Music 101 Final

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For the Romantic artist,
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Dreams were as important as the intellect
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In the 19th C. music was considered the “most Romantic of all the arts” because it
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Provide access to unknown realms, separate from the outer world
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By the middle of the 19th c., pianos were
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Produced in mass quantities and had become more affordable
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Writing _____ was one way Chopin showed his political sympathies.
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Polonaises
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The opening motive in Beethoven’s Symphony no. 5 can be characterized as
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None of the above
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What makes Beethoven’s Symphony no. 5 cyclic?
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The opening motif recurs in various permutations in all four movements
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What meaning did Beethoven supposedly provide for Symphony no. 5’s opening idea
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Fate knocking on the door
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Beethoven wrote ___ symphonies.
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9
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The “Erlkonig” uses modified strophic structure, which is formally similar to
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A set of variations
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In Schubert’s “Erlkonig,” one singer depicts a narrator and
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Three characters: the father, son, and Erlkonig (death ghost).
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At the end of “Erlkonig,” the
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Boy is seized by the Erlkonig and dies in the father’s arms just as they arrive at the doctor’s house
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Which type of composition became more important in the 19th c. as composers sought to integrate purely instrumental music with outside ideas?
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Program music
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The Symphonie fantastique captures Romanticism’s fascination with
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The world of the gothic and the grotesque
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In the 4th movement of Symphonie fantastique, which sections of the orchestra did Berlioz make unusually prominent?
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Brass and percussion
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Which recurring musical image is heard just before the guillotine falls in Symphonie fantastique?
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The idee fixe
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How do we know that the loud crash in the 4th movement of Symphonie fantastique represents the fall of the guillotine?
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Berlioz wrote it in the program
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As Handel’s father wanted him to be a lawyer and Vivaldi’s father trained him for the priesthood, Berlioz’s father wanted his son to follow in his footsteps and become a
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doctor
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At the beginning of his career as a composer, Berlioz’s music was
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Not understood
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Which sound has approximately the same decibel level as a large orchestra at full volume?
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A noisy kitchen
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Many of Berlioz’s contemporaries criticized him for his music being
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Too loud
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Modernist composers created new and entirely novel approaches by
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Writing works without a tonal center or clear sense of meter Using the new electronically generated sounds Incorporating sounds from the music of non-Western cultures
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Duke Ellington’s audiences at the Savoy Ballroom in NY are 1940 were notable for being
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Racially integrated
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Perhaps the single most remarkable aspect of music in the 12th c. is that for the first time
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Listeners could hear music when and where they wanted to hear it
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Debussy’s relationship to the artistic movement known as ____ helps give his music the quality of “suggesting rather than stating.”
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Impressionism
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How did Debussy elicit new timbres from the piano?
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Instructing performers to play ultra-smooth lines at a persistently soft volume
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Debussy was intent on exploring musical timbre in much the same way that
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The French symbolist poets explored sound for sound’s sake
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Voiles provides the listener with
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Almost no sense of a fixed metrical pattern
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Debussy’s works that are now recognized as masterpieces were
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Initially greeted with indifference or even scorn
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Which scale, often used by Debussy, undermined any sense of harmonic center?
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Whole tone
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What is the central point of action in the scenarios of The Rite of Spring?
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A young girl dancing herself to death
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What is the name for a harmonic system that uses more than one tonal center?
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Polytonal
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How would one characterize the orchestra used for The Rite of Spring?
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Larger than orchestras of the previous generation
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Which compositional style did Stravinsky use to reinvent himself?
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Neoclassicism & 12 tone music
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Ragtime music
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Was dance music Became immensely popular with the young people Was a foundation of jazz music
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Hemiola is
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Syncopation where patterns of two and tree occur together
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What is the name for piano technique where the left hand alternates between bass notes and middle-register chords?
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Stride bass
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Joplin called his pieces ____ ____ in an attempt to make them sound more refined than other ragtime pieces.
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Classic rags
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In 1916, Scott Joplin recorded “Maple Leaf Rag” on
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A piano roll designed to be played on a player piano
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Which voices engage in the call-and-response texture in “Cotton Tail”?
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Trumpets and tenor saxophone
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The “rhythm changes” harmonic progression used in “Cotton Tail” was written by American composer
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George Gershwin
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What is the name for a groove in which the notes alternate between slightly longer and slightly shorter durations?
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swing
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What is the form of the head in “Cotton Tail”?
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Slightly modified AABA
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In what ways is an operetta different from an opera?
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An operetta uses spoken dialogue and is typically more light-hearted
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Bernstein’s West Side Story can be characterized as a
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Modern musical retelling of Romeo and Juliet
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In “Tonight,” Bernstein uses additive form to
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Build emotional complexity y adding multiple characters and contrasting melodies
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Which creative role was NOT part of what Ned Rorem described as Leonard Bernstein’s “Four lives in one”?
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Playwright
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What is the general purpose of non-diegetic music in films?
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It supports the action and dialogue on screen
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Why does John Williams use such little melody in “The Walls Converge”?
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The action on screen doesn’t call for it
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Which of the following compositional devices is NOT used by John Williams in “The Walls Converge”?
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A Leitmotif to signify the power of the Force
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Before 1927 the only way to provide a musical soundtrack for a movie was to have live musicians perform at every show. The _____ was a favorite instrument for this purpose.
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organ

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