Firefighter Orientation and Safety

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chain of command
order of rank and authority in fire service. the proper sequence of information and command flow as described in the IMS
setting the limits or boundaries for expected performance and enforcing them
emergency operations
activities involved in responding to the scene of an incident and performing assigned duties in order to mitigate the emergency
fire mark
distinctive metal marker once produced by insurance companies for identifying their policyholder’s buildings
incident command system (ICS)
system by which facilities, equipment, personnel, procedures, and communications are organized to operate within a common organizational structure designed to aid in the management of resources at emergency incidents
life safety
refers to joint consideration of the life and physical well being of individuals, both civilians and firefighters
guide to decision making in an organization
a written communication closely related to a policy
standard operation procedures (SOP)
standard methods or rules in which an organization or a fire department operates to carry out a routine function.
acquired building (structure)
structure acquired by the authority having jurisdiction from a property owner for the purpose of conducting live fire training or rescue training operations
bloodborne pathogens
pathogenic microorganisms that are present in the human blood and can cause disease in humans. these pathogens include (but are not limited to) hep B (HBV) and HIV
burn building
training structure specially desinged to contain live fires for the purpose of fire suppression training
communicable disease
disease that is transmissible from one person to another
consensus standard
rules, principles, or measures that are established through agreement of members of the standards setting organization
crowd control
limiting access to an emergency scene by curious spectators and other nonemergency personnel
informal discussion with incident responders conducted after the incident has been terminated, either at the scene or after the units have returned to quarters.
employee assistance program (EAP)
any one of the many programs that may be provided by an employer to employees and their families to aid in solving work or personal problems
operation of fire service training or suppression covering one or several aspects of fire fighting. also called Practical Training Evolution
health and safety officer (HSO)
member of the fire and emergency services organization who is assigned and authorized by the administration as the manager of the health and safety program and performs the duties, functions, and responsibilities in NFPA 1521, Standard for Fire Department Safety Officer
immediately dangerous to life or health (IDLH)
an atmosphere that poses an immediate hazard to life or produces immediate irreversible, debilitating effects on health
industrial fire brigade
team of employees organized within a private company, industrial facility, or plant who are assigned to respond to fires and emergencies on that property
line of duty death (LODD)
firefighter or emergency responder death resulting from the performance of fire department duties
live fire or burn exercise
training exercises that involve the use of an unconfined open flame or fire in a structure or other combustibles to provide a controlled burning environment
international distress signal broadcast by voice
personal alert safety system (PASS)
electronic lack of motion sensor that sounds a loud tone when a firefighter becomes motionless. it can also be manually triggered to operate
post-incident analysis
general overview and critique of the incident by of all responding agencies that should take place within two weeks of the actual incident
rapid intervention crew (RIC)
two or more fully equipped and immediately available firefighters designated to stand by outside the hazard zone to enter and effect rescue of firefighters inside, if necessary. also known as Rapid Intervention Team
term for rehabilitation station at a fire or other incident where personnel can rest, rehydrate, and recover from the stresses of the incident
risk management plan
written plan that identifies and analyzes the exposure to hazards, selection of appropriate risk management techniques to handle exposures, implementation of chosen techniques, and monitoring of the results of those risk management techniques.
safety policy
written policy that is designed to promote safety to departmental members
safety program
program that sets standards, policies, procedures, and precautions to safely purchase, operate, and maintain the department’s equipment and to educate employees on how to protect themselves from personal injury
self contained breathing aparatus (SCBA)
respirator worn by the user that supplies a breathable atmosphere that is either carried in or generated by the apparatus and is independent of the ambient atmosphere
supplied air respirator
an atmosphere supplying respirator for which the source of breathing air is not designed to be carried by the user; not certified for fire fighting operations
firefighter characteristics
integrity, moral character, work ethic, pride, courage
fire service mission
save lives and property
tactical priorities
life safety, incident stablization, property conservation
fire department organizational principles
unity of command, span of control, division of labor, discipline
division of labor needed to:
assign responsibility, prevent duplication of effort, make specific and clear assignments
discipline is intended to:
educate/train, correct inappropriate behavior, positive motivation, ensure compliance, provide direction
fire company
the standard operating unit of a fire department
engine company
deploys hoselines for fire attack and exposure protection
truck (ladder) company
forcible entry, SR, ventilation, salvage, overhaul, utilities control, upper level structure access
rescue squad/company
searches for and removes victims from areas of danger or entrapment and may perform technical rescues
brush company
wildland fires
hazardous materials company
responds to hazardous materials incidents
emergency medical / ambulance company
provides emergency medical care
special rescue company
performs technical rescues
fire apparatus driver/operator
drives assigned fire apparatus to and from fires and other emergencies
fire department officer, chief
responsible for all operations within the fire department
fire department officer, other
supervise firefighters, operations, training, personnel/admin, public information, fire prevention, planning
fire department health and safety officer
oversees department’s occupational safety and health program
fire department incident safety officer
monitors operational safety during emergency incidents
communications personnel
monitor and process all communications
fire alarm maintenance personnel
maintain municipal fire alarm systems
apparatus and equipment maintenance personnel
maintain all fire department apparatus and portable equipment
fire polics personnel
assist law enforcement with traffic control, crowd control, and scene security
information systems personnel
manage collection, entry, storage, retrieval, and dissemination of electronic databases
special operations personnel
airport firefighter, hazardous materials technician, technical rescuer, wildland firefighter
fire prevention personnel
fire prevention officer/inspector, fire and arson investigator, public fire and life safety educator, fire protection engineer/specialist
EMS personnel
first responder, emergency medical technician, paramedic
training personnel
training officer/chief of training/drillmaster, instructor
the mechanism by which large numbers of fire companies and larger units are organized and managed during emergency incidents
incident command system (ICS) components
common terminology, modular organization, integrated communications, unified command structure, consolidated action plans, manageable span of control, predesignated incident facilities, comprehensive resource management
ICS elements
command, operations, planning, logistics, finance/admin, information/intelligence
ICS elements, command
safety officer (SO), liaison officer (LNO), public information officer (PIO)
ICS elements, general staff
operations section chief (Ops), planning section chief (Plans), logistics section chief (logistics), finance/admin section chief (Finance), information/intel function (intel)
resources currently commited to an assignment
resources that have checked in at the incident and are not currently assigned
the organizational level between divisions/groups and the IC and Operations
the function of directing, ordering, and controlling resources by virtue of explicit legal, agency or delegated authority

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