FSOT – History Flashcards Answers

question

1863
answer

When was the red cross founded
question

1937
answer

What year was FDR’s court packing scheme
question

100,000 in 1934
answer

the largest denomination of US money ever created
question

1893 Depression
answer

Profits dwindled, businesses went bankrupt & slid into debt. Caused loss of business confidence. 20% of the workforce unemployed. Let to the Pullman strike
question

1933 (FDR)
answer

Gold Standard abandoned & turn to silver
question

1973 Rehabilitation Act
answer

An American piece of legislation that guaranteed certain rights to people with disabilities
question

1992 – what went wrong (GB1)
answer

GB1 American economy favored powerful not middle class, natioanal debt, employment fell, forced into low paying jobs, losing benefits of pensiosn & health, black & hispanic = hit hardest
question

3/5 Compromise
answer

The South wanted slaves to count of citizens in order to increase the population, & therefore increasing the number of Southerners in the House of Representatives. The North argued that slaves were property & couldn’t be counted. In the end, slaved came to be counted as 3/5 of a person
question

a lasting constitution
answer

American Revolution was different from the French Revolution in that it produced what
question

Monitor vs. Merrimack
answer

Battle during the civil war showing wooden warships were now obsolete
question

1986 Berlin discotheque bombing
answer

April 5; a terrorist attack on the West Berlin La Belle discotheque that was frequented by U.S. soldiers. Libya blamed after telex messages intercepted from Libya’s East Berlin embassy, & Reagan retaliated by ordering airstrikes against ripoli & Benghazi. At least 15 people died in the U.S. airstrikes on Libya – including a 15 – month – old girl said to have been adopted by leader Colonel Gaddafi – & more than 100 were injured.
question

1998, nearly resulting in a war in 1999
answer

What year did India & Pakistan become nuclear powers
question

3. 9 billion
answer

Approx. how many people live in Asia
question

30 years war
answer

fought between the years 1618 & 1648, principally on the territory of today’s Germany, but also involving most of the major continental powers. It occurred for a number of reasons. Although it was from its outset a religious conflict between Protestants & Catholics, the self – preservation of the Habsburg dynasty was also a central motive
question

330 Million
answer

Approx. how many people live in South America
question

4 Options towards Soviet Russia
answer

roll back communism (aggression) – negotiations of many disagreements (diplomacy) – appeasement – containment/isolation of USSR
question

460 Million
answer

Approx. how many people live in the E. U
question

7 years war
answer

Which was resulted in the beginning of the modern state system in Europe
question

a plan for postwar world
answer

What were the Fourteen Points
question

a prime minister selected by the diet
answer

Under the post war constitution of Japan, who was the head of govt
question

ABC Powers
answer

WW 1914 Argentina,Brazil,Chile offered to negotiate dispute between US & Mexico
question

Absolute Monarchy
answer

where the king or queen has absolute power over all aspects of his/her subjects’ lives
question

absolution
answer

The theory popular in France & other early modern European monarchies that royal power should be free of constitutional checks
question

Bahrain vs. Qatar
answer

Dispute over the Hawar Islands
question

Cameroon vs. Nigeria
answer

Conflict over the Bakasi Peninsula; the ICJ ruled in favor of Cameroon
question

Civil War
answer

War between Northern & Southern States. South wanted to secede to preserve economic model, including slavery, & autonomy. North won
question

Crimean War
answer

What event best illustrates geopolitics
question

Crimean war
answer

28 March 1854 – 1856; between Imperial Russia on one side & an alliance of the United Kingdom, France, The Piedmont – Sardinia, & (to some extent) the Ottoman Empire on the other. The majority of the conflict took place on the Crimean peninsula in the Black Sea. Cigarettes were invented during the war. First war to have tactical use of railways. First war to have live reporting (via telegraph). Russia lost
question

Dirty War
answer

War waged by the Argentine military (1976 – 1982) against leftist groups. Characterized by the use of illegal imprisonment, torture, & executions by the military
question

End of Cold War 1989 – 91
answer

As Pres. George H. W. Bush stated a desire to integrate the Soviet Union into the community of nations, the Cold War ended when communist regimes collapsed across Eastern Europe & the Soviet Union disintegrated
question

English Civil War
answer

civil war in England between the Parliamentarians and the Royalists under Charles I
question

english civil war, restoration, glorious revolution
answer

What reflects the chronological order of events in English history
question

French & Indian War
answer

a war in North America between France and Britain (both aided by indian tribes)
question

Gabon vs. Equatorial Guinea
answer

Disputes over continental shelf & mineral deposits
question

Gulf War I 1990 – 91
answer

In response to the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait, the U. S. built an international coalition to defend Saudi Arabia and, after UN approval, to eject Iraq from Kuwait through Operation Desert Storm
question

Hundred Years War
answer

Series of campaigns over control of the throne of France, involving English & French royal families & French noble families. (1337 – 1453) France vs. England, France won, lasted 116 yrs – a series of conflicts
question

Iran – Iraq War
answer

1980 – 1988: Saddam Hussein attempted to gain more land. The US backed Iran
question

Iran & Iraq (Gulf)
answer

Dispute over access to the Gulf. In the Algiers Accord, Iraq gave up the territory to Iran
question

Israel vs. Lebanon
answer

Israel has invaded Lebanon 3 times, most recently in 2006
question

Key Players of Mexican War
answer

Fremont – \”Pathfinder\” California, Kearny – New Mexico, Winfield Scott – Vera Cruz to Mexico City (ended war), Zachary Taylor – Buena Vista
question

King George’s War
answer

War between British & Spaniards on American soil
question

King Philip’s War
answer

Bloodiest English – Native American conflict of the time. Leader of the Pokanokets, Metacomet, led attacks on several expanding colonist settlements. He formed an alliance with other tribes, but soon they were defeated due to lack of supplies
question

Mexican War
answer

(1846 – 1848) A war between the U. S. & Mexico, resulting in the cession by Mexico of lands now constituting all or most of the states of California, Arizona, New Mexico, Nevada, Utah, & Colorado
question

National War Labor Board
answer

Acted as a supreme court for labor cases. Did more harm than good when it tried to limit wages, which led to strikes
question

Nixon’s War on Inflation(RN),
answer

(RN), 1971, no longer held long – held position against govt controls, now prices were frozen, dollar no longer valued as gold, it became floating dollar, federal jobs cuts
question

Oman vs. UAE
answer

Dispute over islands in the strait of Hormuz
question

Opium War
answer

War between Britain & the Qing Empire that was, in the British view, occasioned by the Qing govt’s refusal to permit the importation of opium into its territories. The victorious British imposed the one – sided Treaty of Nanking on China
question

Peloponnesian War
answer

Conflict between Athenian & Spartan Alliances. The war was largely a consequence of Athenian imperialism. Possession of a naval empire allowed Athens to fight a war of attrition. Ultimately, Sparta prevailed because of Athenian errors/Persian
question

Pequot War
answer

After Pequots attacked Puritan settlement, killing nine, the colonists responded by burning Pequot village, killing 400
question

Persian Gulf War
answer

(GB1), 1991, a war fought between a coalition led by the U. S. & Iraq to free Kuwait from Iraqi invaders
question

Persian Wars
answer

Conflicts between Greek city – states & the Persian Empire, ranging from the Ionian Revolt (499 – 494 B. C. E. ) through Darius’s punitive expedition that failed at Marathon. Chronicled by Herodotus. (131)
question

Philippine – American War
answer

Fought to quell Filipino resistance to American control of the Philippine Islands. Filipino guerrilla soldiers finally gave up when their leader, Emilio Aguinaldo, was captured (1898 – 1902)
question

Phony War
answer

The months following the collapse of Poland were known as the \”phony war. \”
question

Queen Anne’s War
answer

British vs. French (1702 – 13)
question

Revolutionary War
answer

War for American independence from Britain. Started with the Battle of Lexington & ended with the Battle of Concord. Americans aided by French
question

Russian Civil War
answer

Russian event that preceded WWII & US – Soviet tensions
question

Russo – Japanese War
answer

War between two foriegn powers that Roosevelt helped negiotate a peace treaty for, & recieved a Nobel Peacy Prize for his work
question

Seven Years’ War
answer

War between Prussia & Britain on one side & Austria, France & Russia on the other. Prussia & Britian won. Britian got Canada, India. Fought also in US called the French & Indian War
question

Sino – Indian War
answer

1962: Dispute over the Himalayan border between India & China
question

Sino – Japanese War
answer

(August 1, 1894 – April 1895) Qing Dynasty China & Meiji Japan over control of Korea. The principal result was a shift in regional dominance in Asia from China to Japan
question

Sioux Wars
answer

Series of clashes that insued as railroads intruded into Native American lands
question

Six Day War
answer

Israel captured golan heights, West Bank & Sinai. Later traded Sinai back to Egypt in exchange for recognition
question

Six Tenants of Appeasement of War
answer

War is caused by two parties, an aggressor & an appeaser – Deterrents are necessary b/c aggressors are present & deterrents will succeed – Credibility of a deterrent can only be demonstrated through capablility & the courage to use it – Confrontati
question

Soviet – Finnish War
answer

1939 – 40 – following the signing of the German – Soviet Nonaggression Pact. When Finland refused to grant the Soviets a naval base & other concessions, Soviet troops attacked on several fronts in November 1939. A peace treaty in March 1940 ceded western Karelia to Russia & allowed construction of a Soviet naval base on the Hanko peninsula
question

Spanish America War
answer

Between Spain & the US. US won, got Philippines & puerto rico & permitted american intervention in the caribean
question

Spanish Civil War
answer

War Between authoritarian/military leaders (facists) vs. Communist. facist won
question

Thirty Years War was triggered by
answer

Rebellion of Czech protestants against Catholic Ferdinand
question

Vietnam War
answer

1954 – 1975. North tried to take over th South with help of Viet Cong. Eisenhower & Kenedy sent advisors, Johnson sent half a million troops. Tet offensive & My Lai massacre severe set back. Nixon & Kissinger negotiated cease fire & withdrawl. Lead to severe division of American society at home
question

War of 1812
answer

Like second war of independence. Fought over alleged violations of American shipping rights. American soldiers attacked Canada unsuccessfully, & Britain burned the White House. Most famous battle was Battle of New Orleans led by Andrew Jackson (after peace had been signed, but army not informed)
question

War on Drugs
answer

(GB1), William Bennett as there was a dramatic increase in drug use, & demand for illegal drugs, especially \”crack\” cocaine, political figures of both parties spoke heatedly about the need for a \”war on drugs\”, but govt efforts to stop drug imports & reduce demand had little effect
question

Wars of the Roses
answer

struggle for the English throne (1455 – 1485) between the house of York (white rose) and the house of Lancaster (red rose) ending with the accession of the Tudor monarch Henry VII
question

What event in Sarajevo ignited the Great War
answer

the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand & his wife Sophie
question

What event led to the War of the Spanish Succession
answer

Charles II made Louis XIV’s grandson his heir, added to the Bourbon power
question

Yom Kippur War
answer

1973: Egypt & Syria attacked Israel. No changes in territory
question

Glorious Revolution of England
answer

Bloodless revolution in England that overthrew King James II & replaced him with William & Mary. Ended Dominion of England, Massachusetts became a royal colony, & it inspired the Americans for their own revolution
question

Revolutions of 1848
answer

Democratic & nationalist revolutions that swept across Europe. The monarchy in France was overthrown. In Germany, Austria, Italy, & Hungary the revolutions failed
question

England’s Glorious Revolution
answer

A turning point in English constitutional history; parliament offers a constitutional monarchy to William of Orange and Mary in 1689 to replace the Stuart line of kings.
question

Saratoga
answer

battle which was the \”turning point\” in the Revolutionary War
question

Russian revolution
answer

Overthrow of the Czar that brought Communists to poer under Lenin
question

French middle class had increased power
answer

What was the immediate results of the French Revolution in 1789
question

We are here Lafayette
answer

Words spoken by American army officer when US forces arrived in France in WWI. Refers to repaying debt to Lafayette’s for helping Americans in Revolutionary war
question

French revolution
answer

1789 – 1799
question

Venezuelan Crisis (vs. Britain)
answer

1902 – 1903 – In December & January 1902 – 1903, \”in an attempt to force payments on debts owed their nationals, Britain & Germany seized Venezuelan gunboats, bombarded some of its forts, & blockaded five ports,\” according to Dallek. A public outcry against European intervention in Latin America convinced Teddy Roosevelt that he should try to prevent further interventions, leading eventually to the Roosevelt Corollary, announced in December 1904
question

Communist takeover of Ethiopia
answer

1977 – Lt. Col. Mengistu Haile Mariam became head of the PMAC, which soon diverted from its announced socialist course. A popular movement, the Ethiopian People’s Revolutionary Party, began a campaign of urban guerrilla activity that was contained by govt – organized urban militias in 1977. Under the Mengistu regime, thousands of political opponents were purged, property was confiscated, & defense spending was greatly increased
question

Communist takeover of Grenada
answer

1979 – a successful, bloodless coup established the People’s Revolutionary govt (PRG) under Prime Minister Maurice Bishop. This govt’s Marxist leanings & favorable stance toward Cuba & the Soviet Union strained relations with the U. S. & other nations in the region. A general election held in 1984, reestablished democratic govt, with Herbert Blaize as prime minister
question

Communist takeover of Angola
answer

Angola independence in 1975 & the MPLA assumed control of the govt in Luanda; Agostinho Neto became pres. The FNLA & UNITA proclaimed a coaliton govt in Nova Lisboa but by early 1976 the MPLA had gained control of the whole country. When Neto died in 1979, Jose Eduardo dos Santos succeeded him as pres. In the 1970s & 80s the MPLA govt received large amounts of aid from Cuba & the Soviet Union, while the U. S. supported first the FNLA & then UNITA
question

Communist takeover of Mozambique
answer

group of white rebels attempted to seize control of the Mozambique govt but were quickly subdued by Portuguese & Frelimo troops. increased racial violence erupted, there was an exodus of Europeans from Mozambique. As the Portuguese left, they took their valuable skills & machinery, which had an adverse effect on the economy. Frelimo established a single – party Marxist state, nationalized all industry, & abolished private land ownership. Frelimo also instituted health & education reforms
question

Communist takeover of Nicaragua
answer

1981 – Nicaragua was taken over by the Sandinista party after a popular revolt. The Sandinistas were then opposed by armed insurgents, the U. S. – backed Contras, from 1981. The Sandinista govt nationalized several sectors of the economy but lost national elections in 1990. The new govt reprivatized many public enterprises. Sandinista leader Daniel Ortega returned to power after winning the presidential election of 2006
question

Zoot suit riots
answer

a series of riots that erupted in LA during WWII, between sailors & soldiers stationed in the city & Mexican American youth gangs headed by pachucos, recognized because of the zoot suits they favored. racially charged atmosphere of Los Angeles. In response Eleanor Roosevelt wrote in her weekly column about the problems faced by the Mexican American community as a result of racism in the U. S
question

Burlingame Treaty
answer

The Burlingame Treaty, between the U. S. & China, amended the Treaty of Tientsin & established formal friendly relations between the two countries, with the U. S. granting China Most Favored Nation status. It was ratified in 1868. Importantly, Chinese immigration to the U. S. was encouraged. The treaty was reversed in 1882 by the Chinese Exclusion Act
question

CENTO – Central Treaty Organization
answer

1955: Mutual – security organization, originally composed of Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Pakistan, & Britain. formed to counter the threat of Soviet expansion into the Middle East. never very effective. Iraq withdrew after its anti – Soviet monarchy was overthrown in 1959. U. S. became an associate member, & headquarters were moved to Ankara, Tur. After the fall of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi in 1979, Iran withdrew & CENTO was dissolved
question

Chemical Weapons Convention
answer

1997. prohibits all development, production, acquisition, stockpiling, transfer & use of chemical weapons. It imposes reporting requirements, as well as inspections on chemical weapons sites located inside participating states. In 2006, 179 states were parties to the Convention
question

Clayton Bulwar Treaty
answer

(MF) 1850, Both U. S. & England wanted to build a Panama Canal. This said that if either of us built it, we’d get the builder’s permission to use it & would share the profits
question

Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty
answer

1996, bans all nuclear weapons tests. 170 state members. Seen as an important step toward reducing the proliferation of nuclear weapons capabilities & promoting progress toward the ideal of nuclear disarmament, the CTBT provides for on – site inspections & periodic reporting by participating states
question

Convention Against Torture
answer

1987, places an absolute prohibition on the use of torture as state policy. requires to \”take effective legislative, administrative, judicial or other measures to prevent acts of torture in any territory under its jurisdiction\”. the Convention also prohibits returning a person to a state in circumstances where he or she is likely to be tortured
question

Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women
answer

1979, Women’s Bill of Rights, gender equity in work places, home and reproductive rights
question

Convention on the Organization for Economic Cooperation & Development (OECD Convention)
answer

1961 comprising 30 member countries, dedicated to promoting increased economic development among its members & with 70 partner countries. It produces international agreements, standards & regulations that promote guidelines to facilitate economic development, trade & good governance. The OECD also publishes authoritative statistics & documents on macroeconomics, education, development & technology issues
question

Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production & Transfer of Anti – Personnel Mines & on Their Destruction (1997 Mine Ban Treaty)
answer

1999; prohibits the production, use & transfer of antipersonnel landmines, & calls on parties to eliminate existing stockpiles & take measures to remove existing landmines from affected countries. called on to raise awareness about mines & ensure that mine victims are cared for, rehabilitated & reintegrated into their communities. more than 150 signatories by 2006. The U. S. is not a party, concerns about its impact on the landmines that defend South Korea from a possible attack from the North
question

Convention on the Punishment & Prevention of Genocide
answer

1948, states that genocide \”. is a crime under international law which they undertake to prevent & to punish. \” The treaty defines genocide as actions \”. committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group. \” Article III specifically outlines those international crimes that include genocide, such as genocide itself, conspiracy to commit genocide, direct & public incitement to commit genocide, the attempt to commit genocide & complicity in genocide
question

Convention on the Rights of the Child
answer

1990, is one of the primary human rights treaties. requires States Parties to take \”all appropriate measures to ensure that the child is protected against all forms of discrimination or punishment on the basis of the status, activities, expressed opinions, or beliefs of the child’s parents. \”protects children’s’ rights through the juvenile justice system & calls for states to adhere to policies that accord with the best interests of children. has been ratified by 192 countries. The U. S. is not a party
question

Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
answer

1954, establishes the basic rights of protection for refugees who are forced to leave their country of origin out of a well – founded fear of persecution. guarantees rights to those seeking asylum & states that refugees will not be forcibly returned to their state of origin as long as the threat of persecution continues. 140 parties as of 2006. U. S. is not a state party, is a party to its Protocol, which incorporates all provisions subject to some limitations
question

First geneva convention last
answer

1864. 1949. These conventions set norms for international law
question

Florida Purchase Treaty
answer

1819 – Also known as the Adams – Onis Treaty. Spain sold Florida to the U. S. & the U. S. gave up its claims to Texas. Drawn up by John Quincy Adams
question

Hague Conference
answer

(TR) 1899 (first under McKinley) conference at which the Great Powers discussed arms reduction, demonstrated internationalism
question

Hague Conventions
answer

1899 & 1907 conventions were, along with the Geneva Conventions, among the first formal statements of the laws of war & war crimes in the nascent body of international law
question

Hay Bunau Varillia Treaty
answer

(TR) Panama allowed US a 10 mile strip of land, work down under the army of Colonel Gorgas & direction under Colonel Goethals. U. S. garantee of independence for newly created Republic of Panama
question

Hay Pauncefote Treaty
answer

(TR) negotiations with Colombia, six mile strip of land in Panama, $10 million, US could dig canal without British involvement
question

How did the Treaty of Versailles affect postwar Germany
answer

it left a legacy of bitterness in the hearts of the German people
question

Indus River Treaty
answer

States that the Indus & all tributaries must flow unblocked to the ocean
question

Intermidate Nuclear Forces Treaty
answer

(RR), 1987, Reagan & Gorbachev signed treaty to eliminate Soviet & American medium range nuclear missiles, Soviet economy cut back on military, treaty was gain for the West, more critical problem was nuclear testing, first joint reduction, on site inspection for the first time
question

International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
answer

1969; one of the primary international human rights treaties, provides that states parties shall avoid the practice or sponsorship of racial discrimination which has the effect of nullifying or impairing the exercise of basic human rights in any field of public life. establishes the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination to monitor & report on state compliance. 170 state parties in 2006
question

Jay Treaty
answer

Treaty in which Britain agreed to evacuate its posts on the US western frontier (1794)
question

Law of the Sea Convention
answer

International agreement that sets rules for the use of the world’s oceans, which cover 70 percent of the Earth’s surface.
question

Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty, 1963
answer

first major – power agreement regulating atomic weapons testing, banned explosions in the atmosphere, in outer space & under water
question

London Naval Treaty
answer

In 1930, the Washington Naval Treaty has to be re – nogotiated. The Japanese try to get a 10:10:7 ratio but instead onl get a 10:10:6. They still had naval dominace in Western Pacific but were denounced as betraying natonal interests. The Prime minister was assinated after this.
question

Maastricht Treaty
answer

The most significant agreement in the recent history of the EU – signed by leaders of the EU’s 12 member countries in 1991 & outlines steps toward further political – economic integration
question

