HLTH 1100 chapter 14

question

People 65 and older make up what percentage of the U.S. populations?
answer

More than 12 percent
question

The idea that jogging will cause an older person’s bones and joints to degenerate more quickly is an example of which theory of aging?
answer

Wear- and- tear
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Justin’s Aunt Martha was told by her doctor that she has abnormal cells in her left lung. Since she is a nonsmoker and has had minimal exposure to carcinogens, her doctor believes that her condition is related to which theory of aging?
answer

Genetic mutation
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All of the following changes occur to the heart and lungs as a result of aging EXCEPT
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stroke volume increases.
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All of the sexual changes occur in aging men EXCEPT
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extended duration of orgasm
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Progressive brain impairments that interfere with memory and normal intellectual functioning are
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dimentias
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All of the following are ways to help a grieving friend EXCEPT
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avoiding talking about the person who died or mentioning their name.
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Exercise throughout life can prevent much of the decline in heart and lung function typically seen with aging.
answer

True
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Many older people engage in regular sexual activity.
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True
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Alzheimer’s disease is a form of dementia.
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True
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Katie is a researcher who studies factors that influence aging and how individuals cope with the aging process. Katie works in the field of.
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gerontology
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Successful aging involves all of the following EXCEPT
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refusing to accept physical, emotional, and social changes associated with growing older.
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Which of the following is the LEAST likely effect of the baby boomer generation aging?
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It will have no impact on the economy, housing market, healthcare system, or Social Security.
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Jessica’s grandmother has frequent urinary tract infections, which her doctor attributes to an inability of her body to recognize and fight the bacteria which causes it. This is an example of which theory of aging?
answer

Autoimmune
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Osteoporosis would most likely result in
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a wrist fracture as a result of a fall.
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Which of the following best describes facial changes related to aging?
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The nose becomes wider and longer.
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After his stroke at the age of 80, Austin now has urinary incontinence, meaning he has
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reduced control or no control over urination.
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Your grandfather is having blurred vision in his right eye due to clouding in the lens associated with aging. To improve his vision, he would need which type of surgery.
answer

Cataract
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Miles is 75 and he has been diagnosed with glaucoma. What must he do to keep this problem from worsening?
answer

Use special eye drops in his eyes to relieve pressure in the eye
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Jean’s hearing has diminished over the years. She probably has the most difficulty hearing
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a conversation over the telephone.
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What percentage of American couples between the ages of 55 and 70 engage in sexual activity?
answer

50%
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Your 80-year-old aunt lives in an independent-living retirement center. She still has a very sharp memory. All of the following probably apply to her EXCEPT
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she has never exercised and prefers to spend all of her time alone.
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A bone condition that is a major cause of disability in the United States is
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rheumatoid arthritis .
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Too often, drug interactions in elderly people are first diagnosed as which condition before the underlying cause is found?
answer

Dementia
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Which of the following statements about Alzheimer’s disease is NOT true?
answer

If caught early, its progression can be stopped.
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Which of the following is true about the elderly and alcohol abuse?
answer

More than 90 percent of older men drink at least occasionally.
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Which of the following statements is NOT^accurate concerning the drug use of the elderly?
answer

Some elderly people use illicit drugs to avoid the cost of conventional medical treatment.
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Nutrients considered especially important for healthy aging include
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calcium, vitamin D, and protein.
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Phillip was involved in a car crash and placed on a respirator. After his family had the respirator removed he was non-responsive, with no reflexes and a flat EEG. These vital signs indicate Phillip has experienced
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brain death.
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The loss or deprivation experienced by a person when a loved one dies is known as
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bereavement.
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The cultural practice of waiting a year after the death of a spouse to begin dating would be an example of
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social death.
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Funeral rituals
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are found in all cultures.
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Withholding life-prolonging treatments and allowing a terminally ill patient to die naturally is
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passive euthanasia.
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Hospice care
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provides care for a terminally ill patient and his or her family.
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Most older people end up living in a nursing home.
answer

False
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The genetic mutation theory attributes aging to the decline of the body’s immunological system.
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False
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Menopause may make sexual activity less pleasurable for women.
answer

True
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Gerontology explores the influences on aging and the ways in which people cope with and adapt to this process.
answer

True
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Anger is a normal part of the grief process.
answer

True
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To complete the grief work process, a person first must set a time limit for each of the stages to be completed.
answer

False

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