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MA Chapter 54:Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation

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Which of the following is a typical form of physical therapy?
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Applying cold and heat
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Which of the following is NOT a typical task for a MA who is working with a therapeutic team?
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Determining the type and length of therapy to be used
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In which type of therapy do pt’s work with plants and flowers to help improve balance, strength, memory, and socialization skills?
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Horticultural therapy
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Which type of therapy is MOST likely to be used to help a pt regain muscle strength in a badly injured leg?
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Aquatic therapy
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The device that is used to test a pt’s range of motion is a(n) _____.
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Goniometer
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The degree to which a joint is able to move is its ____.
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Range of Motion (ROM)
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Brian has come to the physician’s office complaining of pain an stiffness in his left elbow. He is a member of the crew team at his college, and the stiffness is affecting his ability to row. Which type of testing would you expect the physician to perform first?
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Mobility and muscle strength testing
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The type of testing in which a pt is asked to resist pressure applied by the physician or MA is ______.
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Muscle strength testing
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The physician ask the pt to walk away, turn around, and walk back to test the pt’s ______.
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Gait
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Posture testing includes ______.
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Looking at the pt’s spinal curve from all sides
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Which of the following is an example of a dry heat treatment?
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Hot-water bottle
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An example of a moist heat treatment is _____.
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Hot compress
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Which of the following is NOT an expected result of cyrotherapy?
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Muscle relaxation
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Which of the following is an expected result of thermotherapy?
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Reduction of muscle spasms
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Eleanor is a 44-year-old pt who was brought to the ER where you work for treatment of minor injuries from an automobile accident. The physician has ordered an ice pack to be applied to Eleanor’s right arm to help reduce swelling and pain. Five minutes after you place the ice on her arm, Eleanor asks you to remove it. She says it is “burning” her arm. You look, but do not see any unusual redness or paleness of the skin. What would you do?
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Remove the ice pack and report Eleanor’s response to the physician
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Fluidotherapy is a technique for stimulating healing in which the body part is placed into _____.
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A container of heated glass beads
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The physician has ordered a hot-water bottle for Ellie, an 18-month-old child. You will use a thermometer to make sure the water in the bottle is between ______.
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105F and 115F
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Which of the following disorders might be treated using an ultraviolet lamp?
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Psoriasis
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The use of water to treat physical problems is _____.
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Hydrotherapy
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Which of the following is a form of hydrotherapy?
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Whirlpool
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Mrs. Peterson is an 87-year-old pt whose arthritis has been very painful lately. When the physician asks her if she has been performing the prescribed exercises for the affected joints, she says, “No, because it hurts too much.” The physician explains that performing the exercises is important to help keep her mobility. Which of the following therapies might help Mrs. Peterson?
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Underwater exercise
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Which of the following is NOT a benefit to exercise therapy?
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Reduce inflammation
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In which of the following types of exercise does the pt work against a counter-pressure to increase muscle strength?
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Active resistance exercises
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Which of the following therapies can help prevent atrophy in muscles that cannot move voluntarily by causing the muscles to contract involuntarily and relax?
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Electrical stimulation
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Which of the following is NOT a benefit of a massage?
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Increased heart rate
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Which of the following forms of therapy uses pressure, kneading, stroking, vibration, and tapping to positively affect a pt’s health and well-being?
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Massage
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In which type of traction does the physical therapist use his hands to pull a pt’s limb or head gently?
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Manual traction
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Which type of traction are pins, wires, or tongs inserted into bones and then attached to pulleys and weights to provide continuous traction?
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Skeletal traction
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Which type of traction uses a special device that intermittently pulls and relaxes a prescribed body part?
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Mechanical traction
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Which type of mobility device is especially useful for pt’s who have a weakness on one side of the body?
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Cane
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Crutch palsy is caused by using axillary crutches _____.
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That are too long
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Which of the following crutch gaits is a slow gait that requires the pt to bear weight on both legs?
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Four-point gait
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Which two crutch gaits are often required for pt’s with severe disabilities, such as leg paralysis or deformity?
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Swing-to and swing-through
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To which of the following professionals is a physician likely to refer a pt to help the pt recover from a stroke?
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Physical therapist