greek study tool

polis
the greek word for city state

classical age
one marked by many achievments

acropolis
a high hill

democracy
a type of government when people rule themselves

aristocats
rich landowners

oligarchy
a government in which a few people have power

citizens
people who had to participate in government

tyrant
which meant a leader who held pwer

mythology
a body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works

agora
assembly place

zeus
the main god

colonies
divided communities

minoans
developed on island and destroyed on earthquake

Mycenaeans
Spoke greek therefore the first greek civilization. Destoyed by earthquake

athena
god of wisdom

spartan
skilled warrior

sparta
valued more of the warrior type characteristics

athens
focused more on the mind

alexander the great
created huge empire and was succesful

cyrus the great
conquered huge amounts of land

darius
son of alexander

xerxes
son of darius

phalanx
strategy of attack when people get into a square with spears

socratis
teacher who got sentenced to death for asking too many questions

cavalry
a unit of soldiers attacking in horses

alliance
group of people on a team