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JCJC American Literature – American Literature Midterm Exam

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Most of what we know of native literature comes to us from the oral tradition.
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true
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Anne Bradstreet suffers the loss of several of her children early in her life.
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false
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John Smith wrote about his experiences with the ___________________ Indians.
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Powhatan
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From “The Iroquois Creation Story,” the “good mind” gained victory over his brother, the “bad mind,” by beating him to death with
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deer antlers
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Columbus sought one land, found another, and never knew that he failed to open a way to the Indies.
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true
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Christopher Columbus was popular with his patrons all of his life.
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false
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John Smith married an Indian Queen and gained game and fortune.
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false
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How many journeys to the New World did Columbus make between 1492 and 1504?
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4
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Though he was born into a family of wool workers, Christopher Columbus turned to the sea as a young man and developed a plan to find
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a commercially viable Atlantic route to Asia
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Pocahontas saved John Smith’s life, and the Emperor __________________ as well as the other natives allowed John Smith to make hatchets, bells, beads, and copper.
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Powhatan
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William Bradford was the governor of Plymouth Plantation.
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true
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Who wrote the Mayflower Compact?
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William Bradford
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_____________________wrote an account of his adventures later in his life. This account was very popular in England, but it may have exaggerated the writer’s importance.
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John Smith
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Puritans believed human beings are born innocent and become corrupted as they live their lives.
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false
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Which of the following is true?
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All of these.
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Puritan writers mainly sought to glorify God in their writing.
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true
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Christopher Columbus fell out of favor with Isabella and Ferdinand, dying a very unhappy man despite his subsequent reputation.
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true
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Anne Bradstreet’s book of poetry was the first published volume of poems written by a resident in the New World and was widely read.
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true
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According to Puritan beliefs, God “saves” those he wishes–only a few are selected for salvation. This concept is called predestination.
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true
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Columbus made four voyages between 1492 and 1504. He died a happy, wealthy man.
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false
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American Puritan writing became one of the founding literatures of the new nation.
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true
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How did William Bradford’s wife die?
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she was lost overboard when he went ashore in Plymouth Bay
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Columbus only made one voyage to the New World.
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false
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John Smith was exhibited in several Indian villages before being brought to the village where _______________ was the emperor.
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Powhatan
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John Smith was saved from death to make Pochontas bells and to make Powhatan hatchets, according to his account.
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true
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John Smith was the first governor of Plymouth Plantation.
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false
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Native American stories are always serious, never comical.
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false
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Early Native American cultures were oral–they chanted, sang, or presented in long narratives their cultural information.
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true
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Mary Rowlandson believed her captivity made her a stronger Christian.
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true
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Edward Taylor was a Puritan minister.
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true
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Wampanoag and their Narraganset allies took several settlers captive and held them for ransom; among these captives was Mary White Rowlandson, the wife of a Congregationalist minister.
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true
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Why did Mary Rowlandson decide to write her story?
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all of these
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Anne Bradstreet came to America from England with John Winthrop’s Puritan group in 1630.
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true
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The first permanent English settlement, at Jamestown in 1607, was influenced by religious motives.
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false
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The Mayflower Compact, influenced by the Pilgrims’ strong inclination to separate their government from the Church of England, created the Mayflower Compact which sets a strong precedent for the policy of self-government in America.
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true
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Columbus reached the island of
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Hispanola
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John Smith was captured by French Pirates, so he wrote about it to take his mind off his misery.
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true
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John Smith was an aggressive self-promoter who wrote and published a history of the ______________________ colony in 1624.
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Virginia
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In May 1607, three boatloads of English settlers sponsored by the Virginia Company of London anchored near the swampy shores of Chesapeake Bay.
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true
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The trip to the New World for John Smith and his companions was sponsored by
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The Virginia Company of London
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Edward Taylor wrote the poems in our textbook in preparation for Communion and as an act of devotion to God.
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true
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The first item printed in Pennsylvania, although it came from a press established by an Englishman, was actually in German.
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true