Medical Term Chapter 21

Gliomas are classified as primary intracranial tumors.
true

Malignant tumors displace adjacent tissue as they increase in size.
false

Electrodesiccation is synonymous with cryosurgery
false

The term cytotoxic means pertaining to being destructive to cells.
true

It is recommended that both men and women who are at average risk for developing colorectal cancer begin screening for early detection by having a colonoscopy at age 25.
false

Benign tumors are usually encapsulated.
true

Tumor cells most like the parent tissue are often called grade 1 neoplasms
true

The medical specialty concerned with the study of malignancy is known as oncology.
true

The physician who specializes in the study and treatment of neoplastic diseases, particularly cancer, is known as an oncologist.
True

A change in the structure and orientation of cells characterized by a loss of specialization and reversion to a more primitive form is known as differentiation.
false

What does staging, as it relates to oncology terminology, refer to?
extent of disease and tumor size

What is a physician who specializes in neoplastic diseases called?
oncologist

Which term describes a tumor that is enclosed in fibrous or membranous sheaths?
encapsulated

How are most malignant neoplasms classified?
carcinomas

What are biochemical indicators associated with malignancy called?
tumor markers

What does grading, as related to malignant tumor cells, describe?
cellular differentiation and growth rate

What is the term used to describe the spread of malignant cells to other parts of the body?
metastasis

Which term describes a tumor that is enclosed in fibrous or membranous sheaths?
encapsulated

What is a precancerous lesion occurring in the mouth known as?
oral leukoplakia

What is basal cell carcinoma the most common malignant tumor of?
epithelial tissue

What is a highly invasive carcinoma associated with sun exposure?
squamous cell carcinoma

What is the loss of cellular differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form called?
anaplasia

What is cellular maturation and functional definition called?
differentiation

From what do sarcomas originate?
supportive and connective tissue

Select the term that best describes a lymphoid tissue neoplasm that is typically malignant.
lymphoma

Which of the following terms means an increase in the number of cells of a body part (“excessive formation”)?
hyperplasia

Which of the following terms means to exhibit again the symptoms of a disease from which a patient appears to have recovered?
relapsed

Which of the following terms means the partial or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a chronic or malignant disease?
remission

system for staging neoplasms
TNM

remove a piece of tumor
incisional biopsy

primary intracranial tumor
meningioma

most common form of breast cancer
ductal carcinoma

affects children; ages five to nine
medulloblastoma

malignant renal tumor
Wilms’ tumor

remove some tumor and normal tissue
excisional biopsy

resection of the organ of origin
exenteration

immunotherapy modality
BRMs

class of antineoplastic drug
antimetabolite

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