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MBLEX STUDY GUIDE

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MASSAGE
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Systematic manual or mechanical manipulation of the body’s soft tissue?
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MASSEUSE
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A female massage was called?
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BENEFITS OF MASSAGE
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Increased circulation, muscle relaxation & pain relief are?
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3000
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Massage has been part of Western medical traditions for at least how many years?
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TUI-NA
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Modern Chinese massage is called?
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1875
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The term massage 1st appeared in American or European literature around?
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SHIATSU
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Finger pressure technique used by Japanese is?
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DECLINE OF THE ROMAN EMPIRE
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The popularity of bathing & massage lessened with the?
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PERSIANS
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Much of Greco-Roman culture was preserved by the?
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PER HENRIK LING
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The father of physical therapy is?
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PASSIVE
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In Swedish movement system, movements are classified as active, duplicated and?
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THE TAYLOR BROTHERS
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The Swedish movement cure was brought to the US by?
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AESCULAPIUS
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The Greek physician/priest credited w/founding the 1st gymnasiums in the 7th century BC was?
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FRENCH
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Much of modern massage terminology is based on terms from this language?
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1960
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Public interest in massage began to re-emerge in the US around?
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1992
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National Cert in M&B has been available since?
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JAPANESE
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The finger pressure massage method called shiatsu is?
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MENTASTICS
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The Trager method uses movement exercises called?
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ROLFING METHOD
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Aligning major body segments through manipulation of connective tissue is?
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REFLEXOLOGY
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Stimulation of particular body points effects other areas is called?
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BORIS CHAITOW & STANLEY LIEF
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Neuromuscular techniques were developed in the 1940’s by?
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NCBTMB
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The National organization that certifies massage therapist is the?
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LEGALLY ACCEPTABLE PROF ACTIVITIES
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What is scope of practice?
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REFER CLIENT TO PROPER PROF
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If a client’s condition is outside the therapist scope of practice what should be done?
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PROTECT THE HEALTH, SAFETY & WELFARE OF THE PUBLIC
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What is the main reason for massage licensing?
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REGULATORY BOARD
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Testing & licensing of massage professionals is generally overseen by?
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DOES NOT GUARANTEE
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Being licensed in 1 city or state ______ validation in another location?
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500 HOURS
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The amount of education recommended for M&B is?
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CERTIFICATE
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A document awarded in recognition of achieving or maintaining a set standard is a/an?
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CERTIFICATION
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Completing a course of study or passing an examination is a?
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SCHOOL; PROF ORG; INSTITUTIONS
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Certificates can be awarded by?
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ETHICS
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The code of morals of a profession, group, or individual is called?
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PROFESSIONAL
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An individual in an occupation that requires advanced training to gain skills & knowledge is known as a?
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SATISFIED CLIENTS
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A massage therapist’s best method of advertising is?
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AVOIDED
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Intimate or sexual relationships b/w client & practitioner are?
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PERSONAL BOUNDARIES
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Guidelines that help define us emotionally, spiritually; determined by our experiences & beliefs & are our safety net & personal protection are what type of boundaries?
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PROFESSIONAL BOUNDARIES
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Policies & procedure statements to protect the safety of the client & therapies are what type of boundaries?
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THERAPEUTIC
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A relationship b/w practitioner & client that is client centered to benefit client’s well being & promote their welfare is what type of relationship?
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CONFIDENTIALITY
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A relationship where the foundation is safety, trust & respect for the client to relax, open, release & heal is?
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POWER DIFFERENTIAL
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A relationship where more authority is held by the person on 1 side while the other person is in a more vulnerable or submissive role is the?
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TRANSFERENCE
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When a client unconsciously projects attributes of someone from a former relationship onto a therapist or seeks more out of the relationship than is therapeutically appropriate is called?
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COUNTERTRANSFERENCE
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When a practitioner begins to personalize or take a therapeutic relationship w/ the client personally is called?
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A DUAL RELATIONSHIP
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Any situation that combines the therapeutic relationship w/a secondary relationship that extends beyond the massage practitioner/client relationship is a ?
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THE THERAPIST OR PRACTITIONER
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Who is responsible to maintain appropriate boundaries?
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SEEK SUPERVISION
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When a therapist becomes involved in instances of transference, countertransference, or dual relationship, the therapist should?
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KINESIOLOGY
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The scientific study of body movement is known as?
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PHYSIOLOGY
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Normal functions of body systems are studied in?
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REFLEX EFFECTS
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Indirect responses to touch that affect body functions are called?
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FRICTION MASSAGE
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Adhesion development and excessive scarring following trauma can be prevented or reduced with?
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TOWARD THE HEART
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In Swedish massage, movements should generally be?
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CONTRAINDICATED
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The term that means that the expected treatment is not advisable is?
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FRICTON
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A massage technique that increases the permeability of the capillary beds and produces an increased flow of interstitial fluid is?
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FEVER
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A contraindication of massage is?
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CONTRAINDICATION
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Acute inflammation is a massage (what)?
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PHLEBITIS
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Inflammation of a vein is called?
