Medical Term Chapter 21

question

Gliomas are classified as primary intracranial tumors.
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true
question

Malignant tumors displace adjacent tissue as they increase in size.
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false
question

Electrodesiccation is synonymous with cryosurgery
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false
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The term cytotoxic means pertaining to being destructive to cells.
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true
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It is recommended that both men and women who are at average risk for developing colorectal cancer begin screening for early detection by having a colonoscopy at age 25.
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false
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Benign tumors are usually encapsulated.
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true
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Tumor cells most like the parent tissue are often called grade 1 neoplasms
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true
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The medical specialty concerned with the study of malignancy is known as oncology.
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true
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The physician who specializes in the study and treatment of neoplastic diseases, particularly cancer, is known as an oncologist.
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True
question

A change in the structure and orientation of cells characterized by a loss of specialization and reversion to a more primitive form is known as differentiation.
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false
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What does staging, as it relates to oncology terminology, refer to?
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extent of disease and tumor size
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What is a physician who specializes in neoplastic diseases called?
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oncologist
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Which term describes a tumor that is enclosed in fibrous or membranous sheaths?
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encapsulated
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How are most malignant neoplasms classified?
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carcinomas
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What are biochemical indicators associated with malignancy called?
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tumor markers
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What does grading, as related to malignant tumor cells, describe?
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cellular differentiation and growth rate
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What is the term used to describe the spread of malignant cells to other parts of the body?
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metastasis
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Which term describes a tumor that is enclosed in fibrous or membranous sheaths?
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encapsulated
question

What is a precancerous lesion occurring in the mouth known as?
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oral leukoplakia
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What is basal cell carcinoma the most common malignant tumor of?
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epithelial tissue
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What is a highly invasive carcinoma associated with sun exposure?
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squamous cell carcinoma
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What is the loss of cellular differentiation and reversion to a more primitive form called?
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anaplasia
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What is cellular maturation and functional definition called?
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differentiation
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From what do sarcomas originate?
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supportive and connective tissue
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Select the term that best describes a lymphoid tissue neoplasm that is typically malignant.
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lymphoma
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Which of the following terms means an increase in the number of cells of a body part (“excessive formation”)?
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hyperplasia
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Which of the following terms means to exhibit again the symptoms of a disease from which a patient appears to have recovered?
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relapsed
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Which of the following terms means the partial or complete disappearance of the symptoms of a chronic or malignant disease?
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remission
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system for staging neoplasms
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TNM
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remove a piece of tumor
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incisional biopsy
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primary intracranial tumor
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meningioma
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most common form of breast cancer
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ductal carcinoma
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affects children; ages five to nine
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medulloblastoma
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malignant renal tumor
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Wilms’ tumor
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remove some tumor and normal tissue
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excisional biopsy
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resection of the organ of origin
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exenteration
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immunotherapy modality
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BRMs
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class of antineoplastic drug
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antimetabolite

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