med term urinary system ch 9

cystorrhaphy
surgical suturing of the bladder

catheterization
insertion of a tube through the urethra and into the urinary bladder for the purpose of withdrawing urine or inserting dye

catheterization suprapubic
placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall just above the pubic bone

meatotomy
surgical incision made in the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening

urethropexy
surgical dilation of the urethra to correct urinary stress incontinence

nephro or reno
kidneys

pyelo
renal pelvis

uro or urino
urine

uretero
ureters

cysto
urinary bladder

urethro
urethra

nephrons
filtering units of the kidney that remove wastes from the blood and produce urine

renal pelvis
the funnel-shaped area within each kidney that is surrounded by renal cortex and medulla

ureters
2 narrow tubes about 0-12 inches long

peristalsis
involuntary waves of muscle contraction. moves urine down the ureters

urinary bladder
hollow, muscular organ that holds and stores urine

urethra
tube leading from the urinary bladder to the outside of the body

nephrologist
a physician who studies and treats diseases of the kidney

renal failure
inability of the kidneys to excrete wastes and to help maintain the electrolyte balance

uremia
aka uremic poisoning , a toxic condition resulting from excessive amounts of urea and other waste products in the blood stream

urologist
one who specializes in the study of urinary system and the male reproductive system

genitourinary
refers to both the genital and urinary organs

acute renal failure
has sudden onset & is characterized by uremia. it can be fatal if not reversed promptly

nephrotic syndrome
a condition in which very high levels of protein are lost in the urine and abnormally low levels of protein are present in the blood

hyperproteinuria
the presence of abnormally high concentrations of protein in the urine

hydronephrosis
the dilation (swelling) of one or both kidneys

nephroptosis
floating kidney

nephropyosis
aka pyonephrosis, discharge or formation of pus in the kidney

renal colic
acute pain that occurs in the kidney area caused by blockage during the passage of a stone

nephrolithiasis
presence of a renal stone or stones

ureterectasis
distention of the ureter

ureterorrhagia
the discharge of blood from the ureter

pyelitis
inflammation of the renal pelvis

pyelonephritis
inflammation of the renal pelvis and the kidney

interstitial cystitis
chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder

cystocele
fallen bladder

vesicovaginal fistula
abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina

neurogenic bladder
a urinary problem caused by interference with the normal nerve pathways associated with urination

urethrostenosis
narrowing of the urethra

epispadias
a congenital abnormality of the urethral opening where in the male, the urethral opening is located on the upper surface of the penis, and in the female the urethral opening is in the region of the clitoris

diuresis
increased formation and secretion of urine

enuresis
involuntary discharge of urine

nocturnal enuresis
bedwetting

urinary retention
inability to empty the bladder

incontinence
inability to control bladder and/or bowels

stress incontinence
the inability to control the voiding of urine under physical stress such as running, sneezing, laughing, or coughing

intravenous pyelogram
diagnostic radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters with the use of a contrast medium that is administered intravenously

pyelogram
x-ray of the renal pelvis

KUB
(Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder) is a radiographic study of structures without the use of a contrast medium.

diuretics
medications administered to increase urine secretion in order to rid the body of excess water and salt

dialysis
a procedure to remove waste products from the blood of patients whose kidneys no longer function

hemodialysis
Method to remove impurities by pumping the patient’s blood through a dialyzer, the specialized filter of the artificial kidney machine

peritoneal dialysis
lining of the peritoneal cavity acts as the filter to remove waste from the blood

nephrolysis
freeing of a kidney from adhesions

pyelotomy
a surgical incision into the renal pelvis; performed to correct an obstruction of the junction between the renal pelvis and the ureter

lithotripsy
crushing of a stone

nephrolithotomy
removal of a kidney stone through an incision made into the kidney

percutaneous nephrolithotomy
performed by making a small incision in the back and inserting a nephroscope to crush and remove a kidney stone

ureterectomy
surgical removal of a ureter

ureteroplasty
surgical repair of a ureter

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