Level 1 Nursing Medical Terminology

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Leuko
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White
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Geriatric
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Branch of health care dealing with the physiology and psychology of aging
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Cytolysis
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Death of a cell caused by excess water. The cell burst
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Edema
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Abnormal accumulation of fluid in interstitial spaces of tissues
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Intra
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Within
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Hepatitis
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Swelling and inflammation of the liver
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Hct
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Hematocrit
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Dementia
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A generalized impairment of intellectual functioning that interferes with social functioning
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CBC
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Complete blood count
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Kypho
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Humped
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Aerobic
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Pertaining to the presence of air or oxygen
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Dysrhythmia
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Deviation from the normal pattern of heart beat
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I &O
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Intake and outtake
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Hemorrhoids
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Permanent dilation and enlargement of veins within the lining of the rectum
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Epidermis
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Outer layer of the skin that has several thin layers of skin in different stages of maturation; shields and protects the underlying tissues from water loss and protects against disease causing microorganisms
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Febrile
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Pertaining to or characterized by an elevated temperature
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PERRLA
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Pupils Equal Round Reactive to Light Accomodation
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CBG
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Capillary blood glucose
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PRN
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As necessary
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Hgb
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Hemoglobin
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Cyano-
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Blue
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Per
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Through
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Dermis
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Sensitive vascular layer of the skin directly below the epidermis
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Essential amino acids
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An alpho-amino acid that is required for protein synthesis but cannot be synthesized by humans and must be obtained in the diet.
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-itis
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Inflammation
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Exostosis
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An abnormal benign growth on the surface of the bone
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Adventitious Sounds
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Abnormal lung sounds heard with auscultation
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Dysphagia
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Difficulty in swallowing. Commonly associated with obstructive or motor disorders of the esophagus
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Hyper
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Above, more than
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Gerontology
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The study of all aspects of the aging process and it’s consequences
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Halitosis
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Offensive breath resulting from poor hygiene, dental or oral infections, certain foods, and systemic diseases.
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Dx
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Diagnoses
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peri-
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Around
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Inter
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Between
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Poly-
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Many, much
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brachy-
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Short
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Patho-
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Disease
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Latero
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Side
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DNR
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Do not resuscitate
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Pseudo-
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False
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pc
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After meals
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Afebrile
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Without fever
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-plegia
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Paralysis
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Diaphoresis
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Secretion of sweat, especially profuse secretion associated with an elevated body temperature, physical exertion, or emotional stress
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-tomy
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Cutting
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OTC
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Over The Counter
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Dorso-
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Back
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Edentulous
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Without teeth
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Phago-
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Eating, ingestion
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Erythema
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Redness or inflammation of the skin of mucous membranes that is a result of dilation and congestion of superficial capillaries
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PO
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Orally
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chole-
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Bile, gall
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Gag reflex
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A normal neural reflex elicited by touching the soft palate or posterior pharynx. Test for functioning of the vasus and glossopharyngeal nerves
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brady-
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Slow
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Gyn
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Gynecological
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– s
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Without
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Pulmo-
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Lung
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Rhino-
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Nose
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RLL
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Right lower lobe
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qh
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Every hour
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RLQ
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Right lower quadrant
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qid
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Four times a day
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Naso-
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Nose
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q
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Every
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Oto-
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Ear
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LUL
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Left upper lobe
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Necro
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Death
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Hypoxia
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Inadequate cellular oxygenation
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O2
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Oxygen
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-ectomy
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Excision
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Melano-
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Black
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Hemiparesis
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Muscular weakness of one half of the body
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Tachy
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Fast
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Sub; infra
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Below
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-uria; uro
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Urine
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Hypersomnolence
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A sleep disorder of central nervous system origin characterized by prolonged nocturnal sleep and daytime drowsiness
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— ss
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Half
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Indurated
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An abnormally hard spot or place
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Hepto
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Liver
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Hirsutism
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Excessive body hair in a masculine distribution caused by heredity, hormonal dysfunction, or medication
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Osteo-
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Bone
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LOC
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Level of consciousness
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Mono
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One
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Hypertension
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Disorder characterized by an elevated blood pressure persistently exceeding 120/80 mm Hg
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NPO
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Nothing By Mouth
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Inspection
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Method of physical examination in which the patient is visually systematically examined for appearance, structure, function, and behavior
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-megaly
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Enlargement of a body part
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Hydrocephalus
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Abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid in the ventricles of the brain
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STAT
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Immediately
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tid
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Three times a day
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a- an
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Without, not
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Carcino-
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Cancer
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BID
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Twice daily
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c/o
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Complains of
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Hemo
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Blood
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Hernia
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Protrusion of an organ through an abnormal opening in the muscle wall of the cavity that surrounds it.
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Hemiplegia
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Paralysis of one side of the body
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Hypothemia
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Abnormal lowering of blood pressure
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LLL
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Left lower lobe
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LUQ
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Left upper quadrant
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Meso
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Middle
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Ac
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Before meals
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Nephro-
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Kidney
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-algia
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Pain
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Olig-
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Few, small, scant
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arthro-
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Joint
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Cardio-
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Heart
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ASAP
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As soon as possible
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BM
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Bowel movement
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ADL’s
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Activities of daily living
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Sol; sol
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Solution
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Supra
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Above
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LLQ
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Left lower quadrant
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Macro-
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Large
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Micro
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Small
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Ad lib
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Freely as desired
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Neuro-
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Nerve, nervous system
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antero-
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Anterior, front
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OOB
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Out Of Bed
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SL
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Sublingual
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— c
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With
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Hypo
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Less than, below
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HOB
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Head Of Bed
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Hypno
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Sleep
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Gu
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Genitourinary
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Bradycardia
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Slower than normal heart rate; heart contracts fewer than 60 times per minute
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-ectomoy
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Excision
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Conjunctivitis
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Highly contagious eye infection
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FBS
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Fasting blood sugar
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Anthropometry
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Measurement of various body parts to determine nutritional caloric status, muscular development, brain growth, and other parameters.
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GI
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Gastrointestinal
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Atherosclerosis
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Hardening of the arteries
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Cholecystitis
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Inflammation of the gall bladder
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Erythro-
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Red
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Anaerobic
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Pertaining to absence of air or oxygen
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gtt
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Drop
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Auscultation
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Method of physical examination; listening to sounds produced by the body, usually with a stethoscope
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Dys-
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Difficult, painful
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Cirrhosis
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Scarring of the liver
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Eu-
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Good, Normal
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Antipyretics
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Substance or procedure that reduces fever
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Cyanosis
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Bluish discolorization of the skin and mucous membranes
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Gastro-
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Stomach
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Aphasia
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Abnormal neurological condition in which language function is defective or absent; related to injury to speech center in cerebral cortex, causing receptive or expressive aphasia.
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Bruit
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Abnormal sound or murmur heard while auscultating an organ, gland, or artery
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-emia
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Blood
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Hemi
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Half
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Alopecia
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Partial or complete loss of hair; baldness
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Distention
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The state of being distended, enlarged, swollen from internal pressure
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Eupnea
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Normal respirations that are quiet, effortless, and rhythmical

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