GOAL 6 7 8 AND 9

question

hammarbi code
answer

what was the first known system of written law?
question

punishment meets crime
answer

what is meant by “eye for an eye”
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justinian code
answer

what sert of laws established that the punishment should fit the crime
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jurisprudence
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means the study of law
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10 commandments
answer

what set of moral codes has greatly influenced laws that the us enforces today?
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magna carta
answer

what document limited the power of the english monarch in 1215
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let decision stand
answer

who does the term stare decisis mean?
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constitution law
answer

what type of law is being used if the Supreme Court declares that school cannot requite students to recite a prayer in school due to the first amendment
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administrative law
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what type of law is set by executive agencies?
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regulatory commission
answer

what executive agengy protects the consumer by setting regulations on product sold in the marker?
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federal communication commission
answer

what executive agency regulates tv and radio?
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independent agency NASA
answer

what executive agency regulates space exploration?
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precedent
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common law is based on ____?
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a ruling used for later cases
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what is precedent?
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statutory law
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what type of law is enacted by a legislature?
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international law
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what type of law establishes treaties among nations?
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civil law
answer

what type of law deals with disputes between private parties?
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secret service
answer

what federal law enforcement agency investigates counterfeiting?
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common sense
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why can jackie not claim to a police officer that she did not know that it was against the law to drive in the car without her seatbelt on?
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go to jail
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why does it mean to be incarcerated
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plea
answer

factors are those that could worsen the sentence of a convicted criminal
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8th
answer

what amendment protects the accused from excessive bail and cruel and unusual punishment?
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probation
answer

why type of punishment does not include jail time but places restrictions on a criminals life such as attending a job regularly and curfew
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writ of habbius corpus
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laws are prohibited by the us constitution and allow the accused to be punished without a trial
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deterrence
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whay theory of punishment claims that the criminal should be punished to keep others from committing similar crimes
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incapacitation
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why theory of punishment claims that the criminal should be locked away because he and she is a danger to society
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retribution
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what theory of punishment claims that a criminal should be punished so that justice can be served
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rehabilitation
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why theory of punishment says that the focus should be on correcting the behavior of the criminal
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10
answer

what amendment exrends the right of due process to the responsibiility of states?
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4
answer

what amendment protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures
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parole
answer

what term is used to describe when a criminal is released from prison early but with restrictions?
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by breaking them
answer

how can citizens influence the law?
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get people elected who stand up for their issues
answer

how can PAC’s influence the law?
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CMPD
answer

what is our local law enforcement agency called?
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self incrimination
answer

what right guaranteed by the 5th amendment claims that one cannot be forced to testify against himself?
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due process
answer

what right guaranteed by the 5th amendment ensures procedural fairness
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double jeopardy
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what right guaranteed by the 5th amendment claims that one cannot be tried for the same crime twice?
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decide if defendant is guilty or not
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what is the purpose of the Grand Jury?
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needs
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necessary for survival
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scarcity
answer

what problem does economics work to solve?
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non renewable
answer

coal cannot be replaced one is is used. waht kind of recourse is coal?
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wants can live without
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how would you describe out wants and needs
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scarce
answer

how would you describe our available resources
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land, labor, capital, entrepreneurship
answer

list the four factors of productions
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goods are limited, you must make sacrifices
answer

why cant society not produce all the guns and all the butter it desired?
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opportunity cost
answer

what is the most desirable alternative given up as the result of decision?
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incentive
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what term descirbes a reward offered to try to persuade people to take certain economic actions?
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blue collar workers
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workers that perform manual labor
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white color workers
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doctors and lawyers
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circular flow of economy
answer

what graph shows ways to use an economy;s resources
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right
answer

growth in an economy can cause the frontier to shift to the _____
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adam smith
answer

who wrote wealth of nations and ecplaines how a market economy works
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invisible hand
answer

what concept was introduced in wealth of nations that depicts that the market will regulate itself
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laissez faire
answer

what philosopher means that government should generaly not intervene in a market economy
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consumer sovereignty
answer

what term describes that the consumer decides what foods are available in the market?
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competition
answer

what characteristic of a market economy means that sellers work to gain consumer business by lowering prices offering advantages to buying their product
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traditional
answer

what type of economy is based on ritual and custom?
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free
answer

in what type of economy do individuals make all economic decision?
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command
answer

communism is associates with what type of economy?
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free
answer

capitalism is associated with what type of economy
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factor
answer

what diagram shows the movement of goods and services and money from firms to households and from households to firms?
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elastic
answer

if a good has many substitutes, its demand is ____?
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equilibrium
answer

what term is used to describe the point at which supply and demand intersect?
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inelastic
answer

the demand for medicine is?
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price floor
answer

minimum wage ceiling or floor?
question

price ceiling
answer

rent control price ceiling or floor?
question

john maynard keynes
answer

what economist believed that there are some occastions in which the government must step in and regulate the economy
question

karl marx
answer

what economist wrote communist manifesto and explained the foundations of communism?
question

monopoly
answer

what type of market is controlled my a single seller
question

oligopoly
answer

what type of market is controlled by few large firms?
question

corporation
answer

what type of business organization has limited liability
question

sole proprietorship
answer

what type od business organizations allows the owner to be the sole receiver of profits and make all business decisions
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franchise
answer

Mcdonalds and Bojangles are examples of ____?
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dividends
answer

what are the profits of stockholders?
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fiat money
answer

describes that our money has value simply because they say its valuable
question

union/ labor union
answer

what term describes an organization that woks to improve wages and working conditions
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collateral
answer

property used to secure a loan
question

money market accounts
answer

what do we call a low denomination of money that is lent to the government?
question

expansionary
answer

why type of fiscal policy should be used during deflation
question

contractionary
answer

why type of fiscal policy should be used during inflation?
question

contractionary
answer

decreasing gov’t spending is an example of using what kind of fiscal policy?
question

disequilibrium
answer

any point at which supply and demand is not equilibrium is called?
question

horizontal merger
answer

the joining of two firms competing in the same market
question

FDIC
answer

what was created to insure customer deposits if the bank fails?
question

GNP
answer

measures the value of products produced by a country’s citizens
question

GDP
answer

measures products produced within a country’s borders
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real GDP
answer

GDP measured in constant, unchanging prices
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CPI
answer

what measures the purchasing power of the dollar?
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every 100
answer

how could you determine the base year if you are examining the CPI chart?
question

NAFTA
answer

what trade agreement exists between US, canada, and mexico
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quota
answer

setting a _____ places a limit on the amount of goods that are imported into a country
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contractionary policy
answer

in periods of inflation, the gov’t would use a _____?
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expansionary policy
answer

in periods of recession, the gov’t would use a _____?
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embargo
answer

to cutoff trade completely
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per capita GDP
answer

what is the primary measure for determining if a country is developed or developing?

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