Oncology/Radiation – Flashcards

question
The type of exam in which a person evaluates themselves for any abnormalities in tissue appearance, size or texture: digital exam occult exam self-exam clinical exam
answer
self-exam
question
Chemotherapy can adversely affect the bone marrow by causing coagulation and hemostasis anemia and sickle cell disease anemia and clotting problems alopecia and anuria hemostasis and empathy
answer
anemia and clotting problems
question
The type of gene that prevents the transfer of abnormal genetic structure to daughter cells. ETS TS PCD CIS
answer
TS (tumor supressor)
question
Monthly self-examination should be done to detect which of the following cancers? skin, larynx, and lungs breasts, ovaries, and cervix breasts, testicles, and skin testicles, colon, and prostate colon, prostate, and pancreas
answer
breasts, testicles, and skin
question
Early cancer that has not invaded surrounding tissues is abbreviated as CT CSI CIS DIC NIH
answer
CIS (carcinoma in situ)
question
The root/combining form -cid/e means dirty greenish-yellow to kill pest cell
answer
to kill
question
A synonym for segmentectomy is pneumonectomy stereotactic radiosurgery wedge resection lobectomy brachytherapy
answer
wedge resection
question
A synonym for segmentectomy is pneumonectomy stereotactic radiosurgery wedge resection lobectomy brachytherapy
answer
lavage (Bronchoaveolar lavage)
question
The abbreviation for the government agency responsible for air and water quality is NIH CDC FAA EPA OSHA
answer
EPA (environment protection agency)
question
The use of medication to treat cancer: radiation excision vaccines chemotherapy
answer
chemotherapy
question
The two types of cancer which are most prevalent in the United States are lung and colon cancer colon and prostate cancer prostate and breast cancer breast and skin cancer testicular and lung cancer
answer
lung and colon cancer
question
The decaying of uranium leads to the release of this carcinogen: dioxin chlorine radon arsenic
answer
radon
question
Radon causes which type of cancer? prostate breast stomach lung
answer
lung
question
Hodgkin disease is a cancer involving the adrenal gland pituitary gland blood-forming tissues bones and connective tissues lymph nodes
answer
lymph nodes
question
A type of lung cancer that when examined under the microscope, is not either squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma: large cell carcinoma squamous cell carcinoma adenocarcinoma mesothelioma
answer
large cell carcinoma
question
Exposure to pesticides increases a man's risk for cancer of the bone pancreas prostate testicular lung
answer
prostate
question
The C in NCI stands for committee cancer clinical cytological council
answer
cancer (national cancer institute)
question
The word benign means excessive electrical activity in the brain a tumor that invades surrounding tissues and metastasizes a collection of fluid in the tissues stimulation of heart rhythm the nonmalignant character of a neoplasm or illness
answer
the nonmalignant character of a neoplasm or illness
question
CEA, AMAS, and alpha-fetoprotein are carcinogens biomarkers phytochemicals enzymes
answer
Biomarkers CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen), AMAS (anti-malignin antibody screen), and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) are biomarkers found in the blood, which may be elevated in certain types of cancers. A biomarker is a biological marker or product by which a cell can be identified. The word breaks down into the prefix bio- meaning life, and the root -marker meaning sign.
question
Of the following words, which one means any abnormal swelling? Sarcoid Tumor Neoplasm Benign Cancer
answer
Tumor
question
A regimen is a cancer registry program of treatment regional neuropathy period of recuperation surgical removal
answer
program of treatment
question
Chemical toxins from the environment are stored in the body mainly in the fat cells skin hair pancreas thyroid
answer
fat cells
question
Which of the following statements is true of cancer? Cancerous tumors are contained within connective tissue capsules. Cancer stays contained and does not move from its site of origin. Most cancers are inherited. Cancer is the result of a genetic mutation.