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MAKE THEM AN APPOINTMENT FOR ANOTHER TIME AND SEND THEM HOME
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If a client comes for a massage and has a low-grade fever (100.5F) the practioner should?
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EMBOLUS
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A piece of a blood clot floaing in the blood is called?
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HEMATOMA
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A mass of blood trapped in tissue or a body cavity as a result of internal bleeding is callled?
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PROTEIN IMBALANCES
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Massage is contraindicated if edema is due to a?
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LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
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Cancer is a disease that is often spread through the?
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PASSIVE JOINT MOVEMENT
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The method in which the client’s arm is moved through its range of motion by the therapist while the client remains relaxed is?
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CANCER
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Any massage that increases lymph flow should not be performed on clients with?
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USUALLY BENEFICIAL
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Massage during pregnancy is?
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a) pleasure b) relaxation c) comfort d) ANSWER: all of the above
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The purpose of massage for the critically ill is to bring?
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ENDANGERMENT SITES
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Body areas where caution should be used to avoid damaging underlying anatomical structures are called?
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INCREASED CIRCULATION TO THE INTERNAL ORGANS
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Stimulation of the parasympathetic nervous system causes?
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SEROTONIN
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A relaxing, full-body massage will tend to raise the concentration of_____ in the blood.
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a) interrupting the transmission of pain sensations in the CNS b) increasing the number of endorphins in the bloodstream c) restoring circulation in ischemic tissues ANSWER: all of the above
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Relaxing massage helps reduce pain sensations by?
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CONDITIONAL CONTRAINDICATIONS
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Conditions that require the practitioner to adjust the massage when there are health concerns where certain massage techniques may cause discomfort or have adverse effects are?
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METASTASIS
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The manner in which cancer spreads is?
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STAGE IV CANCER
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Cancer that is well developed and has spread to several organs in the body is termed?
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a) through the bloodstream b) by directly invading neighboring tissues c) through the lymph system d) all of the above ANSWER: all of the above
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Cancer can spread within a person’s body?
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10 FEET BY 12 FEET
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The size of a massage room should be at least?
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75 DEGREES
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The ideal fahrenheit temperature for a massage room is?
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NOT DESIRABLE
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Matching massage movements to the tempo of the music is?
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PRACTITIONER’S HEIGHT
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The height of a massage table is determined by the?
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VINYL
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The best covering for a massage table is?
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ESSENTIAL OIL
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If oil has an unpleasant odor but is not rancid, add a few drops of?
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TO REDUCE THE FRICTION BETWEEN THE CLIENT’S SKIN AND PRACTITIONER’S HANDS
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The primary purpose for a good massage lubricant is?
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DURING CONSULTATION
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The time to determine product allergies is?
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a) to keep the vinyl from the table or bolsters from touching the client’s skin. b) to provide warmth to the client. c) to provide a modest covering for the client d) all of the above. Answer: all of the above
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The purpose of linens is?
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LAWS
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Every state protects the public health through?
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PATHOGENIC
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Disease- producing bacteria are termed?
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STERILIZATION
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The mode of decontamination that destroys microorganisms, including bacterial spores is?
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ANTIBACTERIAL SOAP
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The practitioner’s hand’s should be washed before client’s contact using?
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HEALTY SKIN
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One of the body’s most important defenses against the invasion of harmful bacteria is?
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INFLAMMATION
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A sign that the body is working to destroy harmful microorganisms is?
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DISINFECTING
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What level of decontamination will be acheived by immersing implements in a 10 percent bleach solution for 10 minutes?
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CLORINE BLEACH
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To disinfect linens, add to wash water 1/4 to 1/2 cup of?
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SOAP AND WATER
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Hands can be sanitized with?
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DISCARDED
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Sheets and towels with a rancid odor should be?
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FIRE SAFETY
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Marketing exits and having working fire extinguishers are two examples of?
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PERSONAL SAFETY
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Using proper lifting techniques when moving equipment or clients is an example of?
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TELL SOMEONE YOUR DESTINATION
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When going on an outcall, you should always?
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SCREENING
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The process of clarifying the appropriateness of an appointment is called?
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a) consulting with a doctor b) personal history forms c) client interviews d) all of the above ANSWER: all of the above
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Client information can be obtained by?
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a) client history b) client observation c) client examination d) all of the above ANSWER: all of the above
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A thorough preliminary client assessment will include?
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SUBJECTIVE ASSESSMENT
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how the client holds his body and how he moves is called?
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TREATMENT PLAN
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An outline that the practitioner’s can follow for giving treatments is called a(n)?
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SOAP NOTES
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Work performed on a client is documented in the?
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ACHEIVE BETTER RESULTS
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Accurate records of a client’s treatment help the therapist
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CONFIDENTIAL
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All client information should be considered?
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a) at the end of the consultation. b) when a treatment plan has been agreed upon. c) when there are changes in the course of treatment . d) all of the above ANSWER: all of the above
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When should the practitioner get informed consent from the client?
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BODY LANGUAGE
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Downcast eyes, slouching shoulders, a bright smile, and fidgeting hands are all examples of?
