Heptylacetat C9H18O2 structure

C9H18O2 structure
Molecular Formula C9H18O2
Average mass 158.238 Da
Density 0.9±0.1 g/cm3
Boiling Point 191.6±3.0 °C at 760 mmHg
Flash Point 68.6±6.9 °C
Molar Refractivity 45.5±0.3 cm3
Polarizability 18.0±0.5 10-24cm3
Surface Tension 27.9±3.0 dyne/cm
Molar Volume 180.6±3.0 cm3
  • Experimental Physico-chemical Properties
  • Miscellaneous
    • Appearance:

      colourless liquid with a herbaceous, green, rose odour Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations Heptyl acetate
  • Gas Chromatography
    • Retention Index (Kovats):

      1089.15 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.256 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mijin, D.; Antonovic, D.G., The temperature dependence of the retention index for n-alkyl esters of acetic, propionic, cyclohexanecarboxylic, benzoic and phenylacetic acid on DB-1 and DB-5 capillary columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 71(6), 2006, 629-637.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1095 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 356, 1986, 79-94., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tarjan, G.; Nyiredy, Sz.; Gyor, M.; Lombosi, E.R.; Lombosi, T.S.; Budahegyi, M.V.; Meszaros, S.Y.; Takacs, J.M., Review. Thirtieth Anniversary of the Retention Index According to Kovats in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 472, 1989, 1-92., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SPB-1; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Castellari, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Galassi, S.; Buxaderas, S., Characterisation of volatile compounds of fruit juices and nectars by HS/SPME and GC/MS, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 627-637.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1094 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1096 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 210 C; Start time: 4 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Takeoka, G.R.; Buttery, R.G.; Flath, R.A., Volatile constituents of Asian pear (Pyrus serotina), J. Agric. Food Chem., 40, 1992, 1925-1929.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1070 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 356, 1986, 79-94., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tarjan, G.; Nyiredy, Sz.; Gyor, M.; Lombosi, E.R.; Lombosi, T.S.; Budahegyi, M.V.; Meszaros, S.Y.; Takacs, J.M., Review. Thirtieth Anniversary of the Retention Index According to Kovats in Gas-Liquid Chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 472, 1989, 1-92.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1086 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 356, 1986, 79-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1090 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 356, 1986, 79-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1093 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.33 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 356, 1986, 79-94., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.23 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Ohnishi, S.; Shibamoto, T., Volatile compounds from heated beef fat and beef fat with glycine, J. Agric. Food Chem., 32, 1984, 987-992.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1083 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XX. Capillary column studies of alkyl acetates, chloroacetates, dichloroacetates and trichloroacetates, J. Chromatogr., 256, 1983, 221-229., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XX. Capillary column studies of alkyl acetates, chloroacetates, dichloroacetates and trichloroacetates, J. Chromatogr., 256, 1983, 221-229.) NIST Spectra mainlib_232167, replib_21758, replib_365336, replib_368255, nist ri
      1099 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Madden, B.G.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XX. Capillary column studies of alkyl acetates, chloroacetates, dichloroacetates and trichloroacetates, J. Chromatogr., 256, 1983, 221-229.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091.7 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.22 mm; Column length: 15 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 200 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Hornova, L.; Churacek, J., Glass capillary gas chromatography of homologous series of esters. Separation of homologous series of esters of halogenated carboxylic acids on a glass capillary column with the non-polar stationary silicone phase OV-101, J. Chromatogr., 244, 1982, 142-147.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1110.21 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.321 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 80 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Mijin, D.; Antonovic, D.G., The temperature dependence of the retention index for n-alkyl esters of acetic, propionic, cyclohexanecarboxylic, benzoic and phenylacetic acid on DB-1 and DB-5 capillary columns, J. Serb. Chem. Soc., 71(6), 2006, 629-637.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1361 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 240 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: Supelcowax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Riu-Aumatell, M.; Castellari, M.; Lopez-Tamames, E.; Galassi, S.; Buxaderas, S., Characterisation of volatile compounds of fruit juices and nectars by HS/SPME and GC/MS, Food Chem., 87, 2004, 627-637.