answer
Cancer is the result of a genetic mutation
question
Which of the following words come from the Latin meaning dirty? Poison Mutate Proliferate Pollution Toxin
answer
Pollution
question
The specialist that stages cancers: cardiologist hematologist pathologist endocrinologist
answer
pathologist
question
Apoptosis is also known as: ETS TS PCD CIS
answer
PCD (programmed cell death)
question
The rate of growth of cancer is defined as: stage spread metastasis grade
answer
grade
question
A screening test to check for blood in the feces, which may indicate the presence of colon and rectal cancer, is a COPD DEXA HCG FOBT FISH
answer
FOBT (fecal output blood test)
question
Which of the following suffixes means tumor? -emia -oma -osis -itis -ancy
answer
-oma
question
The abbreviation for the governmental agency that protects workers from environmental hazards is OMB HHS OSHA EPA FDA
answer
OSHA
question
Cancer originating from mucus-producing cells of a major bronchus: large cell carcinoma squamous cell carcinoma adenocarcinoma mesothelioma
answer
adenocarcinoma
question
A test that can detect precancerous cells in the cervix of a female is a ________________. DRE FOBT PSA digital mammography Pap test
answer
pap test
question
Secondhand smoke is abbreviated as SAT ETS ETA TAT STD
answer
ETS (environmental tobacco smoke)
question
The A in CEA stands for antibiotic antibody antigen allergen allergy
answer
antigen
question
The word lavage means high-temperature therapy washing out of a hollow cavity, tube, or organ aspirating a pleural effusion performing an amniocentesis checking patency of an anastomosis by infusion of a contrast medium
answer
washing out of a hollow cavity, tube, or organ
question
A blood test for the detection of prostate cancer is the AFP DRE PSA PET ALT
answer
PSA (prostate-specific antigen)
question
Men over the age of ___________ should have an annual exam for ____________ cancer. 20; prostate 25; pancreatic 30; liver 40; ovarian 50; prostate
answer
50; prostate
question
The percent of cancers that could be prevented by changes in lifestyle and the environment is ____________________. more than 90% 75% more than 50% 25% less than 10%
answer
more tha 50%
question
Two words that have opposite meanings are malignant and metastatic benign and cancerous cancerous and malignant tumor and neoplasm tumor and swelling
answer
benign and cancerous
question
The word progenitor means founder follower division fetal protein reproduction
answer
question
The word progenitor means founder follower division fetal protein reproduction
answer
founder
question
______________________ normally prevent mitosis and are activated by DNA damage to stop cell division. Mutagens Protooncogenes Oncogenes Tumor suppressor genes Growth factors
answer
Tumor suppressor genes
question
PCBs, dioxins, and arsenic are examples of protooncogenes chemotherapy agents cell receptors carcinogens in cigarette smoke environmental carcinogens
answer
environmental carcinogens
question
The L in BAL stands for lavage lymphocytosis latent lateral lysis
answer
lavage (bronchoalveolar lavage)
question
The type of lung cancer that comes from round cells that have replaced epithelial cells of a bronchus: large cell carcinoma squamous cell carcinoma adenocarcinoma mesothelioma
answer
squamous cell carcinoma
question
Which of the following words is derived from the Latin meaning crab? Tumor Malignant Cancer Oncology Metastasis
answer
Cancer
question
The use of fluoroscopy to visualize blood vessels: teleradiology angioplasty scintigraphy angiography
answer
angiography
question
Which body substance is most radiolucent? Bone Fat Muscle Water Air
answer
Air
question
Themost common tracer used in 85% of all nuclear medicine imaging including bone scans, liver scans, renal function studies, and for labeling RBCs is 18F-FDG Thallium-201 Technetium-99m Gallium-67 Indium-111
answer
Technetium-99m
question
A patient is noted to have a large benign tumor in the neck that is compressing the trachea. Treatment for this tumor would be: surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy surgical resection and chemotherapy only surgical resection only chemotherapy and radiation therapy only
answer
surgical resection only (bc it is not canerous)
question
A particle that has the same mass of an electron and has a positive charge: photon positron proton pica
answer
positron
question
The most commonly used tracer for the destruction of thyroid tissues is Gallium-67 Thallium-201 Iodine-123 Technetium-99m Iodine-131
answer
Iodine-131
question
The most common type of cancer treated with proton beam therapy is _______________ cancer. colon breast prostate uterine brain
answer
prostate
question
The person who operates ultrasound imaging devices to produce diagnostic images is a radiologic technician nuclear medicine technologist radiologist sonographer radiologic assistant
answer
sonographer
question
The root in the word stereotactic means three-dimensional short orderly arrangement pertaining to feeling
answer
orderly arrangement
question
The radiation delivered by nuclear medicine has a small chance of causing cancer because: the ionizing radiation it emits travels a short distance. its dose is high, but given over a short period of time. the beams are extremely precise. nuclear medicine does involve radiation to display image.
