Medical Terminology Final Study Guide

Aur-Auri
Ear

Cardio
Heart

Cebr-Cerebro
Brain

Colo
Colon

Gastro
Stomach

Hepato
Liver

Nephro
kidney

op-ophth-optic
Eye

Pleuro
Membrane of the lung

Pneumo
lung

Procto
anus

Splen-spleno
Spleen

Axilla
armpit

cervico
neck

cranio
skull

Derm-dermat-dermato
skin

masto-mammo
breast

Myo
muscle

oophoro
ovary

orchi
testis

osteo
bone

pyelo
gate, opening

rhino
nose

tracheo
neck

adeno
gland

angi-angio
vessel

antr
cavity

arthro
joint

cyst-cysti-cysto
sac containing fluid

hem-hema-hemato-hemo
blood

histo
tissue

hydro
water

neuro
nerves

Pheleb-phlebo
vein

bi
two

Brady
slow

Cyan
blue

dys
bad

erythro
red

leuko
white

mal
bad

melano
black

neo
new

Poly
Many

auto-
self

bio
life

carcin
cancer

Chol-chole-cholo
gallbladder

cyto
cell

lipo
fat

litho
stone

pedi
feet

physio
nature

psych
mind

a-an
with/ without

ab
away

ad
bring to/ middle

ante
before

contra
against/counter

endo
inside/within

epi
upon

Hyper
above, more than normal

hypo
under

inter
enter

intra
inside

peri
about

hepat
liver

later
side

therm
heat/warm

macro
big

gen
original production

sub
under

labi
lip

cut
skin

trich
hair

ost
bone

peps
digest

semi
half

traumat
trauma

algia
pain

centesis
puncture

ectomy
surgical removal

cyte
cell

emia
blood

graph
recording

itis
inflammation

megaly
enlarged

oid
like/resemble

ology
study of

oma
tumor

osis
any condition

ostomy
create an opening

otomy
cut into/incision

penia
decrease

phobia
fear

plasty
surgical repair

ptosis
falling

rraphy
suture

scope
observe

trophy
development

sclera
hard

gastro
intestine/stomach