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1374 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Umano, K.; Hagi, Y.; Tamura, T.; Shoji, A.; Shibamoto, T., Identification of volatile compounds isolated from round kumquat (Fortunella japonica Swingle), J. Agric. Food Chem., 42(9), 1994, 1888-1890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1372 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 120 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 356, 1986, 79-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1385 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 356, 1986, 79-94., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 180 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 356, 1986, 79-94., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195., Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column length: 2 m; Column type: Packed; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb W; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Zarazir, D.; Chovin, P.; Guiochon, G., Identification of hydroxylic compounds and their derivatives by gas chromatography, Chromatographia, 3, 1970, 180-195.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1400 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 160 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 356, 1986, 79-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1401 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Start T: 140 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-351; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Haken, J.K.; Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas chromatography of homologous esters. XXXII. Capillary chromatography of C1-C18 monochlorinated n-alkyl acetates, J. Chromatogr., 356, 1986, 79-94.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1370 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.64 mm; Column length: 150 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 50 C; End T: 170 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Buttery, R.G.; Seifert, R.M.; Ling, L.C.; Soderstrom, E.L.; Ogawa, J.M.; Turnbaugh, J.G., Additional aroma components of honeydew melon, J. Agric. Food Chem., 30, 1982, 1208-1211.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1366 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.28 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 190 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Tressl, R.; Friese, L.; Fendesack, F.; Koppler, H., Gas chromatographic–mass spectrometric investigation of hop aroma constituents in beer, J. Agric. Food Chem., 26(6), 1978, 1422-1426.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1334 (Program type: Isothermal; Col… (show more) umn class: Standard polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 100 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Substrate: Chromosorb; Data type: Kovats RI; Authors: Kevei, E.; Kozma, E., Gaschromatographische Untersuchungsmethoden zur Aromaprufung in gekochtem Schweinefleisch (M. semimembranosus), Nahrung, 20(3), 1976, 243-252.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Normal Alkane):

      1095 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1111 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Choi, H.-S., Characterization of citrus unshiu (C. unshiu Marcov. forma Miyagawa-wase) blossom aroma by solid-phase microextraction in conjunction with an electronic nose, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 418-423.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1090 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 29(3), 2001, 313-316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 525, 1993, 121-136., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.762 mm; Column length: 600 ft; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1 K/min; Start T: 0 C; End T: 230 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-1; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Schreyen, L.; Dirinck, P.; Sandra, P.; Schamp, N., Flavor analysis of quince, J. Agric. Food Chem., 27(4), 1979, 872-876.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1094 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Yang, R., Analysis of the volatile components in peel oil of Yuzu by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry, Chin. J. Anal. Chem., 29(3), 2001, 313-316., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-101; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tamura, H.; Yang, R.-H.; Sugisawa, H., Aroma profiles of peel oils of acid citrus, ACS Sym. Ser., 525, 1993, 121-136.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1106.1 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 10 K/min; Start T: 45 C; End T: 340 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-1HT; Carrier gas: He; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Komarek, K.; Pitthard, V.; Kostrubanicova, E.; Skvarenina, S.; Hoffmann, J., Capillary gas chromatography-mass spectrometry of lower oxyethylenated aliphatic alcohols, J. Chromatogr. A, 773, 1997, 219-226.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1097 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.30 mm; Column length: 25 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 50 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Korhonen, I.O.O., Gas-Liquid Chromatographic Analyses. XXIII. Separation of primary C1-C12 straight-chain alkanols and C1-C12 n-alkyl acetates, monobromoacetates, dibromoacetates and tribromoacetates, J. Chromatogr., 287, 1984, 399-406.