answer
the ionizing radiation it emits travels a short distance
question
A type of nuclear medicine therapy involves fusing a monoclonal antibody with a radioactive material which is injected into a patient's blood stream. The antibody travels to and binds to the cancer cells, delivering a high dosage of radiation directly to the cells in the cancer. This type of therapy is called Proton beam therapy Brachytherapy Radioimmunotherapy Stereotactic radiation Intensity-modulated radiation therapy
answer
Radioimmunotherapy
question
SPECT is an imaging technique utilized in: nuclear medicine radiation therapy magnetic resonance imaging ultrasound
answer
nuclear medicine
question
A patient is noted to have a large malignant tumor in the neck that is compressing the trachea. Treatment for this tumor would be: surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy surgical resection and chemotherapy only surgical resection only chemotherapy and radiation therapy only
answer
surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiation
question
A professional that administers radiopharmaceuticals and operates cameras to detect and map the drug in the patient's body: nuclear medicine technologist nuclear medicine specialist radiotherapist radiologic assistant
answer
nuclear medicine technologist
question
A physician wishes to determine the presence and locations of cancer. The physician should order a: CT scan with Iodine-123 PET scan with 18F-FDG CT scan with Indium-111 PET scan with Gallium-67
answer
PET scan with 18-FDG
question
The reason why health professionals working in radiology wear film badges is to identify them as working in that department. to protect them from the harmful effects of radiation. to detect and record the amount of radiation to which they are exposed. to record how many x-rays the individual has taken every day. to initiate operation of the x-ray machine by swiping the film badge on the machine.
answer
to detect and record the amount of radiation to which they are exposed.
question
A person that administers to radiation treatment to cancer patient: radiologist x-ray technician radiographer radiotherapist
answer
radiotherapist
question
A type of x-ray therapy that would be used on a patient whose tumor is wrapped around a vulnerable structure such as a blood vessel or major organ is Intensity-modulated radiation therapy 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy Stereotactic radiation Proton beam therapy Conventional external beam radiation therapy
answer
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy
question
Which of the following statements regarding radiation doses delivered to a patient during a nuclear medicine procedure is correct? The risk of developing cancer is great, therefore these procedures should be avoided during the childbearing years. The drugs are excreted through the kidneys and liver, therefore they are not used in patients with significant liver and kidney disease. The drugs cause numerous side effects and damage to surrounding structures. The drugs decay and are excreted through urine and stool. The patient is radioactive for up to one month following the procedure and must limit contact with children.
answer
The drugs decay and are excreted through urine and stool.
