Lauric acid C12H24O2 structure

Flashcard maker : Maxim Beck

Molecular FormulaC12H24O2
Average mass200.318 Da
Density0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point296.1±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point134.1±11.9 °C
Molar Refractivity59.2±0.3 cm3
Polarizability23.5±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension33.3±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume221.2±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental data
  • Predicted – ACD/Labs
  • Predicted – EPISuite
  • Predicted – ChemAxon
  • Predicted – Mcule
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
    • Experimental Melting Point:

      45 °C TCI L0011
      146-148 °C Indofine
      [026172]
      44-46 °C (Literature) Indofine
      [023036]
      43-45 °C Alfa Aesar
      44-46 °C Indofine
      [10-1200]
      ,
      [10-1200]
      44-46 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      43-45 °C Merck Millipore 1596, 805333
      45 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 15878
      43.2 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 16737, 21796
      44 °C Jean-Claude Bradley Open Melting Point Dataset 7000
      43-45 °C Alfa Aesar 42038, A11672
      44-46 °C SynQuest 2121-1-42
      44-46 °C (Literature) Indofine
      [023036]
      ,
      [10-1200]
      ,
      [10-1200]
      ,
      [10-1200]
      ,
      [023036]
      ,
      [026172]
      146-148 °C Indofine
      [026172]
      ,
      [023036]
      ,
      [026172]
      44 °C FooDB FDB003010
    • Experimental Boiling Point:

      180 deg C / 21 mm (330.5279 °C / 760 mmHg)
      Alfa Aesar
      225 °C Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      180 °C / 21 mm (330.5279 °C / 760 mmHg)
      Alfa Aesar 42038, A11672
      225 °C / 100 mmHg (318.6865 °C / 760 mmHg)
      SynQuest 2121-1-42
      0.65 °C (Literature) FooDB FDB003010
    • Experimental Flash Point:

      165 °C Alfa Aesar
      165 °C Alfa Aesar
      165 °F (73.8889 °C)
      Alfa Aesar 42038, A11672
      160-165 °C SynQuest 2121-1-42
    • Experimental Gravity:

      0.883 g/mL Alfa Aesar 42038, A11672
      0.883 g/mL SynQuest 2121-1-42
  • Predicted Physico-chemical Properties
    • Predicted Melting Point:

      45 °C TCI
      45 °C TCI L0011
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      white or faintly yellowish crystalline solid Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Dodecanoic acid
      white solid with a faint odour of bay oil Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Stability:

      Stable. Combustible. Incompatible with bases, oxidizing agents, reducing agents. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Toxicity:

      ORL-RAT LD50 12000 mg kg-1, IVN-MUS LD50 131 mg kg-1 Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
    • Safety:

      26 Alfa Aesar 42038
      26-60 Alfa Aesar 42038, A11672
      36 Alfa Aesar 42038, A11672
      CAUTION: May irritate skin and eyes Alfa Aesar 42038, A11672
      H319 Alfa Aesar 42038, A11672
      Irritant/Corrosive SynQuest 2121-1-42
      Minimize contact. Oxford University Chemical Safety Data (No longer updated) More details
      P280-P264-P305+P351+P338-P337+P313 Alfa Aesar 42038, A11672
      Warning Alfa Aesar 42038, A11672
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1570 (estimated with error: 51) NIST Spectra mainlib_221043, replib_290933, replib_228481, replib_379553, replib_158671
      1602 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nagarajan, S.; Rao, L.J.M.; Guirudutt, K.N., Chemical composition of the volatiles of Decalepis hamiltonii (Wight & Arn), Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 27-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1547 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1554 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.; Perrino, C., Jr.; Buttery, R., Volatile constituents of used frying oils, J. Agric. Food Chem., 44, 1996, 654-660.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1576 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tayoub, G.; Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Rabier, J.; Masotti, V.; J.; M.; Girard, G.; Viano, J., Essential oil composition of leaf, flower and stem of Styrax (Styrax officinalis L.) from south-eastern France, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 809-812.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1567 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.26 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 246 C; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Adams, R.P.; Morris, J.A.; Pandey, R.N.; Schwarzbach, A.E., Cryptic speciation between Juniperus deltoides and Juniperus oxycedrus (Cupressaceae) in the Mediterranean, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 33, 2005, 771-787.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1568 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: CP Sil 8 CB; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Schwob, I.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Masotti, V.; Viano, J., Changes in essential oil composition in Saint John’s wort (Hypericum perforatum L.) aerial parts during its phenological cycle, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 32, 2004, 735-745.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1562 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =;2C/min =; 60C =;4C/min =;260C; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Maia, J.G.S.; Andrade, E.H.A.; Zoghbi, M.G.B., Volatile constituents of the leaves, fruits and flowers of cashew ( Anacardium occidentaleL.), J. Food Comp. Anal., 13, 2000, 227-232.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2502 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nagarajan, S.; Rao, L.J.M.; Gurudutt, K.N., Chemical composition of the volatiles of Hemidesmus indicus R. Br., Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 212-214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      2508 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Nagarajan, S.; Rao, L.J.M.; Guirudutt, K.N., Chemical composition of the volatiles of Decalepis hamiltonii (Wight ; Arn), Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 27-29.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Lee):