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1114 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1118 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (5 min) ^ 3 0C/min -> 210 0C ^ 40 0C/min -> 240 0C (10 min); CAS no: 112061; Active phase: BPX-5; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: se Souza, P.P.; Cardeal, Z.DeL.; Augusti, R.; Morrison, P.; Marriott, P.J., Determination of volatile compounds in Brazilian distilled cachaca by using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography and effects of production pathways, J. Chromatogr. A., 1216, 2009, 2881-2890.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1113 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 30C(3min) => 5C/min => 80C=>4C/min =>95C=> 5C/min =>115C=> 10C/min =>200C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SPB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Crook, L.R.; Boylston, T.D.; Glatz, B.A., Effect of gas environment and sorbate addition on flavor characteristics of irradiated apple cider during storage, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 6997-7004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1091 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Volatile components in aqueous essence and fresh fruit of Cucumis melo cv. Athena (muskmelon) by GC-MS and GC-O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5929-5933.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1118.2 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 40C (6min) => 2.5C/min => 150C => 90C/min => 250C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: HP-5; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Jordan, M.J.; Shaw, P.E.; Goodner, K.L., Volatile components in aqueous essence and fresh fruit of Cucumis melo cv. Athena (muskmelon) by GC-MS and GC-O, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 5929-5933.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1110 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 6 K/min; Start T: 35 C; End T: 200 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: HP-5; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Larsen, T.O.; Frisvad, J.C., Characterization of volatile metabolites from 47 Penicillium taxa, Mycol. Res., 99(10), 1995, 1153-1166.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1362 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.18 mm; Column length: 20 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35 0C (1 min) ^ 2/9 0C/min -> 100 0C ^ 8 0C/min -> 200 0C (5 min); CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: Helium; Phase thickness: 0.18 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Rowan, D.D.; Hunt, M.B.; Dimouro A.; Alspach P.A.; Weskett R.; Volz, R.K.; Gardiner, S.E.; Chagne, D., Profiling fruit volatiles in the progeny of a “Royal Gala” x “Granny Smith” apple (Malus x domestica) cross, J. Agr. Food Chem., 57, 2009, 7953-7961.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1374 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-Wax; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lan Phi N.T.; Nishiyama C.; Choi H.-S.; Sawamura M., Evaluation of aroma characteristic compounds of Citrus natsudaidai Hayata (Natsudaidai) cold-pressed peel oil, Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem., 70(8), 2006, 1832-1838.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1377 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 70 C; End T: 230 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Njoroge, S.M.; Koaze, H.; Mwaniki, M.; Minh Tu, N.T.; Sawamura, M., Essential oils of Kenyan Citrus fruits: volatile components of two varieties of mandarins (Citrus reticulata) and a tangelo (C. paradisi * C. tangerina), Flavour Fragr. J., 20, 2005, 74-79.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1385 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 4 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: Innowax FSC; Carrier gas: Helium; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Lourens, A.C.U.; Reddy, D.; Baser, K.H.C.; Viljoen, A.M.; Van Vuuren, S.F., In vitro Biological Activity and Essential Oil Composition of Four Indigenous South Africal Helichrysum Species, J. Ethnopharmacol., 95, 2004, 253-258.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1371.2 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 35C(5min) =>2C/min =>60C =>5C/min =>200C =>25C/min =>250C (10min); CAS no: 112061; Active phase: CP-Wax 52CB; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Tsakiris, A.; Sipsas, V.; Bekatorou, A.; Mallouchos, A.; Koutinas, A.A., Red wine making by immobilized cells and influence on volatile composition, J. Agric. Food Chem., 52, 2004, 1357-1363.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1360 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column type: Capillary; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: Carbowax 20M; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Vinogradov, B.A., Production, composition, properties and application of essential oils, 2004.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1364 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 220 C; End time: 10 min; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Hayata, Y.; Sakamoto, T.; Kozuka, H.; Sakamoto, K.; Osajima, Y., Analysis of aromatic volatile compounds in ‘Miyabi’ melon (Cucumis melo L.) using the Porapak Q column, J. Jpn. Soc. Hortic. Sci., 71(4), 2002, 517-525.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1380 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-Wax; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Werkhoff, P.; Guntert, M.; Krammer, G.; Sommer, H.; Kaulen, J., Vacuum headspace method in aroma research: flavor chemistry of yellow passion fruits, J. Agric. Food Chem., 46, 1998, 1076-1093.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1369 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 60 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: TC-Wax; Data type: Normal alkane RI; Authors: Shuichi, H.; Masazumi, N.; Hiromu, K.; Kiyoshi, F., Comparison of volatile compounds berween the crude drugs, Onji-tsutsu and Onji-niki, Nippon nogei kagaku kaishi, 70(2), 1996, 151-160.) NIST Spectra nist ri