National convention
answer

A meeting of party delegates elected in state primaries, caucuses, or conventions that is held every four years. Its primary purpose is to nominate presidential & vice – presidential candidates & to ratify a campaign platform
question

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
answer

(HT) 1949, created in 1949 organization whose members include the US, Canada, most western european nations & turkey all of whom agreedd to combine military forces & to treat a war against one as a war against one as a war against all
question

Northern China
answer

Ethnic conflicts
question

Norway vs. Russia
answer

Continental shelf dispute, Norway claims fishing areas around Svalbard Islands
question

Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty of 1968
answer

Agreement that stopped & monitored the spread of nuclear weapons to countries who did not have the bomb
question

Oregon Treaty 1846
answer

with Great Britain extended U. S. sole dominion to the Pacific
question

Pact of Paris (Kellog – Briand Treaty)
answer

June 1927 – Pact condemning \”recourse to war for the solution of international controversies. \” Aristide Briand foreign minister of France, proposed to the U. S. govt a treaty outlawing war between the two countries. Frank B. Kellogg, the U. S. Secretary of State, returned a proposal for a general pact against war, & after prolonged negotiations the Pact of Paris was signed by 15 nations
question

Panama Canal Treaty
answer

(JEC), decision whether extend for a considerable period or exterminate, decided the latter since he didn’t want bitter relations with Panama
question

Pinckney Treaty
answer

Treaty with Spain which opened trade & redefined Florida boundary (1795)
question

Portsmouth Treaty
answer

(TR) 1905, Roosevelt & representatives from Russia & Japan work out treaty, Japan takes over Korea, Roosevelt wins Nobel Peace Prize
question

Senate Rejects Versailles Treaty
answer

1919 – Republican Majority Leader & Foreign Relations Committee Chairman Henry Cabot Lodge led opposition to the aspect of Wilson’s League of Nations proposal that would commit the U. S. to the defense of other members of the League, but Lodge did not oppose the League outright. With Wilson’s refusal to compromise, the Senate overwhelmingly rejected the Treaty by wide margins in two votes on November 19
question

South Ossetia
answer

Ossetia is split between Russia (north) & Georgia (south). Many ethnic Russians live in South Ossetia
question

Southeast Asia Treaty Organization
answer

(DDE), A regional defense pact pulled together by Dulles to prevent the \”fall\” to communism of South Vietnam, Laos, & Cambodia
question

They had signed the Treaty of Versailles
answer

Why did millions of Germans turn against the leaders of the Weimar Repulblic
question

treaty
answer

a formal public agreement between the U. S. & one or more nations that must be approved by two thirds of the Senate
question

Treaty of Alliance with France, 1778
answer

engineered by Benjamin Franklin, enabled the fledgling republic to continue its struggle for independence
question

Treaty of Brest – litovsk
answer

signed between russia & germany to stop wwI for them, Russia gave Germany finland, poland, ukraine, & baltic proividences
question

Treaty of Ghent
answer

Treaty that ended the War of 1812 & maintained prewar conditions
question

Treaty Of Grenville
answer

After their defeat at the Battle of the Fallen Timbers in 1794, 12 Native American tribes signed the Treaty of Grenville, which cleared the Ohio territory of tribes & opened it up to U. S. settlement
question

Treaty of Guadalupe – Hidalgo
answer

Ended Mexican War – US received Texas (with Rio Grande border) & other states – US paid Mexico $15 million dollars
question

Treaty of Nanking
answer

Treaty that concluded the Opium War. It awarded Britain a large indemnity from the Qing Empire, denied the Qing govt tariff control over some of its own borders, opened additional ports of residence to Britons, & ceded Hong Kong to Britain. (685)
question

Treaty of Paris 1259
answer

Treaty of Paris (1259) – between Henry III of England & Louis IX of France
question

Treaty of Paris 1763
answer

Ended French & Indian War
question

Treaty of Paris 1782
answer

The British recognized the independence of the U. S. It granted boundaries, which stretched from the Mississippi on the west, to the Great Lakes on the north, & to Spanish Florida on the south. The Yankees retained a share of Newfoundland
question

Treaty of Paris 1783
answer

Great Britain recognized American independence & control over western lands as far as the Mississippi
question

Treaty of Paris 1810
answer

Treaty of Paris (1810) – ended war between France & Sweden
question

Treaty of Paris 1814
answer

Treaty of Paris (1814) – ended war between France & the Sixth Coalition
question

Treaty of Paris 1815
answer

Treaty of Paris (1815) – followed defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo
question

Treaty of Paris 1856
answer

Treaty of Paris (1856) or Congress of Paris – signed March 30 – ended Crimean War
question

Treaty of Paris 1898
answer

Treaty of Paris (1898) – ended Spanish – American War
question

Treaty of Paris 1920
answer

Treaty of Paris (1920) – united Bessarabia & Romania
question

Treaty of Paris 1947
answer

Paris Peace Treaties, 1947 between the WWII Allies & Bulgaria, Hungary, Italy, Romania & Finland
question

Treaty of Paris 1951
answer

Treaty of Paris (1951) – established European Coal & Steel Community
question

Treaty of Portsmouth
answer

Ended Russo – Japanese War. (1905)
question

Treaty of Portsmouth
answer

1905 – Treaty negotiated by Roosevelt in Portsmouth, New Hampshire between Russia & Japan, ending the Russo – Japanese War. Key was that it preserved the \”Open Door\” to China, a U. S. policy to allow free trade with that country
question

Treaty of San Francisco
answer

also known as the Treaty of Peace with Japan, was signed on September 8th, 1951 and came into effect on April 28th, 1952; officially ended WWII and provided compensation to victims of Japanese aggression
question

Treaty of San Lorenzo
answer

Signed with Spain in 1795, the Treaty of San Lorenzo – also known as Pinckney’s Treaty – gave the U. S. unrestricted access to the Mississippi River & established the border between the U. S. & Spanish Florida
question

Treaty of Tientsin
answer

Treaty signed in Tianjin in June 1858, ending the first part of the Second Opium War (1856 – 1860). France, UK, Russia, & the U. S. were party. These treaties opened eleven more Chinese ports to the foreigners, permitted foreign legations in Beijing, allow Christian missionary activity, & legalised the import of opium. They were ratified by the Emperor of China in the Beijing Convention in 1860, after the end of the war
question

Treaty Ports
answer

Cities opened to foreign residents as a result of the forced treaties between the Qing Empire & foreign signatories. In the treaty ports, foreigners enjoyed extraterritoriality
question

UN Conference on Trade & Development (UNCTAD)
answer

A structure established in 1964 to promote third world development through various trade proposals
question

UN Convention on the Law of the Sea
answer

1. territorial waters: 12 nautical miles 2. EEZ: 200 n. m. 350 with extension of continental shelf. 3. Rights of passage through straits & territorial waters 4. right of innocent passage 5. freedom of scientific research
question

UN Convention on the Prevention & Punishment of Crimes Against Internationally Protected Persons, Including Diplomatic Agents
answer

1977, adopted in response to an increase in the number of kidnappings & attacks on diplomats, state officials & representatives of international organizations, & provides for enhanced criminal penalties for such crimes. It requires states to adopt strict national laws against attacks on diplomats & to either try perpetrators or agree to their extradition
question

US – Japanese Security Treaty
answer

A bilateral alliance between the U. S. & Japan, created in 1951 against the potential Soviet threat to Japan. The U. S. maintains troops in Japan & is committed to defend Japan if attacked, & Japan pays the U. S. to offset about half the cost of maintaining the troops
question

USAID
answer

The U. S. Agency for International Development (or USAID) is the US govt organization responsible for most non – military foreign aid. An independent federal agency, it receives overall foreign policy guidance from the US Secretary of State
question

Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
answer

requires notification of consular officials when a foreign national is arrested. It enables the U.S. Embassy to help find a lawyer and monitor the prosecution of Americans who face criminal punishment in foreign countries.
question

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations
answer

1961, establishes the rights, privileges & roles of a diplomatic officer of a sending state in a host state. covers such areas as diplomatic immunity, exemptions from local, state & federal taxes, & the establishment of diplomatic posts. Essentially, the Convention establishes a framework for the protection of each state’s sovereignty in diplomatic relations
question

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
answer

codifies customary international law with regard to the entry, modification, revocation & enforcement of international agreements. It entered into force in 1980. The U. S. is not a party but does recognize its principles as a restatement of customary international law
question

Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties Between States & International Organizations or Between International Organizations
answer

1986, but has not yet entered into force. It sets forth the rules for the agreements, modifications & revocations of treaties between states & international organizations. This treaty therefore acts in parallel with the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties
question

Webster – Ashburton Treaty 1842
answer

with Great Britain delimited northeastern U. S. (Maine) boundary
question

Webster Ashburton Treaty
answer

(JT), followed by Aroostook War, 1842 between the US & the Brits, settled boundry disputes in the North West, fixed most borders between US & Canada, talked about slavery & excredition
question

What impact did the Treaty of Brest – Litovsk have on Germany
answer

it allowed Germany to focus all their efforts on the Western front
question

What was the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)
answer

the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty or the Manila Pact, was an international organisation for defence collaboration established on September 8, 1954. The organization’s headquarters was located in Bangkok, Thailand. It was dissolved in 1977. Members: Australia, France, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, Great Britain, U. S
question

1970. U. S. U. K. China, Russia, France. Today Israel, Pakistan, & India
answer

What year did the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty take effect What countries had nues then & now
question

Cold War Renewed
answer

(RR), 1985, Reagan believe SALT II Treaty favored Soviet Union – evil, soon Mikhail Gorbachev party leadership, Reagan’s view caused anxieties among America’s Western European allies, antinuclear demonstrations in Europe start, the Yuri Andropov proposed arms reduction that he knew Reagan would reject, he wanted to corrupt Europe’s & US’s relations, but that didn’t really work
question

What was the first european empire after the fall of the Romans
answer

Charlemagne, who ruled a very weak, decentralized empire, with no taxes. After his death, the empire was split under the treaty of Verdun, & eventually dissolved
question

What was the goal of Hitler’s final solution
answer

It was genocide of people the Nazis considered inferior
question

What was the Great Turkish War
answer

a series of conflicts between the Ottoman Empire & European powers at the time during the second half of the 17th century. It marked the end of the Ottoman incursion into Europe. 1683 – 1699. The Ottomans ceded most of Hungary, Transylvania & Slavonia to Austria while Podolia passed to Poland. Most of Dalmatia passed to Venice, along with the Morea
question

What was the main reson for the Crimean War
answer

Russia wanted land on the Black Sea to gain access to the Mediterranean
question

What was the Organisation of African Unity
answer

May 25, 1963 – July 9, 2002 replaced by the African Union. Its intended purpose was to promote the unity & solidarity of the African States & act as a collective voice for the continent. dedicated to the eradication of colonialism & established a Liberation Committee to aid independence movements
question

What was the significance of the Atlantic Charter both during & after the war
answer

it upheld rights of free trade & choice of govt, & it became the plan for postwar peace
question

When did the 100 years war take place
answer

Towards the end of the middle ages between France & England
question

When did the Black Plague affect europe
answer

The mid to late 14th century, killing 1/4 of europe
question

When did the Nuremburg Trials take place
answer

1945 – 1946. They were the first international war crimes trials
question

When did the US enter WWI
answer

1918. The armistice was on Nov. 11 of the same year
question

Zulu
answer

A people of modern South Africa whom King Shaka united beginning in 1818
question

Traety of Rapallo
answer

1920 – treaty between Italy & the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, issued to solve the dispute over some territories in current Slovenia & Croatia. Tension arose at the end of WWI, when the Empire of Austria – Hungary dissolved & Italy wanted to implement the borders agreed upon in the London Pact. 1922
question

Nuclear Test Ban Treaty of 1963
answer

Agreement that banned atmospheric testing of nuclear weapons
question

Eleanor of Aquitane
answer

1122 – 1204 liberally supported romantic poets & entertainers. The most celebrated woman of her time supporting chivalry, good manners, refinement, & romantic love
question

Henry the Navigator
answer

1394 – 1460 Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation & directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa
question

Peter the Great
answer

1672 – 1725 Russian tsar r. 1689 – 1725. He enthusiastically introduced Western languages & technologies to the Russian elite, moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St. Petersburg
question

Voltaire
answer

1694 – 1778. A French philosophe. Put in jail twice by Louis XV. Critical of Church & aristocracy. Wrote Candide
question

Elizabeth I
answer

16th – 17th century queen of England during Renaissance. Shakespere & defeat of the Spanish Armada
question

Eli Whitney
answer

1798 – He developed the cotton gin, a machine which could separate cotton from its seeds. This invention made cotton a profitable crop of great value to the Southern economy. It also reinforced the importance of slavery in the economy of the South
question

Ralph Waldo Emerson
answer

1803 – 1882 a famous American essayist & one of America’s most influential thinkers & writers. First expressed the philosophy of Transcendentalism in his essay Nature. Emerson made a living as a popular lecturer in New England & the rest of the country outside of the south
question

Nathaniel Hawthorne
answer

1804 – 1864 a 19th century American novelist & short story writer. He is seen as a key figure in the development of American literature. Hawthorne is best – known today for his many short stories & The Scarlet Letter. Much of Hawthorne’s work is set in colonial New England, & many of his short stories have been read as moral allegories influenced by his Puritan background
question

William Lloyd Garrison
answer

1805 – 1879 A prominent white abolitionist, journalist & social reformer. He is best known as the editor of the radical abolitionist newspaper, The Liberator, & as one of the founders of the American Anti – Slavery Society. After the abolition of slavery, he continued working on other reform movements, especially temperance & women’s suffrage
question

Horace Greeley
answer

1811 – 1872 an American newspaper editor, reformer & politician. His New York Tribune was the most influential newspaper of the period 1840 – 1870. Greeley used it to promote the Whig & Republican parties. \”Go West, Young Man!\” he advised ambitious youth. Champion of the workingman, he attacked monopolies of all sorts & rejected land grants to railroads. Fought the extension of slavery
question

Harriet Beecher Stowe
answer

1811 – 1896 an abolitionist, & writer of more than 10 books, the most famous being Uncle Tom’s Cabin which describes life in slavery
question

Henry Ward Beecher
answer

1813 – 1887 Theologically liberal American Congregationalist clergyman & reformer, & author. One of his elder sisters was Harriet Beecher Stowe, author of Uncle Tom’s Cabin. An advocate of women’s suffrage & for temperance, & a foe of slavery, he bought guns to support Bleeding Kansas
question

Herman Melville
answer

1819 – 1891 an American novelist, essayist, & poet. During his lifetime his early novels were popular, but his popularity declined later in his life. By the time of his death he had nearly been forgotten, but his masterpiece, Moby – Dick, was \”rediscovered\” in the 20th century. His short story \”Bartleby the Scrivener\” is among his most important pieces because It has been considered a precursor to Existentialist & Absurdist literature
question

James Whistler
answer

1834 – 1903 American – born, British based painter & etcher. Most famous work is Whistler’s Mother. Whistler’s belief that art should concentrate on the arrangement of colors led many critics to see his work as a precursor of abstract art
question

Winslow Homer
answer

1836 – 1910 an American landscape painter. By 1857 his freelance illustration career was underway & he contributed to magazines such as Ballou’s Pictorial & Harper’s Weekly. His works, mostly engravings, are characterized by clean outlines, simplified forms, dramatic contrast of light & dark, & lively figure groupings
question

William Harry Harrison
answer

1841, Whig Party, issue = avoided banking, tariff, internal improvments, slavery, loose vs strict construction, died
question

John Slidell
answer

1845 – He went to Mexico to pay for disputed Texas & California land. But the Mexican govt was still angry about the annexation of Texas & refused to talk to him
question

John Singer Sargent
answer

1856 – 1925 A painter known for his portraits. He is usually thought of as an American artist, although he lived most of his life in Europe. Sargent’s portraits subtly capture the individuality & personality of the sitters. In a time when the art world was focused on impressionism & emphasizing artistic individuality, Sargent emphasized his own form of Realism & regularly did commissioned portraits of the wealthy
question

Mark Rothko
answer

1903 – 1970 Russian – born American Jewish painter who is often classified as an abstract expressionist. Among the founders of the New York School, his work concentrated on basic emotions, often filling the canvas with very few, but intense colours, using little immediately – apparent detail. He killed himself
question

Jackson Pollack
answer

1912 – 1956 An influential American artist & a major force in the abstract expressionism movement. Pollock’s style changed dramatically beginning in 1947. Died of car crash in 1956
question

Henry Ford
answer

1913 – Ford developed the mass – produced Model – T car, which sold at an affordable price. It pioneered the use of the assembly line. Also greatly increased his workers wages & instituted many modern concepts of regular work hours & job benefits. Sloan, an American industrialist, helped found project
question

Pacho Villa
answer

1916 – Villa attacked Columbus, New Mexico & Pershing was directed to follow him into Mexico. Pershing met with resistance & eventually left without finding Pancho Villa
question

William Jennings Bryan
answer

3 – time candidate for pres. for the Democratic Party, nominated because of support from the Populist Party. He never won, but was the most important Populist in American history. He later served as Woodrow Wilson’s Secretary of State (1913 – 1915)
question

St. Augustine
answer

354 – 430CE bishop of North Africa city of Hippo. Put Platonist, Manichaeanistc, & Hellenistic teachings into Christianity
question

Lincoln Steffens
answer

TR U. S. journalist who exposes in 1906 started an era of muckraking journalism 1866 – 1936
question

John Foster Dulles
answer

Secretary of State under Eisenhower from 1953 to 1959. He was a significant figure in the early Cold War era, advocating an aggressive stance against communism around the world. He advocated support of the French in their war against the Viet Minh in Indochina & famously refused to shake the hand of Zhou Enlai at the Geneva Conference in 1954
question

William Seward
answer

Secretary of State under Lincoln & Andrew Johnson. Best known for purchase of Alaska from Russia in 1967 for seven million dollars
question

George Bancroft
answer

secretary of the navy who helped to found the Naval Academy at Annapolis in 1845; he published a history of the US to 1789 from 1834 to 1876; \”Father of American History\”
question

Mata Hari
answer

Seductive female Double Agent of France & Germany in WWI
question

D. W. Griffith
answer

Produced the move \”The Birth of Nations\” in 1915 which glorified the KK of Reconstuction days & defamed both blacks & Northern carpetbaggers
question

A. Mitchell Palmer
answer

He was chosen to round up immigrants that were questionably communists, & he ended up rounding up about 6000 people. `
question

A. Philip Randolph
answer

Pres. of the Brotherhood of Car Porters & a Black labor leader, in 1941 he arranged a march on Washington to end racial discrimination
question

Aaron Copland
answer

American composer who used jazz & folk tunes in his composition. His work is very tonal & consonant
question

Fransisco Pizarro
answer

Spanish explorer who led the conquest of the Inca Empire of Peru in 1531 – 1533
question

Frederick Douglass
answer

An escaped slave who became a prominent speaker for Abolitionist movement. leader of antislavery, bought freedom, wrote North Star, book on slavery, free & equal
question

Frederick Jackson Turner
answer

America’s most famous historian, observed how settling westward made Americans adventurous
question

Frederick Jackson Turner/\”Significance of the Frontier in American History\”
answer

Declared America no longer had a frontier, changed American psyche completely. (1893)
question

Frederick W. Taylor
answer

Father of Scientific Mgmt
question

Fredrick Nietesche
answer

Athiest German philosopher, known as a existentialist
question

Henan Curfs
answer

Led to Expeditions to Mexico in 1519 defeated Aztec Empire & established Spanish colonial rule
question

Henri Fayol
answer

Classical Approach, Functions of Mgmt, 14 Principles of Mgmt, \”Father of Modern Mgmt\”
question

Henry Adams
answer

He was a african american born slave but now freedman. Worked for his boss only received portion of food harvested. He was forced to sign work contract, pass was needed to travel, was stopped & beaten, must call his boss mister, he was robbed, can’t visit wife, or children after left
question

Henry Cabot Lodge
answer

Lodge was against the League of Nations, so he packed the foreign relations committee with critics & was successful in convincing the Senate to reject the treaty
question

Henry Clay
answer

Helped orchestrate the Missouri Compromise & the Compromise of 1850 to hold the Union together
question

Henry David Thoreau
answer

poet, naturalist, from Massachussets, lived during the 19th century, loved the outdoors & sought God/the Divine in nature
question

Henry Kissinger
answer

Secretary of State to Nixon, opened diplomatic relations with China. Helped negotiate end of Vietnam war. Won Nobel prize in 1973
question

Henry L. Gantt
answer

Scientific Mgmt, Gantt Charts for Scheduling
question

Henry L. Stimson & Manchuria
answer

1932 – Japan’s seizure of Manchuria brought this pronouncement by Hoover’s Secretary of State, Henry Stimson, that the U. S. would not recognize any changes to China’s territory, nor any impairment of China’s sovereignty
question

Henry Mintzberg
answer

Mangerial Roles – Interpersonal, Informational, Decisional
question

Henry VIII
answer

English king who made himself head of the Church of England when Pope would not recognize his divorce. Since then, England has been Protestant
question

Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
answer

a poet who wrote \”Evangeline,\” \”The Song of Hiawatha,\” & \”The Courtship of Miles Standish;\” he was the only American poet to be honored in the Poet’s Corner of Westminster Abbey
question

