Italian 101 Study guide Finals

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Definition of Essere
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To be
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What is Essere used for
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To describe and identify people, places, and things
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Conjugation of Essere
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Io: Sono Tu: Sei Lei: e Noi: Siamo Voi: Sete Loro/loro: Sono
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Examples of Essere
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Chi e (who is that?) e Giovanni (it’s Giovannie) Sono professoro d’italiano (I am a professor of Italian) Sei Studente? (Are you a student?)
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Activity: Indicate the following people’s nationality or profession by completing the sentences with the appropriate forms of essere.
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1. Paolo–studentessa 2. Noriko–giaponese 3. Io e Paolo–studenti 4. Lei–professoressa 5. Pablo–spagnolo 6. il Signor Martelli–professore
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Definition of Avere
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To have
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What is Avere used for
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To express possesion
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Conjugation of Avere
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Io: ho Tu: hai Lei: ha Noi: abbiamo Voi: avete Loro/loro: hanno
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Examples of Avere
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Chi ha una penna? (Who has a pen) Io ho penna (I have a pen)
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Activity: Tell what items the following people have using the forms of avere.
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1. Uno studente e una studentessa/quaderno 2. Io/libro 3. Teresa/zaino 4. Giulio/calcolatrice 5. Io e Carla/ orologico 6. Tu e Laura/ Penna 7. Tu/ computer 8. Marta e Carlo/ una matita
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Indefinite Article (un/una)
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Corresponds to the English ‘a’ or ‘an’, the gender of the noun and it’s first letter determine which article it will take
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Indefinite Article (un/una): A consonant
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Masculine: Un Feminine: Una
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Indefinite Article (un/una): A vowel
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Masculine: Un Feminine: un’
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Indefinite Article (un/una): S + Consonant
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Masculine: Uno Feminine: Una
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Indefinite Article (un/una): Z words
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Masculine: Uno Feminine: Una
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The Definite Article (il/la)
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Corresponds to the English ‘the’
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The Definite Article: A consonant (masculine)
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Masculine Singular: il Masculine Plural: I
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The Definite Article: A consonant (feminine)
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Feminine Singular: La Feminine Plural: Le
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The Definite Article: A vowel (masculine)
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Masculine Singular: l’ Masculine Plural: Gli
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The Definite Article: A vowel (feminine)
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Feminine Singular: L’ Feminine Plural: Le
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The Definite Article: S + Consonant (masculine)
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Masculine Singular: Lo Masculine Plural: Gli
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The Definite Article: S + Consonant (feminine)
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Feminine Singular: La Feminine Plural: Le
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The Definite Article: Z words (masculine)
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Masculine Singular: Lo Masculine Plural: Gli
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The Definite Article: Z words (feminine)
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Feminine Singular: La Feminine Plural: Le
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Activity for the definite article: Describe your school in complete sentences, using the cues provided
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1. Bibliotecca/grande 2. Edifici/ bassi 3. Piscina/nuova 4. Laboratorio linguistico/modern 5. Campi sportive/grande 6. Studio/vecchi
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The Present Tense (-are verbs) Endings:
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Io: o Tu: i Lei: a Lui/lei: a Noi: amo Voi: ate Loro/loro: iano
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Activity: Tell what the following people are doing with the present tense of -are verbs
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1. Io/asoltare il professore 2. La professoressa/ insegnare 3. Tu/compare/un quaderno 4. Tu e un’amica/suonare la chitarra 6. Gli studenti/ nuotare in piscina 7. Una studentessa/studiare in bibliotecca 8. Noi/parlare in italiano
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The Present tense (-ere and -ire verbs) Endings:
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Io: o Tu: i Lei/lui/lei: e Noi: iamo Voi: ete Loro/loro: ono
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Activity: Tell what you and some of your friends prefer to do on a Saturday using the present tense of -ere and -ire verbs
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1. Tina/pulire la casa 2. Paolo/ballere 3. Io e Paolo/vedere un film 4. Tu e Andrea/cenare in un ristorante 5. Rosanne e Maria/asoltare la musica 6. Io/respondere alle mail
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The Weather: Vocabulary Summer
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L’estate
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The Weather: Vocabulary Fall
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L’autonno
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The Weather: Vocabulary Winter
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L’inverno
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The Weather: Vocabulary Spring
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La Primavera
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The Weather: Vocabulary Cloudy
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E nuvoloso
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The Weather: Vocabulary Foggy
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C’Ă© nebbia
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The Weather: Vocabulary It’s Windy
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Tira Vento/C’Ă© vento
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The Weather: Vocabulary To be Hot
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Avere Caldo
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The Weather: Vocabulary To be Cold
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Avere Freddo
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The Weather: Vocabulary To go to the beach
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Andare al mare
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The Weather: Vocabulary To sail
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Vela
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The Weather: Vocabulary To ski
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Sciare
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The Weather Vocabulary To sunbathe
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Prendere il sole
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Numbers Written form (1-11)
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zero, uno, due, tre, quattro, cinque, sei, sette, otto, nove, dieci, undici
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Numbers Written form (12-20)
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dodici, tredici, quattordici, quindici, sedici, diciassette, diciottao, diciannove, venti
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Numbers Written form (21-30)
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ventuno, ventidue, ventitre, ventiquattro, venticinque, ventisei, ventisette, ventotto, ventinove, trenta
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Numbers Written form (31-40)
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Trentuno, trentadue, trentatre, trentaquattro, trentacinque, trentasei, trentasette, trentaotta, trentanove, quaranta
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Numbers Written form (50-100)
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cinquanta, sessanta, settanta, ottanta, novanta, cento

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