FIRST AID AND CPR MIDTERM

question

First step
answer

Recognize that an emergency exists
question

Second step
answer

Check that the scene is safe
question

Primary goal of first aid
answer

Is to prevent the victims condition from getting worse
question

Important action
answer

CALL 9-1-1
question

Important reason for checking a scene
answer

Your own safety. You always want to make sure you do not become a victim if scene is unsafe
question

When victim has been in an accident & is uncooperative and threatens to hurt you
answer

Withdrawal and wait for EMS to arrive
question

Basic steps you should take in an emergency:
answer

1.) Check the scene for safety/ Check the victim 2.) Call 9-1-1 3.)Care for the victim
question

When you have an unresponsive victim…
answer

Immediately call 9-1-1, tap shoulder and shout “are you okay”.
question

Good Samaritan Law
answer

Give legal protection to citizens responders who willingly provide emergency care. It protects those who are not expecting anything in return& act in a reasonable and prudent manner.
question

BEFORE You can give first aid
answer

you MUST FIRST obtain consent/permission to help the victim. Consent may be expressed or implied.
question

Expressed consent
answer

Victim verbally expressed permission to be treated. They are alert, responsive, and can communicate with you
question

Implied consent
answer

Is assumed consent/ permission from an unresponsive victim. If they could respond they would agree to treatment.
question

When you obtain consent from a victim:
answer

You tell the victim who you are, level of training, what you would like to do
question

Barriers to act in an emergency are:
answer

The presence of bystanders, fear of disease and transmission & nature of the illness or injury.
question

The five body cavities are:
answer

Cranial, Vertebral/Spinal canal, thoracic, abdominal and pelvic
question

10 body systems
answer

Respiratory Cardiovascular Nervous Musculoskeletal Integumentary Gastrointestinal Immune Endocrine Urinary Reproductive Ron can never make impossible gigs in every ups round.
question

Integumentary system
answer

Consists of skin, hair & nails
question

The nervous system
answer

Is a body system that regulates all other body systems
question

Thoracic Cavity
answer

Contains the heart and the lungs
question

Abdominal cavity
answer

Is the most vulnerable to injury because there is no bone to protect it
question

Arteries
answer

Move blood from the heart throughout the cardiovascular system
question

Capillaries
answer

are tiny blood vessels between arteries and veins where oxygen and nutrients in the blood pass into tissues of the cell and waste and Carbon dioxide are removed from cells into the venous circulation
question

Alveoli
answer

Are tiny air sacs in the lungs where oxygen and CO2 pass into and out of small blood vessels
question

Veins
answer

Return deoxygenated blood from the body to the heart
question

SAMPLE
answer

Is an acronym referring to the history of victim S- signs & symptoms A- allergies M-meds P- previous problem L- last food or drink E- events leading up to the injury or illness
question

Heart attack symptom..
answer

chest pain for more than 5 min, pain is caused due to heart not getting enough oxygen needed to function normally
question

Responsive child who is choking
answer

preform cycle if 5 back blows & 5 abdominal thrusts If child becomes unresponsive you lower the child and call 9-1-1
question

To open an adult airway for rescue breathing…
answer

Use the head tilt / chin lift technique
question

The correct ration of Chest compressions to breathes for adults, children& infants is..
answer

Single rescuer CPR 30:2
question

Chest compressions should be…
answer

At least 100 per min for adult, child and infant
question

Chest compressions on an adult require..
answer

Both hands, one on top if the other in the center of the chest between nipple line
question

Why are rescue breaths needed ?
answer

To get oxygen into the victims body
question

Rescue breaths for an adult is
answer

1 breath every 5 to 6 seconds
question

Rescue breaths for children and infants is
answer

1 breath every 3 to 5 seconds
question

Ventricular fibrillation
answer

Occurs when the ventricles of the heart are quivering rather than pumping.
question

After shock is given from AED…
answer

Immediately start compressions
question

The cardiac chain of survival
answer

1.) immediate recognition of cardiac arrest & call 9-1-1 2.) early CPR with emphasis on chest compressions 3.) rapid defibrillation 4.) effective advanced life support 5.) integrated post-cardiac arrest care
question

A heart attack is caused by..
answer

A reduced blood flow or blockage in the coronary arteries, which supply the heart muscle with blood.
question

Shock
answer

Is a life threatening condition that occurs when vital body organs are not receiving enough oxygenated blood
question

