FMST final exam

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Same sex marriages
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who the defense marriage act denies federal recognition to
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abstract and personal
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the study of marriage and family is
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Family by U.S. Census Bureau
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A group of two or more persons related by birth, marriage, or adoption and residing together in a household
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productive unit
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economists have become to reexamine the family as this
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Family or orientation
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The family in which we grow
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symbolic interaction theory
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examines how people interact with each other
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value judgement
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a statement such as \”everyone should get married\”
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kinship
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social organization of family
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family life course
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the most recent idea used to examine the dynamic nature of the family by family development theorists
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the survey method
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research method that is used in most marriage and family studies
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social exchange
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when the emotional costs of the relationship outweigh its benefits, we are likely to feel uncomfortable, angry, or distressed
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contemporary economic factors
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been responsible for major change in the familial roles played by women and men
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individualism and self-gratification
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there has been a shift in american values from emphasis in obligation and self-sacrifice to what
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feminization of poverty
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a painful fact that has resulted primarily from high rates of divorce, increasing numbers of unmarried women with children, and women’s lack of economic resources
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the family
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most crucial factor that enabled people to survive the oppression of enslavement, the difficulties of immigration, and impoverishment induced by industrialization
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gender identity
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learned at a very young age and is perhaps the deepest concept we hold of ourselves
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gender-role attitudes
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refer to the beliefs we have of ourselves and others regarding appropriate male and female personality traits
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gender stratification
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a term that denotes that in economic as well as many social and political ways men are \”on top\” in society
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gender
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research on intimate relationships, marriage, and family consistently reveals the importance of this in dividing up domestic responsibilities and shaping personal and familial experiences
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gender-rebellion feminism
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tends to emphasize overlapping and interrelated inequalities of gender, sexual orientation, race, and class
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symbolic annihilation
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many television programs ignore, trivialize or condemn women
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gender theory
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based on the idea that socially perceived differences between the sexes are used to justify power relationships
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economic stratification
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social class has a lot to do with this
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objectivity
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rules of critical thinking call for this
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social learning theory
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represents a modification of the traditional behaviorist approach to include cognition
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colonial family
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considered children evil by nature
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william tucker
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first african-american born in the United states
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companionate marriages and families
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expected marriages to provide romance, sexual fulfillment, and emotional growth
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intimacy
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closeness between two people
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romantic love
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according to stembergs triangular theory of love the combination of passion and intimacy results in this
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avoidant attachment style
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infants who sense their mother’s detachment and rejection when they desire close bodily contact develop this attachment style
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Don Quixote
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Which style of unrequited love consists of a general desire to be in love regardless of whom one loves
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jealousy
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a yardstick for measuring insecurity or possessiveness
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Homogamy
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the tendency to marry people much like ourselves
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sexual scrips
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a set of expectations on how one is to behave sexually
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extramarital sex
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our society frowns heavily upon
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verbally
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basic content of a message is expressed this way
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basic conflicts
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conflicts dealing with issues such as companionship, working, and rearing children
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coercive power
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when power is achieved through the fear that one partner will punish the other
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expert power
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when power is achieved through the belief that the other has greater knowledge
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validating
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example: \”I can understand how you feel\”
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conflicts of housework in a marriage
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have both practical and symbolic dimensions
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egalitarial relationship
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relationships we see the lowest violence
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marriage squeeze
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the gender imbalance reflected in the ratio of available unmarried women to men
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marriage gradient
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the tendency for women to marry men of higher status
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halo effect
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refers to the assumption that good-looking people possess more desirable social characteristics than unattractive people
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endogamy
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tendency to choose a mate with similar personal characteristics
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stimulus value role theory
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development of romantic relationships
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dormitory
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considered a closed field in which on meet someone
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success objects
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a personal classified ad, men advertise themselves
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parental image theory
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suggests that we seek partners similar to our opposite-sex parent
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the sandwich generation
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middle-aged phenomenon related to responsibilities to one’s own parents as well as one’s children
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emotional marriage
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the experiences associated with falling in love
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marriage debate
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refers to the debate about whether the family is in decline or dynamic, changing, and resilient
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deinstitutionalization of marriage
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refers to the weakening of the social norms that define peoples behavior in a social institution such as marriage
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honeymoon effect
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the tendency of newlyweds to overlook problems
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empty nesting
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the period following the launching of grown children from the home
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boomerang generation
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adult children who return to their family of origin home after a temporary or lengthy absence
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child-free
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a marriage where partners choose to not have children
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women who choose child-free
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are usually well-educated and career-oriented
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spontaneous abortion
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miscarriage, occurs during the first trimester
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open adoption
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an adoption in which there is contact between the adoptive family and the birth parent
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passing
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park identified a variety of strategies that child-free women and men used to reduce the stigma attached to not wanting children. The strategy that involves pretending to intend to someday become parents
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accommodation
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when children adjust their cognitive framework to incorporate new experiences
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developmental systems approach
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according to what theory does the growth and development of children take place within a complex and changing family system that both influences and is influenced by the child
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authoritarian parenting
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John requires absolute obedience from his children
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permissive parents
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Shari values her child’s freedom of expression and relies on reasoning and explanations when parenting
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authoritative parenting
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Lucy relies on positive reinforcement and an infrequent use of punishment while showing awareness of her daughter;s feelings
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gay and lesbian parents
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their children tend to be well adjusted and no more likely to be gay as adults
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parentified children
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used to describe children who are forced to become caregivers for their parents well before adulthood
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\”downward tracked\”
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if a mother scales back her workload but stays at her job and is put in a less demanding but also less important and less upwardly mobile position
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work spillover
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the effect of work on other aspects of our lives
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joint physical
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in which the following custody arrangements do children live with both parents, dividing more or less equally between the two parents
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role strain
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when the demands attached to any particular status are contradictory or incompatible
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role overload
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when the total prescribed activities for one or more are greater that an individual can comfortably or adequately handle
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shift couples
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couples in which souses work different, often non-overlapping shifts, s that one partner is home while the other is at work
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sexual harassment
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a mix of sex and power with power being the dominant element
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community
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when old friends are lost and new ones must be found to replace them
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TANF
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must be working within 2 years
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violence
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according to the text, an act carried out with the intention or perceived intention of causing physical pain or injury to anther person
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ecological model of family violence
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the view that violence stems from family stress and a lack of community support
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social learning model of family violence
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the model that holds that people learn to be violent from society and from their families
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intimate terrorism
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occurs in a relationship where one partner tries to dominate and control the other
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battered women syndrome
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according to walker, women who are repeatedly abused may develop a set of psychological symptoms
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no fault divorce
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means that guilt or fault by one or both spouses does not have to be established
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sibling/sibling violence
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most common form of family violence
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emotional divorce
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the first state of disintegration, when one partner begins to disengage

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