MA Chapter 54:Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation – Flashcards

question
Which of the following is a typical form of physical therapy?
answer
Applying cold and heat
question
Which of the following is NOT a typical task for a MA who is working with a therapeutic team?
answer
Determining the type and length of therapy to be used
question
In which type of therapy do pt's work with plants and flowers to help improve balance, strength, memory, and socialization skills?
answer
Horticultural therapy
question
Which type of therapy is MOST likely to be used to help a pt regain muscle strength in a badly injured leg?
answer
Aquatic therapy
question
The device that is used to test a pt's range of motion is a(n) _____.
answer
Goniometer
question
The degree to which a joint is able to move is its ____.
answer
Range of Motion (ROM)
question
Brian has come to the physician's office complaining of pain an stiffness in his left elbow. He is a member of the crew team at his college, and the stiffness is affecting his ability to row. Which type of testing would you expect the physician to perform first?
answer
Mobility and muscle strength testing
question
The type of testing in which a pt is asked to resist pressure applied by the physician or MA is ______.
answer
Muscle strength testing
question
The physician ask the pt to walk away, turn around, and walk back to test the pt's ______.
answer
Gait
question
Posture testing includes ______.
answer
Looking at the pt's spinal curve from all sides
question
Which of the following is an example of a dry heat treatment?
answer
Hot-water bottle
question
An example of a moist heat treatment is _____.
answer
Hot compress
question
Which of the following is NOT an expected result of cyrotherapy?
answer
Muscle relaxation
question
Which of the following is an expected result of thermotherapy?
answer
Reduction of muscle spasms
question
Eleanor is a 44-year-old pt who was brought to the ER where you work for treatment of minor injuries from an automobile accident. The physician has ordered an ice pack to be applied to Eleanor's right arm to help reduce swelling and pain. Five minutes after you place the ice on her arm, Eleanor asks you to remove it. She says it is "burning" her arm. You look, but do not see any unusual redness or paleness of the skin. What would you do?
answer
Remove the ice pack and report Eleanor's response to the physician
question
Fluidotherapy is a technique for stimulating healing in which the body part is placed into _____.
answer
A container of heated glass beads
question
The physician has ordered a hot-water bottle for Ellie, an 18-month-old child. You will use a thermometer to make sure the water in the bottle is between ______.
answer
105F and 115F
question
Which of the following disorders might be treated using an ultraviolet lamp?
answer
Psoriasis
question
The use of water to treat physical problems is _____.
answer
Hydrotherapy
question
Which of the following is a form of hydrotherapy?
answer
Whirlpool
question
Mrs. Peterson is an 87-year-old pt whose arthritis has been very painful lately. When the physician asks her if she has been performing the prescribed exercises for the affected joints, she says, "No, because it hurts too much." The physician explains that performing the exercises is important to help keep her mobility. Which of the following therapies might help Mrs. Peterson?
answer
Underwater exercise
question
Which of the following is NOT a benefit to exercise therapy?
answer
Reduce inflammation
question
In which of the following types of exercise does the pt work against a counter-pressure to increase muscle strength?
answer
Active resistance exercises
question
Which of the following therapies can help prevent atrophy in muscles that cannot move voluntarily by causing the muscles to contract involuntarily and relax?
answer
Electrical stimulation
question
Which of the following is NOT a benefit of a massage?
answer
Increased heart rate
question
Which of the following forms of therapy uses pressure, kneading, stroking, vibration, and tapping to positively affect a pt's health and well-being?
answer
Massage
question
In which type of traction does the physical therapist use his hands to pull a pt's limb or head gently?
answer
Manual traction
question
Which type of traction are pins, wires, or tongs inserted into bones and then attached to pulleys and weights to provide continuous traction?
answer
Skeletal traction
question
Which type of traction uses a special device that intermittently pulls and relaxes a prescribed body part?
answer
Mechanical traction
question
Which type of mobility device is especially useful for pt's who have a weakness on one side of the body?
answer
Cane
question
Crutch palsy is caused by using axillary crutches _____.
answer
That are too long
question
Which of the following crutch gaits is a slow gait that requires the pt to bear weight on both legs?
answer
Four-point gait
question
Which two crutch gaits are often required for pt's with severe disabilities, such as leg paralysis or deformity?
answer
Swing-to and swing-through
question
To which of the following professionals is a physician likely to refer a pt to help the pt recover from a stroke?
