essay pt civics

question

How do checks and balances create tension between Congress and the president?
answer

-gives Congress and the President power to counteract each other -President can veto a bill -for a Congressional override a President veto it takes 2/3 majority of each house for Cngress
question

How does the difference in constituencies between the president the members of congress create tension?
answer

president represents everyone and congress only represents its constituents, therefore congress is going to have a more narrow view. lawmakers must think what will please people back home and may disgree with the president
question

How can partisan politics affect relations between the president and Congress?
answer

-one party controls the white house the others control the house and senate — divided government -divided government causes more issues because one will side with the president and one may not
question

How does the organization of Congress provide tools for tension between congress and the president?
answer

rules of procedure that can be used to block legislation, committee system can be used as a weapon against president because committee chairpersons use position to influence bills. conflict will occur when a committee tries to delay, reuse, or defeat a proposal from the president.
question

How do political timetables impact the relationship between the president and congress?
answer

before an elected official faces voters for reelection they want to show what they have done. president has a limit to 8 years. lawmakers dont have a limited term so they have longer time tables
question

What emergency powers has Congress given to the president in times of crisis?
answer

martial law seized property controlled transportation communication
question

What was accomplished by the Congressional Budget and Impoundment Control Act in 1974?
answer

permenant budget committee for each house, set up congressional budget office (CBO), limited president ability to impound funds or refusal to spend money on programs
question

What was the legislative veto and the line item veto, and what part has the Supreme Court played in the use of each?
answer

legislative veto was used by congress to overturn actions by executive branch; 1983 the Supreme Court declared it unconstitutional line-item veto could reject and reform parts of bill instead of destroying entire bill; however 1998 supreme court struck down line-item veto

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