    • Retention Index (Linear):

      1085 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.32 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 245 C; End time: 20 min; Start time: 3 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-1; Carrier gas: H2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Brat, P.; Brillouet, J.-M.; Reynes, M.; Cogat, P.-O.; Olle, D., Free volatile components of passion fruit puree obtained by flash vacuum-expansion, J. Agric. Food Chem., 48, 2000, 6210-6214.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1090 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., Comparison of odor quality in peel oils of acid citrus, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 39(1), 1992, 16-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1094 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 50 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 2 K/min; Start T: 80 C; End T: 200 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: OV-101; Carrier gas: N2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Yang, R.; Sugisawa, H.; Nakatani, H.; Tamura, H.; Takagi, N., Comparison of odor quality in peel oils of acid citrus, Nippon Shokuhin Kogyo Gakkaishi, 39(1), 1992, 16-24.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1096 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Standard non-polar; Column type: Packed; Start T: 75 C; End T: 228 C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: SE-30; Substrate: Celite; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: van den Dool, H.; Kratz, P. Dec., A generalization of the retention index system including linear temperature programmed gas-liquid partition chromatography, J. Chromatogr., 11, 1963, 463-471.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1120 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 15 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 270 C; End time: 15 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: 5 % Phenyl methyl siloxane; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Zaikin, V.G., Personal communication: Retention indices measured during 2010, 2010.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1115 (Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 5 K/min; Start T: 60 C; End T: 220 C; Start time: 10 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: N2; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Flamini, G.; Tebano, M.; Cioni, P.L.; Bagci, Y.; Dural, H.; Ertugrul, K.; Uysal, T.; Savran, A., A multivariate statistical approach to Centaurea classification using essential oil composition data of some species from Turkey, Pl. Syst. Evol., 261, 2006, 217-228., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 1 mm; Column length: 0.32 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 1.5 K/min; Start T: 30 C; End T: 180 C; Start time: 5 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: H2; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Guichard, E.; Souty, M., Comparison of the relative quantities of aroma compounds found in fresh apricot (Prunus armeniaca) from six different varieties, Z. Lebensm. Unters. Forsch., 186, 1988, 301-307.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1111 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C (1min) =>5C/min => 100C => 10C/min => 250C (9min); CAS no: 112061; Active phase: DB-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Beaulieu, J.C.; Grimm, C.C., Identification of volatile compounds in cantaloupe at various developmental stages using solid phase microextraction, J. Agric. Food Chem., 49, 2001, 1345-1352., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: Mega 5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; la Rosa, G.; Zappala, M.; Cotroneo, A., Essential oil composition of different cultivars of bergamot grown in Sicily, Ital. J. Food Sci., 12(4), 2000, 493-501., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Heat rate: 3 K/min; Start T: 40 C; End T: 240 C; Start time: 2 min; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: Mega 5MS; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Verzera, A.; Trozzi, A.; Gazea, F.; Cicciarelloi, G.; Cotroneo, A., Effects of rootstock on the composition of bergamot (Citrus bergamia Risso et Poiteau) essential oil, J. Agric. Food Chem., 51, 2003, 206-210.) NIST Spectra nist ri
      1112 (Program type: Complex; Column… (show more) class: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column length: 30 m; Column type: Capillary; Description: 50C=>6C/min=>100C=>4C/min=>280C; CAS no: 112061; Active phase: HP-5; Carrier gas: He; Phase thickness: 0.25 um; Data type: Linear RI; Authors: Isidorov, V.A.; Krajewska, U.; Dubis, E.N.; Jdanova, M.A., Partition coefficients of alkyl aromatic hydrocarbons and esters in a hexane-acetonitrile system, J. Chromatogr. A, 923, 2001, 127-136., Program type: Ramp; Column cl… (show more) ass: Semi-standard non-polar; Column diameter: 0.25 mm; Column leng

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