      272.7 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.2 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 5 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Johnson, C.I.; Urso, A.; Geleta, L., Broad spectrum analysis of municipal and industrial effluents discharged into the Peace, Athabasca and Slave river basins: characterization of effluent samples, 1994 – Volume 1 of 2, Northern River Basins Study Project Report No. 121, Norther River Basins Study, Edmonton, Alberta, 1997, 27.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      264.58 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 310 C; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5MS; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Chen, P.H.; Keeran, W.S.; Van Ausdale, W.A.; Schindler, D.R.; Roberts, D.W., Application of Lee retention indices to the confirmation of tentatively identified compounds from GC/MS analysis of environmental samples, Technical paper, Analytical Services Division, Environmental Science;Engineering, Inc, PO Box 1703, Gainesville, FL 32602, 2002, 11.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      263.2 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 8 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 285 C; End time: 29.5 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Lee RI; Authors: Donnelly, J.R.; Abdel-Hamid, M.S.; Jeter, J.L.; Gurka, D.F., Application of gas chromatographic retention properties to the identification of environmental contaminants, J. Chromatogr., 642, 1993, 409-415.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1541 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.0 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Frerot, E.; Velluz, A.; Bagnoud, A.; Delort, E., Analysis of the volatile constituents of cooked petai beans (Parkia speciosa) using high-resolution GC/TOF-MS, Flav. Fragr. J., 23, 2008, 434-440.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1551 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C =;3C/min =;175C =;15C/min =;300C (10min); CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Nogueira, T.; Marcelo-Curto, M.J.; Cristina Figueiredo, A.; Barroso, J.G.; Pedro, L.G.; Rubiolo, P.; Bicchi, C., Chemotaxonomy of Hypericum genus from Portugal: Geographical distribution and essential oils composition of Hypericum perfoliatum, Hypericum humifusum, Hypericum linarifolium and Hypericum pulchrum, Biochem. Syst. Ecol., 36, 2008, 40-50.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1556 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (2 min) ^ 5 0C/min -; 80 0C ^ 7 oC/min -; 160 0C ^ 9 0C/min -; 200 0C ^ 20 0C/min -; 280 0C (10 min); CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222., Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (2 min) ^ 1 0C/min -; 90 0C ^ 3 0C/min -; 220 0C; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: SPB-1; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Borse, B.B.; Rao, L.J.M.; Ramalaksmi, K.; Raghavan, B., Chemical composition of volatiles from coconut sap (neera) end effect of processing, Food Chem., 101, 2007, 877-880.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1604 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tohar, N.; Mohd, M.A.; Jantan, I.; Awang, K., A comparative study of the essential oils of the genus Plumeria Linn. from Malaysia, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 859-863.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1600 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Other; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ardrey, R.E.; Moffat, A.C., Gas-liquid chromatographic retention indices of 1318 substances of toxicological interest on SE-30 or OV-1 stationary phase, J. Chromatogr., 220, 1981, 195-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1570 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: Optima-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Brun, G.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile components of Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don (Apocynaceae), Flavour Fragr. J., 16, 2001, 116-119.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1580 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C =; 2C/min =;130C =;4C/min =; 250C; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Teai, T.; Claude-Lafontaine, A.; Schippa, C.; Cozzolino, F., Volatile compounds in fresh pulp of pineapple (Ananas comosus [L.] Merr.) from French Polynesia, J. Essent. Oil Res., 13(5), 2001, 314-318., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: RTX-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 115, 2009, 1326-1336., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pino, J.A.; Marbot, R.; Vazquez, C., Characterization of volatiles in Loquat fruit (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.), Revista CENIC Ciencias Quimicas, 33(3), 2002, 115-119.