Plato/video 1,5,4, Literacy videos

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When Socrates states that some conditions are to be pitied, some professors of education are wrong, and that there are beings, and then there are the brightest and best of beings, he is working mostly at this learning level
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Evaulation
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The ancient Greek teacher who explores the nature of knowing, justice, truth, wisdom, and purpose through asking probing questions
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Socrates
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When Socrates creates an allegory to explain enlightenment, he works mostly at this learning level
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Synethsis
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The form of government in which a small group of people rule a nation
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Oligarchy
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When Socrates compares turning the soul by stages to the world of becoming to turning the eye and the body gradually from darkness to light, he works mostly at this learning level
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Analysis
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The approximate years spanning Plato’s first birthday to his death
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427347 B.C.
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A game for which one trains by watching the procession of silhouettes and then wins by correctly identifying which shadow comes next works mostly at this learning level
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Knowledge
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The form of government under which Socrates was tried
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Democracy
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The approximate years of Socrates’ life
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469-399 B.C.
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The thinker of ancient Greece who founded the Academy and greatly influenced Western thought in many disciplines
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Plato
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The objects visible in the presence of the sun
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Realities
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The main speaker in the dialogue of Plato’s myth
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Socrates
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He who gives the season and the years, and is the guardian of all that is in the visible world, and the cause of all things which one may behold
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Sun
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These characters pass along the wall carrying all sorts of vessels, and statues and figures of animals made of wood and stone which extend up over the wall
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Sun
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The people who sit in darkness watching dim shadows on a dark wall
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Chained cavemen
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The speaker who mostly affirms the main speaker in the dialogue of Plato’s myth
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Glaucon
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The one who is loosed and led up to the light and is said to have come back down into the cave without his eyes
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Offender
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The person who compels the freed man to face the firelight and points to the objects passing on the raised way and requires him to name them
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The Instructor
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The mischievous character said to have a paltry soul, a narrow intelligence, keen eyesight, and who is forced into the service of evil
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Clever Rogue
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The Greek who says, “Better to be the poor servant of a poor master, and to endure anything, rather than think as they do and live after their manner”
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Homer
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In the allegory of the cave, Plato presents characters in a hypothetical situation. Which type of person is not mentioned?
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The enlightened one who has never stepped out of the cave
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What happens to one of the prisoners in Plato’s allegory of the cave? He is
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Released
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Given the setting, the cave people are unlikely to have any experience of which colors?
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Cool colors such as green, blue, and white
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What struggle distracts those in societies not as well educated as Socrates’? The struggle
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The Power
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Inside the cave, the prisoners confer honors among themselves based on which skill?
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Guessing the next character in the shadows
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Name the two realms in which the power of the person who would act rationally operates.
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Public and Private life
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According to Socrates, the best kind of legislator is supposed to make which constituency happy?
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The whole community, the greatest number of people possible
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When Socrates explains the main parts of the allegory of the cave to Glaucon, which point below is NOT among them?
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The turn toward the firelight completes the ascent of the soul into the intellectual world.
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The guiding watchwords that Socrates recommends for the able leader are similar to the ones spoken by which modern film character?
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Mitch Robbins in City Slickers – The secret of life is this one thing.
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How does Socrates justify compelling the citizens who have benefited from enlightenment to go back and teach others?
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Their enlightened souls will feel gratitude for the education the state has provided, which will inspire them to serve others in turn.
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Identify the business of the founders of the State. To
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Compel the best minds to attain the knowledge of the good
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Who is said to be the universal author of all things beautiful and right, parent of light and of the lord of light in the visible world, and the immediate source of reason and truth in the allegory of the cave?
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The Sun
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The clever rogue could have been prevented from serving evil by what?
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Sending him to the school that can put knowledge into the soul and giving him some intelligence there instead of leaving him ignorant and thus predisposing him to serve evil
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As Socrates sees it, what is the main function of educators?
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To turn the whole soul away from becoming to being, train it little by little to be better able to see the good
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For Plato, the true blessings of life consist of what?
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Virtue and wisdom
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What does the rest of Plato’s myth overall say about the topic he announces in the first sentence? Enlightenment is
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Like leaving a cave for a sunlight world, and responding in the gratitude and social responsibility that makes one go back to bring others out, too
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Which of the following designations shows the words, capitalization, and italics and/or quotation marks typed correctly in the current MLA patterns?
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Plato’s Myth(italics)
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Which of the following designations shows the words, capitalization, and italics and/or quotation marks typed correctly in the current MLA patterns?
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The Republics(italics)
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Which of the following designations shows the words, capitalization, and italics and/or quotation marks typed correctly in the current MLA patterns?
