JROTC: First Aid (Shock, Fractures, Sprain, Strain, and Dislocation)

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Signs of Shock:
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– Restlessness or nervousness – Thirst – Bleeding – Confusion or loss of awareness – Breathing rapidly – Nausea and/or vomiting – Blotchy or blush skin around the mouth and lips
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How to treat shock:
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1. Position the victim on his/her back. 2. Elevate the victim’s feet higher than the heart. 3. Loosen clothing. 4. Keep the victim warm. 5. Reassue the victim (NO FOOD OR DRINK).
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Closed Fracture:
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A break in the bone that does not penetrate the skin.
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Open Fracture:
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Occurs if the sharp edges of a splintered bone have cut through the skin.
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Treating Factures (DO’s):
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– Splint the injured lim in the positon you find it. – Splint the bone above or below the injury. – Check the circulation regulary and adjust the splint accordingly.
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Treating Factures (DO NOT)
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Set or realign the bone.
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How to use a splint:
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1. Pad all splinting material. 2. Splint the broken leg/arm in the position in which you found it. 3. Use splinting material that is long enought to immobolize the joint above and beow the break. 4. Tie the splints above and below the suspected fracture. 5. Tie all knots on the outside of the splints. 6. Check that circulation is not restricted by splints that are too tight.
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Dislocation
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Occurs when a joint comes apart and stays apart with the bone ends no longer in contact.
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RICE
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R – Rest I – Immobilize C- Cold E – Elevation
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Strain
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Occurs when a muscle is streched beyond its normal range of miotion.
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Symptoms of a sprain:
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– Sharp pain – Extream tenderness when the area is touched – Slight swelling, and difficulty moving or using the affected part
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Sprain
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An injurt to a joint when the ligaments and other tissues are damaged by violent stretching or twisting.
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Symptoms of a discloation:
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– Severe pain – Swelling – The inability of the victim to move the injured joint

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