question
The root/combining form that means x-ray beam is radi/o angi/o coron/o fluor/o stere/o
answer
fluor/o
question
Iodine-123 is used for the: treatment of thyroid cancer detection of hepatic cancer treatment of overactive pituitary gland detection of thyroid disorders
answer
detection of thyroid disorders
question
The method of radiologic imaging that is best to view the internal structures of the knee: CT scan MRI PET SPECT
answer
MRI
question
In the word craniocaudal, the root means skull head tail pertaining to spine
answer
tail
question
A digital x-ray taken at a rural hospital that does not have a radiologist on staff can be quickly interpreted by a radiologist at another hospital via: scintigraphy ultrasound teleradiology interventional radiology
answer
teleradiology
question
The vertical plane that divides the body into front and back portions is the _______________ plane. Sagittal Axial Midsagittal Coronal Transverse
answer
coronal
question
A patient with claustrophobia might have difficulty tolerating this diagnostic procedure: ultrasound projectional radiology interventional radiology magnetic resonance imaging
answer
magnetic resonance imaging
question
The tracer used for myocardial perfusion scans in stress tests is Gallium-67 Thallium-201 Indium-111 18F-FDG Technetium-99m
answer
Thallium-201
question
The suffix in the word angioplasty means rupture suture formation to examine surgical excision
answer
formation
question
The suffix in the word radiotherapist means the study of pertaining to specialist radiation treatment
answer
specialist
question
The gain or loss of an electron: ionization radiologic scintigraphy stereotactic
answer
ionization
question
Which of the following statements correctly describes how ionizing radiation works? Ionizing radiation kills the cell. Ionizing radiation damages the DNA of tissues exposed to it. Ionizing radiation makes the cell more susceptible to the effects of chemotherapy. Ionizing radiation prevents the cell from multiplying. Ionizing radiation weakens the cell making it susceptible to phagocytosis.
answer
Ionizing radiation damages the DNA of tisses exposed to it.
question
The physician orders a chest x-ray on a patient where the x-rays travel from a front source to an image receiver placed behind the patient. The abbreviation for this type of x-ray is DR CC AP PA MLO
answer
AP
question
The root/combining form in the word claustrophobia means pertaining to closet fear confined space nourishment, development
answer
confined space
question
The root/combining form angi/o means artery blood vessel vein heart before
answer
blood vessel
question
When obtaining an AP CXR, the x-ray machine sends x-rays first through the: anterior chest wall posterior chest wall anterior abdominal wall posterior abdominal wall
answer
anterior chest wall
question
A view from the head to the foot: mediolateral oblique anteroposterior craniocaudal sagittal
answer
craniocaudal
question
The most radiopaque material in the body is the liver the lung bone fat water
answer
bone
question
A radiograph of a breast is correctly correct called a: mammogram mammography tomogram tomography
answer
mammogram
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question
The type of exam in which a person evaluates themselves for any abnormalities in tissue appearance, size or texture: digital exam occult exam self-exam clinical exam
answer
self-exam
question
Chemotherapy can adversely affect the bone marrow by causing coagulation and hemostasis anemia and sickle cell disease anemia and clotting problems alopecia and anuria hemostasis and empathy
answer
anemia and clotting problems
question
The type of gene that prevents the transfer of abnormal genetic structure to daughter cells. ETS TS PCD CIS
answer
TS (tumor supressor)
question
Monthly self-examination should be done to detect which of the following cancers? skin, larynx, and lungs breasts, ovaries, and cervix breasts, testicles, and skin testicles, colon, and prostate colon, prostate, and pancreas
answer
breasts, testicles, and skin
question
Early cancer that has not invaded surrounding tissues is abbreviated as CT CSI CIS DIC NIH
answer
CIS (carcinoma in situ)
question
The root/combining form -cid/e means dirty greenish-yellow to kill pest cell
answer
to kill
question
A synonym for segmentectomy is pneumonectomy stereotactic radiosurgery wedge resection lobectomy brachytherapy
answer
wedge resection
question
A synonym for segmentectomy is pneumonectomy stereotactic radiosurgery wedge resection lobectomy brachytherapy
answer
lavage (Bronchoaveolar lavage)
question
The abbreviation for the government agency responsible for air and water quality is NIH CDC FAA EPA OSHA
answer
EPA (environment protection agency)
question
The use of medication to treat cancer: radiation excision vaccines chemotherapy
answer
chemotherapy
question
The two types of cancer which are most prevalent in the United States are lung and colon cancer colon and prostate cancer prostate and breast cancer breast and skin cancer testicular and lung cancer
answer
lung and colon cancer
question
The decaying of uranium leads to the release of this carcinogen: dioxin chlorine radon arsenic
answer
radon
question
Radon causes which type of cancer? prostate breast stomach lung
answer
lung
question
Hodgkin disease is a cancer involving the adrenal gland pituitary gland blood-forming tissues bones and connective tissues lymph nodes
answer
lymph nodes
question
A type of lung cancer that when examined under the microscope, is not either squamous cell carcinoma or adenocarcinoma: large cell carcinoma squamous cell carcinoma adenocarcinoma mesothelioma
answer
large cell carcinoma
question
Exposure to pesticides increases a man's risk for cancer of the bone pancreas prostate testicular lung
answer
prostate
question
The C in NCI stands for committee cancer clinical cytological council
answer
cancer (national cancer institute)
question
The word benign means excessive electrical activity in the brain a tumor that invades surrounding tissues and metastasizes a collection of fluid in the tissues stimulation of heart rhythm the nonmalignant character of a neoplasm or illness
answer
the nonmalignant character of a neoplasm or illness
question
CEA, AMAS, and alpha-fetoprotein are carcinogens biomarkers phytochemicals enzymes
answer
Biomarkers CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen), AMAS (anti-malignin antibody screen), and alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) are biomarkers found in the blood, which may be elevated in certain types of cancers. A biomarker is a biological marker or product by which a cell can be identified. The word breaks down into the prefix bio- meaning life, and the root -marker meaning sign.