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REVIEW OUTCOMES RELATED TO DESIRED GOALS
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Which of the following is not part of an initial consultation?
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ANATOMY
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The study of the gross structure of the body or an organism and its parts is known as?
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PHYSIOLOGY
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Describing how the organs or body parts function & relate to one another is?
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HISTOLOGY
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The branch of biology concerned w/ the microscopic structure of living tissues is?
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PATHOLOGY
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The study of structural & functional changes caused by disease is?
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INDIRECT
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Lower blood pressure & general relaxation are _______ effects of massage
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HOMEOSTASIS
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The body’s internal balance is called?
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SYMPTOMS
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Perceived conditions such as dizziness, nausea, pain are called?
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SIGNS OF DISEASE
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Observable indications such as fever, abnormal pulse rate, or abnormal skin color are?
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STRESS
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Psychological or physical situation or condition that causes tension or strain is called?
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CORTISOL
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The adrenal hormone that acts as an anti-inflammatory & anti-allergenic in stressful situations is?
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THE PAIN-SPASM-PAIN CYCLE
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A condition that responds well to massage & is associated w/ muscle spasms & ischemic pain is?
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EXHAUSTED
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Prolonged adrenal excretions make the body?
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MUSCLE SPASMS
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The pain-spasm-pain cycle is associated with?
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ISCHEMIA
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The condition in which contracted muscles inhibit blood flow to an area is called?
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LEUKOCYTES
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When tissue is damaged _____ migrate to the area to engulf & digest invading organisms & tissue debris.
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SYSTEMIC INFECTION
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The existence of disease-producing organisms throughout the body is termed a/an?
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INFLAMMATION
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A protective tissue response characterized by swelling, redness, heat & pain is?
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DON’T REPAIR – (FALSE)
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True or False: When injured by trauma or infection, neurons of the CNS repair themselves.
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BODY PART
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The root word usually indicates the?
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WITHOUT
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What does the prefix “a” mean?
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BOTH
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What does the prefix “ambi” mean?
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BENEATH
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What does the prefix “infra” mean?
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PAINFUL CONDITION
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What does the suffix “algia” mean?
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INFLAMMATION
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What does the suffix “itis” mean?
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DISEASED
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What does the suffix “pathic” mean?
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BONE
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What does the root “arth(ro)” mean?
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SKIN
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What does the root “derm” mean?
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ATOMS
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All substances are made from subatonic particles that form?
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CELL
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The basic structure in human organisms is the?
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MITOSIS
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Cell division, which produces new cells is called?
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METABOLISM
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The complex chemical & physical process that nourishes organisms is called?
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MITOCHONDRIA
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Microscopic structures in the cytoplasm of the cell that produce energy needed for cellular work are called?
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HOMEOSTASIS
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Anabolism & catabolism are closely regulated to maintain?
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SKELETAL
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Which of the following is not 1 of the 5 main human tissue types? * epithelial * nervous * connective * skeletal
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ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE
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A special molecule that stores energy for use in muscular activity is?
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CONNECTIVE TISSUE
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Bone, adipose tissue, epimysium & hyaline cartilage are what kinds of tissue?
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EPITHELIAL TISSUE
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The thin tissue layer that forms the skin, organ coverings & inner lining of all hollow organs is the?
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FASCIA
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Fibrous tissue b/w muscle bundles is called?
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SYNOVIAL
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The _____ membrane lines the inner joint cavities.
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TENDONS
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The bands that attach muscles to bone are?
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LIGAMENTS
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The tough, fibrous bands that connect bones to bones are?
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VOLUNTARY MUSCLES
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Skeletal muscles are AKA?
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HEART
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Cardiac muscle tissue occurs only in the?
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CORONAL PLANE
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The imaginary line that divides the body into front & back halves is the _____ plane.
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ABDOMINAL CAVITY
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The liver & stomach are contained in the _____ cavity.
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PROXIMAL
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The elbow is ______ to the wrist?
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STERNUM
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The ribs are lateral to the?
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LOWER BACK
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Lumbar refers to the region of the?
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INFERIOR
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The epigastric are is ______ to the diaphragm.
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10
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How many important organ systems does the human body have?
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SKIN
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What is the largest organ in the body?
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SKIN
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Protection, heat regulation, secretion, excretion & absorption are functions of the?
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MELANIN
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Exposure to ultraviolet light causes the skin to darken by stimulating the production of?
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DERMIS
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Collagen, reticulum & elastin are the fibers in the cells of the?
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COLLAGEN
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The skin gets its strength, form & flexibility from?
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MACULE
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A samll discolored spot on the skin is a?
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PUSTULE
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An elevation of the skin having an inflamed base & contaning pus is a?
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FISSURE
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A crack in the skin penetrating into the derma is a?
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RECOGNIZE & REFER
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What should MT do with skin disorders of an area?
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LESION
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A generalized term for a structural change in tissue due to disease or injury is a?
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SKULL
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Flat bones are found in the?
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206
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How many bones are in the human adult skeleton?
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APPENDICULAR SKELETON
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The bones of the upper & lower extremities form what skeleton?
