Marriage and Cohabitation (Ch.8)

Flashcard maker : Ashlynn Thompson
Sociologists have objected to the market model of marriage for all of the following reasons EXCEPT:
this model trivializes human intimacy.
Which of the following can NOT be concluded from the data given in your textbook?
Americans no longer take marriage as seriously as they did in the past.
Which of the following is NOT a symbolic interactionist interpretation of wedding planning and wedding ceremonies?
The “wedding industrial complex” is an exploitative aspect of the engagement experience.
According to researcher Tera Hurt, which of the following statements is true about the four categories of reasons for marital happiness?
They are mostly individualistic.
Which of the following is NOT one of the primary forms of endogamy practiced in the United States?
desire for children
Religious leaders, counselors, media, and social workers are some examples of this category of reasons people marry:
social pressure
The trend in public opinion indicates that:
a growing majority will continue to support same-sex marriage rights.
The social space in which people search for potential marriage partners is called:
marriage market.
Even though U.S. society rigorously values individualism, Americans nevertheless still predominantly view marriage as:
a lifelong commitment.
An increasing number of people are not getting married at all; however,
a great majority of people do get married.
Marriage rates have:
dramatically decreased since the 1960s.
Among the poor and working class, the desire to wait for financial stability motivates them toward:
cohabitation before marriage.
Which are the two assumptions necessary for viewing marriage as a market?
voluntary participation and competition
Adjusted for inflation, the cost of throwing a wedding now, compared with the cost in 1945, is:
about the same.
Marriage rates among black women have declined due to all of the following EXCEPT:
increased job opportunities for black women.
The text describes couples who may choose cohabitation instead of marriage in any of the following instances EXCEPT:
couples who are philosophically opposed to marriage.
The norms for marriage have become weaker, leaving it to be considered more optional. Andrew Cherlin calls this:
the deinstitutionalization of marriage.
The decline in marriage rates is due to
people marrying later.
Which of the following is NOT a source of social change in family life discussed in Chapter 8?
Family life has become less central to many people’s identities.
The marriage squeeze:
is an example of demography affecting marriage choices.
The author of the text asserts that the benefits of marriage stem from all of the following sources EXCEPT:
communication.
The 1993 policy implemented by Bill Clinton to address the issue of gay military recruits was known as:
“Don’t Ask Don’t Tell”.
This policy passed by Congress in 1996 forbade the government from recognizing the marriages of same-sex couples.
DOMA
In researching marriage among black men, Tera Hurt found that happily married men usually valued which of the following?
lifelong commitment, success, emotional support, and security
Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) had two major goals. They were:
to provide assistance to poor families and promote two-parent families.
The marriage practice of early humans and ancient civilizations that facilitated trade, reduced health problems, and prevented conflict was called:
exogamy.
Which conclusion can NOT be drawn from current marriage trends?
Americans are more likely to value careers over family.
Religious endogamy has increased, in part, due to:
ethnic assimilation of some groups, such as Jews.
According to research, which of the following is NOT true about marital satisfaction?
Marriage is more beneficial for women than it is for men.
Social status is one of the rewards of marriage. Consequently, some single people-particularly women-suffer from:
stigma.
Which of the following was NOT a criticism of Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF) discussed in the text?
The program required too many tax dollars and unfairly redistributed wealth.
At this time in the United States, what fraction of people who marry have cohabited first?
2/3.
Which is true about social class and marital happiness?
Richer couples tend to be happier, whether married or cohabiting.
Which of the following is NOT a reason given in the text for the decline in marriage rates?
racism.
Which of the following is NOT true about racial intermarriage in the United States?
Outmarriage of white men and African American women is common because there are so many available African American women.
Many previously divorced couples over 50 choose cohabitation:
as a substitute for marriage.
The text indicates three primary reasons people still choose to marry. Which of the following is NOT one of these reasons?
religious beliefs
Which of the following is NOT a way that social scientists have tried to understand the decline in marriage rates?
by interviewing experts such as counselors
Which of the following is true about current trends in marriage?
Marriage rates are on the rise for those with college degrees.

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