Humanity_Unit 1

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The earliest writing on Clay tables found in Sumer, came about as a result of:
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Accounting
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The term prehistory refers to
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History before written records
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The burial of human dead gave evidence of the symbol making human known as
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Homo-sapiens
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Paleolithic
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Old stone
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Origin of civilization
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Mesopotamia
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Ancient mythology from various cultures, such as India, Africa, and the Americas show remarkable similities in that they…origins of life
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True
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The first urban civilizations all appear
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On river banks
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The inhabitants of earliest civilizations looked upon the forces of nature…believe
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Animism
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The most basic definition of culture
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Manipulation of nature
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What distinguished the Homo Sapiens from primates
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Communication
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During the paleolithic and Neolithic periods, women were held in high regard and viewed as extremely important to culture
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True
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Stone henge likely represents the desire of early inhabitants of England to
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Predict the movements of the sun and moon
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Ancient metallurgy, which used______ an alloy of cooper and tin, ushered in new age of civilization
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broze
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Scholars were finally able to understand ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs when the_______, which had been finally discovered in 1799 was finally deciphered in 1822.
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Rosetta Stone
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The book of Job questions unjustified suffering of humans in a Universe governed by
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A merciful God
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Ancient Hebrew have many beautiful images of God
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False
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The epic of Gilgamesh explores the Mesopotamian sense of
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Fear and insecurity
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The Tigris and Euphrates are known for their
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Contribution in creating rich soil of the fertile crescent
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The following were early Hebrew Kings
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David and Salomon
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In the Epic of Gilgamesh, Utrapishtim is the hero of
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Flood Myth
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Unlike Hammurabis code, ancient Hebrew laws were meant to apply equally to all social classes, with exception of slaves
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True
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One feature of ancient Hebrew cosmology that differs radically from other societies is the concept of
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Ethical Monotheism
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Mesopotamian Gods
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Are associated nature and its forces
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______Unified ancient Mesopotamia, creating the world’s first Empire.
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Sargon I
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Ancient Mesopotamia enjoyed a regulatory of climate conditions and security from foreign invasions due to its vulnerability geography
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False
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In Egyptian Society slaves
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Were victims of war
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Which of the following is not true of the pyramids
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They were built to assure the comfort of the Pharaoh on earth.
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The three short examples of Egyptian literature includes in this reading focus on
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Love
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What natural forces were considered sacred in Egyptian society
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The sun and the Nile
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Ancient Egyptian women Economic. They don’t have rights and are not economically independent
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False
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Characteristics in Ancient Egyptian art were sized according to their social status
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True
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One distinguishing feature of ancient Egyptian art is that it was created as was much later Western European art for
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False
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New Kingdom temples were created as public meeting places where all citizens could gather to hold meetings and conduct business
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False
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Akhenaten in the New Kingdom is known for having introduced
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Monotheism
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The wedge-shaped marks which are one of humankind’s earliest forms of writing are called
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Cuneiform
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The ancient Egyptian deity depicted as a jackal-headed man was
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Anubis
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Humankind’s earliest cosmological myth comes from
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Mesopotamia
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Which of the following statements is not true regarding this image
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It was created to decorate a pharaoh’s earthly palace
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The Mesopotamian temple-shrine which serve as the spiritual center of the city is called
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Ziggurats
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When sections of a poem are alternated between soloist & group the style is referred to as
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Responsory
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Which of the following statement is not true of this image? It is was created for decorative and aesthetic purposes
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The excerpt from “The Hymn to the Aten” celebrates the Egyptian_______ god.
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Death
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The lost-wax method of casting develop in the ________ Age.
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Bronze
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The large hall with a roof supported by columns in New Kingdom Egyptian temples is called a
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Hypostyle
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_______ was one of the few women in ancient to rule as pharaoh
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Hatsheput
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These statuettes are:
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Mesopotamian
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The first five books of the Hebrew Bible are collectively called the
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Torah
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Egyptian commemorative pillars are called
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Obelisks
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Verse that is meant to be sung rather than spoken is known as
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Lyric Poetry
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_______ was the birthplace of civilization
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Mesopotamia
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The literal translation of Mesopotamia is “the land_______”
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Between two rivers
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The first diaspora of the Jewish people in the 6th century B.C.E. is considered to be the
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Babylonian Captivity
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The architectural elements of Egyptian New Kingdom temples which form a massive gateway into the temple in the form in two truncated pyramids are the
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Pylon
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The subject matter of early cave paintings reflects
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Hunting and Struggle to survive
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Manipulation of nature and the formation of a symbolic language are two important requirements for the development of culture.
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True
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According to Egyptian mythology, Osiris was killed and dismembered by
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Set
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Painting on wet plaster is called
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Fresco
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Social Class and wealth are not factors in determining punishment in the code of Hammurabi.
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True
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A large, roughly shaped stone, often used in ancient architectural construction
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Cuneiform
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The excerpt from the Egyptian Book of the Dead included in your textbook is most similar to which of the following
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The Decalogue
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Spatial depth in Egyptian art is achieved
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By placing one figure above another
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This bust is a image of :
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Queen Nefertiti
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The stone tombs constructed of megaliths during the Neolithic period are called
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Dolmens
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Which of the following statement is true of ancient Egyptian art
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A strict canon of proportion was used
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Common images found in prehistoric cave art are
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Human hands
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The ancient Egyptian mud-brick rectangular tombs which preceded the pyramids are known as
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Mastabas
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Which of the following is the correct chronological order of development
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H. Habilis, H. Erectus, H. Sapiens
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______, Babylon’s sixth ruler, is particularly remembered for codifying the laws of the Babylonian Empire
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Hammurabi
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The major motive for the creation of existing Egyptian art was
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To enhance the possibility of afterlife
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The study of history before written records is referred to as
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Prehistory
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In ancient Egyptian mummification, the ______ was removed and discard, since it was viewed as unimportant.
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Brain
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A ruler who combines political power with spiritual power is characterized as as______ monarch
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theorocratic
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Most ancient civilization were_______, which means a belief in multiple gods.
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Polytheistic
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The image is a representation of
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Sargon I
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The underlying theme of The Epic of Gilgamesh is
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The quest for eternal life.
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Because of his unification of Upper & Lower Egypt,________ is considered by most historians to be the first pharaoh of Egypt.
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Narmer
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The New Kingdom Pharaoh,_______, created the cult of Aten, thus converting ancient Egypt’s religion
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Amenhotep IV
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The dates which dentate the Paleolithic Period are
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ca. 7 million to 10,000 B.C.E.
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The deciphering of the________ in 1822 enabled scholars to unravel the mystery of Egyptian hieroglyphics.
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Rosetta Stone
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The beginnings of Hebrew history is personified by which of the following?
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Abraham
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It is generally believed that prehistoric art was created to
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Exert influence over nature
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This is an excellent example of
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The post-and-lintel system of construction

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