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RED BONE MARROW
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White blood cells are produced by the?
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DIAPHYSIS
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The shaft of a bone is the?
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PERIOSTEUM
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The bone is covered by the ______, which is a fibrous membrane whose function is to protect the bone & serve as an attachment for the tendons & ligaments.
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EPIPHYSIS
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The ends of a bone is the?
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THE SCAPULA
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Where is the coracoid process located?
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SYNARTHOTIC
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Immovable joints are?
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LIMITED
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The ROM of amphiarthotic joints is?
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HIP
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What is an example of a diarthotic joint?
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BALL & SOCKET JOINTS
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Which joints have the greatest ROM
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ELASTICITY
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The ability of a muscle to return to its original shape a/f being stretched is called?
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EPIMYSIUM
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The layer of connective tissue that covers an individual muscle is called?
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ENDOMYSIUM
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Each muscle fiber w/in a fascicle is by covered by what tissue?
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ACTIN
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Muscle’s contractile ability is a result of the interaction b/w 2 filaments, myosin & _____?
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CARDIAC
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What type of muscle tissue is found in the heart wall?
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SARCOLEMMA
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The cell membrane of a muscle fiber is called the?
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SARCOMERE ARRANGEMENT
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The striated appearance of skeletal muscles results from the?
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# OF MOTOR UNITS STIMULATED
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The strength of a muscle contraction is varied by changing the?
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TRANSVERSE TUBULES
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The transmission of the stimulus of muscle contraction is aided by?
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ATP
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Enery for muscle contractions comes from?
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ACETYLCHOLINE
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_____ is found in the gap b/w the end of the motor nerve & the muscle fiber.
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MUSCLE FATIGUE
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The condition in which muscles cease to respond due to lack of oxygen & buildup of waste products is called?
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ISOMETRIC
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A muscle contraction in which the body part affected by the muscle does not move is called?
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ISOTONIC
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A muscle contraction in which the distance b/w the ends of the muscle changes is called?
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BICEPS BRACHII
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The muscle that originates on the coracoid process & flexes the elbow is the?
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STERNOCLEIDOMASTOID
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A muscle that flexes the neck or turns the head to the opposite side is the?
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GRADE II
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A muscle strain that involves a partial tear of 10-50% of the muscle fibers is classified as?
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MUSCULAR DYSTROPHY
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A group of related genetic diseases that cause progressive degeneration of the voluntary muscular system is called?
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CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
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Supplying the body w/ nutrients & carrying away waste products is the function of the?
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CAPILLARIES
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The 2-way diffusion of substances b/w the blood & tissue fluids surrounding cells is the function of the?
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VEINS
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Waste-laden blood returns to the heart through the?
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CLOTTING
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Blood platelets are important to proper?
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PHAGOCYTOSIS
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Macrophages are large cells (WBC) that destroy foreign bacteria by the process of?
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DIFFUSION
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The process in which substances move from an area of higher concentration to an area of lower concentration is?
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ULNAR ARTERY
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Blood is supplied to the small finger side of the hand by the?
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SUPERIOR & INFERIOR VENA CAVA
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The right atrium receives blood directly from the?
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INTERSTITIAL FLUID
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The liquid that surrounds tissue cells is called?
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LYMPHATIC
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Toxic molecules are filtered by the _____ system?
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SUBCLAVIAN
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Lymph re-enters the blood vascular system through the ____ vein?
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10%
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Approximately how much of the fluid that leaves the blood-vascular system is absorbed by the lymph-vascular system?
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ANEMIA
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A condition in which there is an inadequate population of erythrocytes is?
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SYNAPSE
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The junction at which impulses are passed from 1 neuron to another is called a/ an?
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AFFERENT NERVES
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The CNS consists of the spinal cord & the?
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EFFERENT NEURON
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A motor neuron is also called a/ an?
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SENSORY, MOTOR, INTERNEURON
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The 3 types of neuron are?
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CEREBELLUM
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Body balance & voluntary muscle movement are controlled by the?
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31
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The spinal cord has ____ pairs of spinal nerves.
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CERVICAL PLEXUS
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Movement of head, neck & shoulders is controlled by the?
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CEREBRAL CORTEX
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All thought, association & judgment take place in the?
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SCIATIC
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The largest & longest nerve in the body is the _____ nerve.
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PHRENIC
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Damage to the _____ nerve could cause inability of the diaphragm to function.
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BRACHIAL PLEXUS
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Nerves from the 5th, 6th & 7th cervical vertebrae form the?
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GOLGI TENDON ORGANS
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Specialized nerve endings that sense the amount of tension produced in muscle cells are called?
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CRANIAL, SPINAL, SYMPATHETIC NERVES
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Name the peripheral nerves?
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ANS – AUTONOMIC
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The parasympathetic & sympathetic nervous system constitute the?
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EXOCRINE GROUP
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Various skin & intestinal glads belong to the?
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ENDOCRINE GROUP
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Glands that depend on blood & lymph to carry their secretions belong to the?
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INSULIN
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What causes a decrease in the level of blood glucose?
