desiccants, defoliants, plant regulators, and nematodes.
Are desiccants & defoliants pesticides?
Are plant regulators pesticides?
responsible for the registration of pesticides
environmental protection agency
EPA stands for _.
responsible for accuracy & safety
responsible for the development of pesticide applicator training materials
responsible for enforcement of federal pesticide laws & regulation
evaluates & approves state certification laws.
states & indian tribes
_ have laws governing pesticides & their uses, but they must be at least as strict as federal laws.
state agencies
Pesticide applicators are directly regulated & certified by _.
FEPCA is the _ amendment of FIFRA.
1972 amendment of FIFRA
prohibited the use of any registered pesticide in a manner inconsistent with label instructions
required that pesticides be classified for general or restricted-use
[provided that pesticides in the restricted category may be used only by or under the supervision of certified applicators] or under such other regulatory restrictions as the EPA administrator may require
federal environmental pesticide control act
What does FEPCA stand for?
established general categories of certified applicator: private applicator & commercial applicator
private applicator & commercial applicator
What are the general categories of certified applicator?
provided penalties (fines & jail terms) for violations of FIFRA
provided states the authority to regulate the sale or use of any federally registered pesticides in that state
October 1977
The amended FIFRA (FEPCA) was fully implemented in _.
competency for certification
The EPA set minimum standards of _ of pesticide applicators
Regulation _ is “Certification of Pesticide Applicators”
Certification of Pesticide Applicators
Regulation 40CFR171 “_” allows states & indian tribes with EPA-approved plants to administer certification programs within their boundaries.
proof that applicator knows correct & safe way to apply restricted-use pesticides
_ must register every pesticide with the EPA.
general-use or restricted-use
All pesticides must be classified by EPA as _.
directions for use
Pesticides may be applied only on plants, animals, or sites specified in the _.
product’s label
Applicator may not use any pesticide in manner not permitted by _.
May not use higher _, higher concentrations, or more frequent applications than label states.
civil penalties
any commercial applicator who violates any provision of FIFRA may be assessed a penalty of not more than $5,000 for each offense.
criminal penalties
any applicator who knowingly violates any provision of FIFRA shall be fined not more than $25,000 or one year in prison.
Up to how much money is the fine for a civil penalty committed by a private applicator?
Up to how much money is the fine for a criminal penalty committed by a private applicator?
$1,000 and/or 30 days in prison
Up to what is the punishment for a private applicator in criminal penalties?
Up to what is the punishment for a private applicator in civil penalties?
Before agencies impose a civil fine, applicators have a right to ask for a _.
“Laws and Regulations Governing Pest Control Operators and Applicators of Restricted-Use Pesticides” can be obtained from _, Ag Inputs and Pest Section of the Regulatory Services Division.
Tennessee Department of Agriculture
TDA stands for _.
responsible for protection of health, safety, & welfare of pest control employees & general public from hazards & consequences of pest control activities
insures that all pesticides are used in accordance with registered labels & labeling
regulates all pesticide use within Tennessee
issues certification for uses of restricted-use pesticides
enforces regulations dealing with pesticide safety, handling, application, & disposal
Ag Inputs & Pesticides of the Regulatory Services Division
TDA certification & enforcement functions are coordinated primarily through the _.
establishes qualifications and administers examinations for individuals to become commercial applicators (licensed pest control operators) that enables people to apply restricted-use pesticides and become involved in commercial pest control operations (to charge a fee).
commercial applicators
licensed pest control operators
certifies people as commercial applicators who do pest control work in residential, industrial, or institutional buildings (and other areas) as a part of their regular employment
Commercial applicators who do pest control work in residential, industrial, or institutional buildings.
commercial applicators
_ who do pest control work in residential, industrial, or institutional places are like super intendants, caretakers & maintenance workers who are employed by apartments, schools, government agencies, manufacturing plants, private businesses, hospitals, etc.
commissioner of agriculture
_ has the authority to authorize one to use, supervise the use, buy or sell restricted-use pesticides, in the process called certification.
buy or sell
The commissioner of agriculture has the authority to authorize one to use, supervise the use, _ restricted-use pesticides, in the process called certification.