Hepburn Act
answer

TR 1906, Gives the ICC the power to set maximum railroad rates, finally giving the agency enforcement power
question

Herbert Simon
answer

adminstrative man model of decision – making; 3 phases of decision making (Nobel prize winner)
question

Herbert Spencer
answer

He pioneered the field of social darwinism by applying Darwin’s ideas to human behavior
question

Hermann Goering
answer

Head of luftwaffe during Battle of Britain
question

Hernando Cortes
answer

Spanish explorer & conquistador who led the conquest of Aztec Mexico in 1519 – 1521 for Spain
question

Herodotus
answer

Greek scholar, nickname was the \”father of history\”, wrote \”The Histories\” (about Persian War vs. Greek city states)
question

Stephen Langton
answer

archbishop of Canterbury during late 1100s
question

Thomas Becket
answer

Archbishop of Canterbury. Defended Church against interference from the King. Murdered
question

David Lloyd George
answer

PM of Britain at end of WWI. Wanted to punish Germany in Treaty of Versailles
question

Homer
answer

poet who wrote the Iliad & the Odyssey
question

Niccolo Machiabelli
answer

Wrote \”the prince\” which increased how to take & maintain power
question

Thomas Paine
answer

Wrote Common Sense & American Crisis, urging American independence
question

Dante Alighieri
answer

wrote Divine Comedy (1313 – 1321), it describes the poets journey through hell, purgatory, & heaven
question

Ida Tarbell
answer

Wrote History of the Standard Oil Company in 1904 which exposed the monpolistic practices of the Standard Oil Company. Strengthened the movement for outlawing monopolies. A muckraker novel
question

Ovid
answer

wrote The Art of Love
question

Giovanni Boccacio
answer

wrote the Decameron, recounts how a group of young Florentines fled during the Black Death
question

Sophocles
answer

Wrote the plays Oedipus the King & Antigone, he introduced the third actor into his plays
question

Thomas More
answer

Wrote Utopia. Would not recognize Henry VIII as head of Chruch in England. Was beheaded for this, & later made a Saint
question

Charlotte Gilman
answer

Wrote Women & Economics (1898), a plea for female economic independence. The vote alone is not enough. Her thinking inspired feminists, especially in 70s & 80s
question

Virgil
answer

most famous Latin poet
question

Emerson & Thoreau
answer

Two transcendentalist authors. Emerson – Poet, philosopher, \”The American Scholar. \” Thoreau – Poet, mystic, \”Walden: Or Life in the Woods. \”
question

Sapphos of Lesbos
answer

a female lyrical poet
question

Rothschilds
answer

English banking family the financed Britian’s efforts against Napolean. Still functioning today
question

Quakers
answer

English dissenters who broke from Church of England, preache a doctrine of pacificism, inner divinity, and social equity, under William Penn they founded Pennsylvania
question

Captain James Cook
answer

English explorer of Australia, New Zealand Hawaii, antarctica & West Coast of North America
question

Sir Walter Raleigh
answer

English explorer to americas, introduced tobacco & potato from American to England
question

Josiah Wedgwood
answer

English industrialist whose pottery works were the first to produce fine – quality pottery by industrial methods
question

Richard Arkwright
answer

English inventor & entrepreneur who became the wealthiest & most successful textile manufacturer of the early Industrial Revolution. He invented the water frame, a machine that, with minimal human supervision, could spin several threads at once. (604)
question

Richard the Lion – Hearted
answer

English King who fought in the Crusades. Robin Hood was loyal to him
question

Edward 1
answer

English monarch, issued the Statues of Realm (1301), it set a precedent for changing law by legislation rather than administrative decision
question

Charles Darwin
answer

English naturalist. He studied the plants & animals of South America & the Pacific islands, & in his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859) set forth his theory of evolution
question

Edmund Burke
answer

English politician who supported American revolutionary war, but opposed French Revolution
question

Puritans
answer

English Protestant dissenters who believed that God predestined souls to heaven or hell before birth. They founded Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1629
question

Gibraltar
answer

English will never relinquish this piece of Spain
question

Josiah Strong
answer

Enivisioned a \”final competition of races,\” in which the Anglo – Saxons would emerge victorious. In the book Our Country, Strong argued that the American country & people were superior because they were Anglo – Saxon. Helped write the Yellow Press
question

Ralph Waldo Emerson
answer

Essayist, poet. A leading transcendentalist, emphasizing freedom & self – reliance in essays which still make him a force today. He had an international reputation as a first – rate poet. He spoke & wrote many works on the behalf of the Abolitionists
question

Gwendolyn Brooks
answer

used poetry to reflect her own personal experiences as a black woman, also to appeal to urban black readers, lived in chicago and extremely involved with civil rights movement
question

Edward Teller
answer

was a Hungarian – born America nuclear physicist, known colloquially as \”the father of the hydrogen bomb\” early member of the Manhattan Project charged with developing the first atomic bombs
question

Victor L. Berger
answer

was a Jewish American U. S. politician & a founding member of the Socialist Party of America. In 1919 he was convicted of violating the Espionage Act & twice denied a seat in the House of Representatives though elected repeatedly
question

Carl Sandberg
answer

was an American poet, historian, novelist, balladeer & folklorist. Swedish parents H. L. Mencken called Carl Sandburg \”dubitably an American in every pulse – beat. \” He was a successful journalist, poet, historian, biographer, & autobiographer. won two Pulitzer Prizes, one for his biography of Abraham Lincoln & one for his collection The Complete Poems of Carl Sandburg
question

Eugene McCarthy
answer

Was challenging Johnson & had a good chance of winning until Robert Kennedy decided to run
question

Medgar Evers
answer

Was shot by a white man the night of Kennedy’s television address
question

George Dewey
answer

Was the Commander of the US Asiatic Squadron in Hong Kong when he was ordered to go to the Phillipines in the event of a war. He was victorious over an attacking Spanish fleet but was unable to continue battle on land due to insufficient numbers & had to wait for backup to slowly assemble in America
question

Samuel Gompers
answer

was the long – time leader of the American Federation of Labor who helped define the structure & the economic & political goals of the American labor movement. Founded the AFL in 1886. He was influenced by the writings of Marx
question

Charles A. Beard
answer

was, with Frederick Jackson Turner, the most influential American historian of the early 20th century. He supported the new deal
question

Cecil Rhodes Asante
answer

British entrepreneur & politician involved in the expansion of the British Empire from South Africa into Central Africa. The colonies of Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) & Northern Rhodesia (now Zambia) were named after him
question

Charles Cornwallis
answer

British general during the revolutionary war, who surrendered to Washington at the Battle of Yorktown
question

William Pitt
answer

British secretary of state during the French & Indian War. He brought the British/colonial army under tight British control & started drafting colonists, which led to riots
question

Rudyard Kipling
answer

British writer, wrote Jungle Book
question

Charles Martel
answer

Charles \”The Hammer\” Martel this Frank established the Carolingian Empire & defeated the Gaul’s in the Battle of Tours
question

Who were realist writers
answer

Charles Dickens, Gustave Flaubert, Honore de Balzac
question

Charlemagne
answer

Charles the Great, he was king of the Franks from 768 to 814 & king of the Lombards from 774 to 814. regarded as the founder of the Holy Roman Empire, Through military conquest & defence, he solidified & expanded his realm to cover most of Western Europe & is today regarded as the founding father of both France & Germany & sometimes as the Father of Europe. His was the first truly imperial power in the West since the fall of Rome
question

Washington Gladden
answer

Congregationalist minister who followed the social gospel & supported social reform. A prolific writer whose newspaper columns & many books made him a national leader of the Social gospel movement
question

conquistadors
answer

Early – 16th – century Spanish adventurers who conquered Mexico, Central America, & Peru
question

Jacob Riis
answer

Early 1900’s writer who exposed social & political evils in the U. S. Muckraker novel, How the Other Half Lives. It shocked the middle class & deeply influenced Theodore Roosevelt
question

Vedas
answer

Early Indian sacred ‘knowledge’ – the literal meaning of the term – long preserved & communicated orally by Brahmin priests & eventually written down. (175)
question

Oracle Bones
answer

Early Shang writing was found on these
question

Why is Ram Mohun Roy considered the \”father of modern india\”
answer

He called for an end to traditional practices such as widow suicide
question

Winfield Scott
answer

He commanded the main expedition inland on Mexico in 1847. He was known as \”Old Fuss & Feathers\” because of his resplendent uniforms & strict discipline. He was unable to do as he pleased because of his inadequate number of troops, the terrain, disease, etc. He battled his way to Mexico City by September 1847
question

King Otto I
answer

He led an army to support the Pope in the 960’s against the Lombard Magnates & was crowned by the pope the First Holy Roman Emperor
question

Charles Coughlin
answer

He ran against FDR & disliked the New Deal. He voiced his opinions on the radio
question

Ernest Hemingway
answer

He received the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1954 & the Pulitzer Prize in 1952. A Farewell to Arms was written in 1929 & told the story of a love affair between an American ambulance driver & a British nurse in Italy during WW I. He shot himself in the head with a shotgun in 1961
question

St. Benedict
answer

He started an order of Monks & provided a set of regulations for them stressing poverty, chastity, & obedience
question

King Alfred
answer

He stopped the Norse/Viking invasion of England in the 800’s
question

John D. Long
answer

He was a Navy secretary & much of the readiness of the army was owed to him & Theodore Roosevelt
question

Citizen Genet
answer

He was a represenative of the French Republic who came to America in order to recruit Americans to help fight in the French Revolution
question

John Locke
answer

He was an English philosopher & writer who said the people have the right to give a govt its authority
question

Heinrich Himmler
answer

Head of SS & Gestapo. Also supervised holocaust
question

George Creel
answer

Headed the Committee on Public Information
question

Grigori Rasputin
answer

Healer for czar Nicolas during WWI, gave advice on how to run the govt. Later killed by jealous noblemen
question

Thucydides
answer

historian writer, wrote about the Peloponnesian Wars
question

Cicero
answer

historian, wrote On The Republic
question

H. L. Mencken
answer

In 1924, founded The American Mercury, which featured works by new writers & much of Mencken’s criticism on American taste, culture, & language. He attacked the shallowness & conceit of the American middle class
question

William the Conqueror
answer

Invaded England from Normandy in 1066. Established tight feudal system & centralized monarchy in England
question

Cyrus McCormick
answer

Invented mechanical reaper
question

Johann Gutenberg
answer

Invented the first typewriter. Gutenberg bible first book printed from it
question

George sand
answer

What was the pen name of a woman writer
question

Horatio Alger
answer

Writer of novels stressing rags to riches stories of boys
question

King Cotton
answer

Expression used by Southern authors & orators before the civil War to indicate the economic dominance of the Southern cotton industry, & that the North needed the south’s cotton. In a speech to the Senate in 1858, James Hammond declared, \”You daren’t make war against cotton!. Cotton is king!\”
question

King Leopold II
answer

King of Belgium (r. 1865 – 1909). He was active in encouraging the exploration of Central Africa & became the ruler of the Congo Free State (to 1908)
question

King Menes
answer

Unified rule came from this conquerer in 3100BCE & founded Memphis
question

kiosks
answer

interactive point – of – purchase displays that are typically four feet high, have pedestal – mounted high – tech screens, & take up only a few square feet of floor space
question

Kit Carson
answer

Helped open up California, a general in the Civil War, & displacer of Navajo
question

Chandragupta Maurya
answer

A king who reigned (322 – 298BCE) who starved himself to death after becoming a Jainist monk
question

WIlliam Penn
answer

Penn, an English Quaker, founded Pennsylvania in 1682, after receiving a charter from King Charles II the year before. He launched the colony as a \”holy experiment\” based on religious tolerance
question

Darius
answer

Persian King who led first invasion of Greece, expanded Persia & built a canal from the Red Sea to the Meditteranian
question

Ibn Khaldun
answer

Arab historian. He developed an influential theory on the rise & fall of states. Born in Tunis, he spent his later years in Cairo as a teacher & judge. In 1400 he was sent to Damascus to negotiate the surrender of the city. (336)
question

Faisal
answer

Arab prince, leader of the Arab Revolt in WWI. The British made him king of Iraq in 1921, & he reigned under British protection until 1933
question

Gilgamesh
answer

legendary king who was half man & half god. He went on a journey to find eternal youth with his friend Eucles. He died in the end
question

Stanley, Henry Morton (1841 – 1904)
answer

British – American explorer of Africa, famous for his expeditions in search of Dr. David Livingstone. Stanley helped King Leopold II establish the Congo Free State
question

Thomas Jefferson
answer

Chosen by the 2nd Continental Congress to write the Declaration of Independence to tell the king why Americans no longer wanted to belong to Britain
question

Georges Danton
answer

French revolutionary who called for execution of the king & others. Later considered not radical enough & was himself killed by other revolutionaries
question

George III
answer

King George the third was the king of England in the 1770’s. Though he was a good man he was not a good ruler. He lost all of the 13 American colonies & caused America to start to gain its freedom
question

Louis XVI
answer

Last king of France before French Revolution. Tried to compromise with constitutional monarchy. Later fled, but was captured & beheaded
question

Moctezuma II
answer

Last Aztec emperor, overthrown by the Spanish conquistador Hernn Corts
question

Khubilai Khan
answer

Last of the Mongol Great Khans (r. 1260 – 1294) & founder of the Yuan Empire. Chinggis Khan’s grandson who consolidated Mongol rule all over China
question

Muhammad Ali & King mongkut
answer

Which leaders used modernization to keep their countries independent
question

Crazy Horse
answer

Sioux chief at the Battle of Little Bighorn
question

Sitting Bull
answer

Sioux chief who took up arms against settlers in the Great Planes. Present at the Battle of Little Bighorn
question

Seleucids
answer

They controlled Persia after the death of Alexander. Their king was one of Alexander’s generals
question

Francisco Pancho Villa
answer

A popular leader during the Mexican Revolution. An outlaw in his youth, when the revolution started, he formed a cavalry army in the north of Mexico & fought for the rights of the landless in collaboration with Emiliano Zapata. (819)
question

Daniel Shays
answer

Captain in the American Revolutionary War. He is mostly known for leading a small army of farmers in Shays’ Rebellion, which was a revolt against the state govt of Massachusetts from 1786 – 1787
question

Sun Yat – Sen
answer

Chinese nationalist revolutionary, founder & leader of the Guomindang until his death. He attempted to create a liberal democratic political movement in China but was thwarted by military leaders
question

John Kenneth Galbraith
answer

Economist who wrote American Capitalism & The Affluent Society
question

Edison
answer

Edison invented the light bulb at the turn of the century, revolutionizing the American way of life
question

Nathan Hale
answer

Executed by the British during the Revolutionary War who famously said ‘I only regret that I have but one life to lose for my country. ‘
question

Romanovs
answer

Family that ruled Russia from 17th century until Russian revolution
question

John Dillinger
answer

Famous bank robber in 1930s
question

Lou Gehrig
answer

Famous contemporary of Babe Ruth. Later developed rare nervous system disease now known as ‘Lou Gehrig disease. ‘
question

Captain William Kidd
answer

Famous English pirate in 17th – 18th century
question

Wyatt Earp
answer

Famous US Marshall in Dodge City, took part in famous gunfight at the OK Corral in Tombstone AZ in 1881
question

Philip 2
answer

Father of Alexander the Great, conquered Greece
question

Mary McLeod Bethune
answer

Founded National Council of Negro Women, promoted teaching of black history
question

St. Francis
answer

Founded order of mendicant (beggars) friars. (1182 – 1226) who preached for alms (money) to live holy lifestyles
question

Zero of Cybrus
answer

founded Stoicism
question

Florence Kelley
answer

Founded the National Consumer’s League, which wanted legislation to protect consumers from being cheated or harmed by big business. Also was the state of Illinois’ first chief factory inspector & lead an advocate for improved factory conditions
question

Margaret Sanger
answer

Founder in 10s & 20s of Birth Control movement. Later headed Planned Parenthood Federation
question

Carl Menger
answer

Founder of Austrian school of economics. Started the neoclassical revolution
question

Cyrus
answer

Founder of the Achaemenid Persian Empire. Between 550 & 530 B. C. E. he conquered Media, Lydia, & Babylon. Revered in the traditions of both Iran & the subject peoples
question

Clara Barton
answer

Founder of the American Red Cross
question

Shi Huangdi
answer

Founder of the short – lived Qin dynasty & creator of the Chinese Empire (r. 221 – 210 B. C. E. ). He is remembered for his ruthless conquests of rival states & standardization. (163)
question

Marquis de Lafayette
answer

French General who helped American Revolution & later became important in French Revolution
question

Georges Clemenceau
answer

French leader at end of WWI. Wanted to punish Germany in Treaty of Versailles & compenate France
question

Jean Calvin
answer

French Protestant who stress the doctrine of free destination. Establish Central of group in Geneva Switzerland
question

Huguenots
answer

French protestants of the 16th – 17th century persecuted by Roman Catholic Church. Louis XIV banned them, & many fled to America
question

Marie Antoinette
answer

French queen beheaded with her Husband Louis XVI in French Revoltuion
question

Jose Maria Morelos
answer

Mexican priest & former student of Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, he led the forces fighting for Mexican independence until he was captured & executed in 1814
question

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla
answer

Mexican priest who led the first stage of the Mexican independence war in 1810. He was captured & executed in 1811
question

Villa Pancho
answer

Mexican revolutionary leader. He attacked New Mexico, which almost caused war
question

Braceros
answer

Mexican workers that were brought to America to work when so many men & women were gone from home during WWII that there weren’t enough workers
question

Lawrence of Arabia
answer

Lead Arab rebellion against the Turks in WWI
question

Hapsburgs
answer

Lead Austrian empire 13th – 20th century
question

Jean – Paul Marat
answer

Leader of Jacobins in French Revolution
question

Brigham Young
answer

Leader of Mormons
question

Kwame Nkrumah
answer

Leader of Pan – African movement in Ghana
question

Francois Toussanit Loveture
answer

Leader of slave rebellion on french island of St. Dominique. Created independent republic of Haiti 1804
question

Khruscher
answer

Leader of SU, followed melankov; attacked Stalins method of rule. Lost power because of conservative opposition
question

Emilio Aguinaldo
answer

Leader of the Filipino independence movement against Spain (1895 – 1898). He proclaimed the independence of the Philippines in 1899, but his movement was crushed & he was captured by the U. S. Army in 1901
question

Francois Dominique Toussaint L’Ouverture
answer

Leader of the Haitian Revolution. He freed the slaves & gained effective independence for Haiti despite military interventions by the British & French
question

Ngo Dinh Diem
answer

Leader of the pro – Western govt in South Vietnam
question

Clay, Calhoun, Webster
answer

Leaders who came about during the debate over the Tariff of 1816. Webster (North) supported partial protection, but not the entire amount. Calhoun (South) was in favor of the tariff. Clay (West) also supported the tariff. This system entailed first, the protective tariff, & then with the benefits of the tariff & increase in national industry, the money could then be used to improve roads & transportation among the states
question

Joseph Brant
answer

Mohawk leader who supported the British during the American Revolution
question

Queen victoria
answer

Queen 19th – early 20th century during British industrial revolution & height of empire’s power. Also highly moral, leading to Victorian Age
question

Hatshepsut
answer

Queen of Egypt (1473 – 1458 B. C. E. ). Dispatched a naval expedition down the Red Sea to Punt (possibly Somalia), the faraway source of myrrh. There is evidence of opposition to a woman as ruler, & after her death her name was frequently expunged
question

Queen Liliuokalani/Hawaii
answer

Queen of Hawaii who disliked Americans & was overthrown when sugar prices dropped. Planters wanted the independent Republic of Hawaii & requested annexation from the US
question

Jacobins
answer

Radical republicans during the French Revolution. They were led by Maximilien Robespierre from 1793 to 1794
question

Emilano Zapata
answer

Revolutionary & leader of peasants in the Mexican Revolution. He mobilized landless peasants in south – central Mexico in an attempt to seize & divide the lands of the wealthy landowners. Though successful for a time, he was ultimately assassinated. 819
question

Paul Revere
answer

Rode through MA warning people that the British were coming at the outbreak of the Revolutionary War
question

Bourbons
answer

Ruling family of France until the French Revolution
question

Lenin
answer

Russian Bolshevik Leader who was responsible for turning Russia to communism
question

Ivan the Terrible
answer

Russian czar of 16th century, who battled with his nobles & was known for his cruelty
question

Mikhail Romanov
answer

Russian tsar (r. 1613 – 1645) A member of the Russian aristocracy, he became tsar after the old line of Muscovite rulers was deposed
question

Samuel Adams
answer

Samuel Adams played a key role in the defense of colonial rights. He had been a leader of the Sons of Liberty & suggested the formation of the Committees of Correspondence. Adams was crucial in spreading the principle of colonial rights throughout New England & is credited with provoking the Boston Tea Party
question

Tories
answer

The Tories were colonists who disagreed with the move for independence & did not support the Revolution
question

Maximillien Robespierre
answer

Young provincial lawyer who led the most radical phases of the French Revolution. His execution ended the Reign of Terror
question

Brutus
answer

Roman politician who assassinated Caesar
question

Captain John Smith
answer

One of the original settlers of Jamestown. Captured by Native Americans, saved by Pocahontas
question