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HORMONES
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Endocrine glands secrete chemicals called?
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PANCREAS
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The gland that has both exocrine & endocrine qualities is the?
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THYROID
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The body’s metabolism is regulated by the ____ gland.`
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CORTISOL
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The hormone that represses or resolves conditions of inflammation is?
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RESPIRATION
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Exchange of carbon dioxide & oxygen is called?
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CELLS
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Internal respiration occurs b/w the blood & the?
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HEMOGLOBIN
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Oxygen is carried from the lungs to body cells by linking (chemically bonding) with?
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14 TO 20
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Normal adult respiration occurs how many X’s / minute?
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MOUTH, PHARYNX, ESOPHAGUS, STOMACH, SMALL & LRG INTESTINES
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The alimentary canal includes (w/o accessory organs)?
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ABSORPTION
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Transfer of nutrients from the intestines to the blood or lymph is called?
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BLDG & REPAIRING TISSUE & RELEASING HEAT & ENERGY
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Metabolism is a series of chemical reactions that take place in the tissue cells. These reactions are necessary for?
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DUODENUM, JEJUNUM, ILEUM
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The small intestine consists of 3 parts, beginning with the stomach what order follows?
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KIDNEY, URETER, BLADDER, URETHRA
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Urine is produced in & eliminated from the organs of the urinary system in what order?
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LIKE YOURSELF AND WHAT YOU DO.
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A positive self-image means that you?
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APPERANCE, BUSINESS CONDUCT, CUSTOMER SERVICE
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Your public image includes all of the following:
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BUSINESS PLANNING
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Clarifying your business’s purpose, stating a mission, setting goals, and determining priorities is called?
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MISSION STATEMENT
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A short, general statement of the business’s main focus is called a/an?
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SOLE PROPRIETORSHIP
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A business that has stockholders is called a?
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CORPORATION
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A business that has stockholders is called a?
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FAILURE
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Undercapitalization and poor management are the two main reasons for small business (what)?
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LIABILITY
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The insurance that covers costs of injures occuring on your property and resulting litigation is called_____ insurance?
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WELL ESTABLISHED, REPUTABLE, IN A GOOD LOCATION.
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When buying an established business, make sure it is?
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MALPRACTICE
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Insurance that protects the therapist from lawsuits filed by the client, due to injury or loss from negligence or poor execution of a professional skill, is called?
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WORKER’S COMPENSATION
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Insurance that covers the medical cost for employees injured on the job is called?
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DISBURSEMENT RECORD
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A ledger thst seperates and classifies every business expenditure is called?
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RENT, SUPPLIES, ADVERTISING
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All of the following are business expenses:
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ADVERTISING
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The marketing activity done in return for direct payment is called
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NETWORKING
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developing personal and professional contacts for the purpose of giving and receiving support and sharing information is called:
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REFERRALS
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The best and least expensive way to create new business is through?
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FEDDERAL GOVERMENT
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Social Security and unemployment compensation are two regulations of the?
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STATE GOVERMENT
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Sales taxes, licenses, and worker’s compensation are required by:
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INDEPENDENT CONTRACTOR
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A person hired on as her own boss is called a/an?
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PRENATAL MASSAGE
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Massage done on an expectant mother during pregnancy is?
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IN A SIDE-LYING OR SEMI-RECLINING POSITION
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During the later stages of pregnancy, a woman should receive massages?
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BONE MARROW
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The _____ is considered to be a primary lymphoid organ?
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BEGIN AND END AT THE SITE OF LOCAL LYMPH NODES, ARE CIRCULAR OR SLIGHTLY ELLIPTICAL, USE A LIGHT PRESSURE AND SLOW RHYTHM.
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Lymph massage movements?
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400-1000
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There are______ lymph nodes in the human body?
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LYMPH CAPILLARIES
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Small, thin walled tubes that collect lymph from interstitial fluid are called
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TONGUE
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Submaxillary lymph nodes are located under the?
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STRUCTURAL INTEGRATION
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A bodywork technique that technique that attempts to bring the structure of the body into alignment around a cntral axis is called?
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ROLFING
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Realignment of muscular and connective tissue and reshaping the body’s physical posture is called?
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DR. JOHN UPLEDGER
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Craniosacral therapy was developed by?
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AN ACTIVE TRIGGER POINT
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A hypersensative nodule located in a taut band of muscle that radiates pain when compressed is?
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WITH ISCHEMIC COMPRESSION
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Massage therapist can treat trigger points?
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ISCHEMIC COMPRESSION
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dligital pressure directly into the trigger point is called?
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MUSCLE ENERGY TECHNIQUE
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Using neurophysical muscle reflexes to improve the functional mobility of the joints is called?
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CONTRACT RELAX
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The technique based on the theory that as soon as a strong muscle contraction releases, the muscle relaxes is called?
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STRAIN-COUNTERSTRAIN
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Positioning and supporting patients in pain-free, comfortable positions is called?
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BRING THE ATTACHMENTS OF THE AFFECTED TISSUE INTO CLOSER PROXIMITY, MOVE AWAY FROM PAIN INTO THE BODY’S PREFERRED POSITION.
