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Massage Therapy

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A.S.I.S
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Anterior Superior Iliac Spine
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A.I.I.S
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Anterior Inferior Iliac Spine
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A.S.I.S is important for what
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Postural analysis
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TMJ Muscles
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Masseter,lateral & Medial Pterygoid,Temporalis
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TMJ joint
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tempromandibular joint
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Sternum Bony Landmarks
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Manubrium,Xiphoid process
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Scapula Bony Landmarkd
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Spine,Acromion process,Vertebral border, Inferior angle,Axillary border
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Shoulder girdle bones/Landmarks
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Clavical,Manubrium,Scapula
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shoulder joint
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Glenohumeral
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Axial Skeleton
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Skull,Spine,Sacrum
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Spine Bony Landmarks
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C2,C7,Spinous Processes
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3 Bones of Pelvis
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Iliam,Ischium,Pubis
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Most common joint
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Synovial
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why is curvature of spine so important
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distributes impact and compression more easily
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Phasic Muscles
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Short term,Powerful,Tire easily
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postural muscles
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sustain long peroids of contraction
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Agonist
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Prime Mover
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Antagoinit
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Opposes Prime mover
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Synergist
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Assists Prime mover
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Muscles of Mastication
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Masseter,temporalis,Buccinator,Orbicularis Oris
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SCM Name
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Stenocleidomastoid
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Originates at Sternum & clavical,Inserts to Mastoid Process
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SternoCleidoMastoid SCM
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What is Synergistic to SCM
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Scalenes
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what do the Splenius muscled do
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Rotation & Lateral Flexion of head and neck
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Splenius Muscle names
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Splenius capitus,Splenius Medius
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What muscles are deepest to the spine
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Rotatores
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Muscles of Inhilation
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Scalenes.Pec Minor,SCM,Diaphram,external intercostals,Serratus Posterior Superior
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Muscles of Expiration
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Internal intercostals, serratus posterior inferior,Abdominals,Diaphram
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Insertion of Levator scapula
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Superior tip of Scapula
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Origin of Levator scapula
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C1-C4
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Action of Levator scapula
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Elevates,Rotates Scapula can flip O& I
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What muscles retracts and moves scapula (slightly) upward
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Rhomboids Major & Minor
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what muscles twist the the trunk
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Obliques internal & external
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What are the deepest abbominal muscles
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Transverse Abdominals
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Carpal tunnel Nerve
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Median nerve
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Action of Atlanto-Occipital Joint
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Slight Free movement yes/no side/side & diagonaly
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Atlantoaxial joint Action
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Pivot and Rotate
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Acromioclavicular joint
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clavical/shoulder joint
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Acromion process location
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lateral end of spine-o-scapula forms top of shoulder
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Socket of glenohumeral joint is called
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Glenoid Fossa
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# of cervical vertebrae
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Seven 7
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# of thorasic vertebrae
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twelve 12
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# of Lumbar vertebrae
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five 5
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the sacrum is made up of
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5 fused vertebrae
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The coccyx is
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4 fused vertebrae
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what are unattached ribs called
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floating
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false ribs are where
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above floating attached by cartliage to sternum
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what is the sacroiliac joint
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fibro cartlige
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Order of wrist joints
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RadioCarpal,CarpalMetaCarpal,Proximal-MetaCarpal Phalangeal,Distal Inter phalangeal
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Bony landmark of elbow/humerus
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Epicondile-o-humerus medial & lateral
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why is shoulder so prone to injury
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Shallow fossa & soft tissue support
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C2 is what
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Atlanto axial
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C1 is what
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Atlanto Occipital
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Profundus
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Deep
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Superficialis
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superficial
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where does trapezius Originate
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Occiput ligamentum nuchae,spinous processes C7-T12
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Where does trapezius Insert
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lateral clavical,Acromion process,spine-o-scapula
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what muscle does NOT rotate Scapula
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Supraspinatus
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Synergist to Supraspinalis
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Deltoids
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Deltoids CAN’T do what
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ADduct
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Action of Rhomboids
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Retraction of scapula
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Action of Serratus Anterior
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Protraction of scapula
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Agonist to Rhomboids
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Serratus Anterior
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Muscles of the scapula
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Supraspinatus,Infraspinatus,Teres Minor,Subscapularis,serratus anterior
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Trapezius Can’t Do this
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Protract/Pull forward
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Flexor gererally Attach
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Medial
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Extensors generally Attach
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Lateral
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Entrapment
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muscles squeezing nerves
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compresion of nerve
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bone pushing on nerve
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Entrapment of Braccial plexus is from what muscles
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Scalenes,subscapularis,Pec-Minor
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Splenius Capitus/Splenius Cerisis Do what
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bilateral,unilateral flexion and rotation
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Erector Spinae Faschia
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Thoracolumbar and Nuchael Faschia
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Erector Spinae Group
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Iliocostalis,Longissimus,Spinalis
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Transversospinalis Group
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Semispinalis Multifidus
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Synovial joint is
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at the ends of articulating bones covered by Hayaline cartilage and sepparated by Synovial fluid
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Tight Pec muscles Cause
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inward shoulder rotation rounded upper back
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Elbow joints
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RadioUlna/HumeroUlna joint
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Wrist joint
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RadioCarpal joint
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Joints of Vertebral body
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Intervertebral joints
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Spinal cord Nerve holes
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Foramen
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Spinocostal joints
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Vertebrae to Rib
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Concentric Contraction
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origin & insertion moving together
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Eccentric Contraction
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Lengthening distance of O & A
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Isometric Contraction
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a holding balancing contraction no movement
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Fossa
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concave space for joint ball
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Dorsiflexion
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foot pulling upwards
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Plantarflexion
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pointing foot down
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Eversion
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Foot rolling out with toes flexed
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Inversion
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rolling foot in with toes flexed
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Protraction
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forward
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Retraction
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backward
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Headache muscles
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Traps,SCM,temporalis,semispenalis capititis/cervicis/longissimus
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Rotator cuff does not include this muscle
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Supraspinatus(ABducts only)
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Muscles on the medial side usually do what
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they ADduct
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Muscles on the lateral side usually do what
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they ABduct
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Oblique muscles actions
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Rotate
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Agonist and Antagonist
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Usually on opposite sides from each other
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Action of trapezius
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elevation,upward rotation,retraction,depression of scapula
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Action of latissimus dorsi
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Extension,Medial rotation,ADduction of Humerus
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Action of Teres Major
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Extension,Medial rotation,ADuction of Humerus Lat’s Little Helper
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Action of Levator Scapula
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Elevation,Downward rotation of scapula
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Action of Rhomboids
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Retraction,downward rotation of scapula
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Action of Deltoids
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Extend,Rotate,Horrizontal ABduction,Abduction( 90 Deg’s)Of Humerus
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Action of Coricobrachialis
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Flexion and ADduction of Humerus
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Action of Supraspinatus
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Initiates Abduction of Hemerus
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Action of Infraspinatus
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Lateral rotation,Extension of Humerus
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Action of Teres Minor
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Lateral Rotation, Extension of Humerus
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Action of Subscapularis
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Medial rotation of Humerus
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Action of Pectoralis Major
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ADduction,Horrizontal ADduction,medial rotation of Humerus
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Action of Pectoralis Minor
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Protraction,depression,Downward Rotation of scapula
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Action of Subclavius
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Stabalizes clavical
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Rotator Cuff Muscles
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Supraspinatus,Infraspinatus,Teres Minor,Subscapularis