Nitrous oxide N2O structure

Flashcard maker : Ken Ericksen

Molecular Formula N2O
Average mass 44.013 Da
Boiling Point
Flash Point
Molar Refractivity
Surface Tension
Molar Volume
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Melting Point:

      -90.8 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 16005
      -90.81 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 22334
      -90.6 °C FooDB FDB014561
    • Experimental Boiling Point:

      -127 F (-88.3333 °C)
      NIOSH QX1350000
      -88.5 °C FooDB FDB014561
    • Experimental Ionization Potent:

      12.89 Ev NIOSH QX1350000
    • Experimental Vapor Pressure:

      51.3 atm (38988 mmHg)
      NIOSH QX1350000
    • Experimental Freezing Point:

      -132 F (-91.1111 °C)
      NIOSH QX1350000
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      Colorless gas with a slightly sweet odor. [inhalation anesthetic] [Note: Shipped as a liquefied compressed gas.] NIOSH QX1350000
    • First-Aid:

      Eye: Frostbite Skin: Frostbite Breathing: Fresh air NIOSH QX1350000
    • Exposure Routes:

      inhalation, skin and/or eye contact (liquid) NIOSH QX1350000
    • Symptoms:

      Dyspnea (breathing difficulty); drowsiness, headache; asphyxia; reproductive effects; liquid: frostbite NIOSH QX1350000
    • Target Organs:

      respiratory system, central nervous system, reproductive system NIOSH QX1350000
    • Incompatibility:

      Aluminum, boron, hydrazine, lithium hydride, phosphine, sodium NIOSH QX1350000
    • Personal Protection:

      Skin: Frostbite Eyes: Frostbite Wash skin: No recommendation Remove: No recommendation Change: No recommendation Provide: Frostbite wash NIOSH QX1350000
    • Exposure Limits:

      NIOSH REL*: TWA 25 ppm (46 mg/m 3 ) (TWA over the time exposed) [*Note: REL for exposure to waste anesthetic gas.] OSHA PEL : none NIOSH QX1350000
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      182 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.53 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C(6min)=>5C/min=>80C=>10C/min=>200C; CAS no: 10024972; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Flanagan, R.J.; Streete, P.J.; Ramsey, J.D., Volatile Substance Abuse, UNODC Technical Series, No 5, United Nations, Office on Drugs and Crime, Vienna International Centre, PO Box 500, A-1400 Vienna, Austria, 1997, 56.) NIST Spectra nist ri

Predicted data is generated using the ACD/Labs Percepta Platform – PhysChem Module

Boiling Point:
Vapour Pressure:
Enthalpy of Vaporization:
Flash Point:
Index of Refraction:
Molar Refractivity:
#H bond acceptors: 3
#H bond donors: 0
#Freely Rotating Bonds: 0
#Rule of 5 Violations: 0
ACD/LogP: 0.43
ACD/LogD (pH 5.5):
ACD/BCF (pH 5.5):
ACD/KOC (pH 5.5):
ACD/LogD (pH 7.4):
ACD/BCF (pH 7.4):
ACD/KOC (pH 7.4):
Polar Surface Area: 17 Å2
Surface Tension:
Molar Volume:

Predicted data is generated using the US Environmental Protection Agency’s EPISuite™

 Log Octanol-Water Partition Coef (SRC):
 Log Kow (KOWWIN v1.67 estimate) = 0.05

 Boiling Pt, Melting Pt, Vapor Pressure Estimations (MPBPWIN v1.42):
 Boiling Pt (deg C): 683.36 (Adapted Stein & Brown method)
 Melting Pt (deg C): 298.25 (Mean or Weighted MP)
 VP(mm Hg,25 deg C): 2.9E-019 (Modified Grain method)
 Subcooled liquid VP: 3.24E-016 mm Hg (25 deg C, Mod-Grain method)

 Water Solubility Estimate from Log Kow (WSKOW v1.41):
 Water Solubility at 25 deg C (mg/L): 1e+006
 log Kow used: 0.05 (estimated)
 no-melting pt equation used