James Eads
answer

an American engineer & inventor. solved the problem with a wooden jetty system that narrowed the main outlet of the river, which caused the river to speed up & cut its channel deeper, so allowing year – round navigation
question

James G. Blaine
answer

The 1884 nomination for the Rebublican presidential candidate. Pan – Americanism stated that events in the Americans affected the U. S. & we thus had reason to intervene. Pushed the \”Big Sister\” Policy & said we should open Latin American markets to Yankee traders
question

James Madison
answer

the Father of the Constitution
question

James Meredith
answer

James tried to attend the University of Mississippi & encountered violent opposition so Kennedy sent in troops for him to graduate
question

James Watt
answer

Scot who invented the condenser & other improvements that made the steam engine a practical source of power for industry & transportation. The watt, an electrical measurement, is named after him
question

Jane Addams
answer

Social reformer who worked to improve the lives of the working class. In 1889 she founded Hull House in Chicago, the first private social welfare agency in the U. S. to assist the poor, combat juvenile delinquency & help immigrants learn to speak English. Provided such services as English lessons, day care, child care classes, & playgrounds
question

Jawaharial Nehru
answer

Indian statesman. He succeeded Mohandas K. Gandhi as leader of the Indian National Congress. He negotiated the end of British colonial rule in India & became India’s first prime minister (1947 – 1964)
question

Jean – Luc Godard
answer

Swiss film maker
question

Jean Gottmann
answer

Jean Gottmann (October 10, 1915 – February 28, 1994) was a French geographer who was most widely known for coining the term megalopolis to describe the condition of the Boston – Washington corridor. His main contributions to human geography were in the sub – fields of urban, political, economic, historical & regional geography
question

Jeanette Rankin
answer

First woman to serve in Congress. Suffragist & pacifist, voted against US involvement in WWI & WWII
question

Jefferson Davis
answer

Pres. of the Confederacy
question

Jesse Owens
answer

African American who won 4 gold medals at Olympic games in Germany under Hitler (a blow to Nazi notions of a master race)
question

John Birch Society
answer

Conservative group in 50s & 60s, particularly concerned about Communists. Seen as extreme
question

John Brown
answer

In 1859, the militant abolitionist John Brown seized the U. S. arsenal at Harper’s Ferry. He planned to end slavery by massacring slave owners & freeing their slaves. He was captured & executed
question

John Calhoun
answer

Southern leader who championed slavery & States’ rights. He led nullification movement, & his thinking helped point the way to the civil war
question

John D. Rockefeller
answer

American businessman – founder of Standard Oil Co. (major monopoly)
question

John Dewey
answer

An American philosopher, psychologist, & educational reformer, whose thought has been greatly influential in the U. S. & around the world. He is recognized as one of the founders of the philosophical school of Pragmatism, a pioneer in functional psychology, & a leading representative of the progressive movement in U. S. education during the first half of the 20th century
question

John Foster Dulles
answer

As Secretary of State. he viewed the struggle against Communism as a classic conflict between good & evil. Believed in containment & the Eisenhower doctrine
question

John Hancock
answer

Pres. of the Second Continental Congress
question

John L. Lewis
answer

February 12, 1880 – June 11, 1969 a leader of organized labor who served as pres. of the United Mine Workers of America from 1920 to 1960. He was a major player in the History of coal mining. He was the driving force behind the founding of the Congress of Industrial Organizations, which established the United Steel Workers of America & helped organize millions of other industrial workers in the 1930s
question

John Locke
answer

an important philosopher of the English Enlightenment. He believed that the rights to life, liberty, & ownership of property were given by God & could not be taken away by govts. His philosophy influenced the framers of the Constitution
question

John Pershing
answer

Commander of US troops in WWI in Europe
question

John Wilkes Booth
answer

The assassin of Lincoln, fanatically devoted to the Confederate cause
question

John Winthrop
answer

As governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony, Winthrop (1588 – 1649) was instrumental in forming the colony’s govt & shaping its legislative policy. He envisioned the colony, centered in present – day Boston, as a \”city upon a hill\” from which Puritans would spread religious righteousness throughout the world
question

Johnny Appleseed
answer

An American folk hero who traveled throughout the mid – west encouraging people to plant orchards
question

Joseph McCarthy
answer

Senator who led an effort to identify ‘communists’ who he said had infiltrated the federal govt. Often used ‘guilt by association. ‘
question

Joseph Pulitzer
answer

Owner of the \”New York World,\” helped originate & title the practice of sensationalistic \”yellow journalism. \”
question

Juan Peron
answer

Pres. of Argentina (1946 – 1955, 1973 – 1974). As a military officer, he championed the rights of labor. Aided by his wife Eva Duarte Pern, he was elected pres. in 1946. He built up Argentinean industry, became very popular among the urban poor. (823
question

Juan Ponce de Leon
answer

Spanish conquistador of 15th – 16th century, who conquered Puerto Rico & Florida
question

Little Ice Age
answer

A century – long period of cool climate that began in the 1590s. Its ill effects on agriculture in northern Europe were notable
question

Jazz Age
answer

1920s jazz popular, also time of attacks on convention in many areas of American life
question

Bronze Age
answer

3500 to 1200 BCE – mixture of copper & tin to create bronze – developed in China & Middle East between 4000 & 3000 BCE – better quality & adaptibility than stone – signals end of Stone Age
question

Era of Good Feelings
answer

Period from 1815 – 1821 that followed the War of 1812 where the last Federalist candidate was defeated & the issues of slavery were emerging as a result of the Missouri Compromise. James Monroe defeated the last Federalist candidate in 1816, & won unopposed in 1820
question

What was the Harlem Renaissance
answer

Period of Great African American artistic accomplishment that began in the 1920s in the Harlem neighborhood of NYC
question

Mesolithic Era
answer

10,000 to 12,000 years ago. Middle Stone Age. Ancient cultural stage, or level of human development, that existed between the Paleolithic Period, with its chipped stone tools, & the Neolithic Period, with its polished stone tools. Mesolithic usually refers specifically to a development in northwestern Europe that began about 8000 BC, after the end of the Pleistocene Epoch, & lasted until about 2700 BC
question

Enlightenment Era
answer

A time of philosophical movement in eighteenth century Europe that fostered the belief that one could reform society by discovering rational laws that governed social behavior and were just as scientific as the laws of physics.
question

Paleolithic Era
answer

Ancient cultural stage, or level, of human development, characterized by the use of rudimentary chipped stone tools, 2. 5 million to 10,000 years ago. Use of fire & tools for making shelters
question

Neolithic Era
answer

New Stone Age in which people learned to polish stones to make tools like saws and drills; how to make fire
question

Romanesque & Gothic
answer

Two main architectural styles of this era:
question

Roaring Twenties
answer

1920s era of freewheeling popular culture. People defied prohibition & indulged in new styles of dancing & dressing, rejected many traditional moral standards
question

Era of \”Good Stealings\”
answer

The 1870’s – 1890’s was a dark period in American politics filled with corruption, which rivaled today’s. Dubbed \”The Era of Good Stealings,\” the gilded age was arguably when politicians first recognized the seemingly deep pool of corporate money & also when many of them signed their souls over to the corporations
question

Unemployment spell
answer

A period during which an individual is continuously unemployed
question

Middle Ages
answer

a period in history which lasted for roughly a millennium, commonly dated from the fall of the Western Roman Empire in the 5th century to the beginning of the Early Modern Period in the 16th century, marked by the division of Western Christianity in the Reformation, the rise of humanism in the Italian Renaissance
question

Renaissance (European)
answer

A period of intense artistic & intellectual activity, said to be a ‘rebirth’ of Greco – Roman culture. Usually divided into an Italian Renaissance, from roughly the mid – fourteenth to mid – fifteenth century, & a Northern trans – Alpine Renaissance (407,445)
question

Gilded Age
answer

a period of intense economic development & wealth transfer in the U. S. Following Reconstruction, this period corresponded with the Second Industrial Revolution & the greatest economic, territorial, industrial, & population expansion in American history
question

depression
answer

a period of prolonged recession
question

Devil’s advocacy
answer

a decision – making method in which an individual or a sub group is assigned the role of a critic
question

Brainstorming
answer

a decision – making method in which group members build on each others’ ideas & generate many alternative solutions
question

Electronic Brainstorming
answer

a decision – making method in which group members use computers to build on each others’ ideas & generate many alternative solutions
question

Delphi technique
answer

a decision – making method in which members of a panel of experts respond to questions & to each other until reaching agreement on an issue
question

Nominal group technique
answer

a decision – making method that begins & ends by having group members quietly write down & evaluate ideas to be shared with the group
question

Unanimous decisions
answer

A decision made by the Supreme Court that has no dissent. A unanimous decision by the Court is 9 – 0
question

Egyptian religion & Egyptian Book of the Dead
answer

Part of elaborate religion in which chief god was Re, the sun god
question

1)Ahura 2)devil
answer

Who were the two main gods of Zorostrianism
question

Crusades
answer

Armed pilgrimages to the Holy Land by Christians determined to recover Jerusalem from Muslim rule. The Crusades brought an end to western Europe’s centuries of intellectual & cultural isolation
question

Delhi Sulatanate
answer

Centralized Indian empire of varying extent, created by Muslim invaders
question

Five Pillars
answer

The obligatory religious duties for all Muslims: Confession of faith, Prayer, Fasting during Mamadan, Zakat, Hajj
question

Islam
answer

Religion expounded by the Prophet Muhammad (570 – 632 C. E. ) on the basis of his reception of divine revelations, which were collected after his death into the Quran. divergent populations include Sunni Muslims, Shiite Muslims, & many smaller branches & sects, practiced by Muslims, from Nigeria to Indonesia, centered in the Middle East
question

Mecca
answer

City in western Arabia; birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, & ritual center of the Islamic religion
question

Muhammad (570 – 632 C. E. )
answer

Arab prophet; founder of religion of Islam
question

Muslim
answer

An adherent of the Islamic religion; a person who ‘submits’ (in Arabic, Islam means ‘submission’) to the will of God. )
question

Neoorthodoxy
answer

20th cent movement, associated with Karl Barth, that reasserted role of revelation and proclamation over role of reason or emotion in theology and religion
question

Russian Orthodoxy
answer

The Eastern Orthodox Church is the second largest single Christian communion in the world with an estimated 300 million members worldwide. [1] It is considered by its adherents to be the One, Holy, Catholic & Apostolic Church established by Jesus Christ & his Apostles nearly 2000 years ago
question

Shi’ite Islam
answer

Branch of Islam believing that God vests leadership of the community in a descendant of Muhammad’s son – in – law Ali. Shi’ism is the state religion of Iran
question

Shinto
answer

State religion in Japan. Derived from beliefs in natural spirits & until recently linked with belief in divinity of emperor & sacredness of Japanese nation
question

Sikhism
answer

Indian religion founded by the guru Nanak (1469 – 1539) in the Punjab region of northwest India. After the Mughal emperor ordered the beheading of the ninth guru in 1675, Sikh warriors mounted armed resistance to Mughal rule
question

Social Gospel
answer

Movement aimed at making churches more responseive to social problems, such as poverty. Said Christ’s message was also about social reform. Movement led by Washington Gladden – taught religion & human dignity would help the middle class over come problems of industrialization
question

Sunnis
answer

Muslims belonging to branch of Islam believing that the community should select its own leadership. The majority religion in most Islamic countries
question

theology
answer

the study of religion
question

ulama
answer

Muslim religious scholars. From the ninth century onward, the primary interpreters of Islamic law & the social core of Muslim urban societies
question

When did Christianity get it’s big break
answer

In 313, Roman emporer constantine I adopted it as his & the empire’s religion, resulting of its spread westward from palestine
question

When did Islam begin
answer

In the 7th century, stated by Muhammed in Mecca
question

Zoroastrianism
answer

A religion originating in ancient Iran with the prophet Zoroaster. It centered on a single benevolent deity – Ahuramazda, Emphasizing truth – telling, purity, & reverence for nature, the religion demanded that humans choose sides between good & evil
question

Jesuits
answer

Members of the Society of Jesus, a Roman Catholic order founded by Ignatius Loyola in 1534. They played an important part in the Catholic Reformation & helped create conduits of trade & knowledge between Asia & Europe
question

1/required reserve ratio
answer

calculation of potential money multiplier
question

3 concepts of National Interest
answer

Power & National Security – Domestic Impact Conception – Ideological Principle Conception
question

3 core Classical Trade Theories
answer

Absolute advantage (natural & acquired) Comparative advantage (David Ricardo) Factor Proportions theory ( Heckscher & Ohlin). Some empirical contradictions (Leontif)
question

5 functions of the Fed
answer

The Federal Reserve Board controls the supply of money, sets the discount rate, performs open market operations, regulates banks & other financial institutions, & supervises the FDIC
question

527 groups
answer

Tax – Exempt organizations set up by interest groups to engage in political activities
question

Production Function
answer

Y = A f (L,K,H,N) sets out the relationship between the quantity of inputs used in production & the quantity of output from production
question

finance
answer

a business function that involves money management
question

1 culture communication
answer

intracultural communication
question

4 major functions of feedforward
answer

open the channels of communication, preview the message, altercast & disdain
question

5 dimensions of feedback
answer

positive – negative, person – focused message, immediate – delayed, low – monitored – high – monitored & supportive – critical
question

Buber
answer

I – IT(impersonal) & I – Thou(interpersonal) communications
question

communication
answer

the process of exchanging messages between a sender & a receiver
question

Communication accomodation theory
answer

adjustment of behavior to fit the behavior of others
question

Communication Channels
answer

Ways of Communicating, Can be rich(face to face) or poor(e – mail)
question

communication characteristics
answer

inescapable, irreversible, complicated, emphasizes content & relationship, governed by rules
question

communication climate
answer

emotional tone of relationship as it is expressed in the messages that the partners send & receive
question

Communication competence
answer

the message should: 1. be understood as the communicator intended it to be understood 2. Achieve the intended effect the communicator intended to achieve 3. Be ethical
question

communication principles for a lifetime has 5 principles
answer

one: be aware of communication with yourself & others 2: effectively use & interpret verbal msg. 3:effectively use & interpret nonverbal msg. 4: listen & respond thoughtfullly to others. 5: appropriately adapt messages others
question

communications program
answer

software applications that enable users to electronically communicate through computers with people around the world
question

considering the point of view for your communication, describe how writing in the second person is done
answer

The second person is the person spoken to; using the second person allows the writer to maintain some personal relationship with the reader
question

Content
answer

The information, ideas or suggested actions that a communicatior wishes to express what is said
question

content messages
answer

a message that communicates information about the subject being discussed
question

content oriented listeners
answer

a listening style that focuses on the content of the message
question

context
answer

physical & psychological environment for communication
question

contextual interpersonal behavior
answer

any communication between two people
question

describe the revising phase
answer

Revising is a finishing step to improve the communication based on the editing phase & the feedback from the reveiwers. You revise or rewrite your draft to make it into a more formal presentation
question

describe three common forms of tense you will use in your communication
answer

Past – express actions or make a statement about something that happened in the past. Present – expresses action or makes a statement about something happening inthe present time. Future – expresses action or make a statement about something happening at a future time
question

descriptive communication
answer

messages that describe the seekers position without evaluating others
question

developmental model
answer

these models propose that the nature of communication is different in various stages of interpersonal relationships
question

direct speech
answer

Which part of language communicates your meaning explicitly & leaves little doubt for the thoughts you are trying to convey
question

disconfirmation
answer

a communication pattern in which we ignore someone’s presence as well as what they are communicating
question

10 roles involved in mgmt
answer

interpersonal (figurehead, leader, liaison), informational (monitor, desseminator, spokesperson), decisional (entrepreneur, distrubance handler, resource – allocator, negotiator)
question

3 levels of mgmt
answer

top (upper) – pres., chief executive; middle – district manger, base commander; first – line (lower – level, front – line, supervisory) – foreman, head nurse
question

3 skills involved in mgmt
answer

technical, interpersonal, conceptual
question

4 functions of managers
answer

planning, organizing, leading, & controlling
question

5 management process functions
answer

planning, organizing, staffing, directing & controlling
question

5 Types of managers
answer

line, staff, functional, general, & administrators
question

Classical (administrative) Mgmt
answer

Frenchman Henri Fayol \”father of modern mgmt\”, first to distinguish the functions of mgmt, developed 14 principles of mgmt
question

disconfirming response
answer

a message that expresses a lack of caring or respect for another person
question

exception principle
answer

once procedures, policies, & other plans have been est. & are working, mgmt should focus on the exceptions where performance does not meet standards
question

first principle of Scientific Mgmt
answer

scientific study of work – use systematic procedures, gather info, est. method of performance
question

fourth principle of Scientific Mgmt
answer

work to be divided b/w mgmt & workers
question

Frank & Lilian Gilbreth
answer

Scientific Mgmt, \”One Best Way\”, Science of Bricklaying
question

manager performance & development
answer

deal w/ a critical aspect of the firm – quality of mgmt & continuous availability & updating of managerial competence
question

primacy of mgmt
answer

planning must occur before other mgmt functions can take place
question

second principle of Scientific Mgmt
answer

select workers systematically & scientifically
question

staffing function
answer

provides the right people to fill the structure designed by the organizing function. human resources (personnel) mgmt
question

Theory X & Theory Y
answer

Douglas McGregor; traditional mgmt (X) views man as lazy, w/o initiative, etc. vs. (Y) – motivation is internal, desire to work like desire to play, etc
question

third principle of Scientific Mgmt
answer

training workers in methods developed by Sci. Mgmt, providing incentives, giving leadership support
question

Functional managers
answer

are responsible for a single area of activity
question

Team Leaders
answer

managers responsible for facilitating team activities towards accomplishing a goal
question

Supervisory Management
answer

Managers who design & carry out operational plans for the ongoing daily activities of the firm
question

Middle Management
answer

Managers who design & carry out tactical plans in specific areas of the company
question

Temperance
answer

The American Temperance Society was formed in Boston in 1826. It persuaded people to stop drinking or lesson their drinking
question

temporal (time) context
answer

the time of day or time in history in which the communication is taking place
question

Temporal immediacy
answer

the time between an act & the consequences the act produces
question

Ten Percent Plan
answer

AL 1863, when 10 percent of the voters of a state took an oath of loyalty to the Union, the State could form a govt & adopt a new constitution that banned slavery
question

Tennis Court oath was made by
answer

Representatives of the 3rd estate
question

tension between industrial N & agricultural south
answer

Despite its unification as a nation, Italy suffered from which of the following problems
question

Tenure of Office Act
answer

1866 – enacted by radical congress – forbade pres. from removing civil officers without senatorial consent – was to prevent Johnson from removing a radical republican from his cabinet Johnson violated, led to impeachment
question

term
answer

tenure
question

term of most bonds
answer

1 to 30 years. Under 1 year, they are usually referred to as money market instruments
question

terminate
answer

abolish
question

Terrence Powderly
answer

An American labor union originally established as a secret fraternal order & noted as the first union of all workers. It was founded in 1869 in Philadelphia by Uriah Stephens & a number of fellow workers. Powderly was elected head of the Knights of Labor in 1883
question

Territorial Maker
answer

A thing or action that signifies an area has been clamed
question

territorial waters
answer

The waters near states’ shores generally treated as part of national territory. The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea provides for a 12 – mile territorial sea (exclusive national jurisdiction over shipping & navigation) & a 200 – mile exclusive economic zone (EEZ) covering exclusive fishing & mineral rights
question

Territoriality
answer

The study of how humans use space & objects to communicate occupancy or ownership of space
question

territory
answer

fixed space that an individual assumes some right to occupy
question

Terrorist Plot
answer

WJC garage – Twin Tower, Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, Tim McVeigh & Terry Nichols, bomb Olympic Stadium because = abortion there
question

Texas enters Union
answer

Texas officially entered Union as slave state in 1848 after Mexican American War with Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
question

Thaddeus Stevens
answer

A radical Republican who believed in harsh punishments for the South. Leader of the radical Republicans in Congress
question

Thales of Miletus
answer

a philosopher who taught that everything was made of water
question

Thalweg Principle
answer

States that the border between 2 states in water lies along the thalweg, the line of fastest flow of a river
question

That Hitler’s advances could be blocked
answer

What crucial lesson was learned in the Battle of Britain
question

That National Recovery Administration
answer

It was designed to assist industry, labor, & the unemployed. there were maximum hours of labor, minimum wages, & more rights for labor union members, including the right to choose their own representatives in bargaining
question