answer
Physical therapist
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question
Which of the following is a typical form of physical therapy?
answer
Applying cold and heat
question
Which of the following is NOT a typical task for a MA who is working with a therapeutic team?
answer
Determining the type and length of therapy to be used
question
In which type of therapy do pt's work with plants and flowers to help improve balance, strength, memory, and socialization skills?
answer
Horticultural therapy
question
Which type of therapy is MOST likely to be used to help a pt regain muscle strength in a badly injured leg?
answer
Aquatic therapy
question
The device that is used to test a pt's range of motion is a(n) _____.
answer
Goniometer
question
The degree to which a joint is able to move is its ____.
answer
Range of Motion (ROM)
question
Brian has come to the physician's office complaining of pain an stiffness in his left elbow. He is a member of the crew team at his college, and the stiffness is affecting his ability to row. Which type of testing would you expect the physician to perform first?
answer
Mobility and muscle strength testing
question
The type of testing in which a pt is asked to resist pressure applied by the physician or MA is ______.
answer
Muscle strength testing
question
The physician ask the pt to walk away, turn around, and walk back to test the pt's ______.
answer
Gait
question
Posture testing includes ______.
answer
Looking at the pt's spinal curve from all sides
question
Which of the following is an example of a dry heat treatment?
answer
Hot-water bottle
question
An example of a moist heat treatment is _____.
answer
Hot compress
question
Which of the following is NOT an expected result of cyrotherapy?
answer
Muscle relaxation
question
Which of the following is an expected result of thermotherapy?
answer
Reduction of muscle spasms
question
Eleanor is a 44-year-old pt who was brought to the ER where you work for treatment of minor injuries from an automobile accident. The physician has ordered an ice pack to be applied to Eleanor's right arm to help reduce swelling and pain. Five minutes after you place the ice on her arm, Eleanor asks you to remove it. She says it is "burning" her arm. You look, but do not see any unusual redness or paleness of the skin. What would you do?
answer
Remove the ice pack and report Eleanor's response to the physician
question
Fluidotherapy is a technique for stimulating healing in which the body part is placed into _____.
answer
A container of heated glass beads
question
The physician has ordered a hot-water bottle for Ellie, an 18-month-old child. You will use a thermometer to make sure the water in the bottle is between ______.
answer
105F and 115F
question
Which of the following disorders might be treated using an ultraviolet lamp?
answer
Psoriasis
question
The use of water to treat physical problems is _____.
answer
Hydrotherapy
question
Which of the following is a form of hydrotherapy?
answer
Whirlpool
question
Mrs. Peterson is an 87-year-old pt whose arthritis has been very painful lately. When the physician asks her if she has been performing the prescribed exercises for the affected joints, she says, "No, because it hurts too much." The physician explains that performing the exercises is important to help keep her mobility. Which of the following therapies might help Mrs. Peterson?
answer
Underwater exercise
question
Which of the following is NOT a benefit to exercise therapy?
answer
Reduce inflammation
question
In which of the following types of exercise does the pt work against a counter-pressure to increase muscle strength?
answer
Active resistance exercises
question
Which of the following therapies can help prevent atrophy in muscles that cannot move voluntarily by causing the muscles to contract involuntarily and relax?
answer
Electrical stimulation
question
Which of the following is NOT a benefit of a massage?
answer
Increased heart rate
question
Which of the following forms of therapy uses pressure, kneading, stroking, vibration, and tapping to positively affect a pt's health and well-being?
answer
Massage
question
In which type of traction does the physical therapist use his hands to pull a pt's limb or head gently?
answer
Manual traction
question
Which type of traction are pins, wires, or tongs inserted into bones and then attached to pulleys and weights to provide continuous traction?
answer
Skeletal traction
question
Which type of traction uses a special device that intermittently pulls and relaxes a prescribed body part?
answer
Mechanical traction
question
Which type of mobility device is especially useful for pt's who have a weakness on one side of the body?
answer
Cane
question
Crutch palsy is caused by using axillary crutches _____.
answer
That are too long
question
Which of the following crutch gaits is a slow gait that requires the pt to bear weight on both legs?
answer
Four-point gait
question
Which two crutch gaits are often required for pt's with severe disabilities, such as leg paralysis or deformity?
answer
Swing-to and swing-through
question
To which of the following professionals is a physician likely to refer a pt to help the pt recover from a stroke?
answer
Physical therapist