Registered pesticides are classified by federal and state laws as either general-use (otherwise known as _) or restricted-use.
general-use pesticides
those pesticides that will not ordinarily cause unreasonable adverse effects on the user or the environment when used in accordance with label instructions
restricted-use pesticides
those that may cause adverse effects on the environment and/or applicator, unless subject to additional regulatory restrictions
restricted-use pesticides
generally only available to certified applicators
certified applicators
Restricted-use pesticides are generally only available to _.
private applicators or commercial applicators
Applicators of restricted-use or general-use pesticides must be certified as _.
private applicator
certification given to a farmer, rancher, orchardist, nursery, producer, greenhouse operator, etc.
private applicator
certification given to one who uses or supervises the use of restricted pesticides to produce an agricultural commodity on property owned or rented by the applicator or his/her employer or (if applied without compensation other than trading of personal services between producers of agricultural commodities) on the property of another person.
commercial applicator
certification given to those who use or supervise the use of restricted pesticides on any property other than as provided by the definition “private applicator.”
commercial applicators
_ are certified to work in certain categories.
ornamental trees, shrubs, flowers, & turf
Category 03, Ornamental & turf, includes commercial applicators using or supervising the use of restricted-use pesticides in the control of pests on _.
licensed applicator
an individual engaged in commercial pest control with a chartered company and charges a fee for their service
licensed pest control operator
Licensed applicator is otherwise known as _.
licensed applicator
an individual engaged in the same with a non-chartered company or establishment, such as, a food processing plant, prison, or school.
licensed applicator
There must be a _ for each licensing category in which the business operates.
licensed applicators
_ supervise the certified technicians, registered solicitors, salespersons, and other licensees.
bonded, insured, & have a business charter
In addition to being certified as a commercial applicator and licensed, they must be _ for each office or branch office.
state department
A license and charter may be obtained from the _ for a fee.
Training sessions for Commercial Applicators are held _ by The University of Tennessee Extension for those needing to become certified.
Study materials have been developed by the _ at the University of Tennessee and are available for purchase to study for an exam.
written examinations
_ are used to determine the competence of commercial applicators.
3 years
A commercial applicator’s certification period only lasts for _.
october 21
Everyone’s certification expires on the same date: _.
Recertification may be obtained by acquiring a specified number of _ during the current certification period.
_ may be awarded for attending conferences, programs, seminars, etc. that present information in the following areas in the individuals certification category: pests, pest control, worker protection standards (wps), pesticides, pesticide safety, integrated pest management (ipm), environmental issues (water quality, endangered species, etc.)
all categories
Safety, environmental issues, IPM, laws & regulations apply to _ for assignment of points.
individual videos
Points are not assigned to _ but to programs.
pesticide coordinator
The _ or his/her designee in the Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology (EPP) at The University of Tennessee assigns points for educational institutional programs.
certification & licensing
Someone in the _ section, TDA, assigns points for industry programs.
In-house points will be limited to _ of your total point requirement.
_ points may be carried over to another year.
30 days prior
All training must be submitted to the office no later than _ to the date of the training session.
grant points
Those approving certification training reserve the right not to _ for training submitted late.
An announcement of the training date, time, place, and points assigned per category will be placed on the Tennessee Department of Agriculture’s and the University of Tennessee Extension, Department of Entomology & Plant Pathology (EPP) _.
entomology & plant pathology
EPP stands for _.
In C03, the number of points one must accumulate over a year are _.
In C03, the number of points one must accumulate over 3 years are _.
Each person, firm, or corporation who wishes to engage in business (custom application) as a commercial pest control operator must secure a charter from _ in the category or categories in which they intend to do business.
custom application
defined as the application of a pesticide for a fee, and also includes the solicitation of such services.
chartered company
If you offer to apply a pesticide for a fee you must be associated with a _.
licensing, bonding, & insurance
Before a charter may be obtained, one must show proof of _.
commercial pest control operator
A _ is required for the main or supervisory office.
solicit or advertise
Once chartered, an individual may _ his/her business.
charter number
All printed advertisement must include their _.
registered solicitors
In chartered companies, _, including sales representatives, licensees and registered technicians, who work under the supervision of a licensed pest control operator, must possess a commercial certification in each category or service.
worker protection standards
WPS stands for _.

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