The 1910s. The 1980s were the second
answer

What was the largest immigration decade in US history
question

the Andean community
answer

A trade bloc comprising the South American countries of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru & Venezuela. The trade bloc was formerly called the Andean Pact & came into existence with the signing of the Cartagena Agreement in 1969
question

the Asian Development Bank
answer

a multilateral development finance institution dedicated to reducing poverty in Asia & the Pacific. It was founded in 1966 with 31 members states & has now grown to include 64, including the US, many europen nations, & all asian nations, including the stans. Headquartered in Philippines
question

the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN)
answer

a political, economic, & cultural organization of countries located in Southeast Asia. Formed on August 8, 1967, by Thailand, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, & the Philippines, as a non – provocative display of solidarity against communist expansion in Vietnam & insurgency within their own borders
question

the Balkan Peninsula
answer

What region was referred to as the \”powder keg\” of Europe
question

the Belgium War Crimes Law
answer

invokes the concept of universal jurisdiction to allow anyone to bring war crime charges in Belgian courts, regardless of where the alleged crimes have taken place. The law took effect in 1993 & was expanded the following year after 10 Belgian soldiers were killed in Rwanda. The law reached prominence after the Rwandan Genocide
question

the birth certificate of the U. S
answer

The Declaration of Independence
question

the british gov. took direct command of India
answer

What happened as a result of the Sepoy Mutiny
question

The bulgarians & turks surrendered
answer

Which of the following events occurred after the US joined the war
question

The Bureau of Labor Statistics
answer

What publishes the CPI every month
question

the buying center
answer

all the individuals & units that play a role in the purchase decision making process
question

the Central American Common Market
answer

an economic trade organization between 5 nations of Central America. established December 13, 1960 between the nations of Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras & Nicaragua in a conference in Managua. Costa Rica joined the CACM in 1963. collapsed in 1969 with the Football War between Honduras & El Salvador, reinstated in 1991. not achieved the further goals of greater economic & political unification that were hoped for at the organization’s founding,
question

the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS)
answer

a confederation, or alliance, consisting of 11 former Soviet Republics: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, & Uzbekistan. Turkmenistan discontinued permanent membership as of August 26, 2005 & is now an associate member. its purpose was to \”allow a civilized divorce\” between the Soviet Republics
question

the communication accomodation theory
answer

speakers change their speaking style based on who their audience is
question

The Congress
answer

What are the two houses of the Legislature called
question

The Congress of Vienna in 1815
answer

What was the first treaty to recognize & regulate diplomacy
question

the Congressional Record
answer

A written record of everything said in both houses of Congress
question

the Cooperation Council for the Arab States of the Gulf
answer

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) is a regional organization involving the six Persian Gulf Arab States with many economic & social objectives in mind. Created May 25, 1981, the Council is comprised of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia & the United Arab Emirates
question

the core culture
answer

Underlying assumptions & beliefs that influence behavior & contribute to the observable culture
question

the Council of Europe
answer

an international organisation of 46 member states in the European region. open to those who accept the principle of the rule of law & guarantee fundamental human rights & freedoms to their citizens. One of the main successes of the Council was the European Convention on Human Rights in 1950, which serves as the basis for the European Court of Human Rights
question

the current poverty rate in the U. S
answer

Approx. 12%. It has hovered between 11 & 15% since the 1970s
question

The current, capital, & reserve accounts
answer

What makes up a nation’s Balance of Payments
question

The declaration of war by France on Prussia
answer

What event was strongly influenced by economic problems
question

the difference between de facto segregation & de jure segregation
answer

De facto segregation is segregation of races that actually exists, though not by law. De jure segregation is segregation of races by law
question

the difference between the ICC & the ICJ in the Hague
answer

The International Criminal Court is a permanant war crimes tribunal. The International Court of Justice rules on disputes between states
question

the difference between Unitary & federal systems of govt
answer

unitary system gives the main powers to the central govt. State, provincial, & local govts are all created by the central govt. non – central govts have only the powers that are appointed by the central govt. the federal system develops when a number of states or providences federate, or form a union, eventually in order to establish a nation. In a govt using the federal system, the powers of the govts are jointly shared between the central govt & the more local
question

the effect of a \”Protectionist policy\” on the global economy
answer

Protectionism is often shortsighted & fails in the long run
question

the Elastic Clause
answer

It allows Congress to Stretch its powers as needed
question

The Electoral College
answer

Who elects the Pres. & Vice – Pres.
question

the English
answer

in 1588, the Spanish Armada met defeat at the hands of
question

the Eurasian Economic Community
answer

put into motion on 10 October 2000 when Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia & Tajikistan signed the treaty. EurAsEC was formally created when the treaty was finally ratified by all five member states in May 2001. EurAsEC grew out of the CIS Customs Union. All the members of EurAsEC are also members of the older Commonwealth of Independent States & the relationship between the two organisations is ambiguous
question

the Euro – Atlantic Partnership Council
answer

a multilateral forum created to improve relations between NATO & non – NATO countries in Europe & those parts of Asia on the European pheriphary. The member states meet to cooperate & consult on a range of political & security issues. It was formed on May 29, 1997 as the successor to the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC)
question

the Euro – Mediterranean free trade area
answer

based on the Barcelona Process & European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). The Barcelona Process, developed after the Barcelona Conference in successive annual meetings, is a set of goals designed to lead to a free trade area in the Middle East by 2010. Eventually it will integrate free trade with the EU
question

the european Common Agricultural Policy
answer

a system of European Union agricultural subsidies which represents about 44% of the EU’s budget. These subsidies work by guaranteeing a minimum price to producers & by direct payment of a subsidy for crops planted. This provides some economic certainty for EU farmers & production of a certain quantity of agricultural goods
question

the European Investment Bank
answer

It is the EU’s financing institution, founded in 1957. Located in Luxembourg, its goal is to further the economic goals & carry out the agreements of the EU within, & with other nations
question

The failed 1689 battle of Vienna
answer

What started the decline of the Ottoman Empire
question

the Fundamental attribution error
answer

the tendency for people to over – emphasize dispositional, or personality – based, explanations for behaviors observed in others while under – emphasizing the role & power of situational influences on the same behavior. In other words, people tend to have a default assumption that what a person does is based more on what \”kind\” of person he is, rather than the social & environmental forces at work on that person
question

the goal of Sinn Fein
answer

To unite Ireland & kick out the british. The IRA is Sinn Fein’s militant wing
question

The govt (public sector)
answer

What sector are labor unions most influential in
question

the Hausa – Fulani were accustomed to a strong central gov
answer

Why did the British style of gov. in Nigeria work better with the Hausa – Fulani than the Igbo & Yoruba
question

The holocaust
answer

Which of the following was addressed by the Nuremberg Trials
question

The House gathers the evidence
answer

What role does the House play in an impeachment trial
question

the Idealist Approach to Foreign Policy
answer

The Idealist approach assumes that a foreign policy based on morals, legal codes, & international norms is the most effective foreign policy because it encourages unity & cooperation among states rather than competition & conflict
question

the Inter – American Commission on Human Rights
answer

is one of the two bodies that comprise the inter – American system for the promotion & protection of human rights
question

the Inter – American Court of Human Rights
answer

an autonomous judicial institution based in the city of San José, Costa Rica. Together with the Inter – American Commission on Human Rights, it makes up the human rights protection system of the Organization of American States (OAS), which serves to uphold & promote basic rights & freedoms in the Americas
question

the International Labour Organization (ILO)
answer

A specialized agency of the UN to deal with labour issues. Founded in 1919, it was formed through the negotiations of the Treaty of Versailles, & was initially an agency of the League of Nations. It became a UN body after the demise of the League & the formation of the UN at the end of WWII. The organization seeks to strengthen worker rights, improve working conditions & living conditions, create employment, & provide information & training opportunities
question

the Korea Strait
answer

It seperates Korea from Japan, is part of Pacific Ocean. Numerous international shipping lanes pass through the strait, including those carrying much of the traffic bound for the ports of southern South Korea. Both South Korea & Japan have restricted their territorial claims in the strait to 3 nautical miles from shore, so as to permit free passage through it. Passenger ferries ply numerous routes across the strait
question

the lack of competition
answer

U. S. has been an attractive target for FDI for all of the following reasons except:
question

the Latin American Integration Association
answer

A Latin American trade integration association, based in Montevideo. Its main objective is the establishment of a common market, in pursuit of the economic & social development of the region. Its members are Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Cuba, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Mexico, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay & Venezuela. It is the successor to LAFTA
question

the life span for a US treasury note
answer

Commonly used bills such as the 1,5,10, & 20 dollar bills last about 2 years. For the 2, 50 & 100, it can be over 4 years
question

the main competitive weapon
answer

As the market in the U. S. & other advanced nations matures, the product becomes more standardized & price becomes:
question

the most probable link between militarism & imperialism
answer

as a country gains colonies, its military grows to protect them
question

The new trade theory & theory of national competitive advantage
answer

Which of the following two theories justify some limited & selective govt intervention to support the development of certain export – oriented industries
question

The number is based on the state’s population
answer

How is the number of representatives chosen for each state
question

the OECD – Organisation for Economic Co – operation & Development
answer

An international organisation of those developed countries that accept the principles of representative democracy & a free market economy. It originated in 1948 as the Organisation for European Economic Co – operation (OEEC), to help administer the Marshall Plan for the re – construction of Europe after WWII. Later its membership was extended to non – European states, & in 1961 it was reformed into the OECD
question

the Open skies agreement
answer

a bilateral or multilateral Air Transport Agreement which: liberalises the rules for international aviation markets & minimises govt intervention — the provisions apply to passenger, all – cargo & combination air transportation & encompass both scheduled & charter services; or adjusts the regime under which military & other state – based flights may be permitted
question

the Organization for Security & Co – operation in Europe
answer

an international organization for security. In its region, it is concerned with early warning, conflict prevention, crisis management & post – conflict rehabilitation. The Organization for Security & Co – operation in Europe has 55 participating states from Europe, the Mediterranean, the Caucasus, Central Asia & North America. The OSCE’s Secretariat (headquarters) is located in Vienna, Austria. The Organization also has offices in Copenhagen, Geneva, The Hague, Prague & Warsaw
question

the overuse of up – to – date maps
answer

One cultural problem a researcher faces when doing primary research is:
question

the Pacific Islands Forum
answer

an inter – governmental consultative organ which aims to enhance cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean & represent their interests. It was founded in 1971 as the South Pacific Forum; the name was changed in 2000 to better reflect the correct geographic locations of its member states both in the north & south Pacific
question

the physical context
answer

tangible or concrete environment in which communication takes place
question

the preamble
answer

The introduction to the Constitution
question

The puritans in 1629
answer

Who established the Massachusetts Bay Colony
question

the relationship between a nation’s capital & current accounts
answer

Inverse if a neutral balance of payments is to be obtained
question

the Revisionist Approach to Foreign Policy
answer

A Revisionst approach to foreign policy seeks to alter territorial, ideological, or power distribution to the state’s advantage
question

the rise of non – U. S. multinationals & the growth of mini – multinationals
answer

Since the 1960s, there have been two notable trends in the demographics of the multinational enterprise. These two trends have been:
question

The Senate acts as the jury
answer

What role does the Senate play in an impeachment trial
question

The senate, by a 2/3rds vote
answer

In the US, who needs to approve treaties, & with what percentage
question

the Social Contract
answer

An agreement by which the people give up their freedom to a powerful govt in order to avoid chaos
question

the South American Community of Nations
answer

will be a continent – wide free trade zone that will unite two existing free – trade organizations eliminating tariffs for non – sensitive products by 2014 & sensitive products by 2019
question

the South Asia Free Trade Agreement
answer

an agreement reached at the 12th SAARC summit at Islamabad, capital of Pakistan on 6 January 2004. It creates a framework for the creation of a free trade zone covering 1. 4 billion people in India, Pakistan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Bangladesh, Bhutan & the Maldives. The seven foreign ministers of the region signed a framework agreement on SAFTA with zero customs duty on the trade of practically all products in the region by end 2012
question

the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation
answer

proposed by Ziaur Rahman, the then – pres. of Bangladesh, established December 8, 1985. SAARC is an association of 8 countries of South Asia: Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, & most recently admitted, Afghanistan. These countries comprise an area of 5,127,500 km2 & a 1/5 of the world’s population. encourages cooperation in agriculture, rural development, science & technology, culture, health, population control, narcotics control & anti – terrorism
question

The Speaker of the House
answer

Who is the leader of the House of Representatives
question

the Status Quo Approach to Foreign Policy
answer

The Status Quo Approach to Foreign Policy seeks to maintain the territorial, ideological, or power distribution of the state
question

The stock market crash of 1929
answer

What event marked the beginning of the Great Depression
question

The Supreme Court
answer

the highest court in the land
question

the Ugly American
answer

Pejorative term for Americans traveling or living abroad who remain ignorant of local culture & judge everything by American standards. The term is taken from the title of a book by Eugene Burdick & William Lederer
question

the UN convention on the law of the sea
answer

Took effect in 1994. Establishes 12 mile barrier around nations, & 200 mile Exclusive Economic Zones. The us has signed, but not ratified it
question

The US
answer

During the cold war, who was pakistan mainly allied with
question

The US
answer

Who did Libya side with during the cold war
question

The US
answer

Who is brazil’s biggest trading partner
question

The USSR
answer

During the cold war, who was India mainly allied with
question

The Vice – Pres
answer

Who is the leader of the Senate
question

The Vice – Pres., followed by the Speaker of the House
answer

Who is next in line if something happens to the Pres.
question

the Western European Union
answer

a partially dormant European defence & security organization, established on the basis of the Treaty of Brussels of 1948 with the accession of West Germany & Italy in 1954. Its two stated aims were: to afford assistance to each other inr sisting any policy of aggression, to promote unity & integration of Europe. merged into EU
question

the world’s largest desert
answer

Antartica. The largest hot desert is the Sahara in North Africa, which is the size of the U. S
question

theater – state
answer

state that acquires prestige & power by developing attractive cultural forms & staging elaborate public ceremonies (as well as redistributing valuable resources) to attract & bind subjects to the center. (186)
question

theocracy
answer

gov by religious leaders, who claim divine guidance
question

Theodora
answer

Daughter of a bear keeper & was married to Justinian
question

Theodore Herzl
answer

Austrian journalist & founder of the Zionist movement urging the creation of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine
question

Theory X assumes that workers:
answer

Dislike work, Lack ambition, Are irresponsible, Resist change, Prefer to be led
question

Theory Y assumes that workers are:
answer

Willing to work, Capable of self control, Willing to accept responsibility, Imaginative & creative, Capable of self – direction
question

Theravada Buddhism
answer

Way of the Elders’ branch of Buddhism followed in Sri Lanka & much of Southeast Asia. Therevada remains close to the original principles set forth by the Buddha; it downplays the importance of gods (181)
question

These are the times that try men’s souls
answer

By Thomas Paine in the America Crisis
question

they
answer

requires that _ should declare the causes which impel them to the separation
question

They are examples of flaws, or fallaciesin logic
answer

What do the terms \”faulty analogy,\”asserted conclusion\”,\”loaded question\”, and\”non sequitur\” have in common
question

They are the the main contributors to language barriers
answer

misuse of abstractions & a lack of common core experience are main contributors to which communication barrier
question

They both upheld an autocratic govt without reforms
answer

How did the reigns of Alexander III & Nicholas II help pave the way for revolution
question

they had promised to uphold the independence of Poland
answer

Why did Britain & France declare war on Germany after invading Poland
question

they hold societies together
answer

why are speaking & listening skills important
question

they valued national honor more than individual life
answer

What does the use of kamikaze pilots show about Japanese culture
question

They were of Japanese descent & falsely labeled as enemies
answer

Why were thousands of U. S citizens put in internment camps during the war
question

things self – image is composed of
answer

physical appearance, body shape, academic accomplishments, social skills, value system, relationships, behavior, goals, ambitions, aspirations
question

think tank
answer

An institution in which scholars pursue research in public policy. Largely funded by endowments & grants, think tanks work to improve public awareness of policy issues (through publications) & to influence the govt to act upon issues of national importance
question

think: one way – linear
answer

human communication as action
question

Third – order devolution
answer

The use of nongovernmental organizations to implement public policy
question

Third – Party – Payer Market
answer

A market in which the person who receives the good differs from the person paying for the good
question

Third – Partyism
answer

The tendency of 3rd parties to arise with some regularity in a nominally 2 – party system
question

third century crisis
answer

political, military, & economic turmoil that beset the Roman Empire during much of the third century C. E. : frequent changes of ruler, civil wars, barbarian invasions, decline of urban centers, & near – destruction of long – distance commerce. (157)
question

Third Degree Price Discrimination
answer

Practice of dividing consumers into tow or more groups with separrate demand curves & charging different prices to each group
question

Third political parties
answer

Political parties that can be described as ideological, single – issue orientated, economically motivated, & personality driven. Examples include the Free Soil Party, Know – Nothings, Populist, & Bull Moose Parties. In 1996 Ross Perot created a new national third party called the Reform party
question

Thirty – second spots
answer

Paid political ads 30 seconds in duration
question

Thomas Edison
answer

American inventor best known for inventing the electric light bulb, acoustic recording on wax cylinders, & motion pictures
question

Thomas Edison
answer

Who patented the movie camera
question

Thomas Jefferson
answer

Who wrote the Declaration of Independence
question

Thomas Paine
answer

Patriot who used written words to argue for independence who wrote: Common Sense
question

Thorndike’s Law of Effect
answer

behavior followed by reinforcement tends to be repeated
question

thory of divine right proposed that
answer

Ruler derived absolute monarch to rule from God
question

three – field system
answer

A rotational system for agriculture in which one field grows grain, one grows legumes, & one lies fallow. It gradually replaced two – field system in medieval Europe
question

three areas to focus on when preparing a speach
answer

Technical accuracy & coverage, arrangement & flow, & presentation & delivery
question

three basic components of a paragraph
answer

Topic sentence, support sentence, & closing sentence
question

three common forms of tense you will use in your communication
answer

Past – express actions or makes a statementabout something that happened in the past. Present – expresses action or makes a statement about something happening in the present time. Future – expresses action or make a statement about something happening at a future time
question

Three Mile Island
answer

Location of a nuclear power plant accident in 1979. Caused panic & intense criticism of nuclear power programs in general
question

Three problems with the CPI
answer

The substitution bias, the introduction of new items, & quality changes
question

three responsibilities of commanders & supervisors – their staffs & subordinates – when it comes to orginizational communication
answer

Keep communication channels open, maintain an environment conducive to communication; & communicate effectively
question

thrift institutions
answer

financial institutions that receive most of their funds from the savings of the public; they include savings banks, savings & loan associations, & credit unions
question

through culture
answer

How is culture primarily passed on
question

time cost models
answer

used when cost trade – off info is a major consideration in planning, used to determine the least cost in reducing total project time
question

time deposit
answer

a deposit in a financial institution that requires notice of intent to withdraw or must be left for an agreed period; withdrawal of funds prior to the end of the agreed period may result in a penalty
question

time method of issue arrangement
answer

orders information from a beginning point to an ending one, with all the steps developed in numerical or time sequence
question

Time Oriennted Listeners
answer

Those who perfer that message communcated by others be breif
question

Time preference
answer

a consumer will place a premium on enjoyment nearer in time over more remote enjoyment. high time preference means a person wants to spend their money now & not save it
question

Time study
answer

timing how long it takes good workers to complete each part of their jobs
question

Timur
answer

Member of a prominent family of the Mongols’ Jagadai Khanate, Timur through conquest gained control over much of Central Asia & Iran. He consolidated the status of Sunni Islam as orthodox, & his descendants, the Timurids, maintained his empire. (336)
question

tithe
answer

taxes (money) given to the church
question

Title IX
answer

Provision for the Education Amendments of 1972 that bars educational institutions receiving federal funds from discriminating against female students
question

Title VII (part of EEO)
answer

part of the Civil Rights Act of 1964; outlaws discrimination in employment on basis of race, color, religion, nat’l origin, or sex
question

to escape the British
answer

Why did thousands of Boers move north in the Great Trek
question

to isolate France
answer

Why did Bismark seek alliances that later became the Triple Alliance
question

to prevent fighting of European nations over the division of Africa
answer

What was the main purpose of the Berlin Conference of 1884 – 1885
question

To the other House
answer

After a Bill passes the first House of the Congress, where does it go next
question

To the Pres.
answer

If a Bill passes through both Houses of Congress, where does it go next
question

Tobacco
answer

WJC Pres sued industry to stop marketing cigars to kids & accept great federal regulation
question

Tokugawa Shogunate
answer

The last of the three shogunates of Japan
question

Toltecs
answer

Powerful postclassic empire in central Mexico (900 – 1168 C. E. ). It influenced much of Mesoamerica. Aztecs claimed ties to this earlier civilization
question

Tomas de Torquemada
answer

Chief judge of the spanish inquisition, known for his severity
question

Top Management
answer

The highest level of managers; includes CEO’s, pres.s, & vice pres.s, who develop strategic plans & address long – range issues
question

tophet
answer

cemetery containing burials of young children, possibly sacrificed to the gods in times of crisis, found at Carthage & other Phoenician settlements in the western Mediterranean
question

topic of the speech
answer

should be stated as specifically as possible
question

topic outline
answer

has words or phrases for all entries & usually has little or no punctuation after entries
question

topical method of issue arrangement
answer

a speaker explains an idea in terms of its component part
question

total war
answer

What did the war become once the participating countries began devoting all of their resources to the war effort
question

totalitarianism
answer

Form of govt in which govt’s powers are unlimited
question

Touch Ethic
answer

A person own guidelines or standards as to approprate & inapprate toush
question

Town or township
answer

A subunit of county govt in many eastern & Midwestern states
question

Townshend Acts
answer

These acts put a light import duty on such things as glass, lead, paper, & tea. The acts met slight protest from the colonists, who found ways around the taxes such as buying smuggled tea. Due to its minute profits, the Townshend Acts were repealed in 1770, except for the tax on tea. The tax on tea was kept to keep alive the principle of Parliamentary taxation. (1767)
question

trabadour
answer

a composer & performer of songs; traveling ballad singer
question

Tracking poll
answer

Polls conducted by media outlets to gauge the potential outcome of a political election on a periodic basis
question

