Exam 3 Music

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A Lied is an art song for solo voice and piano sung in _____.
answer

German
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A song form in which the same melody is repeated for each stanza, often heard in popular music, is known as _____.
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strophic form
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A song form that is composed from beginning to end without repetitions of whole sections is in which form?
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through-composed form
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According to legend, a child touched by the Elfking must die.
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false
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Most Lied composers wrote their own words for the song.
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false
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Romantic Lieder texts often speak of love and/or nature.
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false
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The piano was declining in popularity at the time of the Romantic Lied.
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false
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Two prominent German Romantic poets whose texts were often set to music were Heinrich Heine and Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.
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true
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What is unusual about the ending of the song In the Lovely Month of May?
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it does NOT change in tonic
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Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of Robert Schumann’s In the Lovely Month of May? (strophic form, through compose form, written by Heine, for solo piano and voice)
answer

through composed form (so its not)
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Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair was the most famous of Foster’s songs during his lifetime.
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false
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Foster’s Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair is primarily composed in what texture?
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homophonic
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Foster’s My Old Kentucky Home was inspired by _____.
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his extensive visits to the American South
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Music in eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century America was wildly divergent from European traditions.
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false
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Nineteenth-century parlor music in the United States was written to be accessible to amateurs.
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true
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Nineteenth-century songwriters in the United States combined elements of all of the following EXCEPT _____. (folk song, Film music, european opera, european art song)
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film music
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Stephen Foster is known for his ballads, minstrel show tunes, and plantation songs.
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true
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The music that accompanies the lyrics of Jeanie with the Light Brown Hair reflects Foster’s Anglo-Irish cultural heritage.
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true
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Which of the following songs was NOT written by Stephen Foster? (coal black rose, camp town races, old folks at home)
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Coal Black Rose
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Which of the following was a type of racially charged theatrical variety show in the United States in the nineteenth century? (minstrel show, victorian burlesque, circus exhibition, museum of oddities)
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minstel show
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After his conservatory studies, Chopin spent most of his productive career in _____.
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France
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Chopin was romantically involved with George Sand, the renowned French _____.
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novelist
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Romantic-era piano works often had fanciful titles.
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True
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The nineteenth century was an age of great virtuoso pianists.
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True
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The piano changed little technically during the nineteenth century.
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false
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The piano was the most central instrument in nineteenth-century musical culture.
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true
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The short, lyric piano work might be considered the instrumental equivalent to the nineteenth-century Lied.
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true
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What best describes the character of Chopin’s Mazurka?
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dancelike
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Which genre is NOT a part of Chopin’s compositional output? piano concertos string quartets or piano sonatas
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string quartets
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Which is the best definition of “tempo rubato”? robbed time in strict time quick tempo completely devoid of time
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“robbed time”
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Berlioz was a devoted fan of Beethoven.
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true
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Hector Berlioz looked to the writings of Shakespeare as the basis for both operas and symphonic works.
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true
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In the nineteenth century Theobald Boehm improved the flute, making it metal rather than wood.
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true
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In which movement is the Dies irae (Day of Wrath) theme from the Mass for the Dead heard?
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5th movement
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Instrumental music that has some literary or pictorial association is absolute music.
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false
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Instrumental music that has some literary or pictorial association is called _____.
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program music
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Once Adophe Sax developed the saxophone, it became a permanent and popular part of orchestral music.
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false
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The inspiration for Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique was _____.
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the actress Harriet Smithson
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The main theme, heard transformed in each movement of Berlioz’s Symphonie fantastique, is called the _____.
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idee fixe
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Which of the following did NOT make improved instruments possible in the nineteenth century? machines powered by steam household electrification increased availability of raw materials improved productivity of metal alloys
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household electrification
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Censors did not concern themselves with political representation in nineteenth-century operas.
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false
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Edvard Grieg represents the _____ nationalist school.
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scandinavian
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Hector Berlioz invented the symphonic poem.
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false
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In the twenty-first century, composers do not write nationalistic works.
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false
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In writing Peer Gynt, with which playwright did Grieg collaborate?
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Henrik Ibsen
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Instrumental music that has some literary or pictorial association is called program music.
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True
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Nationalistic program music might evoke a landscape.
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True
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Tchaikovsky’s music for Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet is a famous example of _____.
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program overture
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Which category of program music best describes Grieg’s Peer Gynt?
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incidental music
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Which of the following was NOT a way that programmatic composers portrayed nationalistic sentiments in nineteenth-century music? evoking the country’s landscape utilizing ritornello form basing the work on regional folklore celebrating a national hero
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utilizing ritornello form
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Brahms wrote his Requiem mass in memory of _____.
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his mother
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How many symphonies did Brahms write?
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4
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The Romantic symphony featured an orchestra larger than that of the Classical masters.
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true
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The Romantic symphony follows the exact forms and proportions of the Classical genre of Beethoven.
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false
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The first movement of a Romantic symphony is usually the most dramatic and features the use of sonata-allegro form
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true
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The scherzo movement in nineteenth-century symphonies generally is characterized by a slow march tempo.
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false
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The third movement of a nineteenth-century symphony is most likely in _____ form.
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dance or scherzo
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Unlike the symphonic poem the genre of symphony is often absolute music, without a program.
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true
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Which composer nurtured Brahms’s talents, going as far as taking him into his home?
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Robert Schumann
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Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the nineteenth-century symphony? lyrical melodies colorful harmonies expanded structure small orchestra with limited winds
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small orchestra with limited winds
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Rigoletto is an opera based on Victor Hugo’s novel The Hunchback of Notre Dame.
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false
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After her husband’s composing career began to flourish, Giuseppina Strepponi enjoyed continued success as an opera singer into her last years.
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false
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Giuseppe Verdi viewed himself as an Italian nationalist composer.
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true
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In the nineteenth century, opera excerpts were NOT marketed to domestic consumers via _____.
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radio broadcasts
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Jenny Lind was a famous nineteenth-century composer of opera.
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false
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Nineteenth-century Italian opera is characterized by the use of the bel canto style of singing.
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true
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The American debut tour of international singing sensation Jenny Lind was managed by _____.
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P. T. Barnum
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The literary basis for Verdi’s Rigoletto is _____.
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a play by Victor Hugo
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Which is NOT a Verdi opera based on a Shakespeare play? Aida Otello Macbeth Falstaff
answer

