First Aid and CPR

Two types of emergencies that require first aid?
sudden illness and injury
The Lay responder’s first step of an emergency is?
recognizing that an emergency exists
What are the 4 common indicators of an emergency?
sound, light, odor, and appearance/behavior
The most important thing you can do in an emergency is…?
call 911
What is the worst thing you can do in an emergency?
do nothing
As a Lay responder the most important thing you can do is?
call 911
You are caring for the victim of an accident when the victim suddenly becomes uncooperative and threatens to hurt you. What should you do?
Withdraw and wait for the EMS personnel to arrive
There is a lot of blood on and around the victim. What could be a barrier of action?
Fear of disease transmission
The first thing you should do when interviewing a victim is?
introduce yourself and gain the victims consent
Good Samaritan law protects
protection for people who give first aid in good faith
Why is it important not to move a victim from the scene unless there is immediate danger?
moving a victim can lead to further injury
What is one general guideline for moving a victim?
lift with your legs, not your back
True of False: injuries to the musculoskeletal system may result in life-threatening damage to the circulatory and respiratory systems
True
What is the primary muscle used in breathing?
diaphragm
On a hot day, the skin of some people appears red. Which two body systems act together to make this happen?
Integumentary and circulatory
The process of breathing occurs in the
respiratory system
If the respiratory system fails, which other body systems will eventually fail?
All body systems
What is the purpose of your initial check of the victim?
to determine whether any life-threatening conditions are present
Before beginning a check for life threatening conditions you should first:
check the scene
Once you determine the person has no life threatening conditions you should:
check for other injuries or conditions that could become life
After checking for consciousness, you determine that a person is unconscious. What should you do next?
have a bystander call 911
When you give reduce breaths, how much air should you breathe into the person?
enough to make the chest clearly rise
What should you do when checking a conscious person?
ask questions, ask for consent, do not touch or move any injured areas on the body
When checking a child for non life threatening conditions, how do you check?
observe the child closely before touching him, starting with the child’s toes
Cardiac arrest is the condition in which?
the heart stops beating or beats too ineffectively to circulate blood
The most prominent signal of a heart attack is?
persistent chest pain or discomfort
Atherosclerosis is?
the build up of fatty deposits on the inner walls of arteries
Pain from a heart attack results from?
the heart not getting the oxygen that it needs
Chest pain or pressure that comes and goes at different is sometimes called
Angina pectoris
True or False: Most people who die from a heart attack do so within 1 to 2 hours after the first signals appear
True
Nitroglycerin is a medication often prescribed for angina. It works by?
dilating blood vessels
The first thing you should do when you think someone is having a heart attack is?
Have the person stop what he or she is doing and rest comfortably
CPR does….
circulates the blood that contains oxygen to the vital organs
CPR compressions on an adult are preformed using
two hands on the center of the chest
CPR compressions on an infant are preformed using
Just the fingers of one hand
Under 12 the problem is probably
respiratory
Over 12 the problem is probably
heart
Diseases can be spread
direct and indirect
Cardiac chain of survival
early recognition, early cpr, early defibrilation, early advanced medical care.
The cycle of 30 compressions and 2 breaths in CPR for an infant victim should take?
about 18 seconds

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