Medical Terminology Midterm

A ______ is attached to the beginning of a word root to modify it’s meaning.
Prefix
A degenerative inflammatory condition of bone and joint is:
Osteoarthitis
A letter linking a suffix and a root, or linking two roots, in a term is the:
Combining vowel
A patient who ha her liver removed underwent a:
Hepatectomy
A patient with an inflammation of the stomach and intestines has:
Gastroenteritis
A red blood cell is called an:
Erythrocyte
A tumor of the liver is called a:
Hepatoma
An electro_____gram is a record of the electrical conduction of the heart.
Cardio
Enteitis is inflammation of the:
Intestine
Epi- is a:
Prefix
Gastritis is the inflammation of the:
Stomach
Hepatitis is inflammation of the:
Liver
Hypo- is a:
Prefix
In the word nephrosis, the suffix is ____, which means ____.
-osis, Condition
Incision into bone is called:
Osteotomy
Jason was seen by the pediatric nurse practitioner for chills, headache, and a fever of 102ºF. Both of his parotid glands were swollen. Blood tests showed leukocytosis. The term Leukocytosis has:
Two combining forms and one suffix
Most often the combining vowel is the letter ____.
O
Shawn, age 16, is being treated for leukemia, which is a condition in which there is a marked increase in abnormal:
White blood cells
Surgical removal of all or part of the stomach is:
Gastrectomy
The abnormal condition of a clot in a blood vessel is called:
Thrombosis
The abnormal condition of having a blood clot is called:
Thrombosis
The combining form is made up of the ____ and a combining vowel.
Root
The combining form that means bladder is:
Cyst/o
The combining vowel connects the root to the ____ or to another root.
Suffix
The combining vowel is usually dropped when the suffix begins with ____.
a vowel
The foundation of a word is known as the:
Root
The medical term for pain in a joint is:
Arthralgia
The study of disease is called:
Pathology
The study of diseased of the urinary system is ____logy; the word part you chose is a ____.
uro, combining form
The study of the heart is ____logy.
Cardio
The study of the stomach and intestines and their diseases is called:
Gastroenterology
The suffix that means cutting into or incision is:
-tomy
The surgical removal of all or part of the kidney is known as:
Nephrectomy
The term for a part of the hip bone is:
Ilium
The term that means the process of cutting into is:
Incision
The term that refers to a part of the hip bone is:
ilium
The terms osteoarthritis and gastroenterology are both examples of using a combining vowel:
to connect two word roots, even if the second root begins with a vowel
The word part -gram is a:
Suffix
The word part -itis is a:
Suffix
The word part enter/o is a:
Combining form
The root word for cancer is:
Carcin
The word root for urine, urinary tract is:
Ur
____ means inflammation of the joints and is composed of the combining form ____ and the suffix ____.
Arthritis, arthro/o, -itis
____ means nerve pain. The term is composed of the combining form ____ and the suffix ____.
Neuralgia, neur/o, -algia
____ means removal of the stomach. the term is composed of the combining form ____ an the suffix ____.
Gstrectomy, gastr/o, -etomy
____dermic means below the skin; the word part you chose is a ____.
Hypo, prefix
____gastric meas pertaining to below the stomach. The word part you chose is a ____.
Sub-, prefi
____itis is inflammation of a gland
Aden
____itis is the inflammation of the kidney.
Nephr
____al means pertaining to the kidneys. The word part you chose is a ____.
Ren, word root
The prefix macro- means ____; the opposite of macro- is
Large, micro-
The prefix post- means ____; the opposite of post- is
After or behind; pre-
Trauma sustained beneath the eye (orbit/o) is ____orbital trauma.
infra
Which of the following prefixes can mean before?
Ante-, pre-
Which prefix combined with calcemia means pertaining to deficient blood calcium?
Hypo-
Which prefix combined with costal means pertaining to beneath the ribs
Infra-
Which prefix combined with lateral means pertaining to one side
Uni-
Which prefix combined with peritoneal means pertaining to behind the peritoneum
Retro-
Which prefix combined with thoracic means pertaining to above the chest?
Supra-
____aise is a bad feeling or vague feeling of bodily discomfort
Mal
____cephalic means pertaining to an abnormally small head and brain
Micro
____osteum is the tough fibrous membrane surrounding a bone
Peri
A ____glossectomy means the surgical removal of half the tongue
Hemi
A temporary absence of breathing is ____pnea
a
An ____cision is a cut produced surgically with a sharp instrument
in
A ____lapse is the recurrence of a disease or symptoms after apparent recovery; the symptoms or disease comes back again.
re
Mr. Canton was diagnosed wit a heart block. As a result, he had a slow heartbeat, or ____cardia
brady
Mr. Gladstone was diagnosed with benign prostatic ____trophy, or increase in the size of the organs tissue cells
hyper
Mrs. Ferrari’s physician told her that she had an ____topic pregnancy and explained that the embryo was implanted outside the uterus in the fallopian tubes.
ex
Ms. Tanager had two units of blood transfused into, or within, the veins; the procedure was done ____venously.
intra
Occurring or performed after death is referred to as:
Postmortem
The ____physis pubis is the joint formed by the fusion of the two pubic bones.
sym
The bones beyond (distal to) the carpals are the ____carpals.
meta
The foreign substance neutralized y antibodies in the immune process is called an:
antigen
The glands located beside the thyroid are the ____ glands.