Aida
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Which of these operas exhibited the high point of the singing style known as bel canto? Mozarts Don Giovanni Monteverdis Orfeo Rossini’s Il barbiere di Siviglia
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Rossini’s Il barbiere di Siviglia
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After considerable success in Dresden with Rienzi, Wagner began to choose subjects derived from Germanic tales.
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true
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Germany is noted for its long-established opera traditions.
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false
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Light German opera featuring spoken dialogue is called _____.
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singspiel
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The role of the Valkyries was to carry fallen heroes from the battlefield to Valhalla on their winged horses.
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true
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Wagner employed recurring themes called id茅es fixes in his operas.
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false
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Wagner had a theater built at Bayreuth specifically for the performance of his music dramas.
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true
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What did Wagner call his large-scale sung theatrical works?
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music drama
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What is the basis for the story of Die Walk眉re?
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a medieval german epic poem
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Which leitmotif did Wagner NOT use in the closing scene of Act III in Die Walk眉re?
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zoroaster
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Which term refers to Wagner’s concept of a total artwork, encompassing all the arts?
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Gesamtkunstwerk
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The Nutcracker was based on a story originally written by the Romantic writer Victor Hugo and expanded by E. T. A. Hoffman.
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false
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Ballet has been a part of theatrical entertainments since the Renaissance.
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true
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Ballet was first featured in Russian opera in the Romantic era.
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false
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Nadezhda von Meck’s relationship with Tchaikovsky was that of his _____.
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patron
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Tchaikovsky was the first Russian _____.
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whose music appealed to western taste
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Tchaikovsky’s The Nutcracker was choreographed by Marius Petipa.
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true
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The pas de deux, or dance for two, was developed by the choreographer Marius Petipa.
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true
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The overall structure of both the Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy and the Trepak from Tchaikovksy’s Nutcracker is best outlined as _____.
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A-B-A
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Which new instrument did Tchaikovsky introduce to ballet?
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celesta
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Which of the following was NOT a famous ballet written by Tchaikovsky? swan lake sleeping beauty the nutcracker romeo and juliet
answer

Romeo And Juliet
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Dissonances do not always resolve to consonances in twentieth-century music.
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true
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In Schoenberg’s Pierrot lunaire, Pierrot is a(n) _____.
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troubled clown
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Schoenberg devised a new way to organize sound called the “twelve-tone” method.
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true
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Schoenberg employed Sprechstimme, or speechlike melody in his Pierrot lunaire.
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true
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Schoenberg’s Pierrot lunaire is associated with the twentieth-century arts movement known as _____.
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expressionism
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The German word Sprechstimme means _____.
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speechlike melody
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The character Pierrot from Schoenberg’s Pierrot lunaire derives from an early Japanese theatrical comedy genre.
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false
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The twenty-one poems used in Pierrot lunaire are all in virelai form.
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false
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Which of the following composers was NOT a student of Arnold Schoenberg? Alban Berg Anton Webern Leonard Bernstein
answer