question
Of the following words, which one means any abnormal swelling? Sarcoid Tumor Neoplasm Benign Cancer
answer
Tumor
question
A regimen is a cancer registry program of treatment regional neuropathy period of recuperation surgical removal
answer
program of treatment
question
Chemical toxins from the environment are stored in the body mainly in the fat cells skin hair pancreas thyroid
answer
fat cells
question
Which of the following statements is true of cancer? Cancerous tumors are contained within connective tissue capsules. Cancer stays contained and does not move from its site of origin. Most cancers are inherited. Cancer is the result of a genetic mutation.
answer
Cancer is the result of a genetic mutation
question
Which of the following words come from the Latin meaning dirty? Poison Mutate Proliferate Pollution Toxin
answer
Pollution
question
The specialist that stages cancers: cardiologist hematologist pathologist endocrinologist
answer
pathologist
question
Apoptosis is also known as: ETS TS PCD CIS
answer
PCD (programmed cell death)
question
The rate of growth of cancer is defined as: stage spread metastasis grade
answer
grade
question
A screening test to check for blood in the feces, which may indicate the presence of colon and rectal cancer, is a COPD DEXA HCG FOBT FISH
answer
FOBT (fecal output blood test)
question
Which of the following suffixes means tumor? -emia -oma -osis -itis -ancy
answer
-oma
question
The abbreviation for the governmental agency that protects workers from environmental hazards is OMB HHS OSHA EPA FDA
answer
OSHA
question
Cancer originating from mucus-producing cells of a major bronchus: large cell carcinoma squamous cell carcinoma adenocarcinoma mesothelioma
answer
adenocarcinoma
question
A test that can detect precancerous cells in the cervix of a female is a ________________. DRE FOBT PSA digital mammography Pap test
answer
pap test
question
Secondhand smoke is abbreviated as SAT ETS ETA TAT STD
answer
ETS (environmental tobacco smoke)
question
The A in CEA stands for antibiotic antibody antigen allergen allergy
answer
antigen
question
The word lavage means high-temperature therapy washing out of a hollow cavity, tube, or organ aspirating a pleural effusion performing an amniocentesis checking patency of an anastomosis by infusion of a contrast medium
answer
washing out of a hollow cavity, tube, or organ
question
A blood test for the detection of prostate cancer is the AFP DRE PSA PET ALT
answer
PSA (prostate-specific antigen)
question
Men over the age of ___________ should have an annual exam for ____________ cancer. 20; prostate 25; pancreatic 30; liver 40; ovarian 50; prostate
answer
50; prostate
question
The percent of cancers that could be prevented by changes in lifestyle and the environment is ____________________. more than 90% 75% more than 50% 25% less than 10%
answer
more tha 50%
question
Two words that have opposite meanings are malignant and metastatic benign and cancerous cancerous and malignant tumor and neoplasm tumor and swelling
answer
benign and cancerous
question
The word progenitor means founder follower division fetal protein reproduction
answer
question
The word progenitor means founder follower division fetal protein reproduction
answer
founder
question
______________________ normally prevent mitosis and are activated by DNA damage to stop cell division. Mutagens Protooncogenes Oncogenes Tumor suppressor genes Growth factors
answer
Tumor suppressor genes
question
PCBs, dioxins, and arsenic are examples of protooncogenes chemotherapy agents cell receptors carcinogens in cigarette smoke environmental carcinogens
answer
environmental carcinogens
question
The L in BAL stands for lavage lymphocytosis latent lateral lysis
answer
lavage (bronchoalveolar lavage)
question
The type of lung cancer that comes from round cells that have replaced epithelial cells of a bronchus: large cell carcinoma squamous cell carcinoma adenocarcinoma mesothelioma
answer