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Positon release techniques
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ORTHOBIONOMY
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The correct application of the natural laws of life is called?
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PRECISION MUSCLE TAKING
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A type of specialized kinesiology used to evaluate energetic imbalances in the body is called?
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POSITIONAL RELEASE
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The procedure that gently moves contracted tissues into the direction of contraction while bringing the ends of the hypercontracted muscle tissue closer together is called?
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ENERGETIC MANIPULATION
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Acupunture, shiatsu, polarity and reflexology are examples of?
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CHI
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The philosophical Chinese term for energy existing in life is called?
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MERIDIANS
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Energy circulates through the body in a network called?
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ENERGY FLOW
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Meridians have been mapped on the body according to location and direction of?
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395
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The approximate number of acupoint located on the 12 major meridians is?
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SHIATSU
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The Japanese finger pressure method to increase circulation and relive stress is called?
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BIG TOE
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Reflexologists beleive that headaches can be cured by performing reflex massage on the?
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NEAR THE END OF THE 19TH CENTURY
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The term massage first appeared in medical writings?
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DOUGLAS GRAHAM
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Manual Therapies, A Treatise on Massage was published in 1902 by who?
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1945
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Massage and physiotherapy were used for treating orthopedic conditions in the United States until about?
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ALTERNATIVE PRACTICE
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Massage and the other healing practices that developed outside the Western medical model during the 1960’s through the 1980’s were considered?
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HOLISTIC
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Healing approach that regard the entire person including the spiritual, physical, mental, emotional, social, and enviromental rather than just the symptoms are considered?
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INTEGRATIVE MEDICINE
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Combining conventional Western medical practices with alternative and complementary therapies to best benfit a patient’s health is?
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A PHYSICIAN’S REFERRAL
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Providing massage services to a patient in a hospital requires?
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SWEDISH
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The massage movements most frequently used by nurses are?
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BLEEDING, SWOLLEN , BURNED
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Massage is not perfomed on an area that is?
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REASONS TO REFER TO A DOCTOR, WARNING SIGNS OF CANCER, CONTRAINDICATIONS FOR MASSAGE
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A sore that has not healed normally, lumps underneath the arms or in the breast, and a persistant hoarseness, coughing, or sore throat are?
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MEDICAL MASSAGE
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A massage prescribed by a physician to address a diagnosed condition can be considered a?
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DIAGNOSIS OF THE CONDITION, AN ORDER FOR MASSAGE THERAPY SERVICES TO BE PERFORMED, THE FREQUENCY OF TREATMENTS
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A prescription for massage should contain?
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PERSONAL INJURY CLAIMS
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What type of insurance is more likely to pay for medical massage services?
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OBTAIN VERIFICATION FROM HER INSURANCE CARRIER
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What should a therapist do before providing services to a client with an insurance claim?
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MEDICAL INFORMATION RELEASE FORM
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What form must be signed by the client before discussing her case with an insurance agent or other medical personnel?
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SO IT CAN BE READ BY AN OPTICAL SCANNER
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Why is the HFCA 1500 form printed in red ink?
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A SYSTEM TO CATEGORIZE MEDICAL SERVICES, CURRENT PROCEDURAL TERMINOLOGY, A LIST OF ALLLOWABLE FEES FOR MEDICAL PROCEDURES
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What are CPT codes?
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BODY MOVEMENT
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Kinesiology is the study of?
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HYPEREMIA
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Blood remaining in muscle for an extended period is called?
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PALM
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Compression strokes in athletic massage use the?
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RADIATE
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A trigger point causes pain to?
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RELAXED
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Shaking and jostling are performed on muscles that are?
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PNF
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The therapist- assisted active and resistive patterened movements used in the rehabilitation of disabilities are commonly known as?
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MUSCLE SPASM
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MET helps to counteract?
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30 MINUTES
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Pre-event massage should be given this far in advance of an event?
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TRAINING
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The most beneficial form of massage for athletes is?
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GRADE I (one)
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A sprain with mild pain and minimal loss of function is classified as?
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GRADE II (two)
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A sprain with some tearing of fiberous tissue is classified as?
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CHRONIC
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Injuries that have a gradual onset or recur often are called?
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MICROTRAUMA
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An injury in or between muscle fibers is called?
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GREEKS AND ROMANS
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The spa tradition is thought to have originated with the?
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THE GOLDEN DOOR
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The first modern spa that opened in the United States in the 1950’s and focused on holistic health, fitness, diet and overall well-being was?
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12,102
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According to the International Spa Association’s 2004 Spa Industry Profile, there were_______spas in the United States in 2004.
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MASSAGE
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The most popular service offered in spas is?
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IS ANY BODY TREATMENT GIVEN IN A SPA FACILITY
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A spa massage?
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TIME CONSTRAINTS, LOW EXPECTATIONS FROM CLIENTS, INEXPERIENCED CLIENTS
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The challenge for many therapist working in spas to give high quality therapeutic massage sessions consistently is?
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BASALT
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Heated stones for stone massage are usually made of?
