med term urinary system ch 9

cystorrhaphy
surgical suturing of the bladder
catheterization
insertion of a tube through the urethra and into the urinary bladder for the purpose of withdrawing urine or inserting dye
catheterization suprapubic
placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone
meatotomy
surgical incision made in the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening
urethropexy
surgical dilation of the urethra to correct urinary stress incontinence
nephro or reno
kidneys
pyelo
renal pelvis
uro or urino
urine
uretero
ureters
cysto
urinary bladder
urethro
urethra
nephrons
filtering units of the kidney that remove wastes from the blood and produce urine
renal pelvis
the funnel-shaped area within each kidney that is surrounded by renal cortex and medulla
ureters
2 narrow tubes about 0-12 inches long
peristalsis
involuntary waves of muscle contraction. moves urine down the ureters
urinary bladder
hollow, muscular organ that holds and stores urine
urethra
tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body
nephrologist
a physician who studies and treats diseases of the kidney
renal failure
inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance
uremia
aka uremic poisoning , a toxic condition resulting from excessive amounts of urea and other waste products in the blood stream
urologist
one who specializes in the study of urinary system and the male reproductive system
genitourinary
refers to both the genital and urinary organs
acute renal failure
has sudden onset & is characterized by uremia. it can be fatal if not reversed promptly
nephrotic syndrome
a condition in which very high levels of protein are lost in the urine and abnormally low levels of protein are present in the blood
hyperproteinuria
the presence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine
hydronephrosis
the dilation (swelling) of one or both kidneys
nephroptosis
floating kidney
nephropyosis
aka pyonephrosis, discharge or formation of pus in the kidney
renal colic
acute pain that occurs in the kidney area caused by blockage during the passage of a stone
nephrolithiasis
presence of a renal stone or stones
ureterectasis
distention of the ureter
ureterorrhagia
the discharge of blood from the ureter
pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney
interstitial cystitis
chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder
cystocele
fallen bladder
vesicovaginal fistula
abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina
neurogenic bladder
a urinary problem caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination
urethrostenosis
narrowing of the urethra
epispadias
a congenital abnormality of the urethral opening where in the male, the urethral opening is located on the upper surface of the penis, and in the female the urethral opening is in the region of the clitoris
diuresis
increased formation and secretion of urine
enuresis
involuntary discharge of urine
nocturnal enuresis
bedwetting
urinary retention
inability to empty the bladder
incontinence
inability to control bladder and/or bowels
stress incontinence
the inability to control the voiding of urine under physical stress such as running, sneezing, laughing, or coughing
intravenous pyelogram
diagnostic radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters with the use of a contrast medium that is administered intravenously
pyelogram
x-ray of the renal pelvis
KUB
(Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder) is a radiographic study of structures without the use of a contrast medium.
diuretics
medications administered to increase urine secretion in order to rid the body of excess water and salt
dialysis
a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function
hemodialysis
Method to remove impurities by pumping the patient’s blood through a dialyzer, the specialized filter of the artificial kidney machine
peritoneal dialysis
lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood
nephrolysis
freeing of a kidney from adhesions
pyelotomy
a surgical incision into the renal pelvis; performed to correct an obstruction of the junction between the renal pelvis and the ureter
lithotripsy
crushing of a stone
nephrolithotomy
removal of a kidney stone through an incision made into the kidney
percutaneous nephrolithotomy
performed by making a small incision in the back and inserting a nephroscope to crush and remove a kidney stone
ureterectomy
surgical removal of a ureter
ureteroplasty
surgical repair of a ureter