Jonathan

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biomass fuel
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plant material, manure, and wood
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active solar heating
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uses collectors with moving parts to capture the sun’s energy
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energy conservation
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saves energy
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alternative energy
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energy sources that are still in development
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hydroelectric energy
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energy produced from moving water
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passive solar heating
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uses the sun’s energy to heat something directly, without moving parts
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geothermal energy
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energy from heat in Earth’s interior
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ocean thermal energy conversion(OTEC)
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uses low pressure and warm ocean water to boil colder ocean water
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energy efficiency
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percentage of energy that does useful work in a system
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fuel cell
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uses hydrogen as an energy source
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renewable energy
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wind, moving water, sunlight, and heat from Earth’s interior are sources
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passive & active solar heating, photovoltaic cells
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uses solar collectors to heat water
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wind power
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The fastest-growing source of energy in the world
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wood & dung
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A major soucer of biomass fuel in developing countries
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Geothermal power plant gets energy by
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pumping heated water or stream from rock formations
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hydroelectric energy
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tidal power, hydrogen fuel cells, and ocean thermal energy conversion are sources of
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hybrid cars are energy-efficient
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description of hybrid cars
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following statements are correct about hydrogen as a fuel source
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hydrogen can be burned as a fuel or used to produce eletricity chemically
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solar collector(?)
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Sunligt falls on a semiconductor, causing it to release electrons, in a
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fuel-efficient vehical
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people can conserve energy in their daily lives by driving a vehicle
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solid waste
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any discarded solid materia
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biodegradable
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can be broken down by biological processes
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Resource Conservation & Recovery Act (RCRA)
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requires producers of hazardous waste to keep records of how wastes are handled
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landfill
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place to dispose of waste by burying it
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leachate
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water that contains dissolved chemicals from wastes that have been buried
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mining waste
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rocks and minerals left over from excavation and processing
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incineratior
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facility for burning trash
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compost
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nutrient-rich material made from decomposed plant and animal materials
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hazardous waste
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any toxic, corrosive, or explosive waste
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surface impoundment
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process used for disposing of wates involving a pond with a sealed bottom.
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solid waste includes
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agricultural waste, plastics, food waste
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more toxic
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the ash produced when solid waste is incinerated
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Superfund Act
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if an owner of a business illeaglly dumps hazardous waste, which law allows the EPA to sue the owner and force the owner to pay for cleanup
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decontamination, evaporation, injection
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surface impoundment includes which physical process
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one disadvantage of biodegradable plastic is that
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the plastic parts are reduced to smaller pieces but are not completely degraded
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the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act
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regulation requires producers of hazardous wastes to document how their wastes are handled
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the most important function of a landfill
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to contain buried waste and prevent it from contaminating the environment
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the following would not reduce the amount of municipal solid waste going to landfills
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all of the above
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pathogen
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organism that causes disease
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toxicology
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study of the harmful effects of subtances on organism
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epidemiology
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study of the spread of disease
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particulates
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particles in the air that are small enough to breathe into the lungs
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dose
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amount of a particular chemical to which a person is exposed
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vector
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transmitter of a disease to people
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host
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organism in which a pathogen lives all or part of its life
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risk assessment
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estimate of the risk posed by an action or substance
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emerging virus
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previously unknown cause of disease
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dose-response curve
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shows the relative effect of various doses of a drug or chemical on an organism
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pesticide
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pollutants is used in agriculture & landscaping & might cause nerve damage, birth defects, and cancer in humans
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lead
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pollutants is found in old paint, gasoline and can cause brain damage and learning problems
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toxicology
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laws regulating waste disposal have put an end to pollution problems caused by wastes
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all of the above
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After an outbreak of an illness, scientists use epidemiology to try to find
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granite bedrock
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radon, a pollutant that causes cancer, comes from
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10 percent
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What percentage of commercial chemicals have been tested for toxicity
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which of the following statements is correct
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much of the pollution in our environment is a by product of inadequate waste disposal.
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The environment is an important factor in the spread of cholera and dysentery because
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water provides a habitat in which the pathogens breed
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soil erosion
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which of the following environmental changes is most likely to lead to te spread of parasites such as hookworm
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West Nile
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which of te following is an emerging virus
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Globalization
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when environmental and social conditions are linked worldwide
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voting
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allows individuals to affect environmental policy
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economic growth
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increase in the flow of money and products within a market
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EIS
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document that assesses the environmental impact of projects or policies
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Earth Summit of 1992
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resultede in Agenda 21- a plan to address a range of environmental issues while allowing economic growth
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U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
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enforces Endangered Species Act
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markets
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self-contained economic systems
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lobbying
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organized attempt to influence lawmarkers’ decision
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economic incentive
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payment for actions that benefit society
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environmental problems
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economists view these as market failures
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economics
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the study of the choices people make as they use and distribute limited resources
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Theodore Roosevelt
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leader in the conservation of natural areas
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Kyoto Protocol
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resulted in an agreement to reduce global emissions of greenhouse gases
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The Population Bomb
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Paul Ehrlich was its author
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Recycling
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something individuals can do to help the environment
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Silent Spring
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Rachel Carson was its author.
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Local Government
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Which tends to be most responsive to citizen input?
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EIS
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Which is not an international environmental
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All of the above
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Which of the following is an example of a private effort to help the environment
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All of the above
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What factors can limit the usefulness of television news as a source of information on environmental issues?
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Governments do not always agree on how to solve environmental problems
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It is difficult to achieve global sustainability because
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What is the Nature Conservancy
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An organization tat collects resources to buy land and establishes nature preserves
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Economic systems
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operate within
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An economic incentive
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A policy that rewards a company financially for reducing the amount of waste produced is an example of.

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