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1566 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Senatore, F.; Apostolides Arnold, N.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea eryngioides Lam. and Centaurea liberica Trev. var. hermonis Boiss. Lam., two Asteraceae growing wild in Lebanon, Nat. Prod. Res., 19(8), 2005, 749-754., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Senatore, F.; Landolfi, S.; Celik, S.; Bruno, M., Volatile components of Centaurea calcitrapa L. and Centaurea sphaerocephala L. ssp. sphaerocephala, two Asteraceae growing wild in Sicily, Flavour Fragr. J., 21, 2006, 282-285., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 30 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferretti, G.; Maggi, F.; Tirillini, B., Essential oil composition of Hypericum richeri Vill. from Italy, Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 295-298., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lee, S.-R.; Macku, C.; Shibamoto, T., Isolation and identification of headspace volatiles formed in heated butter, J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(11), 1991, 1972-1975., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.20 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 250 C; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: Optima-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: de Beck, P.O.; Bessiere, J.M.; Dijoux-Franca, M.-G.; David, B.; Mariotte, A.-M., Volatile constituents from leaves and wood of Leea guineensis G. Don (Leeaceae) from Cameroon, Flavour Fragr. J., 15, 2000, 182-185.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1553 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 260 C; Start time: 0.5 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: Methyl Silicone; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.5 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vendramini, A.L.; Trugo, L.C., Chemical composition of acerola fruit (Malpighia punicifolia L.) at three stages of maturity, Food Chem., 71, 2000, 195-198.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1591 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 300 C; End time: 4 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhou, M.; Robards, K.; Glennie-Holmes, M.; Helliwell, S., Contribution of volatiles to the flavour of oatmeal, J. Sci. Food Agric., 80, 2000, 247-254.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1543 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: CP Sil 5 CB; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.39 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Weyerstahl, P.; Marschall, H.; Thefeld, K.; Subba, G.C., Constituents of the essential oil from the rhizomes of Hedychium gardnerianum Roscoe, Flavour Fragr. J., 13, 1998, 377-388.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1578.9 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.3 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mahmout, Y.; Bessiere, J.-M.; Dolmazon, R., Composition of the essential oil from Kylligna erecta S., J. Agric. Food Chem., 41, 1993, 277-279.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1552 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., Volatile components of pawpaw fruit (Asimina triloba Dunal.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(9), 1991, 1631-1635.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1561 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 240 C; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shiota, H., Volatile components of pawpaw fruit (Asimina triloba Dunal.), J. Agric. Food Chem., 39(9), 1991, 1631-1635.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1582 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50 0C (5 min) ^ 2 0C/min -; 100 0C (5 min) ^ 5 0C/min -; 300 0C; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: RTX-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Mebazaa, R.; Mahmoudi, A.; Fouchet, M.; Dos Santos, M.; Kamissoko, F.; Nafti, A.; Ben Cheikh, R.; Rega, B.; Camel, V., Characterization of volatile compounds in Tunisian fenugreek seeds, Food Chem., 115, 2009, 1326-1336.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1567 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 45C =;1C/min =;100C=; 5C/min =;250C (10min); CAS no: 143077; Active phase: SE-52; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.15 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tognolini, M.; Barocelli, E.; Ballabeni, V.; Bruni, R.; Bianchi, A.; Chiavarini, M.; Impicciatore, M., Comparative screening of plant essential oils: Phenylpropanoid moiety as basic core for antiplatelet activity, Life Sciences, 78, 2006, 1419-1432., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Scrivanti, L.R.; Anton, A.M.; Zygadlo, J.A., Essential oil conposition of Bothriochloa Kuntze (Poaceae) from South America and their chemotaxonomy, Biochem. Systematics Ecol., 37, 2009, 206-213., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M.; Vahedi, M., Volatile constituents of Iranian Hypericum perfloratum L., Oriental J. Chem., 18(3), 2002, 443-444., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.52 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Pavlovic, M.; Petrovic, S.; Ristic, M.; Maksimovic, Z.; Kovacevic, N., Essential oil of filipendula hexapetala, Chem. Natural Compounds, 43(2), 2007, 228-229., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Vahedi, M., Volatile constituents of Iranian Hypericum perforatum L., Proceedings of ICNP-2002 – Trabzon/Turkiye, , 2002, 342-344.