Hard/software – chap 10

Flashcard maker : Matilda Campbell
Windows Disk Cleanup is the utility to use whenever you want to defragment your hard drive.
Windows needs free space on the hard drive for normal operation, for defragmenting the drive, for burning CDs and DVDs, and for a variety of other tasks, so it’s important to delete unneeded files occasionally.
Defragmenting is not recommended for solid-state hard drives.
Using Windows 7 Backup and Restore, you can back up the volume on which Windows is installed.
The chkdsk command will not fix anything on the drive unless the drive is unlocked.
What type of storage drive contains spinning platters?
magnetic hard disk drives
What is Pagefile.sys used for in Windows?
virtual memory
What is another name for a file allocation unit?
How often does Windows 7/Vista automatically defragment a hard drive?
once a week
What command should you use to rearrange parts of files on the drive so they are contiguous?
In order to ensure drive health, what command should you use to search for and repair file system errors?
What is a snapshot of the system settings and configuration called?
restore point
Restore points are created at regular intervals and just before you install software or hardware by what utility?
System Protection
What is the fourth partition on a hard drive called?
extended partition
Using what Windows 7 utility allows you to create a backup schedule that can include any folder on the hard drive and the system image?
Backup and Restore
What partition is the bootable partition that startup BIOS turns to when searching for an operating system to start up on an MBR partitioned drive?
active partition
If you enter a command and want to terminate its execution before it is finished, what key press should you use?
Ctrl+C (Or Ctrl+Break or Ctrl+Pause)
How much storage does a dynamic disk require for the disk management database?
1 MB
You can use what utility to convert two or more basic disks to dynamic disks?
Disk Management
If a storage pool is configured as if it has more virtual storage than the physical drives actually offer, what feature is being used?
thin provisioning
What option, when passed to the shutdown command, will restart the local computer?
Volumes within an extended partition are known by what term?
logical drives
On a magnetic drive, what is the most common sector size?
512 bytes
What command creates a subdirectory under a directory?
What term is used to describe the unused space at the end of the last cluster?
In Windows, what two terms describe the active partition on an MBR drive, and the location where the Windows operating system is stored, respectively?
boot partition

system partition

What status indicators apply only to dynamic disks?
Healthy (At Risk)

Foreign drive

What file systems supported by Windows can be used for volumes and drives that don’t hold the Windows installation?



What are two methods that can be used to free up disk space on a hard drive?
Use drive compression

Uninstall software you no longer use

Text files that are called initialization files often utilize what two file name extensions?


rearranges files on the drive into contiguous segments
can span more than one hard drive
Dynamic volumes
a volume that can be accessed by way of a folder on another volume so that the folder has more available space
Mounted drive
the overall structure an OS uses to name, store, and organize files on a drive
file system
snapshots of the system and include Windows system files that have changed
restore points
used to enhance the amount of RAM in a system
Virtual memory
can be partitioned and formatted as a stand-alone hard drive
Basic disk
an extra copy of a data or software file that you can use if the original file becomes damaged or destroyed
searches for bad sectors on a volume and recovers the data from them if possible
Chkdsk utility

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