Different causes of shock…
answer

Hypovolemic shock- when blood volume drops(severe blood loss) Cardiogenic shock- when the heart function is poor or damaged, can not pump effectively Neurogenic shock- when blood temporarily dilate b/c of nervous system reaction, or spinal cord injury. Anaphylactic shock- extreme allergic reaction
question

When a victim is in shock
answer

The heart beats faster to compensate for the loss of body fluids
question

In order to prevent or slow down shock condition
answer

Keep blood flowing to vital organs by elevating the victims legs 6-12 inches
question

To treat minor bleeding on the forearm
answer

Check scene, put gloves on, apply firm pressure to skin over the wound to slow the bleeding.
question

Three types of bleeding
answer

Arterial, venous, and capillary. Arterial bleeding is the most serious
question

Severe bleeding
answer

Is life threatening b/c too little oxygen is carried to the vital organs
question

Minor bleeding
answer

Like a small cut or scrape, usually stops by its self with in 10 min
question

When caring for minor closed wound
answer

Apply cold & elevate the injured area
question

To prevent infection of a minor open wound
answer

Wash area with soap and water
question

Correct order of steps when caring for a victim who is bleeding:
answer

1.) put gloves on 2.) places sterile dressing or clean cloth 3.) apply pressure 4.) re evaluate bleeding, apply another dressing, than apply pressure bandage
question

A pressure bandage is applied …
answer

Over a wound to maintain pressure to control bleeding
question

Avulsion
answer

Is a piece of skin or soft tissue torn partially from the body.
question

If you don’t have gloves and you want to help someone who is bleeding…
answer

You instruct the injured person to apply pressure with his hand onto the cut.
question

Nose bleed care..
answer

Have victim sit and tilt head forward with mouth open, pinch nostrils together(just below bridge of nose) maintain pressure for 10 min, breath through mouth
question

Signs and symptoms of shock are:
answer

Anxiety, confusion, restlessness, dizziness, lightheaded, cool clammy or sweating skin, pale or blue color, rapid shallow breathing, rapid or weak pulse, compliant of thirst, nausea or vomiting, change in responsiveness
question

Signs of good circulation
answer

Normal skin color, temperature same as before wrapping, no tingling sensation
question

Internal bleeding
answer

Bleeding with in the body, can be life threatening, may see a bruise in the affected area.
question

When person is going into shock…
answer

We can not give anything to eat or drink& no smoking for smokers
question

Standard treatment for shock is…
answer

Call 9-1-1, be ready to give basic life support, position victim on back, raise legs for blood flow, loosen tight clothing, maintain normal body temp with blankets, stay with the victim & provide comfort as well as monitor change
question

Best care for traumatically amputated finger..
answer

Rinse finger, wrap in dressing, place in plastic bag, seal the bag& put the bag inside another bag of water and ice seal bag with name
question

Skin is composed of..
answer

Two primary layers: outer(epidermis)& the deep(dermis)
question

Dermis layer of skin…
answer

Contains the nerves, hair roots, sweat and oil glands and blood vessels
question

Burns
answer

A break in the skin can cause infection, fluid loss and loss of body temp. Burns can damage the respiratory system and eyes
question

Burns are classified by..
answer

Depth(superficial/ first degree; deep partial thickness/ second degree burn; full thinkness/third degree burn), %of body surface affected, the location & by the source(thermal, chemical, electrical and radiation) THE DEEPER THE BURN THE MORE SEVERE
question

rules of nines
answer

Is a method used for calculating the percentage of body surface area of a burn
question

First degree burn
answer

Site is pink or red, involve top later of skin is superficial; painful, may swell, heals in 5-6 days
question

Second degree burn(Partial thickness burn)
answer

May look red and have blisters, may be open blisters with clear flood, may look blotched. Painful, may swell 3-4 weeks to heal. Some scaring may occur
question

Third degree burn(Full thickness burns)
answer

Looks brown and black, VERY PAINFUL or not painful if the nerve & muscle are destroyed. Life threatening, take long time to heal.
question

When treating a victim with burn injuries
answer

remove jewelry, apply dressing to blister to prevent infection.
question

To care for a victim of an electrical burn:
answer

Make sure scene is safe, check for hazards, call 9-1-1, care for life threatening conditions, be prepared to give CPR and use ARD to defibrillate the victim
question

Care for burns:
answer

Stop the burning immediately by cooling the area with cool running water, remove jewelry and constricting clothing, cover burn with dry and loose nonstick dressing

Get instant access to
all materials

Become a Member