Health Occupations- Med Term: Chapter 4

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Superficial
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Pertaining to the surface of the body or near the surface.
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Deep
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Away from the surface and toward the inside of the body.
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Anterior
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Pertaining to the front of the body toward the belly of the body.
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Posterior
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Pertaining to the back of the body.
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Ventral
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Of or pertaining to a position toward the belly of the body.
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Dorsal
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Pertaining to the back
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Medial
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Toward the midline of the body
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Lateral
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Toward the side of the body
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Superior
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Above or upward toward the head
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Inferior
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Below or downward toward the tail or feet.
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Cranial
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Pertaining to the head.
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Caudal
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Pertaining to the tail.
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Distal
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Away from or farthest from the trunk of the body.
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Proximal
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Toward or nearest to the trunk of the body
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Supine
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Lying horizontally on the back, face up.
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Prone
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Lying facedown on the abdomen.
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Supination
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A movement that allows the palms of the hands to turn upward or forward.
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Pronation
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A movement that allows the hands to turn downward and backward.
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Plantar
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Pertaining to the sole or bottom of the foot.
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Dorsum
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The back surface of a part; in the foot or the top of the foot.
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Anatomical Position
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The standard reference position for the body as a whole.
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Cardiac Muscle
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The muscle that makes up the muscular wall of the heart.
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Cervical Vertebrae
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The first seven segments of the spinal column.
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Coocyx
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The tailbone.
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Connective Tissue
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Supports and binds other body tissue and parts.
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Cranial Cavity
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The cavity that contains the brain.
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Cytology
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The study of cells.
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Epigastric Region
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The region of the abdomen located between the right and left hypochondriac regions in the upper section of the abdomen.
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Frontal Plane
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Any of the vertical planes passing through the body from the head to the feet.
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Histologist
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A medical scientist who specializes in the study of tissues.
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Hypochondriac Region
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The right and left regions of the upper abdomen.
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Hypogastric Region
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The middle section of the lower abdomen
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Inguinal Region
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The right and left regions of the lower section of the abdomen.
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Intervertebral Disc
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A flat, circular, plate-like structure of cartilage that serves as a cushion between the vertebrae.
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Lumbar Region
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The right and left regions of the middle section of the abdomen.
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Lumbar Vertebrae
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The largest and strongest of the vertebrae of the spinal column.
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McBurney’s Point
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A point on the right side of the abdomen.
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Mediolateral
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Pertaining to the middle and side of a structure.
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Midsagital Plane
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The plane that divides the body into right and left equal portions.
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Muscle Tissue
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The tissue capable of producing movement of the parts and organs of the body by contracting and reflexing its fibers.
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Navel
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The belly button.
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Nervous Tissue
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Tissue that transmits impulses throughout the body.
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Pelvic Cavity
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The lower front cavity of the body.
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Peritoneum
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A specific serious membrane that covers the entire abdominal wall of the body and is reflected over the contained viscera.
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Sacrum
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The singular triangular-shaped bone that results from the fusion of the five individuals sacral bones of the child.
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Spinal Cavity
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The cavity that contains the nerves of the spinal cord.
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Thoracic Cavity
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The chest cavity which contains the lungs, heart, aorta, esophagus, and trachea.
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Transverse Plane
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Any of the planes cutting across the body perpendicular to the sagittal and the frontal planes.
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Ventral
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Pertaining to the front.
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Visceral
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Pertaining to the internal organs.

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