Leonard Bernstien
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Which of the following is NOT associated with Arnold Schoenberg? impressionism atonality Klangfarbenmelodie Sprechstimme
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impressionism
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Stravinsky included authentic French folk songs in his ballet The Rite of Spring.
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false
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stravinsky is largely recognized for his revitalizing of which musical element?
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rhythm
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Stravinsky’s early works are considered to be strongly nationalistic.
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true
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The ideals of which movement best describes the music of The Rite of Spring?
answer

primitivism
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The orchestra that Stravinsky used in The Rite of Spring was remarkably small.
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false
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The premiere of The Rite of Spring was uneventful in Paris.
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false
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The premiere success of the Ballets Russes was largely due to the leadership of Serge Diaghilev.
answer

true
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What is the basis of Stravinsky’s The Rite of Spring?
answer

scenes of pagan russia
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Which instrument begins with the melody in the introduction to The Rite of Spring, playing in its upper-most range?
answer

bassoon
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Which of the following was NOT associated with the Ballets Russes of Serge Diaghilev? picasso Nijinsky Tchaikovsky dostoyevsky
answer

dostoyevsky
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For what purpose did Lili Boulanger write Psalm 24?
answer

not for traditional worship services
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Lili Boulanger rejected innovative harmonic language in her work.
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false
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Lili Boulanger was influenced by Impressionism.
answer

true
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Lili Boulanger was the first woman to win the Prix de Rome
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true
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Lili was the only composer/musician in her family.
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false
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The libretto for Lili Boulanger’s La Princesse Maleine is by which well-known writer?
answer

maeterlinck
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Which instrument did Lili Boulanger NOT learn to play as a child?
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Marimba
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Which of the following does NOT describe Lili Boulanger’s Psalm 24? homophonic texture clearly in a major key triple meter SATB chorus and tenor solo
answer

clearly in major key
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Winners of the Prix de Rome are given the opportunity to study in Rome.
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true
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With which of her works did Lili Boulanger win the Prix de Rome?
answer

Faust de Helene
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Alban Berg wrote only one opera, Wozzeck.
answer

false
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Arnold Schoenberg was a student of Alban Berg.
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false
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Arnold Schoenberg, Alban Berg, and Anton Webern are known as the _____.
answer

second viennese school
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Berg uses Sprechstimme vocal style in his opera Wozzeck.
answer

true
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Berg’s Wozzeck was inspired by _____.
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an expressionist player by Buchner
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Berg’s opera Wozzeck is considered to be a(n) _____ work
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expressionist
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Berg’s use of harmony in Wozzeck is strictly atonal.
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false
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In Wozzeck, the title character has hallucinations and is the subject of experimentation by his superiors.
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true
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In Berg’s opera Wozzeck, the main character’s final breakdown is the result of _____.
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having killed his lover
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The final scene of Wozzeck revolves around _____.
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the children’s discovery of murder
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Billy the Kid, Rodeo, and Appalachian Spring are ballets by _____.
answer

Aaron Copeland
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Country Band March is arranged for _____.
answer

wind band
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Aaron Copland used early American songs in his works.
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true
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America’s vernacular traditions also included music for brass bands.
answer

true
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Charles Ives made a living as a(n) _____.
answer

insurance salesman
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Copland did cite an American traditional hymn in his ballet Appalachian Spring.
answer

true
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Copland’s ballet Billy the Kid was composed to be a portrayal of Pennsylvanian life.
answer

false
question

One of Ives’s best-known works for piano is _____.
answer

Concord Sonata
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The source of inspiration for Charles Ives’s music was rooted in the traditions of which region of America?
answer

New England
question

B茅la Bart贸k collected traditional songs for Hungary.
answer

true
question

B茅la Bart贸k is associated with the _____ school.
answer

hungarian
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Bart贸k and fellow composer Zolt谩n Kod谩ly are known for _____.
answer

collecting the folk music of hungary
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Bart贸k avoided Classical forms.
answer

false
question

How many movements make up Bart贸k’s Concerto for Orchestra?
answer

five
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Neo-Classical composers looked to eras before the Romantic era for inspiration.
answer

true
question

Sergei Prokofiev is associated with the _____.
answer

russian school
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The instrument heard in the opening melody of the fourth movement of Bart贸k’s Concerto for Orchestra is a(n) _____.
answer

oboe
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Which composer’s music does Bart贸k quote in the fourth movement of Concerto for Orchestra?
answer

Dmitri Shostakovich
question

Which of the following does NOT describe Bart贸k’s Interrupted Intermezzo from his Concerto for Orchestra? -The entire orchestra is treated as the virtuoso soloist -rhythm is non-symmetrical -he utilizes pentatonicism -The timbre is reminiscent of the Romantic orchestral sound
answer

The timbre is reminiscent of the Romantic orchestral sound

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