 Water Sol Estimate from Fragments:
 Wat Sol (v1.01 est) = 1e+006 mg/L

 ECOSAR Class Program (ECOSAR v0.99h):
 Class(es) found:

 Henrys Law Constant (25 deg C) [HENRYWIN v3.10]:
 Bond Method : 2.03E-006 atm-m3/mole
 Group Method: Incomplete
 Henrys LC [VP/WSol estimate using EPI values]: 1.718E-026 atm-m3/mole

 Log Octanol-Air Partition Coefficient (25 deg C) [KOAWIN v1.10]:
 Log Kow used: 0.05 (KowWin est)
 Log Kaw used: -4.081 (HenryWin est)
 Log Koa (KOAWIN v1.10 estimate): 4.131
 Log Koa (experimental database): None

 Probability of Rapid Biodegradation (BIOWIN v4.10):
 Biowin1 (Linear Model) : 0.7261
 Biowin2 (Non-Linear Model) : 0.9145
 Expert Survey Biodegradation Results:
 Biowin3 (Ultimate Survey Model): 3.0997 (weeks )
 Biowin4 (Primary Survey Model) : 3.7828 (days )
 MITI Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin5 (MITI Linear Model) : 0.5689
 Biowin6 (MITI Non-Linear Model): 0.8147
 Anaerobic Biodegradation Probability:
 Biowin7 (Anaerobic Linear Model): 0.3984
 Ready Biodegradability Prediction: YES

Hydrocarbon Biodegradation (BioHCwin v1.01):
 Structure incompatible with current estimation method!

 Sorption to aerosols (25 Dec C)[AEROWIN v1.00]:
 Vapor pressure (liquid/subcooled): 4.32E-014 Pa (3.24E-016 mm Hg)
 Log Koa (Koawin est ): 4.131
 Kp (particle/gas partition coef. (m3/ug)):
 Mackay model : 6.94E+007 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 3.32E-009 
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi):
 Junge-Pankow model : 1 
 Mackay model : 1 
 Octanol/air (Koa) model: 2.66E-007 

 Atmospheric Oxidation (25 deg C) [AopWin v1.92]:
 Hydroxyl Radicals Reaction:
 OVERALL OH Rate Constant = 0.0000 E-12 cm3/molecule-sec
 Half-Life = -------
 Ozone Reaction:
 No Ozone Reaction Estimation
 Fraction sorbed to airborne particulates (phi): 1 (Junge,Mackay)
 Note: the sorbed fraction may be resistant to atmospheric oxidation

 Soil Adsorption Coefficient (PCKOCWIN v1.66):
 Koc : 14.3
 Log Koc: 1.155 

 Aqueous Base/Acid-Catalyzed Hydrolysis (25 deg C) [HYDROWIN v1.67]:
 Rate constants can NOT be estimated for this structure!

 Bioaccumulation Estimates from Log Kow (BCFWIN v2.17):
 Log BCF from regression-based method = 0.500 (BCF = 3.162)
 log Kow used: 0.05 (estimated)

 Volatilization from Water:
 Henry LC: 2.03E-006 atm-m3/mole (estimated by Bond SAR Method)
 Half-Life from Model River: 194.2 hours (8.092 days)
 Half-Life from Model Lake : 2175 hours (90.62 days)

 Removal In Wastewater Treatment:
 Total removal: 1.96 percent
 Total biodegradation: 0.09 percent
 Total sludge adsorption: 1.76 percent
 Total to Air: 0.12 percent
 (using 10000 hr Bio P,A,S)

 Level III Fugacity Model:
 Mass Amount Half-Life Emissions
 (percent) (hr) (kg/hr)
 Air 1.88 1e+005 1000 
 Water 39.5 360 1000 
 Soil 58.6 720 1000 
 Sediment 0.0729 3.24e+003 0 
 Persistence Time: 525 hr


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