Flat Pattern Drafting

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alpha-numeric drafting paper
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paper with a 1\” grid of letters and numbers used to draw patterns
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L-square
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tool used to draw perpendicular pattern lines ( at right angles )
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body measurements
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measurements taken at specific locations on a body using a tape measure which are then used to draft a custom pattern
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abbreviations
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used in pattern drafting directions or as labels on a pattern piece ( CF=center front, CB=center back, SS=side seam, Pc=piece
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square a line
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to draw a line at a right angle to the given line
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full scale pattern
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a pattern which is the correct size for human use
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quarter scale pattern
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a pattern drawn at one-fourth of its usable size
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pencils, eraser, tape, shears
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basic office supplies used to draft patterns
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metal ruler
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tool used to draw straight pattern lines
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pattern notcher
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tool used to cut notches in a pattern
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awl
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tool used to punch holes in a pattern at specific location points ( pocket placement )
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tracing wheel and paper
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tools used to transfer markings from one pattern to another or from a pattern to fabric
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grainline arrow
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pattern symbol used to indicate where to place the pattern on the fabric
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round off points
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the process of using a curve rule to soften a point when drafting a pattern ( usually done at the hip )
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notch
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a cut into the seam allowance using a pattern notcher which is later used to match the correct pattern pieces together
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slash
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to cut or slit a pattern during its construction being careful not to cut through the end mark or the pieces nay fall apart
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ease
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extra amount added to the measurements for wearing ease and comfort ( room to tuck in a shirt )
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french curve
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a curved ruler used to draw curves at the waist, hips, neckline, armhole, etc.
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close the dart
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to tape a dart closed as it would be when it is sewn; usually done when drafting a facing pattern
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tape measure
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a flexible tool used to take accurate body measurements
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seam gauge
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a 6\” ruler helpful when adding seam allowances
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shift
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to move
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mathematical calculations
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preformed on body measurements prior to pattern drafting
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seam allowance
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amount added around pattern to make a seam
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flat pattern drafting
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the process of using accurate body measurement, preforming math calculations, and drawing a pattern to be used for clothing construction

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