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Allegory of the caves
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The Athenian version of San Antonio College, the University of Texas, Texas A&M University, Oxford University, and the schools of the NCAA conferences, but which lasted more than 900 years.
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Plato’s Academy
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Which item below provides evidence that Plato’s philosophical explorations of ethical and political problems still exert considerable influence on Western thought?
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Compulsory education, Pell grants, and other strong government support for education at the state and federal levels
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Which prospect is most consistent with Plato’s ideas of what holds out the best hope for the cities?
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That the rulers would become philosophers and the philosophers would become rulers.
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Plato’s portrait of Socrates suggests that, more than anything, Plato has developed what feeling for the teacher?
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Respect
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What does Socrates assume to be true about the relationship between hungering after one’s own private advantage and an orderly, peaceful society?
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The harder politicians seek others’ advantage, the more chaotic society will be.
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Which plan below is most consistent with the ideas in Plato’s myth about the most likely way for the individual to build the happy life and form a better society overall? The best way is to
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Build citizens who have learned how to and actively choose to be wise, act unselfishly, live selflessly, have the courage to be honest, admit error and learn from it, and who hold themselves accountable in these areas to something beyond themselves
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The poor cowboy who leaves his home state and, after the necessary western conflicts, finds success on a ranch in Wyoming
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The Virginian
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The character in the hotel story whose protest, “Well, I didn’t do anything, did I?”, proclaims his guilt
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The Cowboy
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The original author who says, “The times are never so bad but that a good man can live in them”
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St. Thomas More
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The eastern war-correspondent-turned-author who witnessed a fight in a Nebraska, saloon while traveling in the late 1800s, noticed a lodging place at another stop, and wove that time and place into a story called, “The Blue Hotel”
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Steven Crane
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The author who writes, “We don’t have to live great lives. We just have to understand and survive the ones we’ve got”
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Andre Dubus
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The character who says, “Every sin is the result of a collaboration”
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Easterner
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The author who began the western craze of the 1900s by writing a book depicting the frontier as a place where American dreams could be born again
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Owen Wister
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In the hotel story, this character is said to be a kind of adverb
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Gambler
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The antagonist who opposes the poor cowboy in the Wister story
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Trampas
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The American writer who says, “Blessed are all the emotions, be they dark or bright”
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Nathaniel Hawthorne
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The wide-open prairie, frontier town, saloon, card game, cowboy hero who rides off into the sunset, gun battle, and the bar-room brawl are some of the west’s
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Dramatic Conventions
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The video host claims that the motivation and plot arise from
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Emotions
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The bartender Mitchell tells police that he witnessed an assault, but some of the criminals held him, so he could not
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Call for Help
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The type of fiction that consists of stories that make use of formal structure whether they follow it exactly or vary the order
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General
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First published in 1860, simple westerns in which having lots of action trumps coherence and getting in and out of as many scrapes as possible trumps moral dilemmas
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Dime novels
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When adults settle on favorite genres such as murder mysteries, fantasy fiction, romance novels, or westerns, it is because the familiar and predictable formula feels
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Reassuring
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An adventure story in which a hero overcomes obstacles and dangers to accomplish a moral mission
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Western
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The hero in a western doesn’t use this strategy unless it is justified
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Violence
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In one western story, a card player is told that it is, “Your bet, you son of a … !” The player then draws his pistol, lays it on the card table, and holds it, un-aimed, while he responds gently, “When you call me that,
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Smile
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he type of fiction that satisfies readers’ expectations of standardized conventions in a clear blueprint that skips analysis, gets right to the action, and offers scrapes, not moral dilemmas
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Formula
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Plot ideas can come from everyday occurrences
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The Blue Hotel
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Tension is the core feature of every plot
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The Little Engine that Could
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The standard elements of plot and structure are vital to every story
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Dime Novels
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Sometimes an author will begin a story with its ending, and then get inside the characters to find out how the rest of the plot goes, developing it as he learns what has happened and writing to show its effect on them
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The Curse
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Sometimes an author goes beyond a simple approach to create a story with actions that do relate and support more complex conflicts
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The Virginian
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Which of the following is true about a literary plot?
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Plot always has conflict
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Which statement about plot is NOT true?
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When reading general fiction, the audience knows where the plot is leading, but it doesn’t matter because it feels satisfying to have those expectations fulfilled.
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Which film bears features that make it a type of western? [Canvas does not permit italicizing in the answer boxes. *Title* indicates a work that would otherwise be in italics.]
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Star Wars* with Luke Skywalker
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In the 1899 story, “The Blue Hotel,” one of the major conflicts arises between
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The Swede’s expectations and reality
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A short story can be broken into components. Which item is NOT a component of the formal story structure?
