Nursing Ethics Ch 3 & 4

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b
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The principle of beneficence requires the nurse to: a. promote harm or evil and do good. b. prevent harm or evil and do good. c. ask the patient to sign a survey indicating the nurse has been beneficial to his or her care. d. avoid harm as a consequence of doing good.
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d
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Having freedom to make choices about issues that affect one’s life is the principle of: a. respect for persons. b. justice. c. beneficence. d. autonomy.
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b
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____ is the ethical principle that relates to promise keeping. a. Morals b. Fidelity c. Confidentiality d. Justice
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c
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The ethical principle that implies that others are worthy of high regard is: a. beneficence. b. fidelity. c. respect for persons. d. distributive justice.
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b
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A patient requests multiple cosmetic surgeries. At a certain point, the health care team questions if the overall harm that will result from continuing to do these procedures outweighs the benefit. This dialogue, weighing harms against benefits, is more related to which ethical principle? a. Beneficence b. Nonmaleficence c. Justice d. Veracity
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b
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Informed consent is a procedure designed to assure which of the following ethical principles? a. Beneficence b. Autonomy c. Fidelity d. Nonmaleficence
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a
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A nurse sees a patient quietly crying in her room. The nurse enters the room, sits in the chair facing the patient, and says, “Something seems to be troubling you.” This exchange is an example of the practical application of which of the following ethical principles? a. Beneficence b. Autonomy c. Veracity d. Nonmaleficence
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b
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Three gravely ill patients are candidates for the only vacant bed in the intensive care unit. The health care team decides to assign the bed to the patient with the best chance of recovery. Although many principles apply, the decision-making process in this case illustrates the application of which of the following ethical principles? a. Respect for persons b. Justice c. Beneficence d. Autonomy
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c
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The ethical principle that requires nurses to uphold the profession’s code of ethics, to practice within the established scope of practice, and to remain competent is which of the following? a. Beneficence b. Autonomy c. Fidelity d. Nonmaleficence
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c
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The CNA Code of Ethics recognizes that confidentiality: a. flows from respect for persons and is an absolute requirement in all situations. b. is restricted to legal regulations and definitions. c. is not absolute and may be modified to protect the patient or other innocent people. d. None of the above
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a
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Which individual in each province oversees relevant legislation and the challenges that arise with the collection, use, storage and dissemination of personal identifiable and health information? a. Privacy commissioner. b. Provincial medical director. c. Provincial hospital association. d. Canadian nursing association
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b
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The principle of the Canada Health Act that entitles one hundred percent of the insured residents of a province or territory to health services is which of the following? a. Comprehensiveness b. Universality c. Accessibility d. Public Administration
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d
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The principle of the Canada Health Act that health insurance plans are to be administered and operated on a non-profit basis by a public authority is which of the following? a. Comprehensiveness b. Portability c. Accessibility d. Public Administration
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c
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The principle of the Canada Health Act that entitles reasonable contact to insured health care services in terms of physical availability of medically necessary services is which of the following? a. Comprehensiveness b. Universality c. Accessibility d. Public Administration
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d
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The principle of the Canada Health Act that residents moving from one province or territory to another must continue to be covered for insured health care services is which of the following? a. Comprehensiveness b. Portability c. Accessibility d. Public Administration
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d
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Axiology is a branch of philosophy that studies: a. ethics. b. mathematics. c. awareness. d. values.
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b
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The process of becoming more conscious of and naming what we value or consider worthy is: a. journaling. b. values clarification. c. overt values. d. values conflict.
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d
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The aim of values clarification is to facilitate the process of: a. instilling personal values. b. teaching personal values. c. reacting to personal values. d. choosing personal values.
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b
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Values that are implicit in expectations of an institution, but not in writing, are termed: a. formal values. b. covert values. c. integral values. d. overt values.
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b
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Nurses may experience values conflict if: a. they develop and adhere to moral norms over time. b. what they prize and cherish is at odds with patients. c. what they see in practice reflects their own beliefs. d. they find a common ground in dealing with patients.
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a
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An institution’s mission statement is a reflection of: a. overt values. b. personal values. c. covert values. d. implicit values.
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c
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A nurse who used to love her job and now frequently exhibits anger, dissatisfaction, frustration, and poor work performance may be experiencing: a. moral awareness. b. moral thought. c. moral distress. d. moral values.
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a
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When working with patients regarding health care decisions, nurses need to be aware of: a. personal and patient values. b. adherence to moral norms. c. automatically rejecting conflicting values. d. instilling institutional values.
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d
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Values can be acquired: a. only as an infant. b. through the determination of genetic and hereditary influences . c. by individual cognitive evaluation of what is right and wrong. d. in both conscious and unconscious ways and continue throughout our lives.
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a
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Keeping a journal of personal reactions to situations can be a useful tool to develop: a. awareness and gain insight into personal values. b. where negative actions and interpretations can be reinforced . c. to impose other person’s beliefs on the situation. d. moral beliefs.
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b
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Values can best be defined as: a. principles of right or wrong. b. ideals, beliefs, customs, modes of conduct c. self-knowledge and the willingness to express that awareness. d. reflect upon and evaluate own experiences.
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A, B, C, D, E
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MULTIPLE RESPONSE Values are shaped by which of the following? Select all that apply. a. Culture b. Ethnicity c. Professional experiences d. Self-awareness e. Education
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B, C, D, E
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MULTIPLE RESPONSE The valuing process includes which of the following? Select all that apply. a. Promoting beliefs b. Prizing beliefs c. Choosing behaviours d. Acting on beliefs e. Cherishing behaviours
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A, B, D
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MULTIPLE RESPONSE When the values of the nurse and those of the patient are different, the patient may be labelled as which of the following? Select all that apply. a. Noncompliant b. Difficult c. Cooperative d. Ignorant e. Confident
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A, B, D
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MULTIPLE RESPONSE When the values of the nurse and those of the institution are different, the nurse may experience conflict with which of the following? Select all that apply. a. Incongruencies with personal values b. Moral distress c. Congruencies with personal values d. Incongruencies with institutional values e. Congruencies with institutional values

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