Trade – Mark Cases
answer

Copyright Clause does not give Congress the power to regulate trademarks
question

Traditional Conflict
answer

Conflict is unnecessaryconflict is to be feared,conflict is harmful,conflict is a personal failure, immediately stop conflict remove all evidence of conflict including people
question

Traditional Economy
answer

An economy in which customs & habits from the past are used to resolve most economic issues of production & distribution
question

traditional legitimacy
answer

Legitimacy that accepts aspects of politics because they have been institutionalized over a long period of time
question

Tragedy of the commons
answer

The tendency for a resource that has no price to be used until its marginal benefit falls to zero
question

Trail of Tears
answer

AJ The Cherokee Indians were forced to leave their lands. They traveled from North Carolina & Georgia through Tennessee, Kentucky, Illinois, Missouri, & Arkansas – more than 800 miles (1,287 km) – to the Indian Territory. More than 4, 00 Cherokees died of cold, disease, & lack of food during the 116 – day journey
question

trait approach
answer

looks for permanent traits of personality which distinguish leaders from non – leaders or effective leaders from non – effective ones
question

trans – Saharan Caravan Routes
answer

Trading network linking North Africa with sub – Saharan Africa across the Sahara
question

transaction deposits
answer

checkable & debitable account balances in commercial banks & other types of financial institutions, such as credit unions & savings banks; any accounts in financial institutions from which you can easily transmit debit – card & check payments without many restrictions
question

transactional communication mean
answer

each person in the communication act is both speaker & listener; each person is simultaneously sending & receiving messages
question

Transactional leaders
answer

Leaders who lead primarily by using social exchanges
question

transactional modes of communication
answer

simultaneous sending & receiving, all elements are constantly in motion & you cannot not communicate
question

transactions approach
answer

a method of measuring the money supply by looking at money as a medium of exchange
question

transactions demand
answer

holding money as a medium of excahnge to make payments (the level varies directly with nominal GDP)
question

Transatlantic cable/telegraph
answer

Cable from Newfoundland to Ireland to revolutionize international communication
question

Transcendentalism
answer

any system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material
question

Transcontinental railroad
answer

Union Pacific: Began in Omaha in 1865 & went west. Central Pacific: Went east from Sacramento & met the Union Pacific Railroad at Promontory Point, Utah on May 10, 1869, where the golden spike ceremony was held. Transcontinental railroad overcharged the federal govt & used substandard materials
question

Transdniester Republic
answer

Separatist movement in Moldova
question

Transfer payments
answer

Payments the govt makes to the public for which it receives no current goods or services in return
question

transformation process
answer

uses resources to convert inputs into some desired output
question

Transformational leaders
answer

Leaders who stimulate & inspire followers to achieve extraordinary outcomes
question

Transnational Corporation
answer

is a firm that strives to be Global & Multi – domestic! ie: It must strive to achieve economies of scale whilst locally responsive
question

transparency
answer

the full, accurate, & timely disclosure of information (dictionary. com definition)
question

treason
answer

the crime of fighting against one’s own govt
question

Trent Affair
answer

Two Confederate diplomats were dispatched to go to Europe on a mail steamer to try & gain support from Britain & France. The Union stopped this steamer & removed the two Confederate diplomats
question

Trial Court
answer

Court of original jurisdiction where case begins
question

trial: adoption process
answer

the consumer tries the new product on a small scale to improve his or her estimate of its value
question

Triangle of Trade
answer

common pattern linking Africa, The Americas, & Europe
question

Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire
answer

Accidentally killed 141 workers, prodded concerns that raised new questions of human & immigrant rights & of existing labor laws
question

tributary system
answer

A system in which, from the time of the Han Empire, countries in East & Southeast Asia not under the direct control of empires based in China nevertheless enrolled as tributary states, acknowledging the superiority of the emperors in China. (279)
question

tribute system
answer

A system in which defeated peoples were forced to pay a tax in the form of goods & labor. This forced transfer of food, cloth, & other goods subsidized the development of large cities. An important component of the Aztec & Inca economies
question

trickle down Theory
answer

If the rich become richer then the money will \”trickle down\” to the middle & poor classes making them more wealthy
question

Trigger Word
answer

A form of language that arouses strong emotions in listeners
question

Triple Alliance
answer

Original Allies in WWI: Britain, France, & Russia
question

Triple Alliance & Triple Entente
answer

1. Germany, Austria, Hungary, Italy 2. GB, France, Russia
question

Triple Entente
answer

Original Central Powers in WWI: Germany, Austria – Hungary, & Italy
question

triple wall of privilege
answer

Wilson called for a war against these three things, tariff, banks, & trusts
question

trireme
answer

Greek & Phoenician warship of the fifth & fourth centuries B. C. E. It was sleek & light, powered by 170 oars arranged in three vertical tiers. Manned by skilled sailors, it was capable of short bursts of speed & complex maneuvers
question

tropics
answer

Equatorial region between the Tropic of Cancer & the Tropic of Capricorn. It is characterized by generally warm or hot temperatures year – round, though much variation exists due to altitude & other factors. (370)
question

True Self – Esteem
answer

Involves only your goals
question

Truman – MacArthur controversy
answer

MacArhur called for air strikes on China during Korean War. Truman said no, MacArthur disagreed publicly. Truman removed him for insubordination
question

Truman Doctrine
answer

HT 1947, Pres. Truman’s policy of providing economic & military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology, mainly helped Greece & Turkey
question

Trust
answer

belief in the integrity, character, & ability of a leader
question

Trust funds
answer

Funds for govt programs that are collected & spent outside the regular govt budget; the amounts are determined by preexisting law rather than by annual appropriations. The Social Security trust fund is the largest of these
question

trustee
answer

an official who is expected to vote independetly basedon his or her judgment of the circumstances; one interpretation of the role of the legislator
question

Trustee approach
answer

The view that an elected representative should act on his or her own best judgment of what public policy requires
question

Tulip Period
answer

Last years of the reign of Ottoman sultan Ahmed III, during which European styles & attitudes became briefly popular in Istanbul
question

Tupac Amaru II
answer

Member of Inca aristocracy who led a rebellion against Spanish authorities in Peru in 1780 – 1781. He was captured & executed with his wife & other members of his family
question

Turned the tide of the war against the Japanese
answer

What was significant about the Battle of Midway
question

turnout
answer

the proportion of the voting age public that votes, sometimes as the nubmer of registered voters that vote
question

Tweed Ring
answer

USG the corrupt part of Tammany Hall in New York City, started by Burly \”Boss\” Tweed that Samuel J. Tilden, the reform governor of New York had been instrumental in overthrowing, Thomas Nast exposed through illustration in Harper’s Weekly
question

Two – part tariff
answer

Form of pricining in which consumers are charged both an entry & a usage fee
question

Two – party system
answer

An electoral system with two dominant parties that compete in state or national elections. Third parties have little chance of winning
question

Two Camps Doctrine (Zhdanov Doctrine)
answer

Sept. 1947, Stalin speech that the country is split into two camps, east and west. First person to acknowledge this.
question

two main components of globalization are:
answer

the globalization of markets & the globalization of production
question

Two types of \”Absolute Advantages\”
answer

NATURAL ADVANTAGE (climate, resource availability, eg: abundant labor) ADVANTAGE (technology or developed skills eg: training)
question

Two Types of Delegate
answer

Burkian & Representative delegate
question

two types of self – fulfilling prophecies
answer

self – imposed prophecies & imposed prophecies by others
question

Ty Cobb
answer

Record for lifetime batting average
question

Tydings McDuffie Act
answer

FDR 1934, provided for the drafting & guidelines of a Constitution for a 10 – year \”transitional period\” which became the govt of the Commonwealth of the Philippines before the granting of Philippine independence, during which the US would maintain military forces in the Philippines. The nation did not want to have to support the Philippines if Japan attacked there
question

Tying
answer

Practice of requiring a customer to purchase on good in order to purchase another
question

types of bullet statements
answer

Single idea & single accomplishment
question

Types of Controls
answer

Feed forward Controls, Concurrent Control, Feedback Control, Control Systems & after the fact controls
question

Types of power
answer

coercive, reward, legitimate,expertise, & referential power
question

Types of teams: horizontal team
answer

members are from different departments in an organization
question

Types of teams: vertical
answer

a manager & his subordinates. Might involve three to four levels of management
question

Types of teams:task force
answer

consists of members from different departments who have gotten together to achieve a task, usually the team is disbanded when the project is acomplished
question

U – 2 Incident
answer

the downing of a U.S. spy plane and capture of its pilot by the Soviet Union in 1960
question

U. N. 1945
answer

U. S. & 50 other countries founded the UN
question

U. S. – China 1979
answer

established diplomatic relations with China
question

U. S. Embassy at Tehran, Iran
answer

JEC Mohammed Reza Pahlavi became Iran \”shah\” & ayatollah khomeini didn’t like this, shah wanted \”white revolution\”, & shah exiled Khomeini, who later directed Islamic Republic, & kept hostages, Carter tried to help, he froze all Iranian assets in US, & also sent USS Nimitz in Gulf of Oman where 8 were killed, 2 eventsIran became victim of Iraq30 after RR became pres.
question

U. S. Information Agency
answer

A federal agency responsible for spreading information favorable to the U. S. around the world
question

U. S. S. Maine
answer

Ship that exploded in Havana harbor, blamed on Spanish, sparked war
question

U. S. Steel Corporation
answer

J. P. Morgan’s steel empire, first billion – dollar corporation
question

Uigurs
answer

A group of Turkic – speakers who controlled their own centralized empire from 744 to 840 in Mongolia & Central Asia
question

Ulaanbaatar, Mongolia
answer

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
question

Umayyad Caliphate
answer

First hereditary dynasty of Muslim caliphs (661 to 750). From their capital at Damascus, the Umayyads ruled an empire that extended from Spain to India. Overthrown by the Abbasid Caliphate
question

umma
answer

The community of all Muslims. A major innovation against the background of seventh – century Arabia, where traditionally kinship rather than faith had determined membership in a community
question

UN
answer

An organization of nearly all world states, created after WWII to promote collective security
question

un – American
answer

attack principles or practices considered to be at odds with the values of most Americans. Many object to the use of the term on the grounds that it is vague, shortsighted, & intolerant. The House of Representatives maintained a Committee on Un – American Activities (HUAC) for several years. It was especially known for investigation of alleged communists
question

UN Charter
answer

The founding document of the UN; it is based on the principles that states are equal, have sovereignty over their own affairs, enjoy independence & territorial integrity, & must fulfill international obligations. The Charter also lays out the structure & methods of the UN
question

UN Earth Summit
answer

outlined key policies for sustainable development; produced Agenda 21 & the Rio Declaration
question

UN General Assembly
answer

Comprised of representatives of all states, it allocates UN funds, passes non – binding resolutions, & coordinates third world development programs & various autonomous agencies through the ECOSOC
question

UN Secretariat
answer

The UN’s executive branch, led by the secretary – general
question

UN Security Council
answer

A body of five great powers (which can veto resolutions) & ten rotating member states, which makes decisions about international peace & security including the dispatch of UN peacekeeping forces
question

UN Security Council Resolution 242
answer

Attempted to resolve the Palestinian – Israeli conflict by exchanging land for peace.
question

Unalienable rights
answer

Rights such as life, liberty, & the pursuit of happiness, which are derived from the doctrine of natural rights
question

unanimous consent decree
answer

Agreement passed by the Senate that establishes the rules under which a bill will be debated, amended, & voted upon
question

Uncertainty
answer

extent to which managers can understand or predict which environmental changes & trends will affect their businesses
question

uncertainty avoidance
answer

extent to which members of a culture feel threatened by unknown or uncertain situations
question

Uncle Tom’s Cabin
answer

MF 1852, a novel published by harriet beecher stowe in 1852 which portrayed slavery as brutal & immoral caused Civil War, Europe applauds
question

UNCPD
answer

UN Conference on Population & Development in Cairo, Egypt in 1994. Called for a program of action to foster family planning & improve the access of women in such areas of education
question

Undeclared naval war with France
answer

The French were infuriated with the US after Jay’s Treaty, so began to attack American ships at sea
question

Underground Railroad
answer

FP 1830, Harriet Tubman, a system that helped enslaved African Americans follow a network of escape routes out of the South to freedom in the North
question

Understand
answer

To assign meaning to messages
question

understanding
answer

the act of interpreting a message by following syntactic symantic & pragmatic rules
question

Underwood Tariff Bill
answer

October 13, 1913 – Lowered tariffs on hundreds of items that could be produced more cheaply in the U. S. than abroad
question

undifferentiated marketing: targeting strategies
answer

a market coverage strategy in which a firm decides to ignore market segment differences & go after the whole market with one offer
question

unfolding organizational speech structure
answer

an inductive style, in which the speaker lays out supporting evidence & then draws a conclusion, leading the listeners to be drawn into the argument
question

Unfunded mandates
answer

Those regulations passed by Congress or issued by regulatory agencies to the states without federal funds to support them
question

Unified govt
answer

A govt in which the same party controls both the White House & both houses of Congress. When Bill Clinton became pres. in 1993, it was the first time since 1981 (and only the second time since 1969) that the same party was in charge of the presidency & Congress
question

Unified Italy
answer

During the mid 1800’s, count Camillo di Cavour expanded the Piedmont – Sardinia’s power & also
question

Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures (part of EEO)
answer

set of rules in area of EEO, published in 1978; provide that all procedures (tests, etc. ) used be valid & relevant to job performance
question

Unilateralism
answer

Unilaterialism is a state’s dependence on its own power to maxime security & achieve national interests
question

Union Advantages
answer

in the Civil War – Larger number of troops, superior navy, better transportation, overwhelming financial & industrial reserves to create munitions & supplies, which eventually outstripped the South’s initial material advantage
question

Union Pacific & Central Pacific joined/transcontinental line
answer

Central Pacific & Union Pacific lines met at Ogden, Utah, creating the first transcontinental railroad line
question

Union Pacific Railroad
answer

USG railroad that started in Omaha, Nebraska & it connected with the Central Pacific Railroad in Promentary Point, Utah; hired Chinese immigrants
question

Union Shop
answer

A firm in which all workers must join the union
question

union shop
answer

A workplace where an employee must pay dues or their equivalent to the union, but may not be fired if he or she fails to maintain membership in good standing in the union for any reason other than failure to pay such dues
question

Unions
answer

Workers’ associations that bargain with employers over wages, benefits & working conditions
question

Unit of Account
answer

Something that is used universally in the description of money matters such as prices. The unit of account most commonly used in the US is the dollar
question

unit of accounting
answer

way of placing a specific price on economic goods & services (it serves as a standard of value (yardstick) that allows people to compare the relative worth of various goods & services)
question

Unit Rule
answer

A traditional party practice under which the majority of a state delegation can force the minority to vote for its candidate
question

unitary actor assumption
answer

the actor exercising power is a single entity that can \”think\” about its actions coherently & make choices
question

United Food & Commercial Workers International Union
answer

A labor union representing approximately 1. 3 million workers in the U. S. & Canada in many industries, including health care, meatpacking, poultry & food processing, manufacturing, textile & chemical trades, & retail food. Until July 2005, UFCW was affiliated with the AFL – CIO, where it was the second largest union by membership. Along with two other members of the Change to Win Coalition, the UFCW formally disaffiliated with the AFL – CIO on July 29, 2005.
question

unity of command
answer

Fayol – each subordinate should have only one boss
question

unity of direction
answer

all activities in pursuit of a given organizational goal should be under direction of a single person
question

Universal suffrage
answer

Right of all qualified adults to vote
question

universities
answer

Degree – granting institutions of higher learning. Those that appeared in Latin West from about 1200 onward became the model of all modern universities
question

University of Missippi & Alabama
answer

LBJ Robert Kennedy sent marshalls to protect the right of qualified black there
question

unjust control
answer

unwarrantable jurisdiction
question

unjust use of power
answer

oppressions
question

unjust use of power
answer

tyranny
question

unlimited power
answer

despotism
question

Unlisted Powers
answer

What is an Inherent Power
question

unnaturally imposed
answer

national boundaries that existed in Africa at the end of the 19th century can best be described as
question

UNSC
answer

UN Security Coucil – main peacekeeping organ of the UN. Made up of 15 members, 5 of which are permanent: China, France, Russia, US & UK
question

unsought product
answer

consumer product that the consumer either does not know about or know about but does not normally think of buying
question

unwritten Constitution
answer

Certain deeply ingrained aspects of our govt which are not mentioned in the Constitution, such as political parties; political conventions; & cabinet meetings
question

Upanishads
answer

Made in 800 – 400BCE refers to the the practice of disciples gathering fro religious discussion
question

Upon what factors dose the intelligibility of a presentation depend
answer

Articulation, pronunciation, vocal pauses, overuse of stock expressions, & substandard grammar
question

Upton Sinclair/\”Jungle\”
answer

Described awful conditions of meat packing industry, led to Meat Inspection Act
question

Urban II
answer

The pope that launched the crusades in 1095. Called for Christian kings to take back the holy land, Jerusalem
question

Urban Riots
answer

LBJ large scale rioting, summer 1966 & 1967, so Pres appointed National Advisory Commission on Civil Disorders, said democracy to all citizen, adequate financing by both the federal & local govt
question

Urdu
answer

A Persian – influenced literary form of Hindi written in Arabic characters & used as a literary language since the 1300s
question

USA Freedom Corps
answer

A program that responds to national emergencies, rebuilding our communities and extending American compassion throughout the world
question

User cost of capital
answer

The annual cost of owning & using a capital asset, equal to economic depreciation plus forgone interest
question

usurpations
answer

wrongful uses of authority
question

Utilitarianism
answer

A moral theory in which the right course of action is the one that results in the highest total utility
question

Utility
answer

An abstract measure of the satisfaction consumers derive from consuming goods, services, & leisure activities
question

Utopian communities
answer

Communities seeking cooperation, communism ideals, & communitarianism
question

utopian socialism
answer

Philosophy introduced by the Frenchman Charles Fourier in the early nineteenth century. Utopian socialists hoped to create humane alternatives to industrial capitalism by building self – sustaining communities whose inhabitants would work cooperatively (616
question

Uzbekistan conflicts
answer

Some ethnic problems. The Islamic Movement of Uzbek. causes some instability
question

Vaduz, Liechtenstein
answer

Riga, Latvia
question

Valence issue
answer

An issue on which voters distinguish rival parties by the degree to which they associate each party or candidate with conditions, goals, or symbols the electorate universally approves or disapproves of. Examples of such issues are economic prosperity & political corruption
question

Valid Opinion makeup
answer

It must have noticeable preferences: – Should display options & your preference. show one’s opinion as only alternative +other opinions are ineffective – Well grounded in a coherent account of the consequences of policy – Theory of an outcome with an issue (consequences) – One must understand the facts of the case to further evaluate consequences
question

Valley Forge
answer

Quarters of American army one winter in revolutionary war. Very cold, but Washington kept the morale of the troops up
question

value
answer

quality/price
question

variable costs
answer

things that vary w/ the quantity of sales
question

Variable profit
answer

Sum of prifts on each increamental unit produced by a firm
question

variable sum games
answer

games in which the outcome can at times be beneficial for all or most of the players
question

variolation
answer

The technique of enhancing immunity by exposing patients to dried mucous taken from those already infected
question

varna/jati
answer

Two categories of social identity of great importance in Indian history. Varna are the four major social divisions: the Brahmin priest class, the Kshatriya warrior/administrator class, the Vaishya merchant/farmer class, & the Shudra laborer class
question

Vasco da Gama
answer

Portuguese explorer. In 1497 – 1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route
question

Vasco Nunez de Balboa
answer

Spanish explorer who discovered the Pacific & claimed it for Spain
question

vassal
answer

In medieval Europe, a sworn supporter of a king or lord committed to rendering specified military service to that king or lord
question

vehicle/crew scheduling
answer

finding the optimal way to use resources such as aircraft, bus, or trucks, & their operating crews to provide transportation services to customers & materials to be moved between different locations
question

Venezuelan Boundary Dispute
answer

GC2 1895, Guiana & Venezula in conflict with each other discovery of gold, Cleveland called for arbitration, The US determined to enforce the Monroe Doctrine by itself, without relying on the British got most of the land navy
question

VENONA project
answer

A long – running & highly secret collaboration between U. S. intelligence agencies & the United Kingdom’s MI5 & GCHQ that involved the cryptanalysis of messages sent by several Soviet intelligence agencies, starting in the 1940s
question

VER’s & VEA’s
answer

Voluntary export restraints (VER’S) & voluntary export agreements (VEA’S)
question

Vertical FDI\”
answer

choosing to invest in economic activity upstream (Backward Vertical FDI), or Downstream (Forward Vertical FDI) from the core business activity of the business unit
question

Vertical Integration
answer

Owning every step of the manufacturing process. Ex: An oil company owns the land the oil comes from, the business to extract the oil, the shipping business to ship the oil, & the gas stations to sell the oil
question

Vertical intercept
answer

The value taken by the dependent variable when the independent variable equals zero
question

