Medical Term Chapter 6

Against
anti-

Eat, swallow
phag/o

Lymph node
lymphaden/o

Lymph vessel
lymphangi/o

Poison
tox/o

Flesh
sarc/o

Formative material of cells
-plasm

Protection, safe
immun/o

Spleen
splen/o

Tumor
onc/o

Bacteria capable of movement
spirochetes

Chain-forming bacteria
streptococci

Cluster-forming bacteria
staphylococci

Live only by invading cells
viruses

Live within other organisms
parasites

The __ has/have a hemolytic function.
spleen

Inflammation of the lymph nodes is known as __.
lymphadenitis

The medical term for the condition commonly known as shingles is __.
herpes zoster

Proteins who activate the immune system, fight viruses by slowing or stopping their multiplication, and signal other cells to increase their defenses are known as __.
interferons

The __ plays specialized roles in both the lymphatic and immune system.
thymus

The protective ring of lymphoid tissue around the back of the nose and upper throat is formed by the __.
tonsils

Secondary __ can be caused by cancer treatments, burns, or injuries.
lymphedema

Fats that cannot be transported by the bloodstream are absorbed by the __ that are located in the villi that line the small intestine.
lacteals

The parasite __ is most commonly transmitted from pets to humans by contact with contaminated animal feces.
toxoplasmosis

A/An __ is a type of leukocytes that surrounds and kills invading cells. This type of cell also removes dead cells and stimulates the action of other immune cells.
macrophage

Filter harmful substances from lymph
lymph nodes

Lymphoid tissue hanging from the lower portion of the cecum
vermiform appendix

Combine with antibodies to dissolve foreign cells
complement system cells

Stores extra erythrocytes
spleen

Wraps the body in a physical barrier
intact skin

The __ acts as intracellular signals to begin the immune response.
cytokines

A __ drug is a medication that kills or damages cells.
cytotoxic

The __ develop from B cells and secrete large bodies of antibodies coded to destroy specific antigens.
plasma cells

The antibody therapy known as __ is used to treat multiple sclerosis, hepatitis C, and some cancers.
synthetic interferons

Infectious mononucleosis is caused by a __.
virus

A Sarkoma is a malignant tumor that arises from connective tissue.
Sarcoma

The adanoids, which are also known as the nasopharyngeal tonsils, are located in the nasopharynx.
Adenoids

Lymphiscintigraphy is a diagnostic test that is performed to detect damage or malformations of the lymphatic vessels.
Lymphoncintigraphy

Antiobiotics are commonly used to combat bacterial infections.
Antibiotics

Varichella is commonly known as chickenpox.
Varicella

CIS
Carcinoma in situ

DCIS
Ductal Carcinoma in situ

LE
lymphedema

MMR
Measles, mumps, & Rubella Vaccination

Ag
Antigen

__ is the process through which a tumor supports its growth by creating its own blood supply.
angiogenesis

An opportunistic infections that is frequently associated with HIV is __.
Kaposi’s sarcoma

Malaria is cause by a __ that is transferred to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito.
parasite

Bacilli, which are rod-shaped, spore-forming bacteria, cause__.
anthrax

Swelling of the parotid glands is a symptom of __.
mumps

A severe systemic reaction to an allergen causing serious symptoms that develop very quickly is known as __.
anaphylaxis

In __ radioactive materials are implanted into the tissues to be treated.
brachytheraphy

When testing for HIV, a/an __ test produces more accurate results than the ELISA test.
Western Blot

A/An __ is a benign tumor formed by an abnormal collection of lymphatic vessels.
lyphangioma

After primary cancer treatments have been completed, __ therapy is used to decrease the chances that the cancer will recur.
adjuvant

An antineoplastic is a medication that blocks the development, growth, or proliferation of malignant cells.
Anti
heo
plast
ic

Metastasis is the new cancer site that results from spreading process.
Meta
stasis

Osteosarcoma is a hard-tissue sarcoma that usually involves the upper shaft of the long bones, pelvis, or knee.
Osteo
sarc
oma

Cytomegalovirus is a member of the hespesvirus family that causes a variety of disease.
Cyto
megalo
vir
us

Antiangiogenesis is a form of cancer treatment that disrupts the blood supply to the tumor.
Anti
angio
genesis

Inflammatory breast cancer is the most aggressive and least common form of breast cancer.
True

Lymph carries nutrients and oxygen to the cells.
False

A myosarcoma is benign tumor derived from muscle tissue.
False

Reed-Sternberg cells are present in Hodgkins lymphoma.
True

Septic shock is caused by a viral infection.
False

Dr. Wei diagnosed her patient as having an enlarged spleen due to damaged caused by his injuries. The medical term for this condition is __.
splenomegaly

At the beginning of the treatment of Juanita Phillips’ breast cancer, a/an __ breast biopsy was performed using an x-ray guided needle.
needle

Mr. Grossman described his serious illness as being caused by a “superbug infection.”His doctor describes these bacteria as being __.
Antibiotic Resistant bacteria

Dorothy Peterson was diagnosed with breast cancer. She and her doctor agreed upon treating this surgically with a/an __. This procedure in which the cancerous tissue with a margin of normal tissue are removed.
lumpectomy

Every day since his kidney transplant, Mr. Lanning must take a/an __ to prevent rejection of the donor organ.
immunosuppressant

Rosita Sanchez is 2 months pregnant, and she and her doctor are worried because her rash was diagnosed as __. They are concerned because this condition can produce defects in Rosita’s developing child.
Rubella

Tarana Inglis took __ to relieve the symptoms of her allergies.
antihistamines

The __ virus is spread to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. The most severe variety spreads to the spinal cord and brain.
West Nile

John Fogelman was diagnosed with having a/an __. This malignant tumor that arises from connective tissues, including hard, soft, and liquid tissues.
sarcoma

Jane Doe is infected with HIV. One of her medications is acyclovir, which is a/an __ drug.
antiviral

The __ are specialized lymphocytes that produce antibodies. Each lymphocyte makes a specific antibody that is capable of destroying a specific antigen.
B cells

Any of a large group of diseases characterized by a condition in which the immune system produces antibodies against its own tissues is known as a/an __ disorder.
autoimmune

The __ lymph nodes are located in the groin.
inguinal

A/An __ is any one of a large group of carcinomas derived from glandular tissue.
adenocarcinoma

A/An __ drug is used either as an immunosuppressant or as an antineoplastic.
cytotoxic

The study of the immune system is known as __
Immunology

Surgical removal of the spleen is a/an __
splenectomy

Inflammation of the thymus is known as __
thymitis

Inflammation of the lymph vessels is known as __
lymphangitis

The term meaning to suture the spleen is __
splenorrhaphy

The surgical removal of the adenoids is a/an __
adenoidectomy

The surgical removal of a lymph node is a/an __
lymphadenectomy

A tumor originating in the thymus is known as __
thymoma

Inflammation of the tonsils is known as __
tonsillitus

Inflammation of the spleen is known as __
splenitis