Italian Renaissance Answers

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Which of the following works represented the beginning of the process of separating architectural sculpture from its architectural setting or niche?
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13th century statues, West Front, Reims Cathedral
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Ghiberti’s competitive panel shows classical references that indeed reflect the influences of humanism. Which of the following is a classical reference seen on Ghiberti’s panel?
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the naked figure of Isaac
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Which of the following accounts for the decline in the role Florence played in the support of the arts at the end of the 15th century?
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Savonarola’s brief span of power
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Which of Brunelleschi’s buildings comes the closest to the centralized plan so loved by Renaissance architects?
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Pazzi Chapel
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In Perugino’s Christ Delivering the Keys of the Kingdom to St. Peter, the artist has reminded the viewer of the link between Constantine, St. Peter, and the basilica of St. Peter. Which of the following is the vehicle used as that reminder? It was the
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triumphal arches in the background
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Which of the following individuals denounced humanist philosophy? It was
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Savonarola
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Which of the following describes the medieval narrative method?
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presenting several episodes in a single frame
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In Masaccio’s Trinity there is a coffered barrel-vault reminiscent of which of the following?
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A Roman triumphal arch
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In Masaccio’s Trinity, the vanishing point can be found at which of the following?
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at the foot of the Cross
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The style of Ghiberti can be characterized as a rhythmic unified system for depicting space. He is further credited with which of the following?
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realism in characterization, movement, and surface detail
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Lorenzo de’ Medici commissioned a series of panel paintings from Uccello commemorating which of the following? It was the
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heavy reliance on Medieval sculptural elements
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The duke of Mantua commissioned the frescoes of the Camera degli Sposi from Mantegna for which of the following purposes? It was to
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create a visual expression of his authority
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The 15th-century Italian artist whose work showed the most influence of the International Style was
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Gentile da Fabriano
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Which of the following statements about Florence at the time of the Renaissance is false?
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It was an important Mediterranean port city.
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Which of the following describes the style of Fra Angelico? The style was
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simple and direct
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Which artist departed from the rule of frontality that dominated sculpture since the Middle Ages?
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Pollaiuolo
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Which of the following artists was most interested in depicting the human body in violent action?
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Signorelli
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What is the definition of Humanism?
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The belief that humanity has great potential
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Which of these is not a key part of humanism?
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The belief that, if we do good works for our fellow men, that we will return to God
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The Renaissance was partly inspired by the Crusades because:
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The Crusades promoted new trade, widening the span of culture and knowledge through all of Europe
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In the Middle Ages, art
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lacked background, depth, and human emotion
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A major difference between Northern and Italian Humanism is that Northern Humanism stressed
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social reform based on Christian ideals
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“Europe is waking out of a long, deep sleep…time was when learning was only found in the religious orders … learning has passed to secular princes and peers.” This quotation best describes the
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Renaissance
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The Northern Renaissance differed from the Italian Renaissance in that the former was a
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combination of best aspects of antiquity and Christianity
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The financial and military strength of the towns of northern Italy were directly related to
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wealth
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Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the Renaissance?
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strong anti-Christian sentiment
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Masaccio’s Expulsion from the Garden of Eden and Tribute Money were placed in a private chapel owned by which of the following families?
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Brancacci
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The culture of the Renaissance was
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widely spread and practiced by a broad middle class
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Renaissance men’s view of educated women was that they should
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be allowed to add a social touch to the household, but otherwise remain subservient to men
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What was the theme of Christian Humanism?
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Merging the best ideas of medieval Christian thought and humanism
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In Europe, a major characteristic of humanism was a(n)
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appreciation for the basic worth of individual achievement
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Which statement best describes a characteristic of the Renaissance in Europe?
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creativity in the arts was encouraged
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Which was a major characteristic of the Renaissance? It was
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humanism
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Ghiberti’s Gates of Paradise is located on the doors of the
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Florence Baptistery
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An example of a polytych would be
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the Ghent Altarpiece
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Renaissance architecture can be characterized by
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open, light, and airy interiors
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An example of an artist(s) associated with the International Gothic Style of painting would be
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the Limbourg Brothers
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A characteristic of oil paint is that it
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produces a shiny enamel-like surface
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Renaissance humanists revived all of the following Roman artistic forms EXCEPT
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still lifes
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Brunelleschi was renowned for
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developing a system of linear perspective and designing the dome over Florence Cathedral
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Which of these was a Roman architect whose work was rediscovered during the Renaissance?
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Vitruvius
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The decline of Florence at the end of the fifteenth century is related to the rise of
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Rome
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A major reason that the Renaissance began in Italy was that
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Italian city-states had grown wealthy from trade between Europe and Asia
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The Renaissance in western Europe is best described as a period marked by
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great intellectual and artistic creativity
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One factor that enabled the Renaissance to flourish in Northern Italy was that the region had
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a wealthy class that invested in the arts
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What was a major characteristic of the Renaissance in Europe?
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Secular achievements were emphasized
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Which geographic factor contributed to the rise of the Renaissance in Italian city-states?
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location near the coast of the Mediterranean Sea
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The early Renaissance humanists in Italy would have been MOST interested in
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finding an old Greek manuscript
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European society during the Renaissance differed from European society during the Middle Ages in that during the Renaissance
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the emphasis on individual worth increased
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What was one ideal of Renaissance humanism?
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investigating areas of interest and fulfilling one’s potential
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Di Sotto in su
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worm’s eye view (looking up from like a basement)
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Chiaroscuro
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treatment of light and shades in paintings
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Linear Perspective
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Mathematical perspective, vanishing points, created by Brunelleschi
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Aerial Perspective
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effect the atmosphere has on the appearance of an object as it is viewed from a distance

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