Friars and Dominicans

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S. Francesco 1182- 1226
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He was a son of a very wealthy Italian person in Asisi. Francesco has an illumination to live a simpler life. Francis has a vision about why the church is so different from the Gospel teachings. Then he renounces everything and lives as a poor man.
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S. Domenico 1170-1221
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He is from Spain and creates a group that is more clear and structured than the Friars.
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Dominicans and Friars
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Radical breakaway from the monastic traditions of the past. They wanted to change the approach that Europe had with religion. They saw the Church as poor, simple, humbler, and dedicated to others. They influenced each other. Monks would be outside the city away and the friars would be in the city preaching.
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Dominicans
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Preach in real life, educated, did not want to be part of the heretics but part of the church. Dominicans would be more likely to teach at universities.
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Friars
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Order of mendicant friars appeared in the early 13th century. Assurance of salvations was attainable by those, no matter their status, who sanctified the humdrum duties of their estate. Basically you needed to repent and receive the gospels to be saved. Disposed of the old idea of stability- friars traveled and preached the gospel.
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Santa Croce, San Dominico, Santa Maria Novella
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Big churches built at the time to be part of the city or town that at the time had no parishes
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Why were Franciscans and Dominicans prohibited from burying their dead in their church?
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Because the Church was afraid of losing people to other churches, especially if the other churches had better preachers
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Monasteries
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The best way to serve God is to go back to monasteries and be secluded.
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Women and religion
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Women were not really involved with religion at this time. Women belonged to cloisters
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Ludoviko
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A Franciscan who wanted to find a solution for Franciscan poverty and the rich Papacy
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Abbeys
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Self sufficient group of monks with ancient texts. One of the monks would probably be able to translate from Greek. It was very difficult so if there was a monk who could translate and read that was very useful.
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Why was the 13th century a good time for the appearance of the Friars?
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Rapid urban growth, expansion of international trade, rise of a new bourgeoisie deriving its wealth from commerce, and the creation of an international community of learning. These reasons broke down the isolation of local communities and produced a society that was more mobile, critical, and affluent than before

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