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140 DEGREES (F)
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The highest temperature for heating stones for stone massage is?
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EXFOLIATION
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A spa treatment that applies a product to the skin with the intention of removing old skin cells is termed?
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APPLIED TO THE SKIN, DIFFUSED INTO THE AIR, ADDED TO PRODUCTS.
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Aromatherapy uses essential oils?
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12 to 15
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When mixing an essential oil with a carrier oil, approximately____ drops of the essential oil is added to the carrier oil?
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RELAX AND IMROVE MOOD
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The primary purpose of an aromatherapy wrap is to?
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NOURISH AND REMINERALIZE
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The primary purpose of a seaweed wrap is to?
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SMALL CIRCULAR MOVEMENTS
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The primary manipulation used when performing an exfoliation treatment is?
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VIBRATOR
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A popular electrical apparatus used in massage is the?
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STIMULATING
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A short application of cold is?
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TISSUE DAMAGE
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Thermal treatments below 32 degrees (F) or above 115 degrees (F) may cause?
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HYPOTHERMIA
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Prolonged application of cold leads to a physical condition called?
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DRY HEAT
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Heating pads and infrared radiation are types of?
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WATER
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Hydrotherapy is the therapeutic use of?
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DIABETES
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Saunas and steam baths should be avoided by people with heart conditions or?
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HAVE AN ANALGESTIC EFFECT
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A local application of cold will?
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CRYOTHERAPY
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Cool applied for therapeutic purposes is called?
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SWELLING, BRUISING, PAIN
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Ice is used on some injuries to prevent?
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HEAT ANDCOLD
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To increase circulation to an injured area and promote healing, alternate applications of?
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ISOPROPYL ALCOHOL
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An economical alternative to commercial ice packs is a plastic bag containing a 2:1 mixture of crushed ice and?
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IT IS INEXPENSIVE TO USE, IT IS READILY AVAILABLE, IT ABSORBS AND CONDUCTS HEAT.
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Water is a valuable therapeutic agent for all of the folowing reasons?
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THERMAL
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Water temperatures that are above or below body temperatures have this effect?
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MECHANICAL
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Sprays, whirlpools, and friction are examples of this effect?
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CHEMICAL
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Drinking water is an example of this effect?
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CONTRAINDICATIONS
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Cardiac conditions, diabetes, lung disease, and high or low blood pressure are examples of hydrotherapy what?
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92 DEGREES (F)
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The average temperature of the skin’s surface is?
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DEPRESSING
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Prolonged use of cold applications has this effect?
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SECONDARY EFFECT
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Expansion of blood vessels folllowing cold application is called a/an?
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COOL
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A bath with water 67 dergees (F) to 75 degrees (F) is considered?
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TEPID
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A bath with a water temperature of 85 degrees (F) to 95 degrees (F) is considered?
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NERVOUS SYSTEM
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A cold bath shocks the body’s
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BODY SHAMPOO
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A Swedish shampoo is also called a?
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SALT RUB
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The frictional application of wet salt over the body is called a?
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ASSESSMENT, PLANNING, PERFORMANCE
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The therapeutic procedure involves all of the following?
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TO ESTABLISH A BASELINE OF THE CLIENT’S FUNCTIONAL ABILITY IN ORDER TO TRACK THEIR IMPROVEMENTS
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The purpose of performing a client assessment is?
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CONTRACTILE TISSUES
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Muscle tissues, tendons, and muscle attachments are called?
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GOOD SIDE
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When assessing range of motion, first test the clients?
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SUBJECTIVE FINDINGS
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Pain and how the client reacts to it is called a/an?
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SPRINGY END FEEL
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Limitation of a joint movement due to the stretching of fibrous tissues is called?
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PALPATATION
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The source of pain can be pinpointed through?
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EVALUATION
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Determining if goals have been met is called?
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ACTIVE MOVEMENT, PASSIVE MOVEMENT, RESISTED MOVEMENT, PALPATION
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When performing ROM assessment, the order of the tests that provide the most accurate information is?
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CLIENT AND MEDICAL HISTORY
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Which of the following takes place during the assessment?
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CLIENT INTAKE
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Explaining policies and procedures, medical history, palpation examination, and informed consent are all part of the?
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EMOTIONAL TRAUMA, PATHOLOGIC CONDITIONS, POOR WORK HABITS
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Postural deviations or distortions are caused by?
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ASSESSING ACTIVE MOVEMENT
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Observing a client’s ability and willingness to move a body part through a range of motion is?
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RESTRICTIVE BARRIER
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When manipulating soft tissue, the first sense of bind represents the?
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TERMED PALPATION
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Using the hands and sense of touch to assess the qualities of the tissues is?
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AN ACUTE INJURY
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AN injury that begins with an event, causes some tissue disruption, and is fairly recent is considered?
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NOTE THE REACTION AND PERFORM FURTHER TEST
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When a client is asked to actively flex the shoulder, he cautiously lifts his arm approximately 30 degrees then stops quickly, winces, and grabs his shoulder, the practioner should?
