Music 101 Final – Flashcards

question
For the Romantic artist,
answer
Dreams were as important as the intellect
question
In the 19th C. music was considered the "most Romantic of all the arts" because it
answer
Provide access to unknown realms, separate from the outer world
question
By the middle of the 19th c., pianos were
answer
Produced in mass quantities and had become more affordable
question
Writing _____ was one way Chopin showed his political sympathies.
answer
Polonaises
question
The opening motive in Beethoven's Symphony no. 5 can be characterized as
answer
None of the above
question
What makes Beethoven's Symphony no. 5 cyclic?
answer
The opening motif recurs in various permutations in all four movements
question
What meaning did Beethoven supposedly provide for Symphony no. 5's opening idea
answer
Fate knocking on the door
question
Beethoven wrote ___ symphonies.
answer
9
question
The "Erlkonig" uses modified strophic structure, which is formally similar to
answer
A set of variations
question
In Schubert's "Erlkonig," one singer depicts a narrator and
answer
Three characters: the father, son, and Erlkonig (death ghost).
question
At the end of "Erlkonig," the
answer
Boy is seized by the Erlkonig and dies in the father's arms just as they arrive at the doctor's house
question
Which type of composition became more important in the 19th c. as composers sought to integrate purely instrumental music with outside ideas?
answer
Program music
question
The Symphonie fantastique captures Romanticism's fascination with
answer
The world of the gothic and the grotesque
question
In the 4th movement of Symphonie fantastique, which sections of the orchestra did Berlioz make unusually prominent?
answer
Brass and percussion
question
Which recurring musical image is heard just before the guillotine falls in Symphonie fantastique?
answer
The idee fixe
question
How do we know that the loud crash in the 4th movement of Symphonie fantastique represents the fall of the guillotine?
answer
Berlioz wrote it in the program
question
As Handel's father wanted him to be a lawyer and Vivaldi's father trained him for the priesthood, Berlioz's father wanted his son to follow in his footsteps and become a
answer
doctor
question
At the beginning of his career as a composer, Berlioz's music was
answer
Not understood
question
Which sound has approximately the same decibel level as a large orchestra at full volume?
answer
A noisy kitchen
question
Many of Berlioz's contemporaries criticized him for his music being
answer
Too loud
question
Modernist composers created new and entirely novel approaches by
answer
Writing works without a tonal center or clear sense of meter Using the new electronically generated sounds Incorporating sounds from the music of non-Western cultures
question
Duke Ellington's audiences at the Savoy Ballroom in NY are 1940 were notable for being
answer
Racially integrated
question
Perhaps the single most remarkable aspect of music in the 12th c. is that for the first time
answer
Listeners could hear music when and where they wanted to hear it
question
Debussy's relationship to the artistic movement known as ____ helps give his music the quality of "suggesting rather than stating."
answer
Impressionism
question
How did Debussy elicit new timbres from the piano?
answer
Instructing performers to play ultra-smooth lines at a persistently soft volume
question
Debussy was intent on exploring musical timbre in much the same way that
answer
The French symbolist poets explored sound for sound's sake
question
Voiles provides the listener with
answer
Almost no sense of a fixed metrical pattern
question
Debussy's works that are now recognized as masterpieces were
answer
Initially greeted with indifference or even scorn
question
Which scale, often used by Debussy, undermined any sense of harmonic center?
answer
Whole tone
question
What is the central point of action in the scenarios of The Rite of Spring?
answer
A young girl dancing herself to death
question
What is the name for a harmonic system that uses more than one tonal center?
answer
Polytonal
question
How would one characterize the orchestra used for The Rite of Spring?
answer
Larger than orchestras of the previous generation
question
Which compositional style did Stravinsky use to reinvent himself?
answer
Neoclassicism & 12 tone music
question
Ragtime music
answer
Was dance music Became immensely popular with the young people Was a foundation of jazz music
question
Hemiola is
answer
Syncopation where patterns of two and tree occur together
question
What is the name for piano technique where the left hand alternates between bass notes and middle-register chords?
answer
Stride bass
question
Joplin called his pieces ____ ____ in an attempt to make them sound more refined than other ragtime pieces.
answer
Classic rags
question
In 1916, Scott Joplin recorded "Maple Leaf Rag" on
answer
A piano roll designed to be played on a player piano
question
Which voices engage in the call-and-response texture in "Cotton Tail"?
answer
Trumpets and tenor saxophone
question
The "rhythm changes" harmonic progression used in "Cotton Tail" was written by American composer
answer
George Gershwin
question
What is the name for a groove in which the notes alternate between slightly longer and slightly shorter durations?
answer
swing
question
What is the form of the head in "Cotton Tail"?
answer
Slightly modified AABA
question
In what ways is an operetta different from an opera?
answer
An operetta uses spoken dialogue and is typically more light-hearted
question
Bernstein's West Side Story can be characterized as a
answer
Modern musical retelling of Romeo and Juliet
question
In "Tonight," Bernstein uses additive form to
answer
Build emotional complexity y adding multiple characters and contrasting melodies
question
Which creative role was NOT part of what Ned Rorem described as Leonard Bernstein's "Four lives in one"?
answer
Playwright
question
What is the general purpose of non-diegetic music in films?
answer
It supports the action and dialogue on screen
question
Why does John Williams use such little melody in "The Walls Converge"?
answer
The action on screen doesn't call for it
question
Which of the following compositional devices is NOT used by John Williams in "The Walls Converge"?
answer
A Leitmotif to signify the power of the Force
question
Before 1927 the only way to provide a musical soundtrack for a movie was to have live musicians perform at every show. The _____ was a favorite instrument for this purpose.