squamous cell carcinoma
question
Which of the following words is derived from the Latin meaning crab? Tumor Malignant Cancer Oncology Metastasis
answer
Cancer
question
The use of fluoroscopy to visualize blood vessels: teleradiology angioplasty scintigraphy angiography
answer
angiography
question
Which body substance is most radiolucent? Bone Fat Muscle Water Air
answer
Air
question
Themost common tracer used in 85% of all nuclear medicine imaging including bone scans, liver scans, renal function studies, and for labeling RBCs is 18F-FDG Thallium-201 Technetium-99m Gallium-67 Indium-111
answer
Technetium-99m
question
A patient is noted to have a large benign tumor in the neck that is compressing the trachea. Treatment for this tumor would be: surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy surgical resection and chemotherapy only surgical resection only chemotherapy and radiation therapy only
answer
surgical resection only (bc it is not canerous)
question
A particle that has the same mass of an electron and has a positive charge: photon positron proton pica
answer
positron
question
The most commonly used tracer for the destruction of thyroid tissues is Gallium-67 Thallium-201 Iodine-123 Technetium-99m Iodine-131
answer
Iodine-131
question
The most common type of cancer treated with proton beam therapy is _______________ cancer. colon breast prostate uterine brain
answer
prostate
question
The person who operates ultrasound imaging devices to produce diagnostic images is a radiologic technician nuclear medicine technologist radiologist sonographer radiologic assistant
answer
sonographer
question
The root in the word stereotactic means three-dimensional short orderly arrangement pertaining to feeling
answer
orderly arrangement
question
The radiation delivered by nuclear medicine has a small chance of causing cancer because: the ionizing radiation it emits travels a short distance. its dose is high, but given over a short period of time. the beams are extremely precise. nuclear medicine does involve radiation to display image.
answer
the ionizing radiation it emits travels a short distance
question
A type of nuclear medicine therapy involves fusing a monoclonal antibody with a radioactive material which is injected into a patient's blood stream. The antibody travels to and binds to the cancer cells, delivering a high dosage of radiation directly to the cells in the cancer. This type of therapy is called Proton beam therapy Brachytherapy Radioimmunotherapy Stereotactic radiation Intensity-modulated radiation therapy
answer
Radioimmunotherapy
question
SPECT is an imaging technique utilized in: nuclear medicine radiation therapy magnetic resonance imaging ultrasound
answer
nuclear medicine
question
A patient is noted to have a large malignant tumor in the neck that is compressing the trachea. Treatment for this tumor would be: surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy surgical resection and chemotherapy only surgical resection only chemotherapy and radiation therapy only
answer
surgical resection, chemotherapy, and radiation
question
A professional that administers radiopharmaceuticals and operates cameras to detect and map the drug in the patient's body: nuclear medicine technologist nuclear medicine specialist radiotherapist radiologic assistant
answer
nuclear medicine technologist
question
A physician wishes to determine the presence and locations of cancer. The physician should order a: CT scan with Iodine-123 PET scan with 18F-FDG CT scan with Indium-111 PET scan with Gallium-67
answer
PET scan with 18-FDG
question
The reason why health professionals working in radiology wear film badges is to identify them as working in that department. to protect them from the harmful effects of radiation. to detect and record the amount of radiation to which they are exposed. to record how many x-rays the individual has taken every day. to initiate operation of the x-ray machine by swiping the film badge on the machine.
