PE Praxis 5091 Review

Dynamic Balance
Refers to moving balance activities

Static balance
Refers to balance activities while stationary or hold the position in place.

Self actualization
Emphasizing matching the curriculum to the interest and motivation of students

Ecological Intergration
Emphasizes learning physical education to enable students to participate successfully with groups in the future

Social responsibility
Emphasizes establishing strong interpersonal relationships among students and learning to work together

Responsibility levels
Irresponsibility-uncooperative, self control-cooperative non-participation, involvement-playing cooperatively, self-responsibility- independent participation, caring-helping others participate

Reliability
Consistent results, Example: A test divided into even and odds give same results. Two test, that test the same material, give the same results, consistant results among testers in the same info.

Validity
Accurate. The degree to which a study accurately reflects or assesses the specific concepts that the researcher is attempting to measure. Example: A test measures what it is intended to measure.

Skeletal Age
Is a better indication of maturity then chronological age

Common Teaching Cues
BEEF, FITT, APE, HOPS

Whole Method
Skill is first demonstrated and then practice as a whole, from start to finish. Best used for fast low-risk skills

Part Method
Parts of the skill are practiced in isolation which is useful for complicated and serial skills and is good for maintaining motivation and focusing on specific elements of the skill

Whole-Part Whole
Whole skilled is practiced and demonstrated before being broken down into the parts to practice the individual elements, then putting the whole skill back together. Ex. Swimming

Progressive part method
“chain method”. parts of a skill practiced individually, in order, before being linked together. High-risk skills for which safety and systematic skill must be taught before practiced together. Example: risk of student being injured is high.

Blood lactate
Extreme intensity of physical activity overtakes the circulatory systems ability to remove this from the muscle

National Association of Sport and Physical Education (NASPE)
Created standards and assessment guidelines for physical education

Reflective cycle
Knowledge base (Gap, to allow learning from other experiences and colleagues) situation reflect back on knowledge base, develop a reflective plan, implement plan, observed results, and continue the cycle until something works.

a way of studying your own experiences to improve the way you work.

Skill related fitness
Physical capacities that contribute to performance and a sport or an activity: speed, power, agility, balance, coordination, and reaction time

Health related fitness
Physical capacities that contribute to health: cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, flexibility, and body composition

Vector resolution
The process of breaking a vector into its components

Epiphseal Separation
Strenuous weight training or resistance training of young children that damage growth plates or growth areas

Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA)
is the law that ensures appropriate education for students with disabilities.

Individualized Educational Program (IEP)
is mandated by the Individuals with Disabilities in Education Act (IDEA) and is intended to help children reach educational goals more easily than they otherwise would.

Title IX of the Education Amendments Act (EAA)
deals with gender equity.

No Child Left Behind (NCLB)
set standard-based goals for students and teachers.

Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
ensures equal opportunities for disabled people in all areas of life except for the educational environment.

FitnessGram
a fitness assessment and reporting program for youth, first developed in 1982 by The Cooper Institute in response to the need for a comprehensive set of assessment procedures in physical education programs.

The Presidents Challenge
Helps people of all ages and abilities to improve their fitness, physical activity and nutrition habits, through a set of recognition programs to help Americans of all ages live healthier

Pedagogy
The art or profession of teaching

Developmental Readiness
Match the skills with the child’s level of development

Perceptual Motor Program
Activities involving sensory integration; improve balance, spatial awareness, temporal awareness, body and directional awareness

Sports Physiology
The study of the effect of training on the bodies of athletes

Exercise Physiology
The study of changes and cell and organ functions as a result of muscular activity

Motor Learning
Repeated practice of motor control processes, which lead to a change in the ability to produce complex movements

Motor Development
The development of action and coordination of one’s limbs, As well as the development of strength, posture control, balance and perceptual skills

3 Phases of Motor Learning For Learners High School Ages and Older
• Cognitive – Understanding the skill
• Associative – Connect to other skills or previous learning
• Autonomous – gives the performer opportunities to attend less to skill performance and more to other aspects to the task, such as ball placement or strategy.

Inertia
(Physics) The tendency of a body to maintain it”s state of rest or uniform motion unless acted upon by an external force

Adventure Challenge Activities
Serve as ice breakers, team building, and relax education. Example: ropes course

Time Distance Activities
Running, biking activities

Invasion Games
Violent forms of the games, where players speak to avoid one another in order to score while invading the territory of the other team. Example: call of duty

Net Wall Games
These games involve a net or a court. The player or team sends an object into an opponents court so that it can not be played or returned within the court boundaries. Example: volleyball, tennis, badminton, racquetball, ping-pong, handball

Field run scoring games
A contest develops between the fielding a team and the batting team with the aim being to score more runs than the other team using the number of innings in time allowed. Example: baseball

Target games
Cricket, pool, golf, bowling. Propelling object with accuracy towards target

Dance Rhythmic Activities
Drumming, clapping, dance; intended to introduce rhythms and dance movements to students of all abilities

Brockport Physical Fitness Test (BPFT)
Is a criterion-referenced health-related test of physical fitness, appropriate for use with young people with disabilities. The BPFT is customized to meet the needs of all students with varying abilities.