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Composite
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Which of the following creates doubt and interest?
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Conflict
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Which statement is NOT true?
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A western may not be good reading because it is formula fiction.
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In the hotel story, the Easterner observes out loud that the Swede dies because
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The four other men and the Easterner himself engaged in a conspiracy of silence
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The discussion between Professors Demott, Poovey, and Ulmer focuses on
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The relationship between plot, motives, perceptions, and behavior
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The part of the story structure which tells readers the information necessary to establish the context for the setting, characters, and action.
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Exposition
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This character trait gives Andre Dubus insight into his characters’ souls and helps him explain why they act as they do:
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The compassion he feels for them
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In “The Blue Hotel,” one character claims that the Swede behaves as he does because the Swede
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Thinks he’s living in one of the dime novels he’s been reading
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Which sentence below can be called the resolution of a story?
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The veterinarian fixed the dog’s leg.
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The host discusses two stories written by these authors, and both form plots around the idea of one’s personal responsibility for silence.
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Crane and Dubus
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Dubus maintains that reading with a fresh eye for one’s own life and the lives of others should sharpen one’s
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Moral Judgement
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As used in the first video, a relationship between reader and writer in which neither can exist without the other
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Symbiosis
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Title of the video series
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Literacy Visions
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Host Fran Dorn’s major in college
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Drama
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The group of works and authors generally accepted by society as the main ones representing literary art
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Canon
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The classic book that the host bought to celebrate her college graduation
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The Velveteen Rabbit
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Poet Lucille Clifton describes these as big, free, magic-spell-casting, never-enslaved, unrestrained, mighty, man-spinners
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Hips
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Sandra Cisneros writes to make her community visible and thus bring it into existence, calling herself a
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Mapmaker
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At the end of his “Somebody Stole My Myths” song, X. J. Kennedy plays this
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Air trombone
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The fact that each literary work offers readers the vitality of seeing the world in another way, the capacity to explore other times and places, and the reflection of a life of joy and wonder turns some literature into a
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Present
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Maxine Kumin imagines poems as sensations that tell the writer that they want to be expressed, a feeling on the neck like a
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Tickle
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The southern author who writes to find out who he is, what America is about, what an American is, and to say, “Kilroy was here!”, something happened here
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Ernest Gaines
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The author who shows how precious and dear life is as a woman stands ironing
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Tillie Olsen
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The poet who writes as a guardian of language and storyteller for the tribe
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Donald Hall
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The author who sees poems as storage units for people’s selves, those little pieces of life that don’t exist anymore
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Marge Piercy
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The playwright who speaks of social responsibility, an awareness that his art affects people’s perceptions of race and gender
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David Henry Hwang
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The writer who describes poetry as “news that stays news”
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Erza Pound
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The poet who writes to make readers more aware of the possibilities, strangeness, and uniqueness of creation
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James Dickey
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The composer who said, “He who truly knows my music can never know unhappiness again”
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Beethoven
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The author who writes to change the world and save people from their own violence
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Maxine Hong Kingston
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The good-times guy whose voice comes back from the dead to tell his friends that he wasn’t out in the ocean waving; he was drowning
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Sammie Smith
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Please answer the following questions in terms of the views presented in the video. In the first video, titled “At First Sight,” host Fran Dorn suggests that, among other things, a book may also be considered to be
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A gift one gives oneself
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The first video describes literature as writing that
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All of the answer responses listed here
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The two traditional categories into which people divide literary art are
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Fiction and non-fiction
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Dorn describes writers as working
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All of the reasons
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Granting that film, television, interactive computer programs, and oral storytellers may present experience creatively, Dorn asserts that the art known as literature also
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Creates a relationship between a reader and writer
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Video host, Fran Dorn, says that in addition to defining literature, it is also important to ask
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How and why serious writing works
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The first video describes literature as writing that
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all options listed
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In concluding Video 1, Dorn stresses that literature’s value comes from the view it presents of the world, other times, and other places. She observes that it brings “joy and wonder,” and describes it with this metaphor: a
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Mirror
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The British novelist who comments, “Sometimes it takes all of my resolution and power of self-control to refrain from butting my head against the wall”
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Joseph Conrad
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Fron the mouth
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oral
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The American author from the south who writes, “My own experience has been that the tools I need for my trade are paper, tobacco, food and a little whiskey”
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William Faulkner
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From the ears
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Arual
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When this Missouri poet was told, “Your poetry is very difficult to read,” she said, “It is very difficult to write”
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Marianne Moore
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In reading, the person whose job it is to bring the black marks on the page to life, to hear them as voices, to hear them as people
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Reader
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The American satiric novelist who says, “I don’t understand the process of imagination-though I know that I am very much at its mercy”
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Joseph Heller
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According to activist American novelist Mary Heaton Vorse, the “art of applying the seat of the pants to the seat of the chair” defines the art of
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Writing
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The poet who decides that becoming a woman is all right
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Nikki Giovanni
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In literature, listening with care to the texts of poems, short stories, poems, and plays and hearing their resonances in one’s own life
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Attention
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The Wizard of Oz is one of host Fran Dorn’s favorite childhood books. She opens Video 2, “Ways of Seeing: Responding to Literature,” by discussing the movie made from the book in order to introduce the idea that
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Although the details may change in book-to-film adaptations, what counts is that the essential meaning of the story remains on the screen, the heart of the story is still there, and it still works magic
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Published writers almost never get writer’s block.