answer
organ
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question
For the Romantic artist,
answer
Dreams were as important as the intellect
question
In the 19th C. music was considered the "most Romantic of all the arts" because it
answer
Provide access to unknown realms, separate from the outer world
question
By the middle of the 19th c., pianos were
answer
Produced in mass quantities and had become more affordable
question
Writing _____ was one way Chopin showed his political sympathies.
answer
Polonaises
question
The opening motive in Beethoven's Symphony no. 5 can be characterized as
answer
None of the above
question
What makes Beethoven's Symphony no. 5 cyclic?
answer
The opening motif recurs in various permutations in all four movements
question
What meaning did Beethoven supposedly provide for Symphony no. 5's opening idea
answer
Fate knocking on the door
question
Beethoven wrote ___ symphonies.
answer
9
question
The "Erlkonig" uses modified strophic structure, which is formally similar to
answer
A set of variations
question
In Schubert's "Erlkonig," one singer depicts a narrator and
answer
Three characters: the father, son, and Erlkonig (death ghost).
question
At the end of "Erlkonig," the
answer
Boy is seized by the Erlkonig and dies in the father's arms just as they arrive at the doctor's house
question
Which type of composition became more important in the 19th c. as composers sought to integrate purely instrumental music with outside ideas?
answer
Program music
question
The Symphonie fantastique captures Romanticism's fascination with
answer
The world of the gothic and the grotesque
question
In the 4th movement of Symphonie fantastique, which sections of the orchestra did Berlioz make unusually prominent?
answer
Brass and percussion
question
Which recurring musical image is heard just before the guillotine falls in Symphonie fantastique?
answer
The idee fixe
question
How do we know that the loud crash in the 4th movement of Symphonie fantastique represents the fall of the guillotine?
answer
Berlioz wrote it in the program
question
As Handel's father wanted him to be a lawyer and Vivaldi's father trained him for the priesthood, Berlioz's father wanted his son to follow in his footsteps and become a
answer
doctor
question
At the beginning of his career as a composer, Berlioz's music was
answer
Not understood
question
Which sound has approximately the same decibel level as a large orchestra at full volume?
answer
A noisy kitchen
question
Many of Berlioz's contemporaries criticized him for his music being
answer
Too loud
question
Modernist composers created new and entirely novel approaches by
answer
Writing works without a tonal center or clear sense of meter Using the new electronically generated sounds Incorporating sounds from the music of non-Western cultures
question
Duke Ellington's audiences at the Savoy Ballroom in NY are 1940 were notable for being
answer
Racially integrated
question
Perhaps the single most remarkable aspect of music in the 12th c. is that for the first time
answer
Listeners could hear music when and where they wanted to hear it
question
Debussy's relationship to the artistic movement known as ____ helps give his music the quality of "suggesting rather than stating."
answer
Impressionism
question
How did Debussy elicit new timbres from the piano?
answer
Instructing performers to play ultra-smooth lines at a persistently soft volume
question
Debussy was intent on exploring musical timbre in much the same way that
answer
The French symbolist poets explored sound for sound's sake
question
Voiles provides the listener with
answer
Almost no sense of a fixed metrical pattern
question
Debussy's works that are now recognized as masterpieces were
answer
Initially greeted with indifference or even scorn
question
Which scale, often used by Debussy, undermined any sense of harmonic center?
answer
Whole tone
question
What is the central point of action in the scenarios of The Rite of Spring?
answer
A young girl dancing herself to death
question
What is the name for a harmonic system that uses more than one tonal center?
answer
Polytonal
question
How would one characterize the orchestra used for The Rite of Spring?
answer
Larger than orchestras of the previous generation
question
Which compositional style did Stravinsky use to reinvent himself?
answer
Neoclassicism & 12 tone music
question
Ragtime music
answer
Was dance music Became immensely popular with the young people Was a foundation of jazz music
question
Hemiola is
answer
Syncopation where patterns of two and tree occur together
question
What is the name for piano technique where the left hand alternates between bass notes and middle-register chords?
answer
Stride bass
question
Joplin called his pieces ____ ____ in an attempt to make them sound more refined than other ragtime pieces.
answer
Classic rags
question
In 1916, Scott Joplin recorded "Maple Leaf Rag" on
answer
A piano roll designed to be played on a player piano
question
Which voices engage in the call-and-response texture in "Cotton Tail"?
answer
Trumpets and tenor saxophone
question
The "rhythm changes" harmonic progression used in "Cotton Tail" was written by American composer
answer
George Gershwin
question
What is the name for a groove in which the notes alternate between slightly longer and slightly shorter durations?
answer
swing
question
What is the form of the head in "Cotton Tail"?
answer
Slightly modified AABA
question
In what ways is an operetta different from an opera?
answer
An operetta uses spoken dialogue and is typically more light-hearted
question
Bernstein's West Side Story can be characterized as a
answer
Modern musical retelling of Romeo and Juliet
question
In "Tonight," Bernstein uses additive form to
answer
Build emotional complexity y adding multiple characters and contrasting melodies
question
Which creative role was NOT part of what Ned Rorem described as Leonard Bernstein's "Four lives in one"?
answer
Playwright
question
What is the general purpose of non-diegetic music in films?
answer
It supports the action and dialogue on screen
question
Why does John Williams use such little melody in "The Walls Converge"?
answer
The action on screen doesn't call for it
question
Which of the following compositional devices is NOT used by John Williams in "The Walls Converge"?
answer
A Leitmotif to signify the power of the Force
question
Before 1927 the only way to provide a musical soundtrack for a movie was to have live musicians perform at every show. The _____ was a favorite instrument for this purpose.
answer
organ