Vertical Marketing System
answer

Consists of producers, wholesalers, & reltailers acting as a unified system. One channel member own the others, has contracts with them, or wields so much power that they must all cooperate
question

Vertical Merger
answer

A combination of two companies that are involved in different phases of producing a product
question

vertical retailer
answer

a company that designs, produces, & sells its own products, without using middlemen or wholesalers
question

Veterans Administration
answer

The second – largest cabinet department, the VA coordinates the distribution of benefits for veterans of the American armed forces & their dependents. The benefits include compensation for disabilities, the management of veterans’ hospitals, & various insurance programs
question

Veterans’ Bureau Scandal
answer

CC Colonel Forbes goes to jail for conspiring to sell narcotics, liquor, & other govt property
question

Veterans of Foreign Wars
answer

An organization of American veterans who have taken part in a foreign military campaign or expedition of the U. S. Like the American Legion, it usually takes pro – defense stands on foreign policy issues
question

veto
answer

A negative vote cast in the UNSC by one of the five permanent members that defeats the issue being voted on
question

Veto
answer

In the process of law making what power does the executive branch have over the Legislative branch
question

vice – admiralty courts
answer

Military courts, in which defendants are not entitled to a trial by jury of peers. These were established in the colonies to try colonial smugglers because colonial juries often sympathized with smugglers & would not convict them
question

Vickrey Auction
answer

A sealed – bid auction where the highest bidder wins pays the price bid by the next – highest bidder
question

Vicksburg
answer

AL, 1863 a decisive battle in the American Civil War 1863
question

victimless crime
answer

A term sometimes used for various acts that are considered crimes under the law but apparently have no victim. One such crime is prostitution, which is viewed by some as a commercial exchange between two consenting adults
question

Victorian Age
answer

Reign of Queen Victoria of Great Britain (1837 – 1901). The term is also used to describe late – nineteenth – century society, with its rigid moral standards & sharply differentiated roles for men & women & for middle – class & working – class people (711)
question

Vidkun Quisling
answer

Norwegian collaborator during WWII. Made had of govt under German control
question

Viet Cong
answer

communist guerilla movement in vietnam
question

Vietminh
answer

communist dominated vietnamese nationalist movement, operate out of China in WWII, guerilla tactics
question

vignette
answer

a merchandise display that shows how merchandise looks in use
question

Vilnius, Lithuania
answer

Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic
question

violent disturbances
answer

convulsions
question

violently persecute Jews
answer

What did the pogroms that occurred in the late 19th century Russia do
question

Virginia
answer

_ House of Burgesses was a bicameral legislature
question

Virginia & Kentucky Resolutions
answer

Affirmations of States rights in the face of the Alien & Sedition Acts. Written by Madison & Jefferson. Included a statement of the power of nullification by the States
question

Virginia Company
answer

A joint – stock company: based in Virginia in 1607, founded to find gold & a water way to the Indies. Confirmed all Englishmen that they would have the same life in the New World, as they had in England, with the same rights. 3 of their ships transported the people that would found Jamestown in 1607
question

Virginia Resolves
answer

In response to the 1765 Stamp Act, Patrick Henry persuaded the Virginia House of Burgesses to adopt several strongly worded resolutions that denied Parliament’s right to tax the colonies. Known as the Virginia Resolves, these resolutions persuaded many other colonial legislatures to adopt similar positions
question

Virtual Representation
answer

Virtual representation means that a representative is not elected by his constituents, but he resembles them in his political beliefs & goals. The colonies only had virtual representation in the British govt
question

Vishnu
answer

A Hindu god that had its own devotional cult. The preserver of the world
question

Visible artifacts
answer

visible signs of an organization’s culture, such as the office design & layout, company dress code, nd company benefits & perks, like stop options, personal parking spaces or the private company dining room
question

Vision
answer

a statement of a company’s purpose or reason for existing
question

Visionary Leadership
answer

The ability to create & articulate a realisitic, credible, & attractive vision of the future that improves upon the current situation
question

visual aids
answer

appeal to our sense of sight
question

Voice of America
answer

1. One of the world’s most trusted sources for news & information from the U. S. & around the world; 2. A type of Media Propaganda
question

Voice vote
answer

A congressional voting procedure in which members shout \”yea\” in approval or \”nay\” in disapproval; allows members to vote quickly or anonymously on bills
question

Volstead Act
answer

WW, implemented the 18th Admendment. It established illegal alcohol at above 5%, but then comes the speakeasies
question

vote of confidence
answer

a vote in a parliament expressing support for a govt; a govt losing a vote of confidence is expected to resign
question

vote of the people
answer

What does the word Plebiscite mean
question

voter registration
answer

system designed to reduce voter fraud by limiting voting to those who have established eligibility by submitting the proper form
question

Voting – age population
answer

The citizens who are eligible to vote after reaching a minimum age requirement. In the U. S. a citizen must be at least eighteen years old in order to vote
question

Voting Rights Act of 1965
answer

Eliminated obstacles used to block black voting, such as literacy tests. Enabled federal registrars to register voters
question

Vroom’s expectancy theory
answer

Certain behaviors are linked to certain outcomes. Outcomes (rewards) have varying degrees of of value, worth and attractiveness. Certain behaviors are are associated with a probability of success
question

W. E. B. DuBois
answer

Black leader who fought for universal suffrage & civil rights, & founded the Nigara Movement & NAACP
question

Wabash vs. Illinois
answer

1886 – Stated that individual states can control trade in their states, but cannot regulate railroads coming through them. Congress has exclusive jurisdiction over interstate commerce. States cannot regulate or place restrictions on businesses which only pass through them, such as interstate transportation
question

Wade – Davis Bill
answer

Bill declared that the Reconstruction of the South was a legislative, not executive, matter. It was an attempt to weaken the power of the pres. Lincoln vetoed it. Wade – Davis Manifesto said Lincoln was acting like a dictator by vetoing
question

Wage
answer

Payments for labor services that are directly tied to time worked, or to the number of units of output produced
question

Wagner Act (National Labor Relations Act of 1935) NLRA
answer

nation’s basic labor legislation; est. employee rights to form unions, requires employers to bargain w/ such unions in good faith, & prohibits unfair labor practices
question

Walker tariff
answer

Democratic bill that reversed the high rates of tariffs imposed by the Whig – backed \”Black Tariff\” of 1842 under pres. John Tyler
question

Wall – of – separation principle
answer

A Supreme Court interpretation of the establishment clause in the First Amendment that prevents govt involvement with religion, even on a nonpreferential basis
question

Walsh – Healy Act
answer

Passed in 1936, the Walsh – Healy Act stated that workers must be paid not less than the prevailing minimumw age normally paid in a locality, restricted regular working hours to eigh hours a day, & 40 hours a week, with time & a half pay for additional hours, prohibited the employment of convicts & children under 18, & established sanitation & safety standards
question

war crimes
answer

Violations of the law governing the conduct of warfare, such as by mistreating prisoners of war or unnecessarily targeting civilians
question

War Hawks
answer

A term originally used to describe a member of the House of Representatives of the Twelfth Congress of the U. S. who advocated going to war against Great Britain in the War of 1812
question

War Industries Board
answer

WW Headed by Bernard Baruch, could order businesses to support war by building more plants, etc
question

War is hell
answer

Statement of Union General Sherman during Civil War
question

War on poverty
answer

Johnson’s programs to help poor Americans, including job retraining & improvement of housing
question

War Powers Act
answer

Passed in 1973 – Pres. is Limited in deployment of troops overseas to a 60 – day period in peacetime unless Congress explicitly gives its approval for a longer period
question

War Production Board
answer

Converted factories from civilian to military production. Manufacturing output tripled
question

Wari
answer

Andean civilization culturally linked to Tiwanaku, perhaps beginning as colony of Tiwanaku
question

Was the Cold War Over
answer

RR, Gorbachev = supported political settlements in Angola & Cambodia, & took out troops from Afghanistan, wanted more open society perestroika \”restructing\”, glasnost \”openess\”, also reduced miltary spendings, Bush didn’t support the programs like Star Wars
question

Washington Conference of 1921
answer

The U. S. & nine other countries discussed limits on naval armaments. They felt that a naval arms race had contributed to the start of WW I. They created quotas for different classes of ships that could be built by each country based on its economic power & size of existing navies
question

Washington Naval Disarmament Conference
answer

meeting held in 1921 aand 1922 where world leaders agreed to limit construction of warships
question

Washington’s Farewell Address
answer

Just & amicable feelings towards all nations \”No permanent attachments or hate for any nations\” \”Troubles seperating economic & political ties\”
question

Washington’s Farewell Address
answer

Never delivered. Warned of the dangers of divisive party politics & warned agaisnt US alliances with other countries
question

Washinton’s Neutrality Proclamation
answer

Established isolationist policy, proclaimed govt’s official neutrality in widening European conflicts also warned American citizens about intervening on either side of conflict. (1793)
question

water wheel
answer

A mechanism that harnesses the energy in flowing water to grind grain or to power machinery. It was used in many parts of the world but was especially common in Europe from 1200 to 1900
question

Watergate
answer

Refers to the office complex in DC where members of the committee to re – elect Richard Nixon, posing as burglars, broke into the offices of the Democratic Party’s national headquarters. They were caught, & the scandal ultimately led to Nixon’s resignation
question

Watts riots
answer

Riots in LA in 1965, 30 people died
question

Ways & Means Committee
answer

GF where almost all important work on tax law occurs; decides whether to go along with presidential requests for tax cuts or increases, changed under Ford
question

Ways to manage conflict
answer

What is the level of conflict, who is in conflict & what is the source of conflic
question

We communicate to direct, influence or inform our audience
answer

For what three reasons do we generally try to communicate with each other
question

We shall overcome
answer

Best known song of the civil rights movement
question

weak state
answer

a state with little capacity for carrying out policies adopted or a state in which teh extent of any part of the state is limited
question

Wealth Accounts
answer

A balance sheet of an economy’s stock of assets & liabilities
question

Welfare Reform
answer

WJC\”end welfare as we know it\”, poor ppl move from welfare to work, welfare payments to max of five years, welfare recipients engage in work within two years
question

welfare state
answer

a state which provides a wide array of social services to its members
question

Wendell Wilkie
answer

The Republicans chose Wendell L. Willkie to run against Pres. Roosevelt. Willkie’s great appeal lay in his personality. The Republican platform condemned FDR’s alleged dictatorship, as well as the New Deal. Willkie was opposed not so much to the New Deal as to its extravagances & inefficiencies
question

Western Front
answer

A line of trenches & fortifications in WWI that stretched without a break from Switzerland to the North Sea. Scene of most of the fighting between Germany, on the one hand, & France & Britain, on the other
question

Western Russia
answer

Where are the Ural Mountains
question

Western Sahara
answer

Claims itself as independent from Morocco; not widely recognized
question

What are Alliances
answer

Alliances are groups of states in opposition to other groups of states. Each alliance is developed to help the member states promote their national interests & achieve foreign policy objectives
question

What are Foreign Policy Objectives
answer

Foreign Policy Objectives are the goals of a foreign policy, derived by relating a state’s national interest to the international situation & the power available to the state
question

What are islam’s three holy books
answer

The quran, hadith, & sunna. Respectively gods words to Muhammed, Muhammed’s sayings, & Muhammed’s deeds
question

What are Narrows
answer

The entrance to New York Harbor
question

What are North – South relations
answer

North – South relations are the relationship between industrialized, developed countries (the North) & mostly poor, developing countries (the South). Most developed countries are geographically north of Lesser Developed Countries
question

What are powers of the Executive Branch
answer

Commander in Chief, Pardons, Appointments, Treaties, Law enforement
question

What are some exemptions to the 1966 FOIA
answer

National security, personal right to privacy, law enforcement, & well water geographic data. Most other info must be provided within 10 days under the 1966 Freedom of Information Act
question

What are some powers of the Pres.
answer

1. Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces; 2. Appoints ambassadors; 3. Represents the nation to foreign countries; 4. Vetoes or signs Bills into Law; 5. Appoints Supreme Court justices
question

What are the 3 components of Social Security in the US
answer

Old Age, Survivors & Disability Insurance. Because of this, SS is sometimes called OASDI
question

What are the 3 qualifications for Pres.
answer

35 years old, born in US, live in US for 14 years
question

What are the 3 qualifications of a Senator
answer

30 years old, 9 years in US, live in the state they represent
question

What are the 3 qualifications to be a representative
answer

25 years old, live in US for 7 years, live in the state you represent
question

What are the Lower Federal Courts
answer

the District Courts & the Court of Appeals
question

What are three powers of Congress
answer

Declare war, collect taxes, create money, created army, create courts
question

What are two primary objectives of govt intervention in international trade
answer

1. To help domestic firms achieve first mover advantages. 2. Help domestic firms compete against firms who have first mover advantages
question

what areas should you focas on When writing your draft
answer

Introduction, body, conclusion, transitions, andsupport
question

What branch of govt negotiates treaties
answer

The Executive, subject to the approval of the senate
question

What caused low food supplies in Africa during European colonization
answer

Europeans insisted on the growth of cash crops, such as cotton
question

What contributed to the weakness of the Weimar Republic
answer

uncontrollable inflation, a lack of democratic tradition, a large number of political parties
question

What countries have access to the Black Sea
answer

Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia, Russia, Ukraine
question

What did Napoleon not accomplish
answer

An expansion of freedom of speech
question

What did Sergey Witte do to finance Russian industries
answer

launched a program of higher taxes & foreign investments
question

What did the Central Powers gain over Russia at the battle near Tannenberg
answer

Germany drove the Russians into full retreat, G regained East Prussia, G seized numerous guns & horses
question

What did the policy of unrestricted submarine warfare refer to
answer

Germany’s policy to sink any ship in Britain’s water without warning
question

What did the Roman empire contribute to the world
answer

Roads, bridges, aqueducts, & a codified legal system. It lasted 800 years
question

What did Voltaire Believe
answer

That heretical views should not be persecuted by the govt
question

What does fascism stress
answer

nationalism
question

what does it mean by capital intensive
answer

Is a country relying on machinery, rather than labor
question

What does the Elastic Clause give Congress the power to make
answer

Any law that is necessary & proper to running the govt
question

What does the voice of your writing indicate
answer

Voice shows if the subject acts or is acted upon
question

What effect did the Dawes Plan have on the economy of Postwar Germany
answer

it saved Germany from an inflationary crisis & stabilized the economy
question

What ere the goals of the five year plans
answer

rapid industrial growth, stronger national defense, modernization of the Soviet economy
question

What excuses do jewish & islamic men need to divorce their wives
answer

None. They can divorce with no explanation. Women can only divorce in a few circumstances
question

What five steps are involved in the prewriting phase
answer

Selecting your purpose & objective, analizing your audience, researching your subject, selecting a pattern, & outlining
question

What form of communication dose the construction of a bullet statement resemble Why the compairison of the two forms
answer

The wording of a telegram. Since each word of a telegram costs the same, word economizing is integral to save money while ensuring the message meaning; the same concept is applicable to developing bullet statements
question

What gamble did Germany make before the U. S. entered the war
answer

that their blockade would defeat Britain before US troops arrived
question

What happens if the fed interest rate goes too high
answer

Unemployment & low economic growth
question

What impact did Russia’s involvement in WWI have on the Russian gov
answer

it revealed the weaknesses of czarist rule & military leadership
question

What important policy implications evolve from an understanding of Porter’s Diamond of National Advantage
answer

it is in the best interest of a firm to upgrade its advanced factors of production: eg: employee training & R & D. Equally, firms should lobby the govt to urge them to increase investment in education, infrastructure, & R & D, & to promote strong competition in domestic markets
question

What increased during the Great depression
answer

bank closings, unemployment, business failures
question

What is a Capability Analysis
answer

A Capability Analysis is an evaluation by the state of its military, political, diplomatic, & economic abilities to see if it has the means to achieve national interest & foreign policy objectives
question

What is a Colony
answer

A Colony is a noncontiguous possession of a sovereign state, established by settlement, cession, and/or conquest
question

What is a compromise
answer

Giving up something to get something else
question

What is a Constitution
answer

A Written Form of govt
question

What is a controlled – circulation magazine
answer

A magazine that sets its circulation & gets money from advertisers
question

What is a Leasehold
answer

A Leasehold is an area used by a foreign state under an agreement with the sovereign state that owns the area
question

What is a Nation
answer

A Nation is a social group that shares a common ideology, institutions, customs, & a sense of homogeneity. It may be a state, part of a state, or extend beyond the borders of a state
question

What is a National Style
answer

A National Style is the behavior pattern of a state dealing with its foreign policy problems
question

What is a Pardon
answer

Get out of jail for free
question

What is a Protectorate
answer

a relationship between a strong sovereign state & a semisovereign state or an area not recognized as a state. Two traditional reasons for their establishment: – To thwart the interests of third states – To administer law in order in an area where no responsible govt exists
question

What is a Sphere of Influence
answer

A Sphere of Influence is an area dominated by the national interests of a foreign power
question

What is a totalitarian state
answer

a state in which the govt controls every aspect of public & private life
question

What is an aspect of procedural justice theory in management
answer

If you are giving negative feedback on job performance, you must make it clear why negative feedback is being given
question

What is an aspect of procedural justice theory in management
answer

If you are giving negative feedback on job performance, you must make it clear why negative feedback is being given
question

What is an Enumerated Power
answer

Powers specifically given to Congress
question

What is an Implied Power
answer

Powers given to Congress without really writing it out
question

What key factor led to th eformation of the Triple Alliance & the Triple Entete
answer

Bismark’s fear of France’s army & Britain’s fear of Germany’s empire
question

What labor arrangement does the federal governement operate under
answer

The Federal govt operates under \”open shop\” rules nationwide, although many of its employees are represented by unions. So, an employee cannot be compelled to join a union that may exist at the employer, nor can the employee be fired if s/he joins the union. In other words, the employee has the \”right to work\”, whether as a union member or not
question

What led to the economic downfall of Spain
answer

expensive war, Jew & Muslim expulsion, english raids on Spanish ships
question

What nations are still part of the British Commonwealth
answer

Antigua & Barbuda, Australia, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Canada, Grenada, Jamaica, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, Saint Kitts & Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent & the Grenadines, the Soloman Islands, Tuvalu, the U. K
question

What nations oppose the ICC
answer

US, China, Israel, Zimbabwe
question

What natural features border the Gobi Desert
answer

The desert basins of the Gobi are bounded by the Altay Mountains & the grasslands & steppes of Mongolia on the north, by the Tibetan Plateau to the southwest, & by the North China Plain to the southeast
question

What options do corporations have for raising capital
answer

Generally speaking, companies have three choices when they want to raise cash. They can issue shares of stock, they can borrow from the bank, or they can borrow from investors by issuing bonds
question

What outlining formats are mentioned in this lesson
answer

This lesson covers four outline types: scratch; formal; informal; & talking paper
question

What political party did Alexander Hamilton start
answer

The Federalist party in 1792, which advocated strong national govt. It was opposed by Thomas Jefferson & James Madison’s Republican party
question

What set the stage for Vietnamese resistance against the French
answer

Peasants had less rice to eat bc the French exported most of it
question

What should be accomplished during the summary
answer

The summary should restate the main points, the relationship between points, & the specific objective of the presentation
question

What states were part of the Northwest Territory
answer

Ohio, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Indiana. They all became states in the early to mid 1800’s
question

What takes presedence, US domestic law or international law
answer

The US considers its domestic law to hold sway over international law. European nations tend to hold international law in a higer regard
question

What territories did the US take from Spain in the spanish american war
answer

Puerto Rico, The phillipines, & Cuba. it took place starting in 1898. The phillipinos, & later the cubans would fight for their independance
question

What theory did Leontief promote
answer

Leontief Paradox: Leontief performed empirical tests on the \”factor endowment\” idea & found that it does not predict real world scenarios
question

What theory did Micheal Porter promote
answer

National Competative Advantage (Porter’s Diamond): Combination of the following give competative advantage in the Global Economy: 1. Factor Endowments 2. Demand Conditions 3. Relating & Supporting Industries 4. Firm Strategy, structure, & rivalry
question

What theory did Raymond Vernon promote
answer

The product life – cycle theory: the idea that products are intially produced in countries with a supporting market size. Then the are filtered down to the developing world after time as costs increase in the originating country
question

What trade theory did Adam Smith promote
answer

Absolute advantage: A country has an absolute advantage in the production of a product when it is more efficient than other countries
question

What trade theory did David Ricardo promote
answer

Comparitive Advantage: The theory that countries can specialize in the production of goods in which they are more efficient
question

What two things can a pres. do to a Bill
answer

1. sign it to make it a Law; 2. veto it & send it back to Congress
question

What was an immediate economic cause of the french revolution
answer

High govt spending with low tax collection from the nobles
question

what was common to both fascism & communism
answer

a one – party system, a disregard for individual rights, supremacy of the state
question

What was France’s Vietnam
answer

The Algerian war, starting in 1954. Harsh crackdown on Algerian militants lead to independance for Algeria in 1962
question

What was NOT a social change during the French Revolution
answer

Religious fever gripped the nation strengthening the catholic church
question

What was one part of Roosevelt’s New Deal program to fight the Depression
answer

The stock market & banking system created their own reform council, gov. agencies took over businesses & farms, large publick works projects helped to provide jobs
question