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1565 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5 MS; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, C.; Zeng, Y.; Wan, M.; Li, R.; Liang, Y.; Li, C.; Zeng, Z.; Chau, F.-T., Comparative analysis of essential oils from eight herbal medicines with pungent flavor and cool nature by GC-MS and chemometric resolution methods, J. Sep. Sci., 32, 2009, 660-670., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 1 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Nitrogen; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Saidana, D.; Mahjoub, M.A.; Boussaada, O.; Chriaa, J.; Cheraif, I.; Daami, M.; Mighri, Z.; Helal, A.N., Chemical composition and antimicrobial activity of volatile compounds of Tamarix boveana (Tamaricaceae), Microbiol. Res., 163, 2008, 445-455., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 1 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ledauphin, J.; Guichard, H.; Saint-Clair, J.-F.; Picoche, B.; Barillier, D., Chemical and sensorial aroma characterization of freshly distilled calvados. 2. Identification of volatile compounds and key odorants, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 433-442.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1557 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40 0C (10 min) ^ 5 0C/min -; 200 0C ^ 15 0C/min -; 250 0C (10 min); CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 1.05 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ventanas, S.; Estevez, M.; Andres, A.I.; Ruiz, J., Analysis of volatile compounds of Iberian dry-cured loins with different intramuscular fat contents using SPME-DED, Meat Sci., 79, 2008, 172-180.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1559 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (4min) =; 2C/min =; 90C =;4C/min =;130C =; 8C/min =;250 C (10min); CAS no: 143077; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 1 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Machiels, D.; van Ruth, S.M.; Posthumus, M.A.; Istasse, L., Gas chromatography-olfactometry analysis of the volatile compounds of two commercial Irish beef meats, Talanta, 60, 2003, 755-764., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Zhao, Y.; Li, J.; Xu, Y.; Duan, H.; Fan, W.; Zhao, G., EXtraction, preparation and identification of volatile compounds in Changyu XO brandy, Chinese J. Chromatogr., 26(2), 2008, 212-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1573 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (10min) =; 3C/min =;120C =;10C/min =;250C (5min); CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ansorena, D.; Gimeno, O.; Astiasaran, I.; Bello, J., Analysis of volatile compounds by GC-MS of a dry fermented sausage: chorizo de Pamplona, Food Res. Int., 34, 2001, 67-75., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 250 C; End time: 15 min; Start time: 8 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Ferhat, M.A.; Tigrine-Kordjani, N.; Chemat, S.; Meklati, B.Y.; Chemat, F., Rapid Extraction of Volatile Compounds Using a New Simultaneous Microwave Distillation: Solvent Extraction Device, Chromatographia, 65, 2007, 217-222.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1569 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 280 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Bicalho, B.; Pereira, A.S.; Aquino Neto, F.R.; Pinto, A.C.; Rezende, C.M., Application of high-temperature gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to the investigation of glycosidically bound components related to cashew applie (Anacardium occidentale L. Var. nanum) volatiles, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 1167-1174., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Morteza-Semnani, K.; Saeedi, M.; Akbarzadeh, M., Essential oil composition of Teucrium scordium L., Acta Pharm., 57, 2007, 499-504., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 260 C; End time: 14 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 143077; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yayli, N.; Gulec, C.; Ucuncu, O.; Yasar, A.; Ulker, S.; Coskuncelebi, K.; Terzioglu, S., Composition and Antimicrobial Activities of Volatile Components of Minuartia meyeri, Turk. J. Chem., 30, 2006, 71-76.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1564 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show mor

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