Parathyroid
The prefix ana- means; the opposite of ana- is ____.
up or apart, cata-
The prefix brady- means ____; the opposite of brady- is ____.
slow, tachy-
The prefix ecto- means ____; the opposite of ecto- is ____.
out or outside, endo-
The prrefix hyper- means ____; the opposite of hyper- is ____.
Excessive or above, hypo-
The prefix in the term abductor is:
ab-
The prefix in the term anoxia is:
an-
The prefix in the term antibodies is ____, which means ____.
Anti-, against
The prefix in the term hypoglycemia is:
hypo-
The prefix in the term infracostal is
Infra-
The prefix in the term pancytopenia is:
Pan-
The prefix in the term subcutaneous is ___, which means ____.
Sub- under or beneath
The prefix in the term symphysis is ____, which means ____.
sym-, together or with
The anatomy term that describes the throat is:
Pharynx
The muscular ring at the lower end of the stomach is the ____ sphincter.
Pyloric
A condition in which one bowel segment collapses or telescopes into the opening of another segment is called:
Intussusception
The combining form gastr/o means
stomach
Mr. Raphael is admitted for twisting of the intestines. What is the medical term for this condition
Volvulus
The combining form eti/o means
cause
Mr. Gonzales’ colonoscopy several large benign polyps, which his physician removed in a ____
Polypectomy
____ is the elimination of fecal matter from the digestive system through the rectum and anus
defecation
Surgical removal of the gallbladder is:
Cholecystectomy
The orange-yellow pigment in bile that is largely the product of the breakdown of old hemoglobin in erythrocytes at the end of their lifespan is called:
bilirubin
The small, raised areas on top of the tongue containing taste buds are:
Papillae
Timothy suffered from recurring fever blisters around his mouth, known as herptic____itis.
stomat
A mass of lymphatic tissue at the back of the mouth is a
tonsil
Mr. Wayne is scheduled to have a visual examination of the distal end of his descending colon that leads into the rectum. This procedure is called a ____scopy.
Sigmoid/o
A term that means referring to the stomach and intestines is:
Gastrointestinal
____ are tiny projections in the walls of the small intestine that absorb nutrients
Villi
A decreased motility of the colon in which defecation becomes difficult because the feces are dry and card, often caused by slow peristalsis or inadequate diet, is called ____.
Constipation
Saliva is secreted from all of the following glands except the:
Seaceous
The coordinated contraction of the intestines that moves the contents of the intestine forward is:
Peristalsis
Excess glucose in the bloodstream is removed by the liver and stored as:
glycogen
The ____ colon extends from the cecum to the undersurface of the liver.
Ascending
The medical term for gallstones is
Calculi
Mr. Arturo has an inflammation of the liver that may be caused by the ____ A, B, or C virus
Hepatitis
If the cause of an illness or its treatment is unknown or not understood, it is called:
Idiopathic
The anterior portion of the roof of the mouth is the ____ palate.
hard
Mrs. Watkins is being treated for a duodenal ulcer. her ulcer is located in the
First section of the small intestine
Most organs of the digestive tract are held in place by a stretchable membrane called the:
Pertoneum
The first portion of the small intestine, into which the stomach releases chyme, is known as:
Duodenum
What is the term for a failure of the lower esophageal sphincter to relax
Achalasia
The combining form lith/o means
Stone
TPN
Total parenteral nutrition
The suffix -ectasia means
stretching
A ____ectomy, or surgical removal of infected and diseased gum tissue, was performed to stop further development of Mrs. Thanivaro’s periodontal disease
gingiv
The combining form hepat/o means:
Liver
Mr. Garcia developed a paralytic ileus (absence of intestinal peristalsis) after a colon resection. After surgery, the physician’s order read “NPO” which means that he was:
Not to take food or fluid by mouth
-ptosis means
prolapse
The condition of having gallstones is:
Cholelithiasis
A medical term for visual examination of the interior of the abdomen is:
lararoscopy
Pyloro____ is the sudden involuntary contraction of the pylorus
Spasm
Poly____ is the excessive eating or craving of food
Phagia
-pepsia
Digestion
Hernio____ to repair )suture) his hernia
rrhaphy
Chole___ means the stopping or suppression of bile flow
Stasis
Uses magnetic waves to produce images of organs and tissues in all three planes of the body
Magnetic resonance imaging
The abbreviation for gastroesophageal reflux disease
GERD
Another term for gastric bypass surgery
Gastrojejunostomy
The abbreviation that refers to the structure removed in a cholecystectomy is:
GB
What is a flexible colonoscopy
A visual examination of the entire colon
BM stands for
Bowel Movement
Col____ is the removal of part of the large intestine
ectomy
Hemat____ means vomiting blood
emesis
Lith/o
stone
Abbreviation LFTs stands for
Liver function tests
A feeding tube placed in the stomach is a
G tube
Percutneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube
PEG tube