hst ch28 – Space

Flashcard maker : Alden Wolfe
What about Lt. Fred Downs’s story mirrored the experience of Americans in the 1960s?
Americans’ growing confidence caused them to cast aside their cautions of the 1950s and begin bold programs at home and abroad.
The federal government during the 1960s had pledged to end poverty in the United States and
confront Communism abroad.
In the 1960s America’s domestic problems included
all of the above
In the 1960s America’s international problems included
the expansion of Communism.
The “deliberate speed” of desegregation had what effect?
to anger African American activists who believed the process was too slow
__________ was the location of the start of lunch counter sit-ins in 1960.
Greensboro, North Carolina
One of the results of the sit-ins was
all of the above
The result of such a grassroots movement as the sit-ins energized
other groups to confront their own civil rights issues.
The civil rights organization that sprang from the sit-ins was the
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
In the 1960s the liberal agenda favored
use of the government’s power to solve problems.
Liberals in the early 1960s supported all of the following except
strict construction of the Constitution.
The last time that conservatives controlled the government of the United States was during which administration?
Hoover
The new young postwar conservatives had __________ as their popular spokesman.
Barry Goldwater
The postwar conservatives supported which of the following beliefs?
all of the above
In the election of 1960, which of the following candidates won election?
John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson [d]
Kennedy defeated Nixon in 1960 by
a popular vote margin of fewer than 120,000.
To ensure the success of liberty, President Kennedy vowed in his inaugural address to do all of the following except
“spread liberalism abroad.”
Key to Kennedy’s programs and policies was
the abundant resources of the nation’s growing economy.
Early developments in the space program included all of the following except
formation of the Soviet-American space station.
All of the following lost their lives in the civil rights movement except
Fannie Lou Hamer.
All of the following occurred in the critical year of 1963 in reference to the end to segregation except
the Freedom Rides
One reason that Kennedy could become a vocal supporter of the civil rights movement was
that the civil rights movement was gaining broad-based support.
The Kennedy administration’s defense policy
stressed a “flexible response.”
Compared with President Eisenhower, President Kennedy
was more willing to intervene in the affairs of the Third World.
In order to counter the appeal of Communism, the Kennedy administration supported
all of the above
Like his predecessor President Eisenhower, President Kennedy used __________ to make certain that the Soviets did not gain control.
the CIA
When President Kennedy confronted the Soviets over traffic from West Berlin into East Berlin, the Soviets
all of the above
President Kennedy confronted the Soviets over their construction of launch sites for nuclear missiles in Cuba. Kennedy’s initial response was to
order a naval quarantine of the Caribbean island.
During the Cuban missile crisis,
the United States and the Soviet Union went on full military alert.
To date, the Cuban Missile Crisis represents
all of the above
The situation in Vietnam that President Kennedy inherited in 1961 was characterized by which of the following statements?
all of the above
During Kennedy’s term in office, the number of American advisers in South Vietnam
increased compared with the norm during President Eisenhower’s administration.
Kennedy’s assassination resulted in
all of the above
Presidents Kennedy and Johnson were similar in all of the following except their
style and personality.
President Johnson’s “war on poverty”
implemented the Head Start program, which provided early schooling, meals, and medical exams for poor preschool-aged children.
The Great Society programs were designed to
all of the above
The presidential election of 1964 resulted in all of the following except
tentative support of the President’s Great Society programs.
All of the following except __________ were part of President Johnson’s Great Society Program.
. the Peace Corps
The following acts of Congress were designed to either protect or improve the nation’s environment except
the Public Broadcasting Act of 1967.
The Warren Court, named for the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court, tended to rule in favor of
the expansion of individual rights, particularly where personal liberties were at issue.
“Freedom Summer” of 1964 was known for its
symbolic peaceful cooperation between black and white civil rights activists working to register black voters in Mississippi.
Like his predecessors, President Johnson believed
all of the above
On August 2, 1964, the U.S. destroyer Maddox was
all of the above
The Gulf of Tonkin resolution
provided a justification for the introduction of American troops
All of the following are accurate characterizations of the war at home except that
it energized the young, although they were powerless to make their voices heard.
That there were more than 300 race riots in American cities can be explained as
a dramatization of the conflict between the promises of the Great Society programs and the reality of life in black America.
The philosophical foundation of Malcolm X was his
belief that African Americans should acquire freedom “by any means necessary.”
In 1966 the slogan “Black Power” was first used by
Stokely Carmichael.
The counterculture was a disruptive force in the 1960s where the war, civil rights, and individual rights were concerned because it
encouraged Americans to question authority and conventional values.
The National Organization for Women (NOW) was founded in 1966 to
push for the civil rights of women.
American students were not the only college-age people who protested their governments’ actions or inactions. Regardless of where the protests occurred, they had all of the following in common except that
they were generally unsuccessful in achieving social and political change.
In March 1967, President Johnson shocked the American people by announcing all of the following except that
he was firing General William C. Westmoreland.
George Wallace, former governor of Alabama, ran for the presidency hoping to capitalize on votes from those who were
all of the above
The election of 1968 gave voice to a new Republican, Ronald Reagan. He advocated
all of the above
The campaign of 1968 is remembered for all of the following except
the failure of President Johnson to gain renomination
The election of 1968 was contested by all of the following except
Teddy Kennedy.
The Tet Offensive
coalesced Americans’ worries that the war was not going as well as they were being told, as the North Vietnamese were able to launch such an impressive strike so deep into South Vietnam.
Nixon’s election in 1968 is usually attributed to all of the following except
. his pledge to dismantle Social Security and Medicare.
The “fall” of the new liberalism of the 1960s was the result of
the upheavals of 1968.
One result of the end of the new liberalism was
that Americans had to face the reality that their power had limits.
________was the author of The Feminine Mystique, and she helped found the National Organization for Women in 1966
Betty Friedan
__________wrote the report Unsafe at Any Speed, which helped to launch the consumer rights’ movement in the United States.
Ralph Nader
______ was the Republican nominee for president in 1968. He promised to end the Vietnam War and unify the country but also exploited the nation’s social divisions in order to secure victory.
Richard Nixon
________ was the strategy, formulated under President Kennedy, that enabled the president to choose different military options, not just nuclear weapons, in dealing with the Soviets.
Flexible response
__________ wrote the book Silent Spring and brought about a renewed environmental consciousness in America.
Rachel Carson
Those who opposed President Johnson’s policies in Vietnam were characterized as __________.
doves
Those who supported President Johnson’s policies in Vietnam were characterized as __________.
hawks
Cofounders of the Black Panther Party were ___________ and ____________.
Huey Newton, Bobby Seale
_________ was the segregationist governor who tried to stop two black students from enrolling at the University of Alabama.
George Wallace
________ were the tactic initiated in Greensboro, North Carolina, by which black male protestors would demand to be served in whites-only lunch counters. When staff refused, the men would politely sit, refusing to leave.
Sit-ins

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