First Aid Exam 1

Flashcard maker : Lily Taylor
Each year one person in – suffers a nonfatal injury serious enough to need medical attention.
4
The leading cause of death and disability in children and young adults is:
unintentional injuries
The person who primarily benefits from first aid training is oneself
True
Consent to give first aid must be obtained from every victim who is:
responsive, mentally competent, and of legal age
If the victim is unresponsive, permission to give first aid is known as:
implied consent
A first aider must stay with the victim until another equally or better trained person takes over. Failure to do so would be considered:
abandonment
Deviating from accepted standards of care, that results in further injury to the victim is known as:
negligence
A first aider who breaks his or her responsibility to a victim by failing to provide the type of care that another person with similar training would provide, commits:
breach of duty
Which of the following statements concerning Good Samaritan laws is true?
they protect first aiders acting in good faith
If a victim refuses first aid treatment, the first aid responder should:
call 911 and stay with the victim until help arrives
Who is a vital link between emergency medical services and the victim?
bystanders
The most important time to decide whether to help in an emergency is:
before encountering an emergency
Why are laypersons less likely to offer help when an emergency occurs in a public place?
lack of knowledge, confusion about what is an emergency, and characteristics of the emergency.
What is the first action a bystander should take in an emergency?
recognize the emergency
A communicable disease is a disease that can be spread from one person to another.
True
Which of the following are bloodbourne diseases?
Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV
Hepatitis C can cause __disease or cancer.
liver
__ are transmitted through the air by coughing or sneezing.
airborne diseases
Personal protective equipment (PPE) includes:
exam gloves, mouth-to-mouth barrier devices, and eye protection
When calling 911, which of the following information should be given to the EMS dispatch?
the victims location and condition, number of persons involved, and your name and phone number you are calling from.
Which three body systems include the most important and sensitive organs?
respiratory, circulatory, and nervous
Conditions involving the respiratory, nervous, and skeletal systems can threaten life.
False (because skeletal isn’t life threatening)
The epiglottis diverts food away from the trachea.
True
Food or liquid can enter the trachea by mistake when the __ fails to close.
epiglottis
An unresponsive person is at risk for suffocation because:
normal swallowing controls will not operate, liquid in the windpipe may cause suffocation, and foreign objects, such as false teeth, may cause suffocation.
How many lungs does the human body have?
2
The average rate of breathing in an adult at rest is __ to __ respirations per minute.
12 to 20
Cyanosis would cause what kind of skin color?
blue-purple
Normal ranges for respirations:
Adults
Adolescents (13-18)
School-aged children (6-12)
Preschoolers (4-5)
Toddlers (1-3)
Infants
Normal ranges for respirations:
12-20
12-16
18-30
27-34
24-40
30-60
The heart is located behind the __
sternum
The normal purse rate for adults is __ to __beats per minute.
60-100
Normal ranges for pulse rate:
Adults & children (older than 10)
Preschoolers & school-aged children(2-10)
Infants and toddkers(3 months-2yr)
Infants(up to 3 months of age)
Normal ranges for pulse rate:
60-100
60-140
100-190
85-205
Which blood vessels carry blood back to the heart?
veins
Which of the following is the major artery of the neck?
carotid
Name the major locations for each of the following pulses:
a. carotid – side of neck
b. radial – palm side of wrist, thumb side
c. brachial – inside of arm, between elbow and armpit
For what type of victim:
unresponsive person
alert person
infant
List the three types of blood vessels to their characteristic blood flow:
Blood vessel:
a. capillaries
b. vein
c. artery
List the three types of blood vessels to their characteristic blood flow:
Blood flow:
oozes’steadily flows
spurts
Hemorrhage is the term for profuse bleeding.
true
What is the clear, watery solution that circulates throughout the brain and spinal cord?
cerebrospinal fluid
The adult skeleton has __ bones
206
What are the three different kinds of muscles?
skeletal, cardiac, and smooth
A joint is where two or more bones meet or join?
true
The outer layer of the skin is called the __?
Epidermis
What is the purpose of the skin?
to protect against bacteria invasion, to help regulate body temperature, and to act as a sensory organ.
An __ is a sequence of actions that helps determines what is wrong and helps provide safe and appropriate first aid.
assessment
Which of the following is the first step in an assessment?
primary check
What is the purpose of the primary check?
to discover problems that may become life-threatening if left untreated
Using the mnemonic __ can help you collect the victim’s history.
SAMPLE
Check the victim’s responsiveness by gently tapping the victim’s shoulder and asking shouting loudly____.
are you okay?
When checking for severe bleeding, search the:
victim’s entire body from head to toe, floor or ground for pooling blood, and victim’s clothing.
Something that the first aider sees, hears or feels is:
a sign
Which of the following indicates a breathing problem?
snoring, gurgling, and wheezing
The mnemonic DOTS can help you remember:
the signs and symptoms of an injury
The physical exam on an adult should be started at the victim’s
head
How do you check a victim’s abdomen for tenderness?
gently press the four quadrants
___ is a mnemonic for assessment in which each area of the body is evaluated for deformities, open wounds, tenderness and swelling.
DOTS
Circulation, sensation, and movement (CSM) are checked during assessment of the:
extremities
Abnormal skin temperature feels:
hot, cool or cold, and clammy
Medical identification tags can help the first aider identify:
allergies, medications, and medical history

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