First Aid for Bleeding Wounds

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What is a wound?
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Injury to soft tissues Opened or Closed
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What are open wounds?
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Abrasions Incisions Laceration Puncture Avulsion Amputation
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What is Abrasion?
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Skin is scraped off. Bleeding is limited, infection must be prevented
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What is Incison?
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Cut caused by sharp object (knife, scissors, switchblade)
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What is Laceration?
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Tearing of the tissue by way of excessive force. Jagged irregular edges
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What is Puncture?
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Pointed sharp object such as a nail
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What is Avulsion?
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Tissue torn or separated from victim’s body
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What is Amputation?
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Body put is cut or separated from body
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First Aid
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Control bleeding Arterial blood spurt- Life threatening Venous blood slower, dark red, easier to control- clot easily Capilarry blood oozes, clot easily
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4 methods
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Direct pressure Elevation Pressure bandage Pressure point
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How to perform direct pressure?
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Use gloves and apply presure with thick dressing directly to wound For 5-10 minutes Apply more dressing if blood soaks.
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How to perform elevation?
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Raise injured part above heart Direct pressure Fractures should not by elevated
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Pressure bandage
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Apply pressure bandage to hold dressing Keept direct pressure and elevation
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What are bandages?
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Materials used to secure splints or support body part
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Pressure point
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Apply pressure to main artery Decrease circulation Arm: brachial artery Leg: Femoral artery
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Minor Wound
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No severe bleeding, prevention of infection Wash hands Gloves Sterile gauze Wash wound Wipe away from wound
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Infection
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Signs: swelling, heat, redness, pain, fever, pus, red streaks
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Tetanus
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Enter through open wound Cause serious illness or death Common from puncture wounds, or damage to tissue

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