What was stressed by socialist realism
answer

value of hard work, glory of soviet life, achievements of Stalin
question

What was the 1975 Helsinki Conference
answer

It founded the The Organization for Security & Co – operation in Europe (OSCE)
question

What was the Allies plan for victory over the Nazis
answer

The allies would fight Germany on two fronts to weaken it
question

What was the concept of wergeld
answer

the amount of compensation defined in money for loss of a persons life
question

What was the Conference for Security & Co – operation in Europe (CSCE)
answer

held at the suggestion of the Soviet Union which wished to use the talks to maintain its control over the communist countries in Eastern Europe. Western Europe, however, saw these talks as a way to reduce the tension in the region, furthering economic cooperation & obtaining humanitarian improvements for the populations of the Communist Bloc
question

What was the European Defence Community
answer

a plan proposed by René Pleven, the French foreign minister, in response to the American call for the rearmament of West Germany. intention to form a pan – European defence force as an alternative to Germany’s proposed accession to NATO, meant to harness its military potential in case of conflict with the Soviet bloc. never ratified & collapsed 30 of August, 1954
question

What was Transcendentalism
answer

a philosophical & literacy movement of the 1800s that emphasized living a simple life & celebrating the truth found in nature & un – personal emotion
question

What was trench warfare intended to accomplish
answer

to protect soldiers from enemy gun fire on the front lines
question

What was true about nationalism
answer

one’s greatest loyalty is not to the king but to the nation of people & the people who ahve common culture
question

What was Wilson’s stated reason the US declared war on germany in 1917
answer

The resumption of unrestricted submarine warfare in the atlantic
question

What were the Helinski Accords
answer

the Final Act of the CSCE. The civil rights portion of the agreement provided the basis for the work of Helsinki Watch, an independent NGO created to monitor compliance to the Helsinki Accords. While these provisions applied to all signatories the focus of attention was on their application to the Soviet Union & its associates, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland & Romania
question

What were three major components of romanticism
answer

Love of natures beauty, value of common people, glorification of heroes & heroic actions
question

What what the Thirty Years’ war a conflict over
answer

Religion, Territories, & Power among European ruling families
question

What would Metternich most likely not agree with
answer

A ruler should never violate the constitution of his or her country
question

What year did Bangladesh become independant
answer

1971, resulting in the third india – pakistan war
question

What year did Mexico separate from Spain
answer

1810. It’s war to win its freedom ended in 1821
question

What year was pakistan partitioned
answer

1947, immediately fought war with india overt kashmir
question

wheel of retailing concept
answer

retailing that states that new types of retailers usually begin as low margin, low price, low status operations but later evolve into higher priced, higher service operations, eventually becoming like the conventional retailers they replaced
question

When starting a presentation, what are some attention – getting devices you might consider
answer

Rhetorical questions; direct questions; quotations; illustrations; a startling statement; unusual or dramatic devices; & refrences to the importance of the theme
question

When was Mercosur founded
answer

In 1991. It is a trading block of Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay, & Uruguay. Venezuela & Bolivia will become members soon
question

When was the CIO founded
answer

In 1935 by 8 international unions within the AFL, which had either opposed or given only lukewarm support to organizing mass production industries, to change its policies. After failing to change AFL policy from within, five of these eight unions split from the AFL to found the Congress of Industrial Organizations as a rival federation in 1938
question

When was the renaissance
answer

Approx. 1300 to 1600. It was preceded by the Middle (or Dark) ages & preceded the Modern age
question

When was the US Army desegregated
answer

After WWII, 1945 – 1950 by decree of pres. Truman
question

Where are the Adirondack Mountains
answer

Northeast New York state. It is a resort area
question

Where did the pilgrims settle
answer

In Massachussetts, established Plymouth in 1620
question

Where do the majority of UN troops come from
answer

Smaller countries. The top 5 troop donating nations are India, Nigeria, Jordan, Bangladesh, & Australia. The US is the top money donator to the UN, but it donates few troops
question

Where does a Bill go first to become a Law
answer

It begins either in the Senate or in the House of Representatives
question

where they can be performed most efficiently
answer

Where should firms locate their various production facilities
question

Where would you most likely use an SAB
answer

EPRs, Awards/Decoration Nomination Package
question

Where would you most likely use an SIB
answer

Talking paper, point paper, or bullet background paper
question

Which African countries are not part of the African Union
answer

Only Morocco. founded in July 2002. The AU is a federation consisting of 53 states. The purpose of the federation is to help secure Africa’s democracy, human rights & a sustainable economy, especially by bringing an end to intra – African conflict & creating an effective common market
question

Which of the following factors led to the fall of France to the Nazis
answer

the fall of dunkirk, evacuation of the British forces, Italy’s attack on France from the South
question

Which of the following motivated Japan to build an empire
answer

Japan was overcrowded & faced shortages of raw materials, Japan wanted the rich European colonies of Southeast Asia, Japan took over Manchuria & later fought for the heartland of China (NOT the emperor wanted a larger empire to suit his divine status)
question

Which of the following two statements accurately reflects the trend in foreign direct investments over the past 20 years
answer

There has been a rapid increase in the total volume of FDI undertaken & there has been a change in the importance of various countries as sources for FDI
question

Whig party
answer

Party formed to oppose Jackson & the democrats. Supported protective tariffs, national banking & federal aid for infrastructure. Fell into disunity over slavery, & later Republican party emerged from it
question

Whip
answer

A senator or representative who helps the party leader stay informed about what party members are thinking, rounds up members when important votes are to be taken, & attempts to keep a nose count on how the voting on controversial issues is likely to go
question

Whiskey Rebellion
answer

group of farmers refused to pay federal excise tax on whiskey, Washington responds decisively with troops (1794)
question

Whiskey Ring
answer

After the Whiskey Ring robbed the Treasury, Grant delcared, \”Let no guilty man escape,\” his own secretary was found to be a culprit. However, he wrote a letter on his behalf & country began to turn on Grant
question

Whistleblowing
answer

reporting others’ ethics violations to management or legal authorities
question

White Flight
answer

Whites migrating/moving to the suburbs by the millions
question

White House staff
answer

directly advises the pres. on a daily basis, it includes the more than 600 people who work at the White House, from the chef to the advance people who make travel arrangements. The key staff departments include Intergovernmental Affairs. It includes the support services of Scheduling, Personnel, & Secret Service & the policy offices of the National Security Affairs, Domestic Policy Affairs, & cabinet secretaries
question

White primary
answer

The practice of keeping African Americans from voting in primary elections (at the time, the only meaningful election in the one – party South was the Democratic primary) through arbitrary implementation of registration requirements & intimidation. Such practices were declared unconstitutional in 1944
question

Whitewater
answer

WJC an Ame political controversy that began with the real estate dealings of the Clintons & their associates in the Whitewater Development Corporation, a failed business venture. David Hale claimed in November 1993 that Bill, while govnr of AK, pressured him to provide an illegal $300,000 loan to Susan McDougal, Kenneth Starr major player
question

Who can legally violate equal opportunity laws
answer

Churches. They can discriminate in hiring based on religion
question

Who can participate in cases at the ICJ
answer

Cases can only be between states, both of whom have to accept the jurisdiction of the court to try the case
question

Who determines the GAAPs for state & local governement
answer

The governmental Accounting Standards Board, since 1984. It is a private, non – governmental, organization. The mission is to establish & improve standards of state & local governmental accounting & financial reporting that will result in useful information for users of financial reports & guide & educate the public, including issuers, auditors, & users of those financial reports
question

Who does the Freedom of Information Act apply to
answer

The 1966 Act applies only to federal agencies. However, all of the states, as well as the DC & some territories, have enacted similar statutes to require disclosures by agencies of the state & of local govts, though some are significantly broader than others. Many combine this with Open Meetings legislation, which requires govt meetings to be held publicly
question

Who embraced fascism
answer

Juan Peron, Hitler, Mussolini
question

Who is most affected by per unit taxes
answer

The cost of per unit taxes is split between the buyer & the seller
question

Who is on the $10 bill
answer

Alexander Hamilton
question

Who is on the $2 bill
answer

Thomas Jefferson
question

Who is on the $20 bill
answer

Andrew Jackson
question

Who is on the $5 bill
answer

Lincoln
question

Who is on the $50 bill
answer

Ulysses S. Grant
question

Who is Stewart Brand
answer

An author, editor, & creator of The Whole Earth Catalog & CoEvolution Quarterly. intent was to enable people to find virtually any sort of information useful to themselves,
question

Who may suspend the writ of habeas corpus & when
answer

Who: Good question. Traditionally it was thought that only congress could do so as the power to suspend HC was found in article I of the constitution, wherein the legislature’s powers are defined. Lincoln did it, & though it was found to be unconstitutional, he merely ignored the ruling. PResident Grant also did it
question

Who must the pres. inform before conducting a covert military operation
answer

The Congressional intelligence committees. For the CIA, it is the senate foreign relations committe as well
question

Who supported Caesar
answer

He was greatly supported by the lower classes, but fought constantly with the Senate
question

who you are is reflected how
answer

physically, socially, psychologically, & holistically
question

whorf – sapir hypothesis
answer

theory that the structure of a language shapes the world view of its users
question

Why ddi the Maji Maji Rebellion fail
answer

East Africans believed that magic water would protect them from bullets
question

Why did American sugar planters overthrow Queen Liliuokalani
answer

She wanted to restore the political power of the native Hawaiians
question

Why did Britain take control of Suez Canal
answer

Egypt could not pay its foreign debt
question

Why did coalition govts usually prove unstable
answer

they were alliances of several parties who disagreed on many policies
question

Why did coastal nations gain in power during the age of Exploration
answer

They became very rich & influential due to increased trade. Inland states such as Germany declined in power
question

Why did westen nations desire lands in the Pacific Rim
answer

because of their natural resources & strategic location
question

Why is \”extemporaneous\” approach to speaking appealing
answer

It is the least hostile & most intimate form of communicating with your audience. You are able to speak \”off the cuff\”, but may also use spaeking aids, such as index cards, outlines, etc
question

Why is communication a process
answer

because it is ever changing, ongoing activity
question

Why is ethics important
answer

It’s going to increase your awareness of communicating in a global village
question

Why is the \”extemporaneous\” approach to speaking appealing
answer

It is the least hostile & most intimate form of communicating with an audience. You are able to speak \”off the cuff,\” but may also use speaking aids, such as index cards, outlines, etc
question

Why is the price elasticity of demand almost always a negative number
answer

Because the law of demand says that the demand curves slope downward
question

Why study communication
answer

communicate to satisfy needs, provide a meaning that others will understand
question

why study self – concept
answer

it’s the frame through which we communicate, it influences the roles we play & how we behave, & it affects the way we view others
question

Wild Bill Hickok
answer

US marshall who pursued some of the worst outlaws of the old west
question

Wildcat strike
answer

A strike without union authorization
question

Willa Cather
answer

December 7, 1873 – April 24, 1947 is among the most eminent female American authors. She is known for her depictions of US prairie life in novels like O Pioneers!
question

William & Mary
answer

First Protestant kings of England
question

William Bennett
answer

RR attention on educatio reform
question

William Ellery
answer

born in Newport 1727 – educated at Harvard Member of Rhode Island Sons of Liberty & signer of the Declaration of Independence
question

William Halsey
answer

Admiral of US fleet in Pacific in WWII
question

William K. Reilly
answer

GB1 2000 EPA, antipollution, tighten automobile emissiosn
question

William Lloyd Garrison
answer

A militant abolitionist, he became editor of the Boston publication, The Liberator, in 1831. Under his leadership, The Liberator gained national fame & notoriety due to his quotable & inflammatory language, attacking everything from slave holders to moderate abolitionists, & advocating northern secession
question

William Marcy Tweed
answer

Ran a network of corrupt NYC officials called the Tweed ring. Tammany Hall. Name synonomous with municipal corruption. Boss Tweed
question

William of Orange
answer

WHat did the Glorious Revolution bring to England’s throne
question

William Randolph Hurst
answer

Pioneer in the kind of sensational reporting often called Yellow Journalism. Helped whip up hostility toward Spain, which led to the Spanish American war
question

William Sherman
answer

AL scorched earth\” policies that he implemented in conducting total war. Leading Union general. Known for saying ‘War is Hell. ‘
question

WILLINGNESS TO BUY
answer

The maximum price at which he or she would buy a good
question

Wilmot Proviso
answer

JP, David Wilmot Bill that would ban slavery in the territories acquired after the War with Mexico 1846, Calhoun against with his compact theory govt. created by states
question

Wilson Gorman Tariff
answer

GC2 1894, This tariff passed by Congress in 1894 restricted US sugar imports. The tariff led to an economic downturn in Cuba, & in turn helped to increase the anger of Cuban natives against colonial Spain. Was 40% rate compared to McKinley Tariff, however again he was defeated on tariff program
question

Wilson Suffers Stroke
answer

Oct. 3, 1919 – Wilson suffered a catastrophic, disabling stroke while campaigning for passage of the Versailles Treaty. The campaign was cut short & Wilson was never the same. This doomed any chance of passage of the treaty as Wilson, in this disabled state, withdrew from negotiations with Senate Republicans & refused to entertain any amendments to the treaty
question

Wilsonian Idealism
answer

Set idealistic goals for peace
question

Wilson’s 14 points
answer

Presented at Peace Talks (1919) at end of WWI: Versailles. St. Germain & Trianon Treaties. Free trade & lower tariffs. Reductions is armaments. Decolonization of empires. Self determination with trusteeships. Create international peacekeeping force with collective security provisions
question

win – lose conflicts
answer

approach to conflict resoloution in which one party reaches it’s goal at the expense of the others
question

win – win problem solving
answer

approach to conflict resoloution in which the parties work together all to satisfy their goals
question

Winner – take – all labor market
answer

One in which small differences in human capital translate into large differences in pay
question

winner – take – all system
answer

an election system in which the candidate with the most votes wins
question

winner take all
answer

another term for first past the post
question

Winston Churchill
answer

Prime minister of GB in WWII. Kept brittain moral going during german aieral assults
question

Wire Service
answer

An electronic delivery of news gathered by the news service’s correspondents & sent to all member news media organizations
question

witch – hunt
answer

The pursuit of people suspected of witchcraft, especially in northern Europe in the late sixteenth & seventeenth centuries
question

Wobblies
answer

Haywood was the leader of the Wobblies. The International Workers of the World (Wobblies) were a militant, radical union. They favored socialism & opposed free enterprise. They were disliked by big business & less radical unions
question

Women’s christin Temperance Union
answer

Women’s group encouraging abstinence from alcohol. Leading force for prohibition
question

Women’s movement
answer

A movement to secure legal, economic & social equality for women. Galvanized by work of Betty Friedan. Worked for equal pay, improved day care & abortion rights
question

Women’s Rights/Seneca Falls
answer

Woman’s Right Convention, prominent feminists read Declaration of Sentiments: \”all men & women are created equal\”
question

Women’s Trade Union League
answer

Organized by female activists, helped give femal reformers an national stage for social investigation & advocacy
question

Woodrow Wilson
answer

nomination of Theodore Roosevelt as the presidential candidate for the \”Bull Moose\” party led to the election of which of the following pres.s
question

Woodrow Wilson in 1917 upon entering WWI
answer

Who said \”world must be made safe for democracy\”
question

Work – to – rule
answer

A type of slowdown used by workers. It is not completely covered by US labor law
question

work breakdown structure
answer

defines the hierarchy of project tasks, subtasks, & work packages
question

Work ethic
answer

A belief in the importance of hard work & personal achievement
question

Work Team Characteristics
answer

A team composed of multiskilled workers, that does all the tasks previously done by individual member in a functional department or departments
question

worker performance & morale
answer

contribute to productivity, product quality, & reputation of organization not only for its goods & services but also as a place to work
question

Workfare
answer

An alternative to the traditional welfare, where an individual is trained to work instead of receiving welfare
question

Workplace deviance
answer

unethical behavior that violates organizational norms about right & wrong
question

Works Progress Administration
answer

Program of the New Deal to perform public works to put people back to work
question

World Bank
answer

A specialized agency of the UN that makes loans to countries for economic development, trade promotion, & debt consolidation. Its formal name is the International Bank for Reconstruction & Development
question

World Court (International Court of Justice)
answer

The judicial arm of the UN; located in The Hague, it hears only cases between states
question

world govt
answer

A centralized world governing body with strong enforcement powers
question

World Health Organization (WHO)
answer

Based in Geneva, it provides technical assistance to improve health conditions in the third world & conducts major immunization campaigns
question

Worldviews
answer

comprehensive mental pictures of the critical problems facing the U. S. in the world & of the appropriate & inappropriate ways of responding to these problems
question

WOS
answer

wholly owned subsidiary
question

WOTS – UP analysis
answer

weaknesses, opportunities, threats & strengths underlying planning
question

Wounded knee
answer

Creek in SD where US killed large number of Sioux in 1890. Last major military conflict between whites & Native Americans
question

Wright Brothers
answer

Launched the air age
question

writ of certiorari
answer

a legal document issued by the Supreme Court to request the court transcripts of a case, indicated that the Court will review a lower court’s decision
question

Writ of habeas corpus
answer

A Latin term meaning \”you shall have the body. \” A court order directing a police officer, sheriff, or warden who has a person in custody to bring the prisoner before a judge & show sufficient cause for his or her detention. The writ of habeas corpus was designed to prevent illegal arrests & imprisonment
question

Writ of Habeus Corpus
answer

What can Congress not take away from a Person
question

writ of mandamus
answer

court order directing an official to perform an official duty
question

write – in candidate
answer

A candidate for public office whose name does not appear on the ballot (usually because he or she has not secured the nomination of a political party) but whose name must be written on the ballot by voters
question

writing
answer

enabled people to keep records, pass on learning & transfer information – allowed people to keep historical records of themselves – developed by Sumerians between 3500 & 3000 BCE
question

WW2 People
answer

FDR Hitler, Mussolini Axis with H, Winston Churchill, SW – Stimson, SN – Knox, FDR, MacArthur
question

WWI was disrupting US trade with France & Britain
answer

What was the major reason the US declared war on germany in 1917
question

Xenophobia
answer

Xenophobia is the fear & distrust of foreigners & the policies & objectives of other states
question

Xiongnu
answer

A confederation of nomadic peoples living beyond the northwest frontier of ancient China. Chinese rulers tried a variety of defenses & stratagems to ward off these ‘barbarians,’ as they called them, & dispersed them in 1st Century
question

XYZ Affair
answer

Incident in which French officials demanded a bribe to speak to American diplomats. Published in newspapers (but French names were replaced with X, Y, & Z) & completely reversed American sentiment towards France
question

Yahweh
answer

Hebrew name for God
question

Yale College
answer

Founded in 1701, it was the third college of the colonies
question

Yalta Conferences
answer

Confrences that established Soviet Union as a reasonable rational power that can be dealt with with diplomatically
question

Yamagata Arimoto
answer

One of the leaders of the Meiji Restoration
question

Yankee
answer

Originally a nickname for people from New England, now applied to anyone from the U. S
question

Yellow journalism
answer

Inflammatory, irresponsible reporting by newspapers to incite war. Used by William Randolph Hearst to incite the Spanish – American war
question

Yellow Peril
answer

A supposed threat to the US posed by Japan & China. Fear of asian immigration & Japan’s rising military power
question

Yerevan, Armenia
answer

San Salvador, El Salvador
question

Yes
answer

Does the Bill of Rights give people the right to critisize the govt
question

Yi Kingdom
answer

The Yi dynasty ruled Korea from the fall of the Koryo kingdom to the colonization of Korea by Japan
question

Yield Curve
answer

A curve that shows the relationship between interest rates & bonds’ time to maturity
question

yin/yang
answer

In Chinese belief, complementary factors that help to maintain the equilibrium of the world. Yin is associated with masculine, light, & active qualities; yang with feminine, dark, & passive qualities
question

you language
answer

language that judges another person increasing the likely hood of a defensive reaction
question

Young Plan
answer

lowered German reparations and limited how long they had to be paid, it also removed outside supervision and control of Germany
question

Your boys are not going to be sent into any foreign wars. \”
answer

1940 – Franklin Roosevelt campaign promise of 1940, though he had already begun some preparations for war
question

Zarathustra
answer

The founder of Zarathustrianism
question

Zen
answer

The Japanese word for a branch of Mahayana Buddhism based on highly disciplined meditation. It is known in Sanskrit as dhyana, in Chinese as chan, & in Korean as son
question

Zeno
answer

the founder of Stoicism on the island of Cyprus
question

Zero Economic Profit
answer

A frim is earning a normal return on its investment i. e. it is doing as well as it could by investing its money elsewhere
question

Zheng He
answer

An imperial eunuch & Muslim, entrusted by the Ming emperor Yongle with a series of state voyages that took his gigantic ships through the Indian Ocean, from Southeast Asia to Africa
question

ziggurat
answer

massive pyramidal stepped tower made of mudbricks. It is associated with religious complexes in ancient Mesopotamian cities, but its function is unknown
question

Zimmerman Note
answer

1917 – Germany sent this to Mexico instructing an ambassador to convince Mexico to go to war with the U. S. It was intercepted & caused the U. S. to mobilized against Germany, which had proven it was hostile
question

Zionism
answer

Zionism is a movement which promotes political, economic, financial, & military support for Israel

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member