Isotonicity

OsmosisThe diffusion of solvent through a semi-permeable membrane
Water always flows from ____ solute concentration to ____ solute concentration until a balance is produced.-lower
-higher
Osmotic pressureThe force that cause this diffusion

TonicityMeasure of the osmotic pressure of two solutions separated by a semi-permeable membrane essay writer helper
What is the concentration of NaCl in a hypotonic solution?0.2%
What is the concentration of NaCl in an isotonic solution?0.9%
What is the concentration of NaCl in a hypotonic solution?2%
How many methods exist to adjust isotonicity of a solution?Three
Describe NaCl equivalent methodAdding NaCl or other isotonic adjusting agents powder along with the drug to water to achieve isotonicity
Describe White-Vincent methodAdding H2O to the drug to achieve isotonicity and then isotonic diluting solution to qs to final volume
Describe freezing point depression (cryoscopic method)Adding substance to lower freezing point of solution to -0.52?C
Freezing point depression is also known as _____.Cryoscopic method
What is the freezing point of blood and tears?-0.52C
Any solution that has a freezing point of -0.52C is

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_____Isotonic
Any solution that has a freezing point that is less than -0.52C is _____Hypotonic
Any solution that has a freezing point that is over -0.52C is _____Hypertonic
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