answer
to detect and record the amount of radiation to which they are exposed.
question
A person that administers to radiation treatment to cancer patient: radiologist x-ray technician radiographer radiotherapist
answer
radiotherapist
question
A type of x-ray therapy that would be used on a patient whose tumor is wrapped around a vulnerable structure such as a blood vessel or major organ is Intensity-modulated radiation therapy 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy Stereotactic radiation Proton beam therapy Conventional external beam radiation therapy
answer
Intensity-modulated radiation therapy
question
Which of the following statements regarding radiation doses delivered to a patient during a nuclear medicine procedure is correct? The risk of developing cancer is great, therefore these procedures should be avoided during the childbearing years. The drugs are excreted through the kidneys and liver, therefore they are not used in patients with significant liver and kidney disease. The drugs cause numerous side effects and damage to surrounding structures. The drugs decay and are excreted through urine and stool. The patient is radioactive for up to one month following the procedure and must limit contact with children.
answer
The drugs decay and are excreted through urine and stool.
question
The root/combining form that means x-ray beam is radi/o angi/o coron/o fluor/o stere/o
answer
fluor/o
question
Iodine-123 is used for the: treatment of thyroid cancer detection of hepatic cancer treatment of overactive pituitary gland detection of thyroid disorders
answer
detection of thyroid disorders
question
The method of radiologic imaging that is best to view the internal structures of the knee: CT scan MRI PET SPECT
answer
MRI
question
In the word craniocaudal, the root means skull head tail pertaining to spine
answer
tail
question
A digital x-ray taken at a rural hospital that does not have a radiologist on staff can be quickly interpreted by a radiologist at another hospital via: scintigraphy ultrasound teleradiology interventional radiology
answer
teleradiology
question
The vertical plane that divides the body into front and back portions is the _______________ plane. Sagittal Axial Midsagittal Coronal Transverse
answer
coronal
question
A patient with claustrophobia might have difficulty tolerating this diagnostic procedure: ultrasound projectional radiology interventional radiology magnetic resonance imaging
answer
magnetic resonance imaging
question
The tracer used for myocardial perfusion scans in stress tests is Gallium-67 Thallium-201 Indium-111 18F-FDG Technetium-99m
answer
Thallium-201
question
The suffix in the word angioplasty means rupture suture formation to examine surgical excision
answer
formation
question
The suffix in the word radiotherapist means the study of pertaining to specialist radiation treatment
answer
specialist
question
The gain or loss of an electron: ionization radiologic scintigraphy stereotactic
answer
ionization
question
Which of the following statements correctly describes how ionizing radiation works? Ionizing radiation kills the cell. Ionizing radiation damages the DNA of tissues exposed to it. Ionizing radiation makes the cell more susceptible to the effects of chemotherapy. Ionizing radiation prevents the cell from multiplying. Ionizing radiation weakens the cell making it susceptible to phagocytosis.
answer
Ionizing radiation damages the DNA of tisses exposed to it.
question
The physician orders a chest x-ray on a patient where the x-rays travel from a front source to an image receiver placed behind the patient. The abbreviation for this type of x-ray is DR CC AP PA MLO
answer
AP
question
The root/combining form in the word claustrophobia means pertaining to closet fear confined space nourishment, development
answer
confined space
question
The root/combining form angi/o means artery blood vessel vein heart before
answer
blood vessel
question
When obtaining an AP CXR, the x-ray machine sends x-rays first through the: anterior chest wall posterior chest wall anterior abdominal wall posterior abdominal wall
answer
anterior chest wall
question
A view from the head to the foot: mediolateral oblique anteroposterior craniocaudal sagittal
answer
craniocaudal
question
The most radiopaque material in the body is the liver the lung bone fat water
answer
bone
question
A radiograph of a breast is correctly correct called a: mammogram mammography tomogram tomography
answer
mammogram