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THE CLIENT’S REQUEST FOR A RELAXING MASSAGE, INTAKE AND MEDICAL FORMS THAT INDICATE BACK AND NECK PAIN, A DOCTOR’S REPORT THAT INDICATES OSTEOPOROSIS
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When plannning session strategies, which of the following should be considered?
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SLIGHT MODIFICATIONS TO THE PLAN SHOULD BE MADE ACCORDING TO SESSION EVALUATIONS AND INDIVIDUAL PRE-SESSION INTERVIEWS
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When a client and practitioner have formulated a plan for six sessions.
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AFTER EVERY SESSION, AFTER A NUMBER OF SESSIONS, DURING THE MASSAGE
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Evaluation is the part of therapeutic procedure that is done?
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WITH ALL CLOTHING REMOVED
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The most effective way to receive a massage is?
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DRAPING
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A client’s modesty is protected with proper?
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FULL SHEET
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The draping method that covers the table and wraps the client with a single linen is called?
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EFFEURAGE
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Oil is applied with this stroke?
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UNDRAPING
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The first procedure when massaging a part of the body is?
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SEQUENCE
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The pattern or design of the massage that provides for a smooth progression from one stroke to the next is the?
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SUPERFICIAL TO DEEP AND BACK TO SUPERFICIAL, ADJACENT BODY PARTS, GENERAL TO SPECIFIC AND BACK TO GENERAL
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When developing a massage sequence, which of the following is important to keep in mind.
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JOINT MOVEMENTS
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A client with Osteoporosis should not have a neck massage that includes?
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KIDNEYS
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Percussion should not be applied to the back area over the?
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ASSIST THEM INTO A SITTING POSITION AND SUPPORT THE TABLE, MAINTAINING CONTACT WITH THEM AS THEY STAND UP
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When the massage is finished and it is time for the client to get up and off the table, the practitioner should?
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ENTIRE BODY
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The proper application of massage technique uses the practitioner’s?
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HANDS
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The most important tools used by a massage practitioner are the?
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DO NO HARM
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The first rule in massage and bodywork is?
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BODY MECHANICS
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The observation of body postures in relation to safe and efficient movement in daily living activities is called?
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USE THEIR ENTIRE BODY
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To increase power and conserve energy when giving massages, the practitioner should?
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CORRECT POSTURE
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Preventing backaches and conserving strength is achieved through
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BIOMECHANICAL DEVIATION
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The degree of misalignment of the supporting structures of the body is termed?
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CENTERING
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The concept tht you have a geographical center in your body is called?
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GROUNDING
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The concept that you have a connection with the client and help her to release unwanted tention and stress is called?
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SEQUENCE
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The pattern or design of a massage is called?
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SWEDISH MOVEMENTS
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Most current massage styles are based on?
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THERAPEUTIC
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When a practioner recognizes the purpose ans effects of movements and adapts the treatment to the client, the massage practice has become?
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THIN TISSUES
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Light movements are applied to bony parts or?
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HEART
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In Swedish massage, most manipulations are directed toward the?
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IS TOUCH
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A massage practitioner’s main mode of communication?
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CENTRIFUGAL
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A massge movement directed away from the heart is called?
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1 HOUR
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A full body massage can usually be completed by?
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TOUCH
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In massage, plcing your hand, finger, or forearm on the client without movement is called?
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GLIDING
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Sliding the hand over some portion of the client’s body with varying amounts of pressure is called?
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PERCUSSION
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Rapidly striking the hands against the surface of the clients’s body is called?
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DEEP TOUCH
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When calming, stimulating, or anesthetizing effects are desired, the practitioner should use?
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AURA STROKING
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A type of gliding wherein the practitioner’s hands glide the length of the client’s entire body part without actually touching is called?
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FINGERS
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Efflleurage over a small area such as the face is usually performed with the
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SUPERFICIAL GLIDING STROKES
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Lubricants are spread over an area using?
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WEIGHT OF CLIENT
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Which of the following is not a factor in determining the depth of a deep, gliding movement?
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ADHESIONS
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Kneading helps to reduce
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FRICTION
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Moving a superficial layer of tissue against a deeper layer of tissue is called?
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COMPRESSION
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A technique that causes an increase in the amount of blood in an area of hyperemia is?
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MORE PLIABLE
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Heat makes the connective tissues around muscles?
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ARMS AND LEGS
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Chucking, rolling, wringing, and shaking are types of friction applied when massaging the?
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TRAGER
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Shaking and rocking are used extensively in this method?
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PRESSURE
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Nerve trunks and centers are sometimes chosen as sites for the application of?
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TRANSVERSE FRICTION MASSAGE
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The preferred technique to reduce fibrosis and the formation of scar tissue at the site of a soft tissue injury is?
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OSCILLATING
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A mechanical vibrator that has a back-and-fourth movement is called?
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ORBITAL
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A mechanical vibrator that has a circular movement is called?
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PERCUSSION
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Movements that include tapping, beating, or slapping are called?
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END FEEL
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When doing passive joint movements, the change in the quality of movement as the limb reaches the extent of its possible range is termed?
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CONTRACT MUSCLES
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Active joint movements require that the client?