Activitygraham
A behavior based logging activity that can help young people learn more about their physical activity habits. The assessment is a three-day recall of the child’s activities.

Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
a part of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). IDEA says that children who receive special education should learn in the least restrictive environment. This means they should spend as much time as possible with peers who do not receive special education.

Body Mass Index (BMI)
a person’s weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters.

Healthy BMI’s are generally between 18.5 and 24.9. Below 18.5 is considered underweight. Between 25 to 29.9 is considered overweight. Above 30 is considered obese.

Health‐Related Fitness Test Battery
fitness test that meaures weight and height (BMI), waist circumference, skinfolds thickness (triceps and
subscapular), handgrip strength, standing long jump, and 20m shuttle run tests

Phases of the Reflective Cycle
Plan, Teach, Assess, Reflect

AAHPERD
American Alliance for Health, Physical Education, Recreation and Dance

Three Main Functions of AAHPERD
1. support the professional growth of their members.
2. to educate the public about the purpose and the importance of the profession.
3. to represent their members in to political environment the creates policies directly affecting the profession.

Title IX of Education Amendments of 1972
The federal law prohibits discrimination based on gender in educational programs and in any entity that receives federal funds.

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973
A plan that identifies disabilities. Students qualifying on the types of accommodations or services include curricular, compensatory, policy-level, environmental, organizational, health, grading, and behavioral accommodations.

504 section
Requires that information be obtained from a variety of sources in the area of concern, that all data are documented and considered, and that decisions are made by a group of persons knowledge about the student evaluation data and placement options

Rubric
A scoring tool that lists the criteria for level of performance expected on a skill.

Mosston and Ashworth’s Command Teaching Style
When the teacher makes all of the decisions. The purpose of this style is to learn to do the task accurately & within a short period of time, following all decisions made by the teacher. The essence: Immediate response to a stimulus. Performance is accurate & immediate.

Mosston and Ashworth’s Reciprocal Teaching Style
When students work in pairs with one student performing and the other student providing feedback based on criteria prepared by the teacher. The essence: Learners work in a partner relationship; receive immediate feedback; follow criteria for performance designed by the teacher; & develop feedback & socialization skills.

Mosston and Ashworth’s Practice Teaching Style
When students carry out a task that are prescribed by the teacher. This style offers the learner time to work individually & privately, and provides the teacher with time to offer the learner individual & private feedback. The essence: Time is provided for the learner to do a task individually & privately & time is available for the teacher to give feedback to all learners, individually & privately.

Mosston and Ashworth’s Learner-Initiated Teaching Style
When the learner plans his own progress, while the teacher is there to advise or support.

Evaluative Feedback
indicates the correct action to take by informing the performer exactly what he is doing incorrectly; NOT telling the performer what to do.

Portfolio Assessment
is used by the teacher to gauge the student’s current skill level; assessments that will indicate, through data, whether a student’s fitness is improving over time.

Baseline Assessments
assessments that are only given at the beginning of the school year.

Cumulative Assessments
assessments that are only given at the end of the school year.

Summative Assessments
1) is given at the end of a unit or a class to discover what the students have learned from the lessons.

2) to evaluate student learning at the end of an instructional unit by comparing it against some standard or benchmark.

Example: Final exams, statewide test, entrance exams (Sat, Act, Praxis)

Formative Assessments
1) is generally given to get a sense of students’ previous knowledge of a subject so the teacher can adjust the lessons to the level of the knowledge base of the class.

2) a range of formal and informal assessment procedures conducted by teachers during the learning process in order to modify teaching and learning activities to improve student attainment.

Example: Anecdotal records, Quizzes and essays, Diagnostic tests, Lab reports

Constructivist Theory
argues that people generate knowledge and meaning from interactions between their experiences and ideas.

Interdisciplinary Teaching
combines skills, knowledge, and conceptual understanding in two or more subjects or disciplines. Collaboration among teachers of different subjects is a primary advantage of _________________.

Sport-Education Model
1) a model that allows the teams to be evenly mixed.

2) a model that takes students through a series of skills, drills, and games for various sports throughout a school year.

Example: A teacher places students’ on teams that are balanced in terms of gender, ethnicity, athleticism, and skill.

Don Hellison’s five levels of personal and social responsibility.
• Respect
• Effort
• Self-Direction
• Caring
• Outside the Classroom

FITT
An acronym for fitness and weight training

• Frequency – how often you exercise

• Intensity – how hard you work during exercise

• Time – how long do you exercise

• Type – The type of activity you’re doing

Closed Skill
the environment remains stable and predictable, and the performer knows what to do and when to do it.

Example:
1) A stable environment with a stable rate of skill
performance

2) the performer to practice the skill at a stable rate

3) Stationary Shooting or throwing a football

Open Skill
varying and unpredictable environment

Example: Basketball game or Football game

Safety procedures for a physical education program would include
A) inspection of facilities
B) marking areas for safety
C) having students read and know rules for activities.

Summation of Forces
to attain maximal force with any movement that uses multiple muscles in a manner that enables generating the maximum force possible.

producing the maximum possible force from any movement using multiple muscles.

Center of Gravity (COG)

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