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False
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Scholars recommend that a person read a poem
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Several times
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Dorn says, “The more we search for what the author intended to say and open ourselves up to other people’s interpretations, the ___________ the book becomes.”
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More meaningful
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The type of literature that terrifies people
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poetry
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The person who finds this in literature is richer for it.
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Meaning
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Readers can build on their knowledge of literature from
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All of the above
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Literature may be inspired by
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All the above
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The authors who are shown on camera
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Take a long time and multiple drafts to craft their writing
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Literature sometimes gets written when
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All of the above
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Literary analysis may useful because different interpretations can help readers
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Form or strengthen their own thoughts on meaning
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This American Nobel-Prize winning author maintains that writers, “are all apprentices in a craft where no one ever becomes a master.”
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The host in Video 4, “Reflected Worlds: The Elements of Short Fiction,” says that when a short story “draws us into a world with characters we seem to know and we experience a moment when the life of a character is changed.” Who else is changed? The
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Reader
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In the ancient tale that teaches, the meaning is
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Clearly stated and ambiguous in the moral of the story
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Twentieth century short stories
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Often turned on an epiphany
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All societies use stories to
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All the purposes listed
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After the European merchant classes began to read and write, they demanded more characters who are
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Dynamic people motivated by passion, humor, caprice, zeal, and who seem real
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Select the term below that matches this definition: “A brief moment of insight for the life of a character in a short story.”
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Epiphany
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The author’s choices in character, conflict, place, language, tone, and style suggest
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All of the answers listed here
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According to the writer, Frank O’Connor, “It’s the theme that
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makes the story have something that is worth something to everybody”
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When did the types of characters change?
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After the Renassiance
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In the modern short story, the meaning is
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Created by the reader and the author participating together
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Who said, “In the brief tale, the author is enabled to carry out the fullness of his intention, be it what it may. During the hour of perusal, the soul of the reader is at the writer’s control.”
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Edgar Allen Poe
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Nineteenth century short stories
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Often ended with a twist
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Which story warns of the danger of excessive pride and ambition?
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Icarus
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Who wrote this line: ‘Tis no advantage to anybody trying to be good. I might just as well be a sinner like you.”
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Frank O’connor
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Detective, fantasy, love, and adventure are types of
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Short stories
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The protagonist’s point of view in “First Confession” is limited rather than omniscient. One effect of this limitation is that the reader
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Learns directly about the thoughts of the protagonist, but only indirectly about the other characters
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The author of “First Confession” narrates the story from the perspective of a young boy. In doing so, the author adopts
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A persona
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In “First Confession,” Jackie is in conflict with Nora. However, most readers can see that Jackie is also in conflict with
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Conscience
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Jackie in “First Confession” is a character who
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is easy for most readers to identify with because most have felt similar emotions.
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The priest in “First Confession” confides to Jackie that he would like to do something to people, too, in this statement: “Between ourselves, there’s a lot of people I’d like to do the same to, but I’d never have the nerve.” What does the priest mean?
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Kill them
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In “First Confession,” the reversal involves
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A priest who turns out not to be an intensified version of a mean, punitive, vengeful God, but rather, a person who exemplifies not just the form, but the spirit of Christianity and who reflects God’s love for the fearful, guilty, seven-year old boy, Jackie.
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The host in the video suggests that an author’s ability to draw readers into the world his characters inhabit carries
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Power
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The letters from German, French, and Russian students who write author Ernest J. Gaines about his book, The Autobiography of Miss Jane Pittman suggest that they
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Seem to know Miss Jane in their hearts
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In closing for Video 4 on reflected worlds, the host suggests that when authors draw readers “into a perfectly wrought little world,